Last updated

Thiru evvul
Tiruvallur HD Image.jpg
Veeraraghava Swami Temple View From Lake
Evvulur, Tiruevvulur, Tiruevvulkidanthan
India Tamil Nadu location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tiruvallur (Tamil Nadu)
Coordinates: 13°07′23″N79°54′43″E / 13.123100°N 79.912000°E / 13.123100; 79.912000
Country Flag of India.svg  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tiruvallur district
Named for Veeraragava temple
  TypeFirst grade municipality
  BodyTiruvallur Municipality
   District Collector Thiru P.Ponnaiah, I.A.S.
  Total33.27 km2 (12.85 sq mi)
72 m (236 ft)
 (2011) [1]
  Official Tamil, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-44
Vehicle registration TN-20
Website municipality.tn.gov.in/Tiruvallur/

Tiruvallur is a Grade I municipality [2] in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on the banks of Coovum river about 46 km (29 mi) from downtown Chennai (Madras) and just 5 km from megacity border, in the western part of the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA). It is a satellite town of Chennai and is the administrative headquarters of Tiruvallur district. The town is known for the Veeraraghava Swamy Temple, one of the 108 sacred shrines of Vaishnavites. The tank festival is held at a pond near this temple. A Shiva temple near this shrine which is popular among the locals. There is also a 40-foot (12 m) tall Viswaroopa Panchamukha Hanuman temple, where the murti is made of a single green granite stone.


Poondi reservoir, from which drinking water is drawn to Chennai city, is about 9 km (5.6 mi) from Tiruvallur. The neighborhood is served by Tiruvallur railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network. As of 2011, the city had a population of 56,074. It is one of the fast-developing suburbs of Chennai.


Gopuram of the Veeraraghava Swamy Temple, Tiruvallur Tiruvallur7.jpg
Gopuram of the Veeraraghava Swamy Temple, Tiruvallur

The name Tiruvallur is supposedly derived from the Tamil sentence tiru evvull? Tiru meaning god, a common prefix in South India for temple towns, and evvull meaning where do I sleep?. Tiruvallur is said to mean a place or town where the god Veera Raghavaswamy asked a saint for a place to sleep for a night.. [3] [4]

The incident is recited in the Markandeya Purana where, Once a Rishi (sage) named Saalihothirar came down from Badrinath, now in Uttaranchal State, and settled in this place in order to reach Paramapadam (the abode of Lord Mahavisnu). He bathed in Hiruthaapanasana Theertham and started the vow of silence (mouna viratham) for one year. Daily he collected rice and after a year of fasting, he purified and cooked the rice, offering some to God (Naivedhyam) and duly kept the rest for himself. He waited for a guest, probably a muni or Rishi, so that he could invite him to eat and end his fasting. At that time Lord Narayana, intending to test the devotion of the Rishi, came there as an old muni looking very hungry and thirsty. On seeing him, Saalihothirar greeted him and offered a portion of the rice he had kept for himself, but Narayana wanted the entire quantity of rice. Saalihothirar was very happy to give all of the food to his guest, starving himself. After eating the food, Narayana asked, "where do I sleep?" (Tamil: Ev-uL-uRangalAm). Saalihothirar asked him to sleep in his own hut. [5]


In the far past, this region was under a chain of regimes commencing from the Pallavas during the 7th century. In 1687, the Golkonda rulers were defeated and the region came under the Moghul emperors of Delhi. The towns and villages of this region were the scene of Carnatic wars. Battles are said to have been fought in this region during the struggle for supremacy between the English and French. The town of Pulicat was the earliest Dutch possession in India, founded in 1609; it was ceded to the British in 1825. British rule continued until India's independence in 1947.


Religious census
No religion

According to the 2011, Thiruvallur had a population of 56,074 with a sex-ratio of 999 females for every 1,000 males, above the national average of 929. [6] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 19% and 0.6% of the population, respectively. The literacy rate of the city was 79.77%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. [6] [7] As per the religious census of 2011, Thiruvallur had 86.45% Hindus, 5.88% Muslims, 6.17% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.02% Buddhists, 0.35% Jains, 1.12% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or with no religious preference. [8]


Tiruvallur assembly constituency is part of Tiruvallur (Lok Sabha constituency). Tiruvallur Lok Sabha seat is represented by K. Jayakumar of INC (DMK, part of the UPA Alliance) [9]

Thiruvallur (state assembly constituency) is represented in the TN Assembly by V.G. Rajendran of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)

Tiruvallur Municipality Chairman Mrs. Udhayamalar Pon Pandiyan of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) also the Party’s District Deputy Secretary . [10]


Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India (1848) Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India (April 1848, p.36, V) - Copy.jpg
Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India (1848)


The city attained district-headquarters status in 1997. Tiruvallur houses many industries including manufacturing facilities of Hindustan Motors, Caterpillar earth-moving equipment, Hanil Lear, Delphi TVS, India Japan Lighting, Kingfisher's brewery division, Style SPA furniture, TI India, TCL, and Mitsubishi. [12] Tiruvallur is also home to the Pandurangan family of pen makers operating under the brand name Ranga.

Tiruvallur is surrounded by industrial hubs in and around Chennai, such as Ambattur Industrial Estate and Sriperumbudur Industrial Estate, which connect to Tiruvallur by suburban train and buses.


The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) drafted a master plan to develop Tiruvallur as a satellite township around the city. This development is encouraged by developing infrastructure, such as affordable housing, in order to relieve congestion in the metropolis and provide a better standard of living. [13]

The Tamil Nadu government plans to develop a satellite township at Thirumazhisai, a town in Thiruvallur district about 18 km (11 mi) from Tiruvallur. According to Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa, it would build on 125.88 hectares (311.05 acres) of land owned by the Tamil Nadu Housing Board, at a cost of 2,160 crore (21.6 billion rupees). [14]

The state government was to decide on the expansion of the Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) before the end of fiscal year 2011–12.[ needs update ] Minister for Housing and Urban Development R Vaithilingam told the State Assembly on 25 August 2011 that, in view of the fast-paced development taking place in areas beyond the present metropolitan-area jurisdiction, it had become necessary to review the Chennai Metropolitan Planning Area of 1973–74. [15]


Tiruvallur is a fast-developing district. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The major crops cultivated are paddy, sugarcane and groundnut, with smaller crops of millets (cumbu, ragi, tinai, etc.), pulses (red gram, black gram, green gram, etc.), gingelly and chillies. Vegetables, flowers and fruits (mango, banana, etc.) are also grown. Three cropping seasons are being followed in the district for paddy, viz, Sornavari (April–August), Samba (July–Jan) and Navarai (December–March).[ clarification needed ]

Peripheral areas of the district have industrial units, with industry and commerce gaining a prominent position.

Stray cattle

In Tiruvallur, multiple vehicle accidents have occurred due to the stray cattle. Most of the accidents related to stray cattle on the roads occurred at night, when it is harder to see the animal on roads with insufficient lights. [16] The residents of Tiruvallur district who allow their cattle to freely wander on the roads have been warned by the police. Imprisonment of up to three years and fine up to ₹5,000 are applicable according to the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Animals and Birds in Urban Areas (Control and Regulation) Act, 1997. Police have also threatened actions according to the Indian Penal Code and Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, in addition the stray cattle would be sent to cow sheds operated by the government. Yet these measures have not reduced the practice of cattle owners releasing their cattle. The authorities of Tiruvallur district have also set up call center to report incidents of stray cattle. [16]


Tiruvallur is situated on the ChennaiTirupati trunk road. Other major roads connecting Chennai and Tiruvallur include a route through Kakalur, Putlur, Sevvapet, Veppampattu, Tiruninravur, Avadi, Tirumullaivayil, Ambattur and Villivakkam, and another route through Poonamallee and Koyambedu.[ citation needed ]

Chennai International Airport is 42 km (26 mi) southeast of the city.

Tiruvallur lies on the ChennaiBangalore broad gauge railway line and is a stop for some of the WestNorth trains. There are two suburban railway lines: the West line from Chennai Central to Arakkonam and the WestNorth line from Chennai Central to Tiruttani. These two lines have many frequent suburban trains.[ citation needed ]

The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) runs an extensive city bus system, with service from Tiruvallur to most of the important places in Chennai and its metropolitan area.[ citation needed ]


There are a large number of educational institutions in Tiruvallur. Many professional institutions, particularly the veterinary university, add to education in this district. Tiruvallur has many higher secondary schools including private and government schools. There are a few engineering, medical, and arts and science colleges around Tiruvallur.


Arts & scienceHindu College Pattabiram
Jaya College of Arts and Science Thiruninravur
John Bosco Art and Science CollegeTiruvallur
Dr. Sir Arcot Lakshmana Swami Mudaliar College of Arts & scienceVengal
Sri Ram Arts and Science College Veppampattu
Loganatha Narayanasamy Govt. Arts CollegeTiruvallur
Sri Subramaniaswami Government Arts CollegeTiruvallur
Dr. Sir A.L. Mudaliar Vocational Arts and ScienceTiruvallur
Shri Chandra Prabhu Jain College for MenTiruvallur
EngineeringPrathyusha Institute of Technology and Management Thiruvallur
Sri Ram Engineering CollegeVeppampattu
Bhajarang Engineering CollegeVeppampattu
Indira Institute of Engineering and TechnologyThiruvallur
Jaya Engineering CollegeThiruninravur
John Bosco Engineering CollegeTiruvallur
Kumaran Institute of Technology Tiruvallur
Siva Institute of Frontier Technology, Technical CampusVengal
Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering and TechnologyThiruvallur
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Science and TechnologyThiruppachur Post
Sree Sastha Institute of Engineering and TechnologyChembarapakkam
Panimalar Institute of Technology Poonamallee
Alpha College of Engineering Thirumazhisai
Panimalar Engineering CollegePoonamallee
Srinivasa Institute of Engineering and TechnologyPoonamallee
Vel Tech Engineering College Avadi
L.C.R. College of Engineering and TechnologyRamanjeri
Hotel ManagementSriram Institute of Hotel Management and Catering TechnologyTiruvallur
Sree Venkateswara International Institute of Catering & Hotel ManagementTiruvallur
Victory Institute of Catering & Hotel ManagementTiruvallur
DentalPriyadarshini Dental College and HospitalTiruvallur
PharmacyJaya College of Paramedical ScienceThiruninravur
National College of PharmacyThiruninravur
NursingIndira College of NursingPandur
ManagementIndira Institute of Computer ApplicationTiruvallur
Indira Institute of Management and ResearchTiruvallur
TTIIndira Teacher Training InstituteTiruvallur


  • Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu School [17]
  • Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu Matriculation Hr. Sec. School, Kakkalur
  • CSI Goudie Hr Sec School
  • Christ King Hr. Sec. School.
  • Chellammal Vidyalaya Matriculation Higher Sec. School
  • CSC Vivekananda Vidyalaya Matriculation School
  • Dr.V Gengu Swami Naidu matriculation school, Vishnuvakkam
  • Swamy Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Nursery and Primary School, Tiruvallur
  • Vivekananda vidhyalaya matriculation school, Tiruvallur
  • Gnana Vidyalaya Matric. hr.sec. School
  • Joy Play School, 47, Veerannan street, Tiruvallur
  • Active Millennium Kidz Play School.
  • Sri Venkateshwara Matric. Hr. Sec. School
  • Rollins Primary and Nursery School
  • St.Anne's Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Shree Nikethan Matric. Hr. Sec. School
  • Shree Niketan Patasala, CBSE School
  • Sri Lakshmi Hr. Sec. School
  • Sri R M Jain Vidhyashram, V.M.Nagar, Tiruvallur
  • Jacob Matriculation School
  • K.E. Nataesa Chetiyar Higher Secondary School
  • Kamaraj Matriculation School
  • A B S Vidhya Mandhir school.
  • Bharathidasan Matriculation school
  • National Lotus Matriculation Higher Sec. School
  • Sidhaartha Mat. Hr. Sec. School, sevvapet
  • Hindu nursery and primary school
  • Bharathi Matriculation School, Poonga Nagar
  • venus education centre

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chengalpattu</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Chengalpattu, previously known as Chingleput, is a city and the headquarters of Chengalpattu district of the state Tamil Nadu, India. The town is located near to the industrial and IT hub. It is the headquarters of the district and is 56 kilometres (35 mi) away from the state capital, Chennai on the National Highway 45.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Avadi</span> Suburb of Chennai, India

Avadi is a suburb located west of Chennai within Chennai Metropolitan Area in the Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu, India. Situated at about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Chennai Central Railway Station, it is one of the four municipal corporations in Chennai Metropolitan Area and is governed by the Avadi Municipal Corporation. It is surrounded by major defence establishments and is home to various universities and engineering colleges. The neighborhood is served by Avadi Railway Station of the Chennai Suburban Railway. As of 2011, Avadi had a population of 345,996, which is 10th most populous place in Tamil Nadu. It is home to the Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF), Ordnance Factory Board (ODF) which houses Engine Factory and Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment (CVRDE). The lake in Avadi was known as Paaleripattu, which is now found only in very old land documents.

Tiruvallur district, also spelled as Thiruvallur district, is one of the 38 districts in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The fast developing city of Tiruvallur is the district headquarters. The district has a mixture of urban and rural characteristics. The eastern part of Tiruvallur district is dominated by urban characteristics while the Northern part of the district has influence of Andhra culture due to its position. In 2011, the district had a population of 3,728,104 with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males.

Ambattur is located in northwestern part of Chennai City, in Ambattur taluk of the Chennai District, surrounded by Avadi, Anna Nagar, Padi, Mogappair, Kallikuppam, Surapet, Korattur, Ayappakkam, Athipet and Thiruverkadu. It covers an area of 45 km2 (17 sq mi). The neighbourhood is served by Ambattur railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway. Ambattur has its origins in a village of the same name which can be located at present as areas opposite to Ambattur telephone exchange. Ambattur was a village with large extents of agricultural farm lands irrigated by the once-sprawling Ambattur Lake. In 2011, the neighbourhood had a population 466,205.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sholinghur</span> Municipality in Tamil Nadu, India

Sholinghur is a municipality under Sholinghur taluk in Ranipet District of Tamil Nadu, India. The town is famous in Tamil Nadu and other neighboring states for the Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple.

Perambur is a neighbourhood located in the northern region of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Nanganallur or Nangainallur is one of the southern neighbourhoods of Chennai, India. Since September 2011, it has become a part of Chennai Corporation. It is a residential area close to the Chennai International Airport.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Poonamallee</span> Suburb of Chennai, India

Poonamallee is town and suburb of Chennai, India under the Chennai Metropolitan Area. It was historically called Pushpagirimangalam, later renamed in Tamil as Poovirundhavalli, and now colloquially called as Poondhamalli. It is the headquarters of the Poonamallee taluk of the Tiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The nearest Railway station is at Avadi. It acts as the gateway to the city from its western side. It is a town with rich cultural heritage and also a fast-growing areas in the city. As of 2011, the town had a population of 57,224. There are plans to merge the areas under Poonamallee Municipality with Avadi Municipal Corporation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiruttani</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Tiruttani is a town in the Tiruvallur district, a suburb of Chennai within the Chennai Metropolitan Area, located in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The town is renowned for the Tiruttani Murugan Temple, which is one of the Arupadaiveedu and is dedicated to Kartikeya (Murugan). Tiruttani was added to the Chennai Metropolitan Area in October 2022.

Thiruverkadu is a Western suburb of Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It comes under Thiruvallur district administration. It is famous for its Devi Karumariamman Temple. There is also Vedapureeswarar Temple in Thiruverkadu, where Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi are seen in their wedding pose inside the sanctum sanctorum. As of 2011, the town had a population of 62,289. It is a town with rich cultural heritage and also a fast-growing areas in the city.

Madhavaram is a neighbourhood of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Located in the northern part of Chennai, it is also a taluk in Chennai District and a zone in Greater Chennai Corporation. It is located in between Perambur and Kodungaiyur. As of 2011, the neighbourhood had a population of 119,105. The Chennai district was expanded on 16 August 2018 by transferring Madhavaram taluk from Tiruvallur district to Chennai district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maduranthakam</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Madurantakam is the southernmost suburb of Chennai city and a municipality in Chengalpattu district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is known for the artificial and second largest lake in Tamil Nadu, the Maduranthakam lake. It is said to have been built by the Chola King Uttama Chola, also called as Maduranthaka, during his reign. It is also home to the Eri-Katha Ramar Temple. As of 2011, the town had a population of 30,796.

Padianallur is a village in Sholavaram Block in Thiruvallur district of Indian state Tamil Nadu. It is located 34 km towards East from District headquarters Tiruvallur. 4 km from Sholavaram. 20 km from State capital Chennai.

Purasawalkam also known as Purasaiwakkam or Purasai / Purasawakkam, is a residential shopping area in the district of Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is close to the Chennai Central and Chennai Egmore railway stations.

Uthukottai is a town in Suburbs of Chennai, one of the taluk headquarters in Thiruvallur District Tamil Nadu, also one of the border towns of Tamilnadu - Andhra Pradesh, located on the banks of the Arani river. This town is the central hub for many nearby towns and villages for their needs of education, markets, shops, businesses, banks, travel, transport and entertainment(Movie Theatres, badminton courts, cricket grounds, Gyms). The town features a channel which helps to direct water from the Krishna river for local irrigation.

Perumalpattu is a suburb of Chennai Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated between Chennai and Arakkonam near the Chennai–Arakkonam railway line. It is a town in the suburb of Chennai. Once upon a time the villagers lived near the koovam river which passes adjacent to the village, a big flood happened in the river which has resulted the villagers to migrate to the current land. ( so in tamil "aaru peralapattadhinaal" its called as "peralapattu" and people later adated perumal name in to peralapattu and called "perumalpattu". It is the western part of the city of Chennai. "perumalpattu" is part of the Chennai Metropolitan Area. The nearest railway station is Veppampattu railway station of the Chennai Suburban Railway Network.

Pattabiram is a neighbourhood situated on the western part of Chennai, India. The suburb, which falls under Avadi Municipal Corporation, is about 25 km from the Chennai Central railway station.

Manellore is a village in the Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located in the Gummidipoondi taluk.

Elavur is a village in the Tiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located in the Gummidipoondi taluk border between Tamil Nadu and Andhra pradesh. NH16 Chennai-Kolkata Highway. India's First modern Integrated Check post opened by Tamil Nadu chief minister and also located frontline medical village. ELR is and railway station code for Elavur.

Kolathur is a neighborhood located in the northwestern region of Chennai, India.


  1. [ dead link ]
  2. "List of Municipalities and suburb of the city of Chennai.Grade wise". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  3. V., Meena (1974). Temples in South India (1st ed.). Kanniyakumari: Harikumar Arts. p. 47.
  4. https://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/steeped-in-history-and-legend/article7282103.ece
  5. https://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/steeped-in-history-and-legend/article7282103.ece
  6. 1 2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thiruvallur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  9. "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2008.
  10. Tiruvallur, District Administrator, Collectorate. "Elected Members - Town Panchayats - Tiruvallur District". www.tiruvallur.tn.nic.in. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. "Temple and Tank at Trivaloor, South India". Wesleyan Juvenile Offering. London: Wesleyan Mission-House. V: 36. April 1848. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  12. "domain-b.com : Mitsubishi Motors". www.domain-b.com. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  13. http://municipality.tn.gov.in/tiruvallur/Tiruvallur.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  14. "Satellite township near Thirumazhisai planned". The Hindu. 9 September 2011.
  15. "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News, Current News Headlines". News18. Archived from the original on 15 May 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  16. 1 2 Jan 25, / Updated (25 January 2022). "Tiruvallur: 1 Killed In Multi-vehicle Crash Caused By Cattle In Tiruvallur". The Times of India. No. Chennai News. TNN. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
  17. "DRBCCC Tiruvallur". DRBCCC Tiruvallur. Retrieved 5 May 2022.