Titanic acid

Last updated
Titanic acid
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.039.752 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
EC Number
  • 243-744-3
MeSH titanium+hydroxide
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/4H2O.Ti/h4*1H2;/q;;;;+4/p-4 Yes check.svgY
  • O[Ti](O)(O)O
Molar mass 115.90 g/mol
AppearanceWhite crystals
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Titanic acid is a general name for a family of chemical compounds of the elements titanium, hydrogen, and oxygen, with the general formula [TiOx(OH)4−2x]n. Various simple titanic acids have been claimed, mainly in the older literature. [1] No crystallographic and little spectroscopic support exists for these materials. Some older literature including Brauer's Handbook refers to TiO2 as titanic acid. [2]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hydrogen peroxide</span> Chemical compound (H₂O₂); simplest peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula H2O2. In its pure form, it is a very pale blue liquid that is slightly more viscous than water. It is used as an oxidizer, bleaching agent, and antiseptic, usually as a dilute solution in water for consumer use, and in higher concentrations for industrial use. Concentrated hydrogen peroxide, or "high-test peroxide", decomposes explosively when heated and has been used as a propellant in rocketry.

In chemistry, titanate usually refers to inorganic compounds composed of titanium oxides. Together with niobate, titanate salts form the Perovskite group.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hydrogen bromide</span> Chemical compound

Hydrogen bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula HBr. It is a hydrogen halide consisting of hydrogen and bromine. A colorless gas, it dissolves in water, forming hydrobromic acid, which is saturated at 68.85% HBr by weight at room temperature. Aqueous solutions that are 47.6% HBr by mass form a constant-boiling azeotrope mixture that boils at 124.3 °C. Boiling less concentrated solutions releases H2O until the constant-boiling mixture composition is reached.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calcium nitride</span> Chemical compound

Calcium nitride is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca3N2. It exists in various forms (isomorphs), α-calcium nitride being more commonly encountered.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sodium peroxide</span> Chemical compound

Sodium peroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Na2O2. This yellowish solid is the product of sodium ignited in excess oxygen. It is a strong base. This metal peroxide exists in several hydrates and peroxyhydrates including Na2O2·2H2O2·4H2O, Na2O2·2H2O, Na2O2·2H2O2, and Na2O2·8H2O. The octahydrate, which is simple to prepare, is white, in contrast to the anhydrous material.

Hydrogen telluride is the inorganic compound with the formula H2Te. A hydrogen chalcogenide and the simplest hydride of tellurium, it is a colorless gas. Although unstable in ambient air, the gas can exist at very low concentrations long enough to be readily detected by the odour of rotting garlic at extremely low concentrations; or by the revolting odour of rotting leeks at somewhat higher concentrations. Most compounds with Te–H bonds (tellurols) are unstable with respect to loss of H2. H2Te is chemically and structurally similar to hydrogen selenide, both are acidic. The H–Te–H angle is about 90°. Volatile tellurium compounds often have unpleasant odours, reminiscent of decayed leeks or garlic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calcium hydride</span> Chemical compound

Calcium hydride is the chemical compound with the formula CaH2, and is therefore an alkaline earth hydride. This grey powder reacts vigorously with water liberating hydrogen gas. CaH2 is thus used as a drying agent, i.e. a desiccant.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antimony pentoxide</span> Chemical compound

Antimony pentoxide (molecular formula: Sb2O5) is a chemical compound of antimony and oxygen. It contains antimony in the +5 oxidation state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mercury(II) acetate</span> Chemical compound

Mercury(II) acetate is the chemical compound with the formula Hg(O2CCH3)2. Commonly abbreviated Hg(OAc)2, this compound is employed as a reagent to generate organomercury compounds from unsaturated organic precursors. It is a white water-soluble solid, but samples appear yellowish with time owing to decomposition.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lithium peroxide</span> Chemical compound

Lithium peroxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Li2O2. It is a white, nonhygroscopic solid. Because of its high oxygen:mass and oxygen:volume ratios, the solid has been used to remove CO2 from the atmosphere in spacecraft.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium tetrafluoride</span> Chemical compound

Titanium(IV) fluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula TiF4. It is a white hygroscopic solid. In contrast to the other tetrahalides of titanium, it adopts a polymeric structure. In common with the other tetrahalides, TiF4 is a strong Lewis acid.

Titanium disilicide (TiSi2) is an inorganic chemical compound of titanium and silicon.

Titanium(III) phosphide (TiP) is an inorganic chemical compound of titanium and phosphorus. Normally encountered as a grey powder, it is a metallic conductor with a high melting point. It is not attacked by common acids or water. Its physical properties stand in contrast to the group 1 and group 2 phosphides that contain the P3− anion (such as Na3P), which are not metallic and are readily hydrolysed. Titanium phosphide is classified as a "metal-rich phosphide", where extra valence electrons from the metal are delocalised.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nickel oxide hydroxide</span> Chemical compound

Nickel oxide hydroxide is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NiO(OH). It is a black solid that is insoluble in all solvents but attacked by base and acid. It is a component of the nickel-metal hydride battery and of the nickel–iron battery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhenium(IV) oxide</span> Chemical compound

Rhenium(IV) oxide or rhenium dioxide is the inorganic compound with the formula ReO2. This gray to black crystalline solid is a laboratory reagent that can be used as a catalyst. It adopts the rutile structure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sodium selenide</span> Chemical compound

Sodium selenide is an inorganic compound of sodium and selenium with the chemical formula Na2Se.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Selenium monochloride</span> Chemical compound

Selenium monochloride is an inorganic compound with the formula Se2Cl2. Although it is called selenium monochloride, a more descriptive name might be diselenium dichloride. It is a reddish-brown, oily liquid that hydrolyses slowly. It exists in chemical equilibrium with SeCl2, SeCl4, chlorine, and elemental selenium. Selenium monochloride is mainly used as a reagent for the synthesis of Se-containing compounds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sodium bismuthate</span> Chemical compound

Sodium bismuthate is an inorganic compound, and a strong oxidiser with chemical formula NaBiO3. It is somewhat hygroscopic, but not soluble in cold water, which can be convenient since the reagent can be easily removed after the reaction. It is one of the few water insoluble sodium salts. Commercial samples may be a mixture of bismuth(V) oxide, sodium carbonate and sodium peroxide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Molybdenum(III) bromide</span> Chemical compound

Molybdenum(III) bromide is the inorganic compound with the formula MoBr3. It is a black solid that is insoluble in most solvents but dissolves in donor solvents such as pyridine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium(IV) nitrate</span> Chemical compound

Titanium nitrate is the inorganic compound with formula Ti(NO3)4. It is a colorless, diamagnetic solid that sublimes readily. It is an unusual example of a volatile binary transition metal nitrate. Ill defined species called titanium nitrate are produced upon dissolution of titanium or its oxides in nitric acid.


  1. Frederick Pearson Treadwell (1916). Qualitative analysis. J.Wiley & sons, Incorporated. p. 538. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  2. C. Remigius Fresenius (1887). Qualitative Chemical Analysis. J. & A. Churchill. pp.  115–116.
  3. F.P. Dunnington (1891). "On metatitanic acid and the estimation of titanium by hydrogen peroxide". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 13 (7): 210–211. doi:10.1021/ja02124a032.
  4. Leonard Dobbin, Hugh Marshall (1904). Salts and their reactions: A class-book of practical chemistry. University of Edinburgh.
  5. Ehrlich, P. (1963). "Titanium(IV) Oxide Hydrate TiO2·nH2O". In Brauer, G. (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press. p. 1218.
  6. Ehrlich, P. (1963). "Peroxotitanic Acid H4TiO5". In Brauer, G. (ed.). Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press. p. 1219.
  7. Fukamauchi, Hisao (1967). "Analysis using fluotitanic acid-hydrogen peroxide reagent: A review". Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry . 229 (6): 413–433. doi:10.1007/BF00505508. S2CID   92389986.

Further reading