Tiwi, Oman

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Coordinates: 22°49′15″N59°15′34″E / 22.82083°N 59.25944°E / 22.82083; 59.25944

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The site Tiwi T2 made in 1981 prior to the building of the motorway. Up is north. 1981BKAS00021900000003 crop resize enhance highpass Kopie.tif
The site Tiwi T2 made in 1981 prior to the building of the motorway. Up is north.

Ṭīwī (Arabic : طيوي) is a town in Oman. It is known for an archaeological site in the area known as al-Jurayf, in Ṣūr Wilayat Sharqiyah. The town and the site are located between Wadi Shab and Wadi Tiwi on the Gulf of Oman.[ citation needed ]

Archaeological site

This fortified village was inhabited in the Samad Late Iron Age and during Islamic times. It is known as Tiwi site TW2 (22°49'14.38"N, 59°15'34.00"E, 75 m altitude).

The archaeological site lies inside the cusp of a mountain and contains surface finds attributable to the Samad Late Iron Age [1] It lies 700 m west of the coast. Hidden behind the easternmost cusp of a volcanic wall, this settlement is little visible from the sea or the nearby coastal road. It was mapped and surveyed in 2002. [2]

To the north-west, north and east of the settlement extensive Late Iron Age settlements occurred. The preservation condition and our recording methods condition the appearance of the resulting sketch. It was re-mapped in 2014. The site seems to have been in sporadic use into the recent period. Shortly after investigation the site was badly bull-dozed in order to build the coastal motorway and to develop the area commercially. [3]

See also

Sources

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References

  1. Paul Yule, Die Gräberfelder in Samad al-Shan (Sultanat Oman) Materialien zu einer Kulturgeschichte. Orient-Archäologie 4, Rahden 2001, ISBN   3-89646-634-8 ; Paul Yule, Cross-roads – Early and Late Iron Age South-eastern Arabia, Abhandlungen Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft, vol. 30, Wiesbaden 2014, ISBN   978-3-447-10127-1, pages 47-74; J. Schreiber, Transformationsprozesse in Oasensiedlungen Omans. Die vorislamische Zeit am Beispiel von Izki, Nizwa und dem Jebel Akhdar. Dissertation, 2007, Munich, 141-144, 276-279, URL http://edoc.ub.uni-muenchen.de/7548/1/Schreiber_Juergen.pdf
  2. Korn, L. – Häser, J. – Schreiber, J. – Gangler, A. – Nagieb, M. – Siebert, S. – Buerkert, A., Ṭīwī, Ash Shab and Wadi Tiwi: the Development of an Oasis on the North-eastern Coast of Oman, Journal Oman Stud. 13, 2004: 57–90 ISSN   0378-8180.
  3. Paul Yule, Valorising the Samad Late Iron Age, Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 27/1, 2016, 60‒62 Figs. 22-25, ISSN   0905-7196