Tiste Bauernmoor

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The Tiste Bauernmoor Tister Moor.jpg
The Tiste Bauernmoor

The Tiste Bauernmoor (German : Tister Bauernmoor) is an area of raised bog on the Lüneburg Heath in north Germany that was designated as a nature reserve on 2 May 2002. It has an area of 570 hectares (1,400 acres) and belongs, together with the Ekelmoor, Avensermoor and Everstofer Moor, to the large Ekelmoor moorland region that has a total area of 1,220 hectares (3,000 acres). [1]

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Raised bog

Raised bogs, also called ombrotrophic bogs, are acidic, wet habitats that are poor in mineral salts and are home to flora and fauna that can cope with such extreme conditions. Raised bogs, unlike fens are exclusively fed by precipitation (ombrotrophy) and from mineral salts introduced from the air. They thus represent a special type of bog, hydrologically, ecologically and in terms of their development history, in which the growth of peat mosses over centuries or millennia plays a decisive role. They also differ in character from blanket bogs which are much thinner and occur in wetter, cloudier climatic zones.

Lüneburg Heath landscape, area of heath, geest and woodland in Lower Saxony, Germany

Lüneburg Heath is a large area of heath, geest, and woodland in the northeastern part of the state of Lower Saxony in northern Germany. It forms part of the hinterland for the cities of Hamburg, Hanover and Bremen and is named after the town of Lüneburg. Most of the area is a nature reserve. Northern Low Saxon is still widely spoken in the region.



The Tiste Bauernmoor lies near the village of Tiste from where it gets its name. Tiste is part of the collective municipality known as Samtgemeinde Sittensen in the district of Rotenburg in Lower Saxony. The moor is part of the Wümme Valley natural region.

Tiste Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Tiste is a municipality in the district of Rotenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Sittensen is a Samtgemeinde in the district of Rotenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. Its seat is in the village Sittensen.

Rotenburg (district) District in Lower Saxony, Germany

Rotenburg is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is landlocked by the districts of Stade, Harburg, Heidekreis, Verden, Osterholz and Cuxhaven.


Much of the moor was used for industrial peat-cutting. The northern part of the moor was converted to pasture, but is no longer farmed. In order to renaturalise it about a third of the nature reserve was re-flooded. The areas that were overgrown with Weymouth pines were cleared. These areas now form breeding grounds and staging areas for many species of bird, some of them rare. The nature reserve's terrain falls almost entirely within the European Union bird reserve of Sittensen Moor (Moore bei Sittensen). The district of Rotenburg (Wümme) acts as the local nature reserve authority.

Flora and fauna

The crane has resettled in the area and now breeds here. In late autumn several thousand cranes rest on the moor before flying on to their winter quarters. This makes the Tiste Bauernmoor one of the most important sites for cranes on the Northwest German Plain. Other rare birds such as the sea eagle and the osprey have been seen here. The following birds of prey have also been observed on the moor: hobby, peregrine, merlin, marsh harrier, hen harrier, Montagu's harrier, red kite, black kite, European honey buzzard and rough-legged buzzard. [2] In addition there is evidence that the following have bred here, or at least have been seen during the breeding season: Short-eared owl, great grey shrike, teal, garganey, shoveler, black stork, snipe, peewit, nightjar, grasshopper warbler, stonechat, whinchat and red-backed shrike. The list of residents runs to more than 40 species.

Crane (bird) clade of birds

Cranes are a family, the Gruidae, of large, long-legged, and long-necked birds in the group Gruiformes. The 15 species of cranes are placed in four genera. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Cranes live on all continents except Antarctica and South America.

North German Plain plain in Germany

The North German Plain or Northern Lowland is one of the major geographical regions of Germany. It is the German part of the North European Plain. The region is bounded by the coasts of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the north and Germany's Central Uplands to the south.

Sea eagle genus of birds

A sea eagle is any of the birds of prey in the genus Haliaeetus in the bird of prey family Accipitridae.

Due to the low level of nutrients, the acidic pH value of the water and the perpetually waterlogged terrain, a highly specialised plant environment has developed in the Tiste Bauernmoor. Dwarf-shrub heathland is found here together with cottongrass and peat moss or Sphagnum. Sundews, a form of carnivorous plant, also thrive here.


The moor can be visited using a former peat railway. The journey, with detailed explanations about the cutting of peat, lasts an hour. [3] There is also a footpath into the area. A six-metre-high (20 ft) observation tower on the moor offers the opportunity to observe the bird life.

Burgsittensen Moor Railway

The Burgsittensen Moor Railway is a 600 mm narrow gauge light railway or Feldbahn, which is based on an old peat line near Tiste on the Lüneburg Heath in North Germany.

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53.56703°N 10.97654°E

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  1. NLWKN: The Tiste Bauernmoor with overview map
  2. The birds of prey in the Tiste Moor
  3. The Burgsittensen Moor Railway

Coordinates: 53°16′06.10″N9°34′14.78″E / 53.2683611°N 9.5707722°E / 53.2683611; 9.5707722