Titirangi

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Titirangi
Morning walk from the Titirangi Treehouse.jpg
Titirangi
Coordinates: 36°56′16″S174°39′25″E / 36.93778°S 174.65694°E / -36.93778; 174.65694
CountryNew Zealand
City Auckland
Local authority Auckland Council
Electoral ward
Local board
Area
[1]
  Land596 ha (1,473 acres)
Population
 (June 2023) [2]
  Total7,420
Konini Glen Eden New Lynn
Oratia
Pfeil oben.svg
Pfeil links.svgTitirangiPfeil rechts.svg
Pfeil unten.svg
Green Bay
Laingholm (Manukau Harbour)(Manukau Harbour)

Titirangi is a suburb of West Auckland in the Waitākere Ranges local board area of the city of Auckland in northern New Zealand. It is an affluent, residential suburb located 13 kilometres (8 miles) to the southwest of the Auckland city centre, at the southern end of the Waitākere Ranges. [3] In the Māori language "Titirangi" means "hill reaching up to the sky". [4]

Contents

History

The area is within the traditional rohe of Te Kawerau ā Maki, an iwi that traces their ancestry to some of the earliest inhabitants of the Auckland Region. [5] The name Tītīrangi was chosen for the area by Rakataura, the senior tohunga of the Tainui migratory canoe. It was used to describe the area between the Motukaraka sandbank of the Manukau Harbour and Little Muddy Creek, and was named in commemoration of a hill in his Pacific homeland, [6] [7] and can be translated as "hill reaching up to the sky". [4] Other translations of the name include "long streaks of cloud in the sky" and "fringe of heaven". [8] [9]

In the mid-19th century, the Manukau Harbour shoreline was primarily used for kauri logging. [10] In December 1855, John Bishop and Thomas Canty acquired 227 acres of land from John Langford, a land dealer who acquired the area from a Crown grant. [11] Most of the kauri forest was harvested for wood by the early settlers. [12]

The first landowner at Titirangi was John Kelly, who bought 103 acres in 1848. [10] Most of Titirangi and the surrounding area developed as farmland in the 1860s. For communities in the south of Titirangi, most contact to the outside world was through docks along the Manukau Harbour, which linked the settlements to the port of Onehunga. [13] In 1902 at the suggestion of local engineer Henry Atkinson, the wooden precursor to the Upper Nihotupu Dam was constructed, to supply Auckland with a more constant water supply. [13] [14] Atkinson donated land at Titirangi for the project, which involved piping water from the dam to Titirangi, and then on to Auckland City. [13] The dam finished construction in 1923. [13]

Titirangi remained primarily farmland until the advent of World War I, when the number of farm workers in the area plummeted and native plants began to recolonise the area. [15] The Titirangi township greatly developed in the 1910s, because of a need for the laborers working on Scenic Drive (then known as Exhibition Drive) to have lodgings. [16] Exhibition Drive opened on 24 January 1914. [16] In the early 20th century, Wood Bay, French Bay and other Manukau Harbour beaches became popular destinations for Aucklanders. [10]

In 1930, the Hotel Titirangi (now known as Lopdell House) was established as a modern hotel, [17] however the hotel faced difficulties securing a liquor license due to the prohibition of alcohol in West Auckland, and closed less than six months later. [18] [19]

As road access improved in the 1960s, the community became increasingly suburban. [20] Artist Colin McCahon lived at Otitori Bay in Titirangi in the 1950s, during which he painted a number of artworks inspired by the Titirangi landscape. [20] McCahon House is an artists residency. Artists include Tanu Gogo (2022) Emily Karaka, Moniek Schrijer and Cora-Allan Wickliffe (2021) and Judy Millar, Andrew McLeod, James Robinson, Gavin Hipkins, Rohan Wealleans, Luise Fong, Eve Armstrong, Lisa Reihana, Ava Seymour, Andy Leleisi’uao, Jim Speers, Liyen Chong, Tim Wagg and Wayne Youle. [21]

Demographics

Titirangi covers 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) [1] and had an estimated population of 7,420 as of June 2023, [2] with a population density of 1,247 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20066,375    
20136,642+0.59%
20187,203+1.63%
Source: [22]

Titirangi had a population of 7,203 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 561 people (8.4%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 828 people (13.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 2,469 households, comprising 3,570 males and 3,633 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.98 males per female, with 1,470 people (20.4%) aged under 15 years, 1,155 (16.0%) aged 15 to 29, 3,645 (50.6%) aged 30 to 64, and 933 (13.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 83.4% European/Pākehā, 8.0% Māori, 5.4% Pacific peoples, 12.4% Asian, and 2.9% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 30.9, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 56.6% had no religion, 28.8% were Christian, 0.3% had Māori religious beliefs, 2.7% were Hindu, 0.5% were Muslim, 1.2% were Buddhist and 3.0% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 2,052 (35.8%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 555 (9.7%) people had no formal qualifications. 1,719 people (30.0%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 3,150 (54.9%) people were employed full-time, 867 (15.1%) were part-time, and 213 (3.7%) were unemployed. [22]

As a result of its increased diversity, Titirangi reportedly has a distinctive accent. [23]

Individual statistical areas
NameArea (km2)PopulationDensity (per km2)HouseholdsMedian ageMedian income
West Lynn1.233,1772,5831,06537.6 years$40,900 [24]
Titirangi South4.734,0268511,40442.8 years$46,400 [25]
New Zealand37.4 years$31,800

Geography

Titirangi Beach in 2022 20220731 173926 Titirangi Beach.jpg
Titirangi Beach in 2022
Titirangi roundabout ANZAC Day installation on the Titirangi roundabout.jpg
Titirangi roundabout

Titirangi is bordered to the south by Manukau Harbour, to the west and north west by the rest of the Waitākere Ranges' native bush clad hills consisting of the large Centennial Memorial Park and water catchment areas which supply much of Auckland's water. The main road into the Waitakeres, the Scenic Drive, begins in Titirangi. To the east and north are a number of more urban suburbs.

The Waitākere Ranges lie on the west coast of the North Island in the path of the prevailing winds from the Tasman and consequently attract a high rainfall. The native bush is home to many native birds, such as the fantail, tūī, kererū or "wood pigeon", morepork and white-eye, and geckos and rare native frogs. The landscape of Titirangi ranges from Titirangi Beach on the Manukau Harbour to 400 metre (1300') high parts of the Waitākere Ranges.

Mt Atkinson is in the foothills of Titirangi, not far from the village centre. In the early 20th century, this was known as Bishop's Hill. [11] There is a short scenic walk, with expansive views of Titirangi Village and the Manukau and Waitemata harbours. There is also 'Zig Zag Track' walk, which winds its way through native bush from the village centre to Titirangi Beach. Exhibition Drive, a well-formed track very popular with walkers, joggers and cyclists, is located 1.5 km (1 mile) from the village centre.

Culture

Titirangi village Titirangi 20221101 102719.jpg
Titirangi village

Titirangi is characterised by houses built within the native bush of the Waitākere Ranges, sometimes with views of the Manukau Harbour. Some of the residential properties are of unusual design. For instance, some houses were raised on poles so that they could be built in the bush without harming the roots of trees surrounding the house. [26]

The name "Titirangi" is often linked with Titirangi Golf Course. The course is actually located on the border of the nearby suburbs of New Lynn and Green Bay. Other areas surrounding Titirangi include Oratia, Nihotupu, Glen Eden, Woodlands Park, Laingholm and Waiatarua.

For a long time the area had a reputation for bohemianism. [27] A number of well known New Zealand musicians, artists, writers and potters currently live or have lived in the area, including singer/songwriter Tim Finn (who wrote the song "I Hope I Never" there), actress Alma Evans-Freake, author Maurice Shadbolt, feminist artist Alexis Hunter, photographers Brian Brake and David Prentice, poet John Caselberg, potter Len Castle and glass artist Ann Robinson. The former house of painter Colin McCahon has been preserved as a museum and residence for artists and writers since 1998. [28] [29]

The sculpture on the round-about connecting Titirangi Road, Atkinson Road, Kohu Road, Scenic Drive and Huia Rd has been a symbol of Titirangi for many years, although it is a controversial presence. Designed by student artist-jeweller Lisa Higgins in 1993, it was originally erected with the intention of only being in place for five years but has remained permanently. [30] This was part of a Waitakere City Council programme of involving artists in public developments. [31] Its original pink colour was toned down to a teal green in 2009. [30]

An active local theatre, cinema, community art gallery and radio station are based in historic Lopdell House. [32] Located next door, Te Uru Waitakere Contemporary Gallery is West Auckland's regional art gallery. [33] Many short walks or tramps in the Waitakeres start from Titirangi.

Education

Titirangi School is a coeducational contributing primary (years 1-6) school with a roll of 447 as of April 2023. [34] [35] The school celebrated its centenary in 1972, [36] although the history of the school goes back to around 1845. [37]

The nearest state secondary schools are Green Bay High School, Kelston Boys' High School and Kelston Girls' College.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manukau Harbour</span> Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waitakere City</span> Former territorial authority of New Zealand

Waitākere City was a territorial authority in West Auckland, New Zealand; it was governed by the Waitākere City Council from 1989 to 2010. It was New Zealand's fifth-largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. In 2010 the council was amalgamated with the other authorities of the Auckland Region to form the current Auckland Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henderson, New Zealand</span> Suburb in Auckland, New Zealand

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Lynn</span> Suburb in Auckland, New Zealand

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waitākere Ranges</span> Mountain range on the North Island of New Zealand

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whatipu</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glen Eden, New Zealand</span> Suburb of Auckland, New Zealand

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laingholm</span> Suburb in Auckland, New Zealand

Laingholm is a small community situated in the Waitākere Ranges of West Auckland, New Zealand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waiatarua</span> Place in Auckland, New Zealand

Waiatarua is a small settlement near the top of the Waitākere Ranges in West Auckland, close to the junction of Scenic Drive, West Coast Road and Piha Road to Piha and runs east until the junction of Scenic Drive and Mountain Road. Surrounded by native bush in the Centennial Memorial Park and the water catchment area, Waiatarua is over 300 metres above sea level and some houses are over 400 metres above sea level. Waiatarua means “song of two waters”, possibly referring to the ability to see both the wild west coast, and the still, sparkling waters of the Manukau and Waitemata harbours from certain points in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodlands Park</span> Suburb in Auckland, New Zealand

Woodlands Park is a small, affluent and quiet suburb on the western outskirts of West Auckland, New Zealand. Nestled in the Waitākere Ranges, Woodlands Park lies in a valley, bush clad hills separating it from Titirangi, Parau and Huia and Laingholm.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huia, New Zealand</span> Coastal settlement in West Auckland, New Zealand

Huia is a western coastal settlement in West Auckland, New Zealand and forms part of the Waitākere Ranges Regional Park. The majority of houses in Huia are located along Huia Road, which arcs around Huia Bay and heads west towards Little Huia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parau</span> Coastal settlement in West Auckland, New Zealand

Parau is a locality of West Auckland in the Auckland Region. It is under the local governance of the Waitākere Ranges Local Board within the Auckland Council. It is a coastal community close to Titirangi village. Parau is made up of Huia Road, one other looping street called Rauhuia Crescent and two cul de sacs, Staley Road and Shirley Road. It also consists of a safe clean beach called Armour Bay where locals can partake in tennis, and swimming in the Manukau Harbour which laps the beach.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lopdell House</span> Arts Centre in Titirangi, Auckland

Lopdell House is situated next to Te Uru Waitakere Contemporary Gallery as part of the Lopdell Precinct arts centre in Titirangi, Auckland. It was first opened as Hotel Titirangi in 1930. In 1942 it was bought by the Ministry of Education and became a school for the deaf, and then a teacher's residential centre named Lopdell House. The Waitemata City Council purchased it in 1983 and leased it to the Lopdell House Society, who reopened in 1986 as an arts centre. Adjacent to the house is a statue of Titirangi founder, Henry Atkinson.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Āwhitu Peninsula</span> Place in Auckland, New Zealand

The Āwhitu Peninsula is a long peninsula in the North Island of New Zealand, extending north from the mouth of the Waikato River to the entrance to Manukau Harbour.

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Kaurilands is a suburb of West Auckland, which is under the local governance of Auckland Council. The area was subdivided and developed in the 1920s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Auckland, New Zealand</span> Region of Auckland, New Zealand

West Auckland is one of the major geographical areas of Auckland, the largest city in New Zealand. Much of the area is dominated by the Waitākere Ranges, the eastern slopes of the Miocene era Waitākere volcano which was upraised from the ocean floor, and now one of the largest regional parks in New Zealand. The metropolitan area of West Auckland developed between the Waitākere Ranges to the west and the upper reaches of the Waitematā Harbour to the east. It covers areas such as Glen Eden, Henderson, Massey and New Lynn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Muddy Creek (New Zealand)</span> River in New Zealand

The Little Muddy Creek is a river of the Auckland Region of New Zealand's North Island. It flows south from its source in Titirangi, meets the tributaries Waituna Stream and Waiohua Creek which run through the suburbs of Waima and Woodlands Park, before reaching the Manukau Harbour.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little Huia</span> Coastal settlement in West Auckland, New Zealand

Little Huia is a western coastal settlement of West Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand and forms part of the Waitākere Ranges Regional Park, bordering the Manukau Harbour. It is located south-west of the settlement of Huia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">French Bay / Otitori Bay</span>

French Bay / Otitori Bay is a bay in the Auckland Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located in Titirangi on the Manukau Harbour, between Wood Bay to the north and Paturoa Bay to the south.

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