Tito Livio Frulovisi

Last updated
Decorated initial at the start of the Vita Henrici Quinti in Frulovisi's autograph manuscript Frulovisi, Henry V, initial.png
Decorated initial at the start of the Vita Henrici Quinti in Frulovisi's autograph manuscript
A dragon incorporated into a decorated initial at the start of the only surviving manuscript of Frulovisi' comedies Cambridge, St John's College, MS C.10, fol. 1r, initial.jpg
A dragon incorporated into a decorated initial at the start of the only surviving manuscript of Frulovisi' comedies

Tito Livio Frulovisi (fl. 1430s–1440s) was a humanist scholar and author, who is best known for his biography of King Henry V of England in Latin, the Vita Henrici Quinti.


Life and work

Frulovisi was from Ferrara and grew up in Venice. It was there that he wrote his first works, a set of comedies which were performed by schoolboys. They were some of the first examples of this genre in Renaissance Italy. In the early 1430s, Frulovisi travelled to Naples and then returned north to his hometown of Ferrara. There he sought employment at the court of the ruling d'Este dynasty, in 1434 dedicating to them his dialogue on government, De Republica. He may also have written there two further comedies.

He did not stay there for long, however; he travelled across the Alps, reaching England probably in 1436. He was employed in the household of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and wrote for him both a Latin poem celebrating the duke's martial exploits, Humfrois, and a biography of Humfrey's late brother, Henry V of England. This latter work, the Vita Henrici Quinti, is the work for which Frulovisi is best known; it has long been considered the earliest posthumous biography of Henry V, though, in fact, it was heavily derivative of another work, the Vita et Gesta Henrici Quinti, once ascribed to Thomas Elmham. [1] The only published edition of Frulovisi's Vita is that made by Thomas Hearne in the eighteenth century. It was also translated into Italian in the fifteenth century by Pier Candido Decembrio and into English in the first years of the reign of Henry VIII.

Once again, Frulovisi did not stay long in his place of residence: he left England for good in 1440, and returned to Italy. He was for a time in Milan and then journeyed to Barcelona, via Toulouse. There is little information about his later years, though it appears that he trained as a medical doctor.


Related Research Articles

Thomas Elmham was an English chronicler.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Catherine of Bologna</span> Italian writer, artist (1413–1463)

Catherine of Bologna [Caterina de' Vigri] was an Italian Poor Clare, writer, teacher, mystic, artist, and saint. The patron saint of artists and against temptations, Catherine de' Vigri was venerated for nearly three centuries in her native Bologna before being formally canonized in 1712 by Pope Clement XI. Her feast day is 9 March.

Gianni Baget Bozzo was an Italian Catholic priest and politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Giannozzo Manetti</span> Italian politician and diplomat

Giannozzo Manetti was an Italian politician and diplomat from Florence, who was also a humanist scholar of the early Italian Renaissance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Williram of Ebersberg</span>

Williram of Ebersberg was a Benedictine Abbot. He is best known for his 'Expositio in Cantica Canticorum', a complex commentary of the Song of Songs which includes an Old High German translation and a Latin verse paraphrase.

Bernard Trevisan[ˈtreːvizan] was a fictional Italian alchemist who lived from 1406-1490. His biography has been composed by editors and commentators of alchemical texts from the 16th century. It is said that he was born into a noble family in Padua and spent his entire life spending his family fortune in search of the Philosopher's stone. The mythical character emerged by a confusion with the alchemist called Bernard of Trier. A recent study founded a chronicle of his death in 1387. He has been identified with Eberhard I von der Mark (1305-1387), a law graduate and clergyman, who became chorbishop of Cologne. He resigned his positions in the Church to marry in 1346 with Maria de Looz-Agimont (ca.1336-1410), whose titles and territories counties were key points in feudal disputes involving Von der Marck family. From 1366 he was closely related to Kuno II von Falkenstein (ca.1320-1388), archbishop of Trier.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas of Cantimpré</span> Belgian theologian

Thomas of Cantimpré was a Flemish Catholic medieval writer, preacher, theologian and a friar belonging to the Dominican Order. He is best known for his encyclopedic woek on nature De natura rerum, for the moral text Bonum universale de Apibus and for his hagiographical writings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paterius</span>

Paterius was a bishop of Brescia. He is known as a compiler, in particular of works of Pope Gregory I, for whom he had worked as a notary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Florence Charterhouse</span>

Florence Charterhouse is a charterhouse, or Carthusian monastery, located in the Florence suburb of Galluzzo, in central Italy. The building is a walled complex located on Monte Acuto, at the point of confluence of the Ema and Greve rivers.

Ermolao Barbaro (1410–1471/1474) was an Italian prelate. He is sometimes referred to as "the elder" to distinguish him from his relative Ermolao Barbaro.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prince Hal</span> Fictional character

Prince Hal is the standard term used in literary criticism to refer to Shakespeare's portrayal of the young Henry V of England as a prince before his accession to the throne, taken from the diminutive form of his name used in the plays almost exclusively by Falstaff. Henry is called "Prince Hal" in critical commentary on his character in Henry IV, Part 1 and Henry IV, Part 2, though also sometimes in Henry V when discussed in the context of the wider Henriad.

Giovanni Michele Alberto da Carrara (1438–1490) was a Bergamasque Renaissance humanist and medical doctor. He wrote about philosophy, history, science, and medicine. He was also a Latin poet and orator. Despite his name, he was not a member of the Carraresi family.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Agostino Paravicini Bagliani</span> Italian historian

Agostino Paravicini Bagliani is an Italian historian, specializing in the history of the papacy, cultural anthropology, and in the history of the body and the relationship between nature and society during the Middle Ages.

Michael Lapidge, FBA is a scholar in the field of Medieval Latin literature, particularly that composed in Anglo-Saxon England during the period 600–1100 AD; he is an emeritus Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, a Fellow of the British Academy, and winner of the 2009 Sir Israel Gollancz Prize.

Guiron le Courtois is a character in Arthurian legend, a knight-errant and one of the central figures in the French romance known as Palamedes, with later versions named Guiron le Courtois and the Compilation of Rustichello da Pisa. In the course of his adventures he becomes the companion of Danyn the Red, Lord of the Castle of Malaonc, whose wife, the Lady of Malaonc, is the most beautiful woman in Britain. Guiron and the lady fall in love, but the courteous knight remains loyal to his friend Danyn. Later both knights fall in love with the lady Bloye, but this time Guiron triumphs, though the couple are imprisoned and the story continues with the adventures of their son, also named Guiron.

Agostino Dati, also known as Augustinus Datus or Dathus was a fifteenth-century orator, historian and philosopher best known for his grammatical textbook Elegantiolae. In 1489 Erasmus praised Dati as one of the Italian masters of eloquence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Trota of Salerno</span> Medical practitioner and writer

Trota of Salerno was a medical practitioner and writer in the southern Italian coastal town of Salerno who lived in the early or middle decades of the 12th century. Her fame spread as far as France and England in the 12th and 13th centuries. A Latin text that gathered some of her therapies was incorporated into an ensemble of treatises on women's medicine that came to be known as the Trotula, "the little book [called] 'Trotula'". Gradually, readers became unaware that this was the work of three different authors. They were also unconscious of name of the historical writer, which was "Trota" and not "Trotula". The latter was thenceforth misunderstood as the author of the whole compendium. These misconceptions about the author of Trotula contributed to the erasure or modification of her name, gender, level of education, medical knowledge, or the time period in which the texts were written; this trend often resulted from the biases of later scholars. Trota's authentic work was forgotten until it was rediscovered in the late 20th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">International Society for the Study of Medieval Latin Culture</span>

The International Society for the Study of Medieval Latin Culture is an Italian non-profit cultural institute, based in Florence. It promotes multi-disciplinary research into the history, art, literature and philology of the medieval Latin era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Breviary of San Michele della Chiusa</span>

The Breviary of San Michele della Chiusa is a manuscript liturgical book of 1315 in two volumes: the "Santorale" and the "Temporale" for a total of 1390 pages.

José Martínez Gázquez, is a Spanish philologist. He is Emeritus Professor of Latin Philology in the Autonomous University of Barcelona.


  1. D. Rundle, "The Unoriginality of Tito Livio Frulovisi's Vita Henrici Quinti", English Historical Review, cxxiii (2008), pp. 1109 - 1131.