Titanium(II) oxide

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Titanium(II) oxide
IUPAC name
Titanium(II) oxide
Other names
Titanium monoxide
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.032.020 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
PubChem CID
  • InChI=1S/O.Ti
  • O=[Ti]
Molar mass 63.866 g/mol
Appearancebronze crystals
Density 4.95 g/cm3
Melting point 1,750 °C (3,180 °F; 2,020 K)
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Related titanium oxides
Titanium(III) oxide
Titanium(III,IV) oxide
Titanium(IV) oxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Titanium(II) oxide (Ti O) is an inorganic chemical compound of titanium and oxygen. It can be prepared from titanium dioxide and titanium metal at 1500 °C. [1] It is non-stoichiometric in a range TiO0.7 to TiO1.3 and this is caused by vacancies of either Ti or O in the defect rock salt structure. [1] In pure TiO 15% of both Ti and O sites are vacant, [1] as the vacancies allow metal-metal bonding between adjacent Ti centres. Careful annealing can cause ordering of the vacancies producing a monoclinic form which has 5 TiO units in the primitive cell that exhibits lower resistivity. [2] A high temperature form with titanium atoms with trigonal prismatic coordination is also known. [3] Acid solutions of TiO are stable for a short time then decompose to give hydrogen: [1]

2 Ti2+(aq) + 2 H+(aq) → 2 Ti3+(aq) + H2(g)

Gas-phase TiO shows strong bands in the optical spectra of cool (M-type) stars. [4] [5] In 2017, TiO was claimed to be detected in an exoplanet atmosphere for the first time; a result which is still debated in the literature. [6] [7] Additionally, evidence has been obtained for the presence of the diatomic molecule TiO in the interstellar medium. [8]

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium dioxide</span> Chemical compound often used as a white pigment, Including in food and paints.

Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula TiO
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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Titanium oxide</span> Index of chemical compounds with the same name

Titanium oxide may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chromium(II) oxide</span> Chemical compound

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