Tityus stigmurus

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Tityus stigmurus
Tityus stigmurus.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Scorpiones
Family: Buthidae
Genus: Tityus
T. stigmurus
Binomial name
Tityus stigmurus
(Thorell, 1876) [1]

Tityus stigmurus is a species of scorpion from the family Buthidae that can be found in Brazil. The species are 4.5–6 centimetres (1.8–2.4 in) in length and are either golden-tan or yellowish-brown coloured. It takes them a year to mature into an adult, which makes them a fast-growing species. They also have a dark stripe over the mesosoma with either yellowish or orange pedipalps. [2]



In captivity this species is fed on cockroaches and crickets. It is suggested that Shelfordella lateralis is a good species of cockroaches, that are abundant worldwide. Aside from being abundant they also are the easiest prey, since they don't hide, and the scorpion can easily eat them. [3]


This species is predominantly found in the northeastern parts of Brazil, especially in the Caatinga region. The presence of this species has also been reported in a number of other Brazilian states. [4]

Tityus stigmurus

As a pet

The species could be housed as pets, and they can live communally once into their 2nd instar. Mothers tend to eat the young on case-by-case basis. Another thing to consider if owning such species is that they need something to climb on. A cork bark is a nice climbing tool for such species. It's best to lean it against the side of the enclosure or layer it to provide ample climbing space. Artificial lights can be used too, since the same tool is used for reptiles and aquariums alike. The container in which they need to live is supposed to be of 3.8–5 centimetres (1.5–2.0 in) deep and moistured. Peat moss must be provided, even though the species are not burrowers. Moss should be cleaned every two weeks. Scorpions of this species do not require water, since they acquire moisture from their prey. The temperature in the container must be at 75–90 °F or 24–32 °C for the species to survive and reproduce. [3]


The species is facultatively parthenogenetic. The females give birth in 3 months, with the period being as long as 4–5 months. Various gestation periods are different, and can take maximum from 9–12 months. The gestation can be shortened if the temperature is warm enough. The brood size is from 2–16, with an average of 8. [3]

Emergency sting procedures

The species is venomous, and therefore shouldn't be disturbed. T. stigmurus has a recorded LD50 of 0.575 mg/ kg in mice, which is significant. [5] In the state of Bahia, Brazil, in a period from January 1982 to December 1995, 237 patients proven to be stung by Tityus stigmurus, of these 237, information on symptoms was obtained from only 90 patients, symptoms in another 147 patients were not published, the symptoms were classified as local (pain, numbness, erythema, edema, paraesthesia, spot lesion, hyperemia, anesthesia, itching, wheal, burning, flushing and cramping), general (headache, sweating, cold extremities, hypothermia, ocular congestion and cyanosis), digestive (vomiting and nausea), neurological (tremors, agitation, difficulty moving, contractures and dizziness), cardiovascular (hypotension) and respiratory (dyspnea). [6] Other systemic symptoms reported by this species include diaphoresis, somnolence, tachycardia, sialorrhea, pallor, convulsions, abdominal pain, tachypnea, bradycardia, chills, fainting and hypotonia. [7]

However, if the person does get stung by them the person needs to:

See also

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  1. Binomial authority
  2. Description
  3. 1 2 3 Diet and pet housing
  4. Furtado, Allanny Alves; Daniele-Silva, Alessandra; Silva-Júnior, Arnóbio Antônio da; Fernandes-Pedrosa, Matheus de Freitas (October 2020). "Biology, venom composition, and scorpionism induced by brazilian scorpion Tityus stigmurus (Thorell, 1876) (Scorpiones: Buthidae): A mini-review". Toxicon. 185: 36–45. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2020.06.015 . ISSN   0041-0101. PMID   32585220. S2CID   220071234.
  5. Menezes, Yamara Arruda Silva de (2018-09-14). "Caracterização proteômica e biológica da peçonha de escorpiões do gênero Tityus" (in Brazilian Portuguese).{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Lira-da-Silva, Rejâne Maria; Amorim, Andréa Monteiro de; Brazil, Tania Kobler (June 2000). "Envenenamento por Tityus stigmurus (Scorpiones; Buthidae) no Estado da Bahia, Brasil". Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical (in Portuguese). 33 (3): 239–245. doi: 10.1590/S0037-86822000000300001 . ISSN   0037-8682. PMID   10967591.
  7. Albuquerque, Cleide Maria Ribeiro de; Santana Neto, Pedro de Lima; Amorim, Maria Lucineide Porto; Pires, Sofia Campos Vidal (August 2013). "Pediatric epidemiological aspects of scorpionism and report on fatal cases from Tityus stigmurus stings (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in State of Pernambuco, Brazil". Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical. 46 (4): 484–489. doi: 10.1590/0037-8682-0089-2013 . ISSN   0037-8682. PMID   23970312.
  8. Albuquerque, Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira; Magalhaes, Karla do Nascimento; Sales, Tamiris de Castro; Paiva, José Hícaro Hellano Gonçalves Lima; Daher, Elizabeth de Francesco; da Silva, Geraldo Bezerra (28 June 2018). "Acute kidney injury and pancreatitis due to scorpion sting: case report and literature review". Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo. 60: e30. doi:10.1590/S1678-9946201860030. PMC   6029862 . PMID   29972468.