Tisa Rocks

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View of the Great Tisa Rocks Tyssaerwaende2.jpg
View of the Great Tisa Rocks
The landmark of Tisa Rocks: "Toadstool & Turtle" Wahrzeichen-Tyssaer-Wande.jpg
The landmark of Tisa Rocks: "Toadstool & Turtle"

The Tisa Rocks or Tisa Walls (Czech : Tiské stěny; German : Tyssaer Wände) are a group of rocks in the Czech Republic. It is located in the western Elbe Sandstone Mountains, not far from its topographical boundary with the Ore Mountains. The region, with its rock pillars up to 30 m high, is one of the major tourist attractions of the region. The Tisa Rocks and the neighbouring Bürschlické Rocks are protected as a nature monument.


Topography and geology

The Tisa Rocks are located at a height of about 600 m above sea level. They form a line of rock outcrops drawn up in an arc on the westernmost edge of the sandstone beds of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains from the Ore Mountain escarpment on Czech soil. About a kilometre west of them on the outskirts of Tisa stands the coarse- and medium-grained muscovite-biotite-orthogneiss of the Eastern Ore Mountain region. This also strikes eastwards on the hillside south of the village.

The rocks are frequently vertically dissected; in many places the fissures being as deep as the rock pillars are high. Horizontal weathering is found in the upper layers and have created several bizarre shapes, such as the rock called the Steinpilz ("boletus edulis" - a type of edible mushroom) which is easily accessible.

The "Great Tisa Rocks" begin near the official entrance by a restaurant. These consist of a northern and southern array of crags along an otherwise compact plateau. The crags to the west running off at an angle to the northwest are known as the "Little Tisa Rocks". They are more heavily dissected.

The crags of the Tisa Rocks comprise mainly of medium-grained sandstone of the Lower to Middle Turonian of the Cretaceous. They belong lithostratigraphically to the Weissenberg Formation (Bělohorské souvrství) in the Bohemian Cretaceous System. The nearby area surrounding the Tisa Rocks to the north and south is covered by diluvial sediments of loam, sand and boulder-containing scree.

In the sandstone are heavy concentrations of ferrous minerals on closely spaced strata, that can be identified from their yellow to red stripes of colour and predominantly horizontal. A striking feature in many places where the lower strata are visible are small and large cavities as well as occasional tunnels with an oval cross-section, whose walls are often covered with calcareous sinter deposits. These are relics of very old solution processes in the sandstone.

In zones of strong weathering, the marked stratification over short distances is clearly visible. Features associated with cross-bedding occur relatively frequently.


Panoramic view from the so-called Great Tisa Wall across the Most Basin with the Central Bohemian Uplands in the background


50°47′16″N14°1′44″E / 50.78778°N 14.02889°E / 50.78778; 14.02889

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