Tishomingo

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Tishomingo
Tishu Minco
TishomingoMarker.jpg
Chief Tishomingo Home Site Marker (marker has wrong birth year)
Bornc.1758
British America (present-day Mississippi, U.S.)
Diedc.1837 (aged 79)
Brushy Creek, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, U.S.
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1795-1818).svg  United States
Campaigns Indian Wars
War of 1812

Tishomingo (from Chickasaw : Tishu Minco, lit. 'assistant chief'); [lower-alpha 1] (c.1735 c.1837) was a renowned war chief of the Chickasaw nation in Mississippi.

Contents

Early life and military service

Tishomingo was born c. 1758 in British America (present-day Mississippi). [2] He served with U.S. Army Major-General Anthony Wayne against the Shawnee in Northwest Territory and received a silver medal from President George Washington. He led by example and was respected for his honesty and high moral standards, serving with distinction at Fallen Timbers, in the Red Stick War with the Creeks, and the War of 1812. During the War of 1812, he served under future president Andrew Jackson. [3]

Later life and the "Trail of Tears"

After the War of 1812, Tishomingo retired to his farm until white settlers came onto his land. He traveled to Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., and was a principal signatory of the treaties of 1816 and 1818 as well as the 1832 Treaty of Pontotoc. In 1837, a final treaty forced him and his family to relocate to Indian Territory. [3]

Chief Tishomingo was reported to have had a kidney stone operation March 25, 1821, in Columbus, Mississippi performed by Dr. Henderson and Dr. Barry. The article stated, "...the patient is supposed to be in his 63d year..." This would place his birth approximately in the year 1758. [4]

Death

According to Tishomingo's son Richard, Tishomingo died c. 1837 on Brushy Creek in the Choctaw Nation on the same day as his wife "U-Kuth-Le-Ya" died. This was during the time both Chickasaw and Choctaw tribes resided together in Indian Territory. Both he and his wife's burials were witnessed by two Chickasaw Warriors who had served with Tishomingo in the War of 1812. They gave their testimony attesting to the facts of the couple's deaths to the Indian Agent, Douglas H. Cooper, on September 27, 1859, in accordance with the requirements of a Bounty Land Application of Richard. [5]

Legacy

The county of Tishomingo, town of Tishomingo, and Tishomingo State Park in Mississippi; and the capital of Tishomingo in the Chickasaw Nation are named for him. [3]

See also

Piomingo; another Chickasaw chief

Note

  1. The word or suffix, "-minko; -minco; -mingo" was a title of respect and leadership to the Chickasaw. [1]

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References

  1. Chickasaw Chiefs and Prominent Members; Geni.com; retrieved March 2023
  2. Riley, Franklin L., ed. (1904). Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society, Vol. VIII. Oxford, Mississippi. p. 547. OCLC   1051757975 via Internet Archive.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. 1 2 3 "Tishominko". Chickasaw Hall of Fame. The Chickasaw Nation. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
  4. "Interesting Operation"; article; The National Advocate; New York, NY: (August 9, 1821); p. 3; retrieved ????
  5. Bounty Land Application # 305.066, Sept. 27, 1859. US National Archive.