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Tite Margwelaschwili (Georgian :ტიტე მარგველაშვილი, German: Titus von Margwelaschwili) (1891–1946) was a Georgian philosopher and writer. He studied at the University of Leipzig and did a doctor's degree in history at the University Halle-Wittenberg in 1914. His career in Georgia was interrupted by the Soviet invasion of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1921.
A member of the Georgian National Democratic Party and a staunch opponent of the Bolshevik regime, he emigrated to Germany and quickly emerged as one of the leaders of Georgian political emigration, being elected a chairman of a sizeable Georgian émigré colony in Berlin. He lectured philosophy and Oriental studies at the Frederick William University of Berlin and worked for the Georgian émigré newspaper The Caucasus. He suffered a family tragedy in June 1933, when his wife Mariam committed suicide because she was homesick.
After the end of World War II he lived in Berlin-Wilmersdorf in the British sector of Berlin. In December 1945 he was decoyed to East Berlin by Soviet NKVD agents who used the notable philosopher Shalva Nutsubidze as an enticement. Arrested during his visit to Nutsubidze, Margwelaschwili was detained in a prison in the eastern part of the city, interrogated and tortured, deported to Tbilisi and shot as a traitor in August 1946.His son, Giwi, subsequently a conspicuous German-Georgian writer, was placed in a Soviet Special Camp at Sachsenhausen for 18 months.
Shalva Nutsubidze was a Georgian philosopher, cultural historian, rustvelologist, literary critic, translator, public figure, one of the founders of scientific school in the field of history of Georgian philosophy, one of the founders and prorector (1920-1929) of the Tbilisi State University, Director of the Fundamental Library of the TSU, Dean of the Department of History of World Literature, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor, elected member of the Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR (1944), Meritorious Scientific Worker of Georgia (1961).
Grigol Robakidze was a Georgian writer, publicist, and public figure primarily known for his prose and anti-Soviet émigré activities.
Prince Mikheil "Mikhako" G. Tsereteli also known as Michael von Zereteli was a Georgian prince, historian, philologist, sociologist and public benefactor.
Johannes Robert Becher was a German politician, novelist, and poet. He was affiliated with the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) before World War II. At one time, he was part of the literary avant-garde, writing in an expressionist style.
Ricarda Huch was a pioneering German intellectual. Trained as an historian, and the author of many works of European history, she also wrote novels, poems, and a play. Asteroid 879 Ricarda is named in her honour. She was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature seven times.
Eduard Rudolf Thurneysen was a Swiss linguist and Celticist.
Giwi Margwelaschwili was a German-Georgian writer and philosopher. Born in Berlin to Georgian parents, he was raised as a German. After World War II, his father and he were abducted by the Soviet secret police. His father, Tite Margwelaschwili was executed and he was interned in the former Sachsenhausen concentration camp for 18 months and then, speaking neither Russian nor Georgian, he was released to Tbilisi, Georgia, where he had relatives. He learned both languages and studied English, working as a language teacher. He wrote novels and philosophy books in German. He returned to Germany and became a German citizen in 1994. In 2011, he moved back to Tbilisi again.
Will Lammert was a German sculptor. In 1959 he was posthumously awarded the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic.
Margvelashvili is a Georgian surname, originally from the province of Imereti. Formerly, the Margvelashvili were listed among the gentry (aznauri) and recognized as such in the Russian Empire in the 19th century.
Ulrich Woronowicz was an East German Protestant theologian and writer.
Ingeborg "Inge" von Wangenheim was a German actress who married actor Gustav Von Wangenheim and joined the Communist Party. After the war, she became a successful East German writer.
Heinz Kamnitzer was a German writer and historian. He was part of the political-cultural establishment and a vocal government supporter in the German Democratic Republic.
Bernd Eisenfeld, also known by the pseudonym Fred Werner, was an opponent of the East German dictatorship who became a writer and an historian.
Richard Fester was a German historian.
Elke Erb is a German author-poet based in Berlin. She has also worked as a literary editor and translator.
Events in the year 2020 in Germany.
Herbert Arthur Strauss was a German-born American historian.
Max Walter Schulz was an East German author and part of that country's literary establishment.
Gertrud Schubart-Fikentscher became Germany's first female professor of Law in September 1948, and remained the country's only female university law professor - after 1957 an emeritus (retired) law professor - for seventeen years. She taught at the University of Halle. By the time she received and accepted her professorship she was a few months short of her fifty-second birthday, reflecting a somewhat indirect career trajectory, her having grown up in a country where the educational system was not set up to enable women either to study or teach at any university.
Leo Stern was an Austrian-German left-wing political activist. In 1933 he switched his party membership from the Social Democratic Party to the Communist Party. During the fascist ascendancy he participated in the Spanish Civil War as an anti-Franco Interbrigadist and later, in the Great Patriotic War, served as an officer in the Soviet Red Army. Between the two he studied successfully for a higher degree at the University of Moscow, receiving his Habilitation degree in 1940 in return for a dissertation of Contemporary Catholicism. Emerging from the war in 1945, almost certainly by now closely networked with members of Soviet military intelligence, and more committed than ever to Soviet-style communism, he made his home in occupied Vienna where he taught at the university. In 1950 he relocated to the newly launched Soviet sponsored German Democratic Republic, taking East German citizenship in 1952. He made his home at Halle, accepting a teaching position at the university and quickly becoming one of the best known Marxist historians in the country. Between 1953 and 1959 he served as University Rector at the merged Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg.