Tito Vanzetti

Last updated

Tito Vanzetti (29 April 1809, Venice – 6 January 1888, Padua) was a famous surgeon and professor of medicine of the 19th century.

He studied surgery at the University of Padua under Bartolomeo Signoroni (1797-1844) and at the University of Vienna with Joseph Wattmann (1789-1866). Several years later, he was appointed professor of clinical surgery and ophthalmology at the University of Kharkiv. In 1853 he returned to Padua as a professor of clinical surgery.

In 1846 he performed the first ovariotomy in Russia. [1] Vanzetti is credited for introducing a procedure of manual compression for treatment of popliteal aneurysms. [2]

He became rector of the University of Padua in 1864. Together with other 16 professors, he was dismissed in 1866, after the annexation of Venetia to Italy, because of his position of support to old Austrian rule. He was reintegrated soon after, under international pressure.

He was made member of several scientific academies and societies.

Associated eponym

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scoliosis</span> Medical condition of the spine

Scoliosis is a condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped over three dimensions. In some, the degree of curve is stable, while in others, it increases over time. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, but more severe cases can affect breathing and movement. Pain is usually present in adults, and can worsen with age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Piriformis muscle</span> One of six small hip muscles in the lateral rotator group

The piriformis muscle is a flat, pyramidally-shaped muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limbs. It is one of the six muscles in the lateral rotator group.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael Woodruff</span> English surgeon and biologist; transplantation and cancer researcher

Sir Michael Francis Addison Woodruff, was an English surgeon and scientist principally remembered for his research into organ transplantation. Though born in London, Woodruff spent his youth in Australia, where he earned degrees in electrical engineering and medicine. Having completed his studies shortly after the outbreak of World War II, he joined the Australian Army Medical Corps, but was soon captured by Japanese forces and imprisoned in the Changi Prison Camp. While there, he devised an ingenious method of extracting nutrients from agricultural wastes to prevent malnutrition among his fellow POWs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kyphoscoliosis</span> Medical condition

Kyphoscoliosis describes an abnormal curvature of the spine in both a coronal and sagittal plane. It is a combination of kyphosis and scoliosis. This musculoskeletal disorder often leads to other issues in patients, such as under-ventilation of lungs, pulmonary hypertension, difficulty in performing day-to-day activities, psychological issues emanating from anxiety about acceptance among peers, especially in young patients. It can also be seen in syringomyelia, Friedreich's ataxia, spina bifida, kyphoscoliotic Ehlers–Danlos syndrome (kEDS), and Duchenne muscular dystrophy due to asymmetric weakening of the paraspinal muscles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Collins Warren Jr.</span>

John Collins Warren was an American surgeon and president of the American Surgical Association.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl Nicoladoni</span> Austrian surgeon (1847–1902)

Carl Nicoladoni was an Austrian surgeon born in Vienna.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adolf Lorenz</span> Austrian orthopedic surgeon

Adolf Lorenz was an Austrian orthopedic surgeon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edoardo Bassini</span> Italian surgeon

Edoardo Bassini was an Italian surgeon born in Pavia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Randall Harrington</span> American orthopedic surgeon

Paul Randall Harrington was an American orthopaedic surgeon. He is best known as the designer of the Harrington Rod, the first device for the straightening and immobilization of the spine inside the body. It entered common use in the early 1960s and remained the gold standard for scoliosis surgery until the late 1990s. During this period over one million people benefited from Harrington's procedure.

Sean E. McCance, M.D., is an American orthopedic surgeon and Co-Director of Spine Surgery in the Leni and Peter W. May Department of Orthopaedics at the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City. Additionally, he is Associate Clinical Professor of Orthopaedics at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine and Attending Spine Physician at Lenox Hill Hospital.

Ludwig Wullstein was a German surgeon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Salomon Eberhard Henschen</span> Swedish doctor, professor and neurologist

Salomon Eberhard Henschen was a Swedish doctor, professor and neurologist.

Bernhard Seyfert was an Austrian obstetrician and gynecologist.

Oheneba Boachie-Adjei is a Ghanaian orthopaedic surgeon. He specializes in spinal reconstruction and the treatment of kyphosis and scoliosis. He is professor of orthopaedic surgery at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City, in the United States, and is an attending orthopaedic surgeon at Hospital for Special Surgery, at New York-Presbyterian Hospital and at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, all in New York City. From 1972 to 1976 he studied at Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, New York, in the United States, where he completed a BS degree summa cum laude. He then studied medicine at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fritz Lange (surgeon)</span> German orthopedic surgeon

Fritz Lange was a German orthopedic surgeon.

The management of scoliosis is complex and is determined primarily by the type of scoliosis encountered: syndromic, congenital, neuromuscular, or idiopathic. Treatment options for idiopathic scoliosis are determined in part by the severity of the curvature and skeletal maturity, which together help predict the likelihood of progression. Non-surgical treatment should be pro-active with intervention performed early as "Best results were obtained in 10-25 degrees scoliosis which is a good indication to start therapy before more structural changes within the spine establish." Treatment options have historically been categorized under the following types:

  1. Observation
  2. Bracing
  3. Specialized physical therapy
  4. Surgery
<span class="mw-page-title-main">J. I. P. James</span> British orthopaedic surgeon

John Ivor Pulsford James was a British orthopaedic surgeon. He was professor of orthopaedic surgery at the University of Edinburgh from 1958 to 1979. Most commonly known as "JIP", he was secretary then president of the British Orthopaedic Association which later awarded him its honorary fellowship. James attracted orthopaedic specialists to work in Edinburgh, encouraging them to develop an interest in a specialist area of orthopaedics, and in this way he was able to establish a comprehensive regional orthopaedic service. He made contributions to hand surgery and surgical treatment of scoliosis, and was a prime mover in promoting specialist training and qualification in orthopaedic surgery in the UK.

Gopal Krishna Vishwakarma, more popularly known as G K Vishwakarma, was an eminent orthopedic surgeon, academician and public health administrator. He was the Director General of Health Services from October 1986 to his retirement in October 1992. He was awarded the Silver Jubilee Award (1983) and the Dr. B. C. Roy Award by Medical Council of India, The Government of India, in recognition of his contributions to the field of medicine and public health honored him with the Padma Shri (1985) one of India's highest civilian awards in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antonino D'Antona</span>

Antonino D’Antona was born in Riesi (Caltanisetta) on December 18, 1842, the son of Antonino and Concetta Debilio. After completing his classical studies in Sicily and after enrolling at the University of Palermo, where he attended the first four years of the medical course, he moved to Naples. He was guided since childhood by the care of a paternal uncle, the archpriest Gaetano D'Antona, who also followed him in the years of his university education. Antonino only had one child: Carlo D’Antona.

George Nikolić also spelled Giorgio Nicolich was an Austrian and Italian surgeon and urologist, renowned as a European pioneer in the treatments of tuberculosis and kidneys. He is remembered as the father of urology in Trieste.


  1. Google Books Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Tumours by Spencer Wells
  2. Google Books A System of surgery, Volume 2 by Timothy Holmes
  3. Google Books The Journal of the Kansas Medical Society, Volume 18 by Kansas Medical Society