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|Region||Northern Great Plain|
|• Total||54.56 km2 (21.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||47/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||+36 42|
Tiszaeszlár (Old form: Tisza-Eszlár) is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg, Hungary.
In 1882 the village was the centre of blood libel accusations against its Jewish community. They were accused of murdering and beheading a young girl. The accused were tortured by the authorities, but all were acquitted on trial.
Its first mention is from 1220. It was an ecclesiastical estate in Eger until 1261, when it was replaced by the Bishop of Eger Sándor Karászi for the estates around Eger. From the 14th to the 18th century, it was partially owned by several families (Biri, Doby, Lónyay, Sztritey, Újfalussy, Tatay, Chernel, Péchy, Ibrányi, Teleky, Zoltán), the longest of whom were the Kállayas. At the beginning of the 17th century, István Bocskai settled free Hajdús in the village, which was depopulated during the Turkish occupation and had only 49 inhabitants.
Due to the floods on the Tisza, the construction of Újfalu, south of Eszlár, called Ófalu, began to be built in 1858, to which the whole village moved by 1890, and is still located today.
In 1882, as a result of the lawsuit against Tiszaeszlár, the settlement became known to the public.
Blood libel or ritual murder libel is an antisemitic canard which falsely accuses Jews of murdering Christian boys in order to use their blood in the performance of religious rituals. Echoing very old myths of secret cultic practices in many prehistoric societies, the claim, as it is leveled against Jews, was rarely attested to in antiquity. According to Tertullian, it originally emerged in late antiquity as an accusation made against members of the early Christian community of the Roman Empire. Once this accusation had been dismissed, it was revived a millennium later as a Christian slander against Jews in the medieval period. This libel—alongside those of well poisoning and host desecration—became a major theme of the persecution of Jews in Europe from that period down to modern times.
Eger is the county seat of Heves County, and the second largest city in Northern Hungary. A city with county rights. Eger is best known for its castle, thermal baths, baroque buildings, the northernmost Ottoman minaret, dishes and red wines. Its population of around 53,000 makes it the 19th largest centre of population in Hungary according to the census. The town is located on the Eger Stream, on the hills of the Bükk Mountains.
Heves was an administrative county in the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which is now in northern Hungary, was slightly larger than that of present Heves county. The capital of the county was Eger.
Szolnok is the county seat of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county in central Hungary. A city with county rights, it is located on the banks of the Tisza river, in the heart of the Great Hungarian Plain, which has made it an important cultural and economic crossroads for centuries. Szolnok also has one of Hungary’s best waterpolo teams.
Moses Ha-Levi Horowitz, also known as Moishe Hurvitz, Moishe Isaac Halevy-Hurvitz, etc., was a playwright and actor in the early years of Yiddish theater. Jacob Adler describes him as an "authorit[y] on dramaturgy", but also remarks that before being part of the Yiddish theater in London in the mid-1880s he had "wandered in different lands, involved himself in various undertakings, and then moved on often leaving, it is said not altogether pleasant memories behind him." He was one of the few figures in the early years of Yiddish theater who did not participate in the boom years in Imperial Russia (1879–1883).
The Tiszaeszlár affair was originally a murder case which was represented in journals as a blood libel that led to a trial that set off anti-semitic agitation in Austria-Hungary in 1882 and 1883. After the disappearance of a local girl, Eszter Solymosi, Jews were accused of murdering and beheading her. A body was found some time later in a river, she having apparently drowned, but the Hungarian Highest Court (Kúria) found that the body was not that of Eszter, but had been dressed in her clothes. A lengthy trial followed, eventually resulting in the acquittal of all the accused.
Mezőkeresztes is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary near Mezőkövesd and Eger.
Heves county lies in northern Hungary, between the right bank of the river Tisza and the Mátra and Bükk mountains. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Nógrád, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok. Eger is the county seat.
Tiszaszentmárton is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. The settlement can be reached by road: on road 4 to Tuzsér, then to the left to Tiszabezdéd, from Záhony.
Tiszaszalka is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.
Tiszanagyfalu is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.
Tiszamogyorós is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. East of Mándok, no. Tiszamogyorós is located in the North of Nyírség, in a landscape called Tiszamogyorós. The village, which suffered a lot from the floods of the Tisza, moved to its current fourth place in 1864.
Tiszakóród is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. The town is an agricultural settlement with a total of three agricultural enterprises in the village. To the west of the village is the river Túr; more specifically, this is where the water of the Túr flows into the Tisza. One of the central features of the town is the fall dam that helps prevent flooding from the two rivers. There are walnut groves next to the dam, and both the grove and the river are a popular place for hiking and bathing in the area in summer.
Tiszabecs is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.
Tiborszállás is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.
Abony is a town in Pest County, Hungary.
Győző Istóczy was a nationalist Hungarian politician and lawyer in the second half of the 19th century. His antisemitic views were flagrant during his political career.
Parádsasvár is a small village in northern Hungary. It is located in Heves County, in the Mátra mountains, between the towns Gyöngyös and Eger.