Titlis

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Titlis
Titlis W.jpg
Titlis and Klein Titlis (right) from the northwest
Highest point
Elevation 3,238 m (10,623 ft)
Prominence 978 m (3,209 ft) [1]
Parent peak Dammastock
Isolation 6.9 km (4.3 mi) [2]
Listing Canton high point,
Alpine mountains above 3000 m
Coordinates 46°46′21″N8°26′14″E / 46.77250°N 8.43722°E / 46.77250; 8.43722
Naming
Language of name German
Geography
Switzerland relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Titlis
Location in Switzerland
Country Switzerland
Cantons Obwalden and Bern
Parent range Uri Alps
Topo map Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo
Geology
Mountain type Limestone
Climbing
First ascent 1739
Easiest route By cable car from Engelberg

Titlis is a mountain of the Uri Alps, located on the border between the cantons of Obwalden and Bern. At 3,238 metres (10,623 ft) above sea level, it is the highest summit of the range north of the Susten Pass, between the Bernese Oberland and Central Switzerland. It is mainly accessed from Engelberg (OW) on the north side and is famous as the site of the world's first rotating cable car. The cable car system connects Engelberg (996 m (3,268 ft)) to the summit of Klein Titlis (3,028 m (9,934 ft)) through the three stages of Gerschnialp (1,262 m (4,140 ft)), Trübsee (1,796 m (5,892 ft)) and Stand (2,428 m (7,966 ft)). In 2016, a direct route was created that bypassed Geraschnialp, going directly to Trübsee.

Contents

The last part of cable car leads above the glacier. At Klein Titlis, it is possible to visit an illuminated glacier cave from an entrance within the cable-car station, which also includes shops and restaurants. The Titlis Cliff Walk, the highest elevation suspension bridge in Europe, opened in December 2012, giving views across the Alps. Many people use Titlis as a cheaper and easier option than Jungfraujoch.

Geography

The south-east spur seen from the Grassen East side of Titlis.jpg
The south-east spur seen from the Grassen

Titlis straddles the border between Obwalden and Bern. The main summit of Titlis (sometimes distinguished by the name Gross Titlis) and Klein Titlis are both located between the municipalities of Engelberg on the north and Gadmen on the south. The Titlis massif is also partially located in Nidwalden, where the highest point of that canton is found: the Rotstöckli (2,901 m). Titlis itself is the highest point in Obwalden and in the valley of Engelberg. East of Titlis is the Grassen, where the borders between the cantons of Obwalden, Berne and Uri converge. The geographical center of Switzerland is situated about 15 kilometers west of the mountain.

Titlis is the highest mountain in the portion of the Uri Alps north of the Susten Pass. This part of the range is located between the valleys of the Hasli (west) and the Reuss (east), thus separating the waters feeding the basins of the Aare and Reuss respectively. On the north side, the valley of Engelberg (Engelbergertal) is drained by the Engelberger Aa, a tributary of the Lake Lucerne. The valley is located southwards from Lake Lucerne.

The northern side of the massif is covered by the Titlis Glacier (German : Titlisgletscher). Due to the global warming the glacier has been receded dramatically; it is expected to disappear in about twenty years. The south steep and rocky face rises above the Wenden Glacier. The east side overlooks a glacier named Firnalpeligletscher.

History

In earlier times, Titlis was known under the names Wendenstock or Nollen. The Reissend Nollen and the Wendenstöcke are the nearest western neighbours to the mountain, slightly lower than Titlis, but with sharp rugged peaks. [3] In a document of 1435 the mountain is called Tuttelsberg (Tutilos mountain), referencing to a man named Tutilos, who was probably a local farmer. The name, from Tutilos Berg, became Titlisberg and later Titlis. [4]

The first ascent of Titlis was probably made in the year 1739. It was done by Ignaz Hess, J. E. Waser and two other men from Engelberg. [5] The first written evidence of an ascent is found in the Engelberger Dokumente. They mention a party of four men that reached the summit in 1744. [3] [ dead link ]

On 21 January 1904 the first ski ascent of Titlis was made by Joseph Kuster and Willi Amrhein. [6]

In March 1967 the cable car to Klein Titlis (3,032 m) was inaugurated.

In December 2012, the Titlis Cliff Walk opened to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the Engelberg-Gerschnialp cableway.

Telecommunications

Klein Titlis hosts a significant telecommunications site, used for high capacity point-to-point microwave radio links and VHF/UHF repeaters. Licensed band radio links are regulated by the Swiss Federal Office of Communications. [7]

Weather

The summit of Titlis is located above the snow line, thus it has a cold, snowy climate with permanent snow cover and freezing temperatures.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Retrieved from the Swisstopo topographic maps and Google Earth. The key col is the Susten Pass (2,260 m).
  2. Retrieved from Google Earth. The nearest point of higher elevation is north of the Chli Sustenhorn.
  3. 1 2 Titlis Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine brauchtumschweiz.ch. Retrieved 16 February 2010
  4. Berge und ihre Namen Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine berge.ch. Retrieved 16 February 2010
  5. Kev Reynolds, Alpine pass route: Sargans to Montreux, p. 82
  6. History of skiing Archived 15 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine fis-ski.com. Retrieved 16 February 2010
  7. "Swiss federal office of communications".