Tishrei

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Tishrei
Maurycy Gottlieb - Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur.jpg
The holiest day of the Jewish calendar,
Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, takes place on the 10th of Tishrei.
Native nameתִּשְׁרֵי (Hebrew)
Calendar Hebrew calendar
Month number7
Number of days30
Season Autumn (Northern Hemisphere)
Gregorian equivalent September–October
Significant days
  Elul
Cheshvan  

Tishrei ( /ˈtɪʃr/ ) or Tishri ( /ˈtɪʃr/ ; Hebrew : תִּשְׁרֵיtīšrē or תִּשְׁרִיtīšrī; from Akkadian tašrītu "beginning", from šurrû "to begin") is the first month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) in the Hebrew calendar. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is a month of 30 days. Tishrei usually occurs in September–October on the Gregorian calendar.

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In the Hebrew Bible the month is called Ethanim (Hebrew : אֵתָנִים1 Kings 8:2), or simply the seventh month. In the Babylonian calendar the month is known as Araḫ Tišritum, "Month of Beginning" (of the second half-year).

Edwin R. Thiele has concluded, in The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings , that the ancient Kingdom of Judah counted years using the civil year starting in Tishrei, while the Kingdom of Israel counted years using the ecclesiastical new year starting in Nisan. Tishrei is the month used for the counting of the epoch year – i.e., the count of the year is incremented on 1 Tishrei.

Holidays

Rosh Hashanah greeting card, 1910 Wiener Werkstatte - New Year Greeting - Google Art Project (2741809).jpg
Rosh Hashanah greeting card, 1910

In Jewish history and tradition

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