Tito Lutwa Okello
|8th President of Uganda|
29 July 1985 –26 January 1986
|Preceded by||Bazilio Olara-Okello|
|Succeeded by||Yoweri Museveni|
Tito Lutwa Okello
|Died||3 June 1996 81) (aged|
|Allegiance|| British Empire |
|Branch/service|| British Army |
Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA)
|Years of service||1940–1962 (British Empire)|
1962–1971 (Uganda Army)
|Unit|| King's African Rifles |
Uganda National Liberation Army
|Battles/wars|| East African Campaign |
1972 invasion of Uganda
Ugandan Bush War
Tito Lutwa Okello (1914 –3 June 1996) was an Ugandan military officer and politician. He was the eighth president of Uganda from 29 July 1985 until 26 January 1986.
Tito Okello was born into an ethnic Acholi family in circa 1914 in Nam Okora,Kitgum District.
He joined the King's African Rifles in 1940 and served in the East African Campaign of World War II. As a career military officer,he had a variety of assignments.
As follower of President Milton Obote,Okello went into exile following the 1971 coup d'état that resulted in Idi Amin becoming Uganda's new ruler. In 1972,rebels invaded Uganda to restore Obote. Okello was one of the leaders of an insurgent group which targeted Masaka. The invasion was defeated by loyalist Uganda Army troops.
Okello took part in the Uganda–Tanzania War. He was one of the commanders in the coalition between the Tanzania People's Defence Force and the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) that removed Amin from power in 1979. In 1980,Obote was restored to presidency. Okello was selected to be the Commander of the UNLA from 1980 to 1985.
In July 1985,together with Bazilio Olara-Okello,Tito Lutwa Okello staged the coup d'état that toppled President Obote. He ruled as president for six months until he had to transfer power to the National Resistance Army (NRA) operating under the leadership of the current president,Yoweri Museveni. He went into exile in Kenya after his tenure was forcefully terminated by Museveni.
Tito Okello's son Henry Oryem Okello is the current State Minister for Foreign Affairs responsible for International Affairs.In 2002,Tito Okello's younger brother,Erisanweri Opira,was abducted from his home in Kitgum District by the rebel group,the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). His abduction was considered unusual as the LRA usually kidnapped teenagers and young people to use as prospective soldiers or sex slaves. Opira was in his late seventies when he was abducted.
Okello remained in exile until 1993,when he was granted amnesty by President Museveni and returned to Kampala. He died three years later,of an undisclosed illness,on 3 June 1996. He was almost 82 years old at the time of his death. His remains were buried at his ancestral home in Kitgum District.
In January 2010,Okello was posthumously awarded the Kagera National Medal of Honor for fighting against the Idi Amin dictatorship in the 1970s.
Apollo Milton Obote was a Ugandan political leader who led Uganda to independence from British colonial rule in 1962. Following the nation's independence,he served as prime minister of Uganda from 1962 to 1966 and the second president of Uganda from 1966 to 1971,then again from 1980 to 1985.
Bazilio Olara-Okello was a Ugandan military officer and one of the commanders of the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) that together with the Tanzanian army organized the coup d'état that overthrew Idi Amin in 1979. In 1985,he was briefly the chairman of the ruling Military Council and de facto head of state of Uganda,and later,lieutenant-general and chief of the armed forces.
The History of Uganda from 1979 to 1986 comprises the history of Uganda since the end of the dictatorship of Idi Amin. This period has seen the second rule of Milton Obote and the presidency of Yoweri Museveni since 1986,in which Ugandan politics have been dominated by the National Resistance Movement.
The National Resistance Army (NRA),the military wing of the National Resistance Movement (NRM),was a rebel army that waged a guerrilla war,commonly referred to as the Ugandan Bush War or Luwero War,against the government of Milton Obote,and later that of Tito Okello. NRA was supported by Muammar Gaddafi.
The Uganda National Liberation Front (UNLF) was a political group formed by exiled Ugandans opposed to the rule of Idi Amin with an accompanying military wing,the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA). UNLA fought alongside Tanzanian forces in the Uganda–Tanzania War that led to the overthrow of Idi Amin's regime. The group ruled Uganda from the overthrow of Amin in April 1979 until the disputed national elections in December 1980.
The Front for National Salvation (FRONASA) was a Ugandan rebel group led by Yoweri Museveni. The group factually emerged in 1971,although it was formally founded in 1973. FRONASA,along with other militant groups such as Kikosi Maalum,formed the Uganda National Liberation Front (UNLF) and its military wing the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) in 1979 to fight alongside Tanzanian forces against Idi Amin.
Salim Saleh is a retired Ugandan military officer who served in the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF),the armed forces of Uganda. He is a brother to the President of Uganda,Yoweri Museveni,and an adviser to the President on military matters. He served as Minister of State for microfinance from 2006 to 2008. Saleh has featured in controversies regarding corruption,including being implicated by the UN Security Council for plundering natural resources in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Nairobi Agreement was a peace deal between the Ugandan government of Tito Okello and the National Resistance Army (NRA) rebel group led by Yoweri Museveni. The accords were signed in Nairobi,Kenya in December 1985.
Henry Oryem Okello is a Ugandan lawyer and politician. He is the current State Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was appointed to that position in 2004. In the cabinet reshuffles of 1 June 2006,that of 16 February 2009,and that of 27 May 2011,he retained his cabinet post. He has previously served as State Minister for Sports,from 2001 until 2005. He also serves as the elected Member of Parliament for "Chua County",Kitgum District,until 2021.
Justine Odong Latek was a Ugandan brigadier who served in the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) during the Ugandan Bush War and later led the Uganda People's Democratic Army (UPDA) during the 1986–1994 war in Uganda. Professor Lamwaka Alice Veronica is a senior lecturer at Gulu university and she is from Puranga Chiefdom.
David Oyite Ojok was a Ugandan military commander who held one of the leadership positions in the coalition between Uganda National Liberation Army and Tanzania People's Defence Force which removed strongman Idi Amin in 1979 and,until his death in a helicopter crash,served as the national army chief of staff with the rank of major general.
The Ugandan Bush War was a civil war fought in Uganda by the official Ugandan government and its armed wing,the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA),against a number of rebel groups,most importantly the National Resistance Army (NRA),from 1980 to 1986.
Kikosi Maalum,also known as the Special Battalion or the grand coalition,was a militia of Ugandan exiles formed in Tanzania to fight against the regime of Idi Amin. The unit was founded by and loyal to former Ugandan President Milton Obote,and served as his de facto private army. It was commanded by former army officers David Oyite-Ojok,and Tito Okello. Kikosi Maalum took part in the Uganda–Tanzania War,fighting alongside the Tanzanian military against Amin's forces. In course of this conflict,the militia was nominally unified with other Ugandan rebel groups,forming the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA) in 1979. After the fall of Amin's regime and Obote's return to power,Kikosi Maalum became the core of Uganda's new national army.
The Battle of Kampala was a battle of the Ugandan Bush War that took place from 17 to 26 January 1986 in which forces of the National Resistance Army (NRA) attacked and captured the Ugandan capital,Kampala,from the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA). As a result,the Ugandan government was deposed and replaced by a new one under NRA leader Yoweri Museveni.
Abdulatif Tiyua is a Ugandan retired military officer and former rebel leader. He served as a Uganda Army (UA) commander during the dictatorship of Idi Amin. When Amin was overthrown in 1979 during the Uganda–Tanzania War,Tiyua was imprisoned by the new Ugandan government. He was freed in 1985,when Tito Okello overthrew Ugandan President Milton Obote. When Okello was defeated by Yoweri Museveni's National Resistance Army,Tiyua joined an insurgency in northern Uganda,and eventually rose to deputy commander of the West Nile Bank Front rebel group. Following years of warfare,Tiyua was captured by rebels allied to the Ugandan government in southern Sudan in 1997,and was again incarcerated. After being released in 2000,he became chairman of a veterans association and has lobbied for his former rebel comrades to end their insurgency.
The Acholi people are a Nilotic ethnic group of Luo peoples,found in Magwi County in South Sudan and Northern Uganda,including the districts of Agago,Amuru,Gulu,Kitgum,Nwoya,Lamwo,Pader and Omoro District. The Acholi were estimated in the 2014 census of Uganda to number 1.4 million people and 45,000 more were living in South Sudan in 2000.
The siege of Masaka was a battle of the Ugandan Bush War that took place from 25 September to 10 December 1985 in which forces of the National Resistance Army (NRA) besieged and eventually captured the large Ugandan town of Masaka,from the Uganda National Liberation Army (UNLA).
Zeddy Maruru was a Ugandan military pilot and military officer. He served in all of Uganda's post independence armies,from 1964 until 2002. He was the commander of the Uganda Army Air Force during the 1970s. He also served as the Chief of Army Staff after Tito Okello overthrew Milton Obote's second administration in 1985.
From 1986 to 1994,a variety of rebel groups waged a civil war against the Ugandan government of President Yoweri Museveni. Most of the fighting took place in the country's north and east,although the western and central regions were also affected. The most important insurgent factions were the Uganda People's Democratic Army (UPDA),the Uganda People's Army (UPA),Alice Auma's Holy Spirit Movement (HSM),and Joseph Kony's army. Several smaller rebel factions and splinter groups of the larger movements waged their own campaigns;the rebels often clashed with each other. All belligerents,including the government,targeted civilians and committed human rights violations. In course of fighting that involved tens of thousands of troops,the Ugandan government was able to gradually defeat or contain most rebel factions. The operations in the north and east caused great destruction and resulted in high civilian casualties.
Bernard Rwehururu was a Ugandan military officer and author. He served in various Ugandan militaries from 1965 until 2013,including under the governments of Milton Obote,Idi Amin,Tito Okello,and Yoweri Museveni.