Tiwi, Oman

Last updated

Coordinates: 22°49′15″N59°15′34″E / 22.82083°N 59.25944°E / 22.82083; 59.25944


The site Tiwi T2 made in 1981 prior to the building of the motorway. Up is north. 1981BKAS00021900000003 crop resize enhance highpass Kopie.tif
The site Tiwi T2 made in 1981 prior to the building of the motorway. Up is north.

Ṭīwī (Arabic : طيوي) is a town in Oman. It is known for an archaeological site in the area known as al-Jurayf, in Ṣūr Wilayat Sharqiyah. The town and the site are located between Wadi Shab and Wadi Tiwi on the Gulf of Oman.[ citation needed ]

Archaeological site

This fortified village was inhabited in the Samad Late Iron Age and during Islamic times. It is known as Tiwi site TW2 (22°49'14.38"N, 59°15'34.00"E, 75 m altitude).

The archaeological site lies inside the cusp of a mountain and contains surface finds attributable to the Samad Late Iron Age [1] It lies 700 m west of the coast. Hidden behind the easternmost cusp of a volcanic wall, this settlement is little visible from the sea or the nearby coastal road. It was mapped and surveyed in 2002. [2]

To the north-west, north and east of the settlement extensive Late Iron Age settlements occurred. The preservation condition and our recording methods condition the appearance of the resulting sketch. It was re-mapped in 2014. The site seems to have been in sporadic use into the recent period. Shortly after investigation the site was badly bull-dozed in order to build the coastal motorway and to develop the area commercially. [3]

See also


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Alan Yule</span> German anthropologist

Paul Alan Yule is a German archaeologist at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg (habilitation). His main work targets the archaeology of Oman, Yemen, previously India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samad al-Shan</span>

Samad al-Shan is an archaeological site in the Sharqiyah province, Oman where Late Iron Age remains were first identified, hence the Samad Period or assemblage.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Izki</span> Town in Ad Dakhiliyah Region, Oman

Izki is a town in the region Ad Dakhiliyah, northeastern Oman. It is located at c. 544 m (1,785 ft) altitude, and has a population of 35,173 (2003 census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arabian ostrich</span> Subspecies of bird

The Arabian ostrich, Syrian ostrich, or Middle Eastern ostrich is an extinct subspecies of the ostrich that lived on the Arabian Peninsula and in the Near East until the mid-20th century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archaeology of Oman</span>

The present-day Sultanate of Oman lies in the south-eastern Arabian Peninsula. There are different definitions for Oman: traditional Oman includes the present-day United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), though its prehistoric remains differ in some respects from the more specifically defined Oman proper, which corresponds roughly with the present-day central provinces of the Sultanate. In the north, the Oman Peninsula is more specific, and juts into the Strait of Hormuz. The archaeology of southern Oman Dhofar develops separately from that of central and northern Oman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amlah</span>

Amlah or ʿAmlāʾ, al-Dhāhirah province, Sultanate of Oman. The area around Amlah contains numerous archaeological sites which came to light during surveys in the mid 1970s. Those that are available to the public date from the Bronze Age Wadi Suq period to the late pre-Islamic period. 26 excavated graves provide evidence for a cemetery at al-Fuwaydah. The graves and grave goods are related most closely to those of the United Arab Emirates, Preislamique Récente, i.e. PIR, and not the Samad Late Iron Age. Among the most striking Late Iron Age finds are bronze phiales inscribed on the inside.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Bustan, Oman</span> Village in Muscat Governorate, Oman

Al Bustān is a village in Muscat, in eastern Oman.. This cemetery was used during the Samad Late Iron Age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bawshar</span> Province in Muscat Governorate, Oman

Bawshar is one of the wilayats of Muscat, in northeastern Oman. The province borders wilayat Muttrah in the east and Muscat International Airport in the west, it overlooks the Sea of Oman from the north. It contains several archaeological sites and the Qurm Nature Reserve Ramsar site.

Gerd Weisgerber was an eminent German professor of mining archaeology. He was one of the first mining archaeologists of the world, who set standards in this scientific discipline. As a scientist from the German Mining Museum, he focused his research mainly on Western Asia, especially on Oman, Jordan, Palestine, and Iran.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Qaryat al-Saih</span> Archaeological site in Samaʾīl Wilayat Sharqiyah, Oman

Qaryat al-Saiḥ in Wadi Maḥram is an archaeological site in Samaʾīl Wilayat Sharqiyah, in Central Oman. This fortified village was inhabited in the Samad Late Iron Age and during Islamic times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">ʿUqdat al-Bakrah</span>

ʿUqdat al-Bakrah, also known incorrectly as Al-Saffah, is an archaeological site in Wadi Dhank, in the Muḥāfaẓat aẓ-Ẓāhirah region of northwestern Oman. It is a metal-working site dating to the Early Iron Age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Akhdhar</span>

al-Akhḍar in Wadi Samad is an archaeological site in Mudhaibi Wilayat Sharqiyah, in Central Oman. This cemetery was inhabited from the Umm an-Nar to the Samad Late Iron Age and during Islamic times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Nejd, Sultanate of Oman</span>

Al-Nejd is an archaeological site in Ash Sharqiyah, Oman. It was a fortified village inhabited during the Samad Late Iron Age and possibly during Islamic times. The site was discovered in 2014 following the chance find of a coin by a local resident, and was then confirmed and dated by a team from the Ministry of Heritage and Culture. The site yielded an Abiel tetradrachm, struck in what is now the United Arab Emirates. The coin is on display in the National Museum in Muscat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Amqat</span>

Al-Amqat is an archaeological site in al-Dakhaliyah, Oman. Located on a slope to the north of the oasis, the cemetery dates to the Samad Late Iron Age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Akhdhar, Oman</span>

Al-Akhdhar is an archaeological site in Ash Sharqiyah, Oman. It is a cemetery containing with remains dating from the Umm al-Nar, Wadi Suq, Late Iron Age (Samad), and Islamic periods.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lizq</span>

Lizq is an archaeological site in Ash Sharqiyah, Oman. Located on a mountain lying in a plain, 1000 m south-east of the south-eastern edge of the Lizq palm garden, the fort dates to the Lizq-Rumaylah/Early Iron Age.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Moyassar</span>

al-Moyassar is an archaeological zone in the Sharqiyah province, Oman where the remains of all pre-Islamic periods came to light. The geographic definition has changed in recent years for this irregular area which measures some 2 x 5 km. It lies directly west of the Samad oasis.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pre-Islamic recent period</span>

The Recent Pre-Islamic Period is an archaeological assemblage which is manifest in the few centuries around the year 0 in the lower Persian Gulf. It was discovered in the mid 1970s by Iraqi archaeologists. Some nine such sites are known at present especially ed-Dur in the Emirate Umm al-Qaiwain, and Mleiha in Sharjah in the Oman peninsula. Since the mid 1980s different teams studied especially these two sites, which are the largest in terms of surface area. They contain settlements, religious and industrial areas as well as cemeteries loosely scattered over a wide area. Mlayḥa forms an irregularly shaped surface of c. 4 km2. Two PIR sites have been identified in Central Oman, at Samāʾil/al-Bārūnī and at ʿAmlāʾ/al-Fuwaydah.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jebel al-Salayli (archaeological site)</span>

Jebel al-Salayli, is an archaeological site in the Northern Sharqiyah province of the Sultanate of Oman, where a large number of Early Iron Age so-called hut tombs found first public mention. The first citation mistakenly refers to this site as 'Musfa', a site which actually lies a few kilometres to the north. The Jebel is the adjacent mountain to the immediate north. The al-Salayli site attracted the attention of archaeologists because of an abandoned copper mine, extensive slag fields, ruined settlements and numerous Early Iron Age tombs. Nestled between the mountains, this site is still relatively well preserved. The settlement ruins date to the Early Iron Age and the Muslim Period. At the lower end of a wadi, the hut tombs, designated stie 1, lie 400 m west of an abandoned copper mine, to which they probably originally owed their existence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Khawdh (archaeological site), Oman</span> Archaeological site of Oman

Al-Khawdh (الخوض) contains several archaeological sites and lies in the Muscat Governorate, Oman where Early Iron Age and Late Iron Age sites have been under study in recent years.


  1. Paul Yule, Die Gräberfelder in Samad al-Shan (Sultanat Oman) Materialien zu einer Kulturgeschichte. Orient-Archäologie 4, Rahden 2001, ISBN   3-89646-634-8 ; Paul Yule, Cross-roads – Early and Late Iron Age South-eastern Arabia, Abhandlungen Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft, vol. 30, Wiesbaden 2014, ISBN   978-3-447-10127-1, pages 47-74; J. Schreiber, Transformationsprozesse in Oasensiedlungen Omans. Die vorislamische Zeit am Beispiel von Izki, Nizwa und dem Jebel Akhdar. Dissertation, 2007, Munich, 141-144, 276-279, URL http://edoc.ub.uni-muenchen.de/7548/1/Schreiber_Juergen.pdf
  2. Korn, L. – Häser, J. – Schreiber, J. – Gangler, A. – Nagieb, M. – Siebert, S. – Buerkert, A., Ṭīwī, Ash Shab and Wadi Tiwi: the Development of an Oasis on the North-eastern Coast of Oman, Journal Oman Stud. 13, 2004: 57–90 ISSN   0378-8180.
  3. Paul Yule, Valorising the Samad Late Iron Age, Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 27/1, 2016, 60‒62 Figs. 22-25, ISSN   0905-7196