Tiszavirág híd (Mayfly Bridge) is a pedestrian and cyclist bridge in Szolnok, Hungary on the Tisza river.
The project was completed under the program called „Szolnok, the Capital of Tisza”. The European Union supported the HUF 5 billion project by 1.5 billion forint, of which 2 billion forints went to the bridge and the new decorative square at the northern end of the bridge, which was assigned to Közgép Zrt. The bridge was meant to be the new landmark of the county town. The bridge has a shape resembling a mayfly or "tiszavirág" in Hungarian.
The bridge weighs 550 tons and is 444 meters long, which makes it the longest pedestrian bridge in Central Europe. It was officially inaugurated on 21 January 2011.
The foundation stone of the bridge was laid on August 9, 2009. The foundation stone was in fact a time capsule which contained not only that day's newspapers and some CDs but also the brief messages of the passers-by.
Groundwork began at the end of September 2009. By the end of December, the right-bank deep foundation of the bridge was completed but due to the unusually cold winter and the flood, works had to be suspended on site. The bridge structure was made in Budapest and in lack of time it was also assembled there which made the 390-ton steel structure incapable of being transported on the road. Therefore, the whole structure was put on two barges that transported it first down to Titel, Serbia and then upstream on the Tisza back to Szolnok; this meant a total route of 500 river kilometers. The bridge components were sent off from Budapest on 23 July 2010 and – after some waiting at Szeged due to the high water levels – arrived in Szolnok on August 17. Thus, the inauguration originally planned for September 1 had to be postponed. The technical delivery and acceptance started on November 29 and it should have been delivered to the public on December 17 but this deadline could not be met, either.
One man, aged 49, working on the bridge fell into the Tisza on September 17 and his body was found only some days later.
The bridge was finally delivered – 151 days later than originally scheduled – on January 21, 2011. There was a crowd of about 2,000 people gathering at the World War I monument for the celebration that started at 3 p.m. The bridge was consecrated by the Bishop of Vác then, according to the tradition, a beer barrel was rolled over the bridge. Also a 16-year local girl named Tisza Virág gave memorial documents to the builders. At 5 p.m. the bridge was celebrated with a firework and the first crossers received a piece of the inauguration ribbon.
Quotation from the website of the bridge:
"The pedestrian bridge resembles a mayfly in its design in that its (60°) outward leaning arches together with the pattern of the cables represent the wing, the truss divided by the grid symbolizes the ribbed body which continues towards the city in the "tail" section that is the longer access bridge. As a result, the bridge has a gracious and ethereal structure. [...] The low amplitude arch renders tension and elegance to the form, the technical challenge becomes apparent and reflects our time; it can also become a symbol of our era."
|Crossing location on the Tisza||334+845 River kilometer|
|Bridge width||5.0 m|
|Total Weight||550 t|
|Left bank ramp||39 m|
|Left bank access bridge||95 m|
|River bridge||186 m|
|Right bank access bridge||38 m|
|Right bank ramp||87 m|
|Total span||445 m|
|Main Supporting Arches||200 t|
|Pillar junction||32 t|
|Total Cabling||2,620 m|
|Corinthian columns with LED lights||75 units|
|Bridge lights||945 lights|
The economy of Hungary is a high-income mixed economy, ranked as the 10th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index. Hungary is an OECD member with a very high human development index and a skilled labour force, with the 13th lowest income inequality in the world. The Hungarian economy is the 57th-largest economy in the world with $265.037 billion annual output, and ranks 40th in the world in terms of GDP per capita measured by purchasing power parity. Hungary has an export-oriented market economy with a heavy emphasis on foreign trade; thus the country is the 35th largest export economy in the world. The country had more than $100 billion of exports in 2015, with a high trade surplus of $9.003 billion, of which 79% went to the EU and 21% was extra-EU trade. Hungary's productive capacity is more than 80% privately owned, with 39.1% overall taxation, which funds the country's welfare economy. On the expenditure side, household consumption is the main component of GDP and accounts for 50% of its total, followed by gross fixed capital formation with 22% and government expenditure with 20%. In 2009 Hungary, due to strong economic difficulties, had to request the help of the IMF for about € 9 billion.
The Tisza, Tysa or Tisa, is one of the main rivers of Central and Eastern Europe. Once, it was called "the most Hungarian river" because it flowed entirely within the Kingdom of Hungary. Today, it crosses several national borders.
The forint is the currency of Hungary. It was formerly divided into 100 fillér, but fillér coins are no longer in circulation. The introduction of the forint on 1 August 1946 was a crucial step in the post-World War II stabilisation of the Hungarian economy, and the currency remained relatively stable until the 1980s. Transition to a market economy in the early 1990s adversely affected the value of the forint; inflation peaked at 35% in 1991. Since 2001, inflation is in single digits, and the forint has been declared fully convertible. As a member of the European Union, the long-term aim of the Hungarian government may be to replace the forint with the euro, but that does not appear to be likely until some time during the 2020s.
Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék was a Hungarian politician, political theorist, and writer. Widely considered one of the greatest statesmen in his nation's history, within Hungary he is still known to many as "the Greatest Hungarian".
MALÉV Ltd., which did business as MALÉV Hungarian Airlines, was the flag carrier of Hungary from 1946 until 2012. Its head office was in Budapest, with its main hub at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport. The airline flew to over 50 cities in 34 countries with a fleet of 22 aircraft. Malév joined the Oneworld alliance on 29 March 2007. On 3 February 2012, Malév ceased operations and on 14 February 2012 was declared insolvent by the Metropolitan Court of Budapest.
Szolnok is the county seat of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county in central Hungary. Its location on the banks of the Tisza river, at the heart of the Great Hungarian Plain, has made it an important cultural and economic crossroads for centuries.
Elisabeth Bridge is the third newest bridge of Budapest, Hungary, connecting Buda and Pest across the River Danube. The bridge is situated at the narrowest part of the Danube in the Budapest area, spanning only 290 m. It is named after Elisabeth of Bavaria, a popular queen and empress of Austria-Hungary, who was assassinated in 1898. Today, her large bronze statue sits by the bridge's Buda side connection in the middle of a small garden.
Margaret Bridge or Margit híd is a three-way bridge in Budapest, Hungary, connecting Buda and Pest across the Danube and linking Margaret Island to the banks. It is the second-northernmost and second-oldest public bridge in Budapest.
Upper Hungary is the usual English translation of Felvidék, the Hungarian term for the area that was historically the northern part of the Kingdom of Hungary, now mostly present-day Slovakia. The region has also been called Felső-Magyarország.
The Great Hungarian Plain is a plain occupying the majority of Hungary. It is the largest part of the wider Pannonian Plain.
The Battle of Zenta or Battle of Senta, fought on 11 September 1697 just south of Zenta, on the east side of the Tisa river, was a major engagement in the Great Turkish War (1683–1699) and one of the most decisive defeats in Ottoman history. In a surprise attack, Habsburg Imperial forces routed the Ottoman army which was crossing the river. At the cost of a few hundred losses, the Habsburg forces inflicted thousands of casualties on the Ottomans, dispersed the remainder and captured the Ottoman treasure. As an immediate consequence, the Ottoman Empire lost control over Banat, while in the long run, the Habsburg victory at Zenta was the last decisive step that forced the Ottoman Empire into the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699), ending the Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe.
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.
Central Hungary is one of the seven statistical regions in Hungary. It includes Budapest and Pest County.
Hungarian forint coins are part of the physical form of current Hungarian currency, the Hungarian forint. Modern forint coins have been struck since 1946 and reflect the changes of post-World War II Hungarian history.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kalocsa–Kecskemét is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary. The diocese is the metropolitan of the Diocese of Pécs and the Diocese of Szeged–Csanád. Its patron saint is Saint Paul. The current archbishop is Balázs Bábel, who was appointed in 1999.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hungary:
The Varga Katalin Secondary School is a secondary school in Szolnok, Hungary established in 1930, which was named after Katalin Bánffy between 1936 and 1951. It is located in the former Obermayer-Hubay apartment house, which is one of the oldest buildings in the town. Its address is Szabadság tér 6, near the confluence of the Tisza and Zagyva rivers.
Szolnok Castle was an important military fort for many centuries due to its prime location at the confluence of the Tisza and Zagyva rivers, in the middle of the Great Hungarian Plain. The area was the crossroads of several trade routes, including salt and lumber, as well as being a key route for armies passing between Buda and Transylvania. Against the advancing Ottoman forces in the 16th century, Szolnok and Eger were the only two forts protecting the heart of Hungary and Upper Hungary.
The M4 motorway is a Hungarian motorway, which will, upon completion, connect Budapest to Oradea and further Romanian cities. The route will travel in Hungary through Cegléd, Szolnok, Karcag, Püspökladány, Berettyóújfalu, and Nagykereki before reaching the Romanian border.
Szolnok is a district in western part of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County. Szolnok is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Northern Great Plain Statistical Region.