Tishrin Dam offensive

Last updated

Tishrin Dam offensive
Part of the Syrian Civil War and
the American-led intervention in Syria
Tishrin.png
Map of the territorial changes from 23–30 December 2015
Date23–30 December 2015
(1 week)
Location
Northeastern Aleppo Governorate, Syria
Result Major SDF victory
Territorial
changes
  • The SDF captures Tishrin Dam [1] and Tishrin town [2]
  • The SDF captures over 100 villages and 640 square kilometres (250 sq mi) [3]
Belligerents

Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svg Syrian Democratic Forces
International Freedom Battalion original banner.svg International Freedom Battalion

Contents

Air support:
Seal of Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR
[4]
AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Commanders and leaders

Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svgFlag of Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa.svg Abu Issa [5]
(Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa leader)
Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svgFlag of Jaysh al-Thuwar.svg Adnan Abu Amjad [6]

(Northern Sun Battalion deputy commander)
Unknown
Units involved

Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svg Syrian Democratic Forces

International Freedom Battalion original banner.svg International Freedom Battalion

AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Military of ISIL

Strength

Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svg SDF: Several thousand fighters [9]

Flag of the United States.svg US: ~30–70 soldiers (allegedly)[ citation needed ] [12] [13]
Unknown
Casualties and losses
SDF: 9 killed [3] 319 killed [3] [14]

The Tishrin Dam offensive, or Southern Kobanî offensive, was a military operation in the northeastern Aleppo Governorate during the Syrian Civil War, conducted by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to capture the strategic Tishrin Dam and the southern countryside of the self-declared Kobanî Canton from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). [7] The Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve supported the SDF offensive with over 26 airstrikes. [4] [14]

Background

The offensive

Progress of the offensive. Tishrinof.png
Progress of the offensive.

On 23 December, the joint command of the Syrian Democratic Forces officially launched the offensive, with the goal to "clear all areas in southern Kobanî Canton that have been occupied by elements of the terrorist group known as Daesh (ISIS)". [7]

On 24 December, the SDF captured the villages of Sahrij, Al Jabal, Abaydad, Al Mansia, Miruha, Sajjadi, Dandoshan, Birdan and over fifteen farmlands south of the town of Sarrin, which was captured by the YPG and Free Syrian Army earlier in the same year, during the Battle of Sarrin. 14 ISIL members and 2 SDF fighters were killed during the battles. [8]

On 25 December, the alliance of Kurdish, Arab and Assyrian militias seized the villages of Bojakh, Hafyan, Munsiye, Sofayte, Saqit, Dahr Al–Faraj and the surrounding farms from ISIL. During a nighttime raid, 12 ISIL members were killed. At that point, the SDF had managed to capture 16 km along the east bank of the Euphrates. [15]

On 26 December, the Syrian Democratic Forces captured the Tishrin Dam [9] and the villages of Bir Shumal, Bir Bagar, Abdilkiye, Tal Banat, Khishkhash, Al-Wesi and Miwelih. The SDF managed to kill five ISIL fighters and captured another eight alive. A total of 50 villages were seized from ISIL during the first four days of the offensive. [16]

On 27 December, the SDF advanced on the western bank of the Euphrates. They captured the towns of Tishrin and Sakaniya. At least 15 members of ISIL were killed during the operation. [2] On the same day ISIL executed four young men in Manbij who were accused of being members of the SDF. [17]

On 30 December, the general command of the Syrian Democratic Forces declared the end of the operation to liberate the southern areas of the Kobanî Canton. The SDF captured over 100 villages and hamlets, the Tishrin Dam, an area of ~640 km², and killed 219 ISIL fighters, according to a balance sheet released by the SDF. An additional 100 ISIL fighters were killed by Coalition airstrikes during the offensive. [14] Seven SDF members and two members of the police force Asayish died during the operation. [3]

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern Sun Battalion</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Kobanî</span> 2014 ISIL offensive in northern Syria during the Syrian Civil War

The siege of Kobanî was launched by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant on 13 September 2014, in order to capture the Kobanî Canton and its main city of Kobanî in northern Syria, in the de facto autonomous region of Rojava.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Sarrin (March–April 2015)</span> Military operation

The Battle of Sarrin refers to a military operation during 2015 in the northeastern Aleppo Governorate, during the Syrian Civil War, conducted by Kurdish YPG and allied forces against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in the town of Sarrin, in an effort to capture the town and the surrounding region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kobanî massacre</span> 2015 ISIL attacks on Kurds in Kobanî, northern Syria

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manbij offensive</span> 2016 military operation by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Aleppo Governorate, Syria

The Manbij offensive, code-named Operation Martyr and Commander Faysal Abu Layla by the SDF, was a 2016 military offensive operation by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) to capture the city of Manbij from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and eventually, the ISIL-held areas through Al-Bab to Herbel, in the area referred to as the "Manbij Pocket" in the northern Aleppo Governorate. The main goal of the offensive was to cut off ISIL's last supply routes from Turkey, and to prevent ISIL fighters from escaping across the Syria-Turkey border. For the first five days of the offensive, the US-led coalition conducted over 55 airstrikes in support of the SDF. After capturing Manbij city on 12 August, the SDF announced that the offensive would continue until the whole countryside around Manbij was captured, though the offensive effectively ended shortly after the Turkish Armed Forces initiated Operation Euphrates Shield to prevent the SDF uniting the regions of Rojava.

The Northern Raqqa offensive was a 2016 military offensive launched by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in northern Raqqa Governorate, in order to prepare for a future attack on the city of Raqqa. The offensive was launched in coordination with airstrikes by the US-led Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve. After 30 May, the offensive stalled, as the SDF shifted its focus and resources to another operation in the northern Aleppo Province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manbij Military Council</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adnan Abu Amjad</span>

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References

  1. "Syrian Kurds take strategic dam from 'Islamic State'". DW.COM.
  2. 1 2 "Kurdish-Arab join forces advance against ISIS north Aleppo". Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 4 General Command of SDF announcing balance sheet of OP south of Kobane: 100 villages liberated & 219 IS killed. According to SDF an area of 640 square kilometres with 100 villages and hamlets are under the control of SDF. 7 fighters of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) & 2 Asayish-members martyred. (ku.hawarnews.com) Archived 1 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 Al-Khalidi, Suleiman (24 December 2015). "U.S.-backed alliance pushes toward Islamic State-held dam in northern Syria". Reuters.
  5. 1 2 Sardar Mlla Drwish (18 March 2016). "Raqqa brigade continues to raise flag of Syrian revolution". Al-Monitor . Archived from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  6. "SDF plays central role in Syrian civil war" (PDF). Jane's Intelligence Review . January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Syrian Democratic Forces Initiate Second Round of Operations Against Daesh in Northern Syria". Washington Kurdish Institute. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  8. 1 2 "Effective Operations Carried Out Hours After Enduring QSD Campaign Aimed at Confronting Daesh in Southern Kobane". People's Defense Units Official Website. Archived from the original on 3 January 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 "U.S.-backed alliance captures key dam from Islamic State: alliance spokesman". Reuters. 26 December 2015.
  10. "SDF takes control over Tishreen Dam's Housing after 24 hours of seizing this strategic dam". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. 27 December 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  11. "Women Freedom Forces: Cemre Has Fallen, Spring Is Close". 10 July 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  12. American soldiers among SDF forces
  13. Aleppo : 10 #US officers and 60 soldiers arrived at #Tishrin_Dam two days ago to form an operations room with Syrian Democratic Forces. 1–3
  14. 1 2 3 "Iraqi Flag Waves Over Ramadi; Security Forces Control Key City". Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  15. "Syrian Democratic Forces Push Further South of Kobane, Secure More Villages (Dec. 25)". People's Defense Units Official Website. Archived from the original on 3 January 2016.
  16. "QSD Spokesman: Fifty Villages, Canals, River Crossings Secured During Military Campaign In Southern Kobane". People's Defense Units Official Website. Archived from the original on 30 December 2015.
  17. Four young men executed in main Manbij square

Coordinates: 36°22′53″N38°10′43″E / 36.3814°N 38.1786°E / 36.3814; 38.1786