Tisselskog Church in June 2009
|Location||Tisselskog, Västra Götaland County|
|Denomination||Church of Sweden|
Tisselskog Church (Swedish : Tisselskogs kyrka) belongs to the Steneby-Tisselskogs parish in the Diocese of Karlstad, Sweden. The church is located on a hill about 2 km (1.2 mi) north of Lake Råvarpen, a part of the Dalsland Canal. Approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft) south of the church is a former clergy house, built in 1935. In the south part of the grave yard is a mourge built in the 1940s and a storage house built in 1995.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden, and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent with Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Written Norwegian and Danish are usually more easily understood by Swedish speakers than the spoken languages, due to the differences in tone, accent and intonation. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It has the most speakers of the North Germanic languages. While being strongly related to its southern neighbour language German in vocabulary, the word order, grammatic system and pronunciation are vastly different.
The Diocese of Karlstad is a diocese of the Church of Sweden. It covers most of the provinces Värmland and Dalsland. Its current borders are from 1693.
Dalsland Canal is a Swedish canal which enables ships to sail between Lake Vänern and central parts of the Dalsland and southwestern Värmland lake districts. The canal runs across the well-known aqueduct at Håverud and is a much visited tourist attraction during the summer months, drawing yachts, motor boats as well as canoeists.
The church building is assumed to be the third in Tisselskog and like the former two, it is made out of wood. The first church was erected during the Middle Ages and was located about 1 km (0.62 mi) south of the present building. The second church was built in 1724–1727 on the same location as the present. The church tower and parts of the west wall in the present building are remnants of the second church.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.
The current wooden church in simple Neo-Gothic style was built in 1877, designed by engineer Emil Olsson. The building is a rectangular nave with a uninterrupted wall in the east and the church tower as a part of the west wall. An extension of the building on the northeast side used to be a sacristy. The main entrance is on the west side through the church porch on the ground floor of the tower. Traces of the previous church can be seen in the porch as well as at the west wall inside the church. In the ceiling there are boards with paintings from the old church.
Gothic Revival is an architectural movement popular in the Western world that began in the late 1740s in England. Its momentum grew in the early 19th century, when increasingly serious and learned admirers of neo-Gothic styles sought to revive medieval Gothic architecture, in contrast to the neoclassical styles prevalent at the time. Gothic Revival draws features from the original Gothic style, including decorative patterns, finials, lancet windows, hood moulds and label stops.
The nave is the central part of a church, stretching from the main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. When a church contains side aisles, as in a basilica-type building, the strict definition of the term "nave" is restricted to the central aisle. In a broader, more colloquial sense, the nave includes all areas available for the lay worshippers, including the side-aisles and transepts. Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for the choir and clergy.
A sacristy is a room for keeping vestments and other church furnishings, sacred vessels, and parish records. In some countries, it is known as the vestry.
The exterior walls covered with white-painted wood paneling and the pointed windows are angular, as are the shutters in the tower. The nave has a dual-pitched roof that is hipped in the east. The roofs of the nave and the former sacristy are made of slate, and tower has a copper-clad spire. The interior walls and the ceiling are clad with paneling, some of it from the 1910s.
In building construction, roof pitch is the steepness of a roof quantified as a ratio or as number of angular degrees that one 'exposure' surface deviates from horizontal level. A roof surface may be either 'functionally flat' or pitched.
Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism. It is the finest grained foliated metamorphic rock. Foliation may not correspond to the original sedimentary layering, but instead is in planes perpendicular to the direction of metamorphic compression.
During a renovation of the church during 1915–16, the interior walls and ceiling were covered in panelling. The layout of the altar was changed by replacing the altarpiece with the original one from 1725. A stained glass choir window was installed as well as the old medieval baptismal font.
An altar is a structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes. Altars are found at shrines, temples, churches and other places of worship. They are used particularly in Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, and Modern Paganism. Many historical faiths also made use of them, including Roman, Greek and Norse religion.
An altarpiece is an artwork such as a painting, sculpture or relief representing a religious subject made for placing behind the altar of a Christian church. Though most commonly used for a single work of art such as a painting or sculpture, or a set of them, the word can also be used of the whole ensemble behind an altar, otherwise known as a reredos, including what is often an elaborate frame for the central image or images. Altarpieces were one of the most important products of Christian art especially from the late Middle Ages to the era of the Counter-Reformation.
A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir. It is in the western part of the chancel, between the nave and the sanctuary, which houses the altar and Church tabernacle. In larger medieval churches it contained choir-stalls, seating aligned with the side of the church, so at right-angles to the seating for the congregation in the nave. Smaller medieval churches may not have a choir in the architectural sense at all, and they are often lacking in churches built by all denominations after the Protestant Reformation, though the Gothic Revival revived them as a distinct feature.
During the 1960s and 70s plans for demolishing the barely century-old nave were being discussed. The church had been neglected for long and the value of the building was questioned, because of the disproportionately long nave and the short tower. Instead of tearing it down, a comprehensive renovation was made in 1977, under the supervision of architects Uno Asplund and Janne Feldt from Karlstad. The proportions of the nave were altered by making a hipped roof in the east section. The disposition of the building was also altered. The nave was shortened by building a new wall behind the altar. The room behind the altar became the new sacristy, while the old one in the extension was converted into facilities for the church staff. The area under the organ loft was sealed off with folding screens made of wood. The panelling on the west wall was removed to uncover the older timber walls with paintings.
Karlstad is a city, the seat of Karlstad Municipality, the capital of Värmland County, and the largest city in the province Värmland in Sweden. The city had 61,492 inhabitants in 2015 with 90,882 inhabitants in the wider municipality in 2017, and is the 21st biggest municipality in Sweden. Karlstad has a university and a cathedral.
The inventories in the church are:
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Anundsjö church is a church in the Diocese of Härnösand belonging to Anundsjö parish in the community of Bredbyn in Västernorrland County, Sweden.
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Långared Church is a church in Långared, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Alingsås in Västergötland, Sweden. It belongs to the parish of Bjärke parish in the Diocese of Skara. The church was consecrated on November 29, 1818, and replaced a medieval wooden church. The church tower was not completed until 1824. A pane of glass from the 16th century featuring weapons is preserved. The baptismal font, made of soapstone, is from the original church and dates to the 13th century. The present organ was built in 1937 by Nordfors of Lidköping, replacing an earlier organ installed in 1865.
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