Tizen

Last updated
Tizen OS
Tizen-Lockup-On-Light-RGB.png
Developer Linux Foundation, Samsung Electronics
Written in HTML5, C, C++
OS family Linux (Unix-like)
Working stateCurrent
Source model Open source with source available and proprietary components
Initial releaseApril 30, 2012;11 years ago (2012-04-30)
Latest release 8.0 M2 / October 31, 2023;43 days ago (2023-10-31) [1]
Repository
Marketing target Smart TVs, embedded systems, previously: smartwatches and smartphones
Package manager RPM Package Manager
Platforms ARM, ARM64, x86, and x86-64
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default
user interface
Graphical (native and web applications), One UI for Smartwatch and Smartphone
License
Preceded by Orsay (smart televisions)
Bada (smartphones)
Android (smartwatches and smart fridges)
Succeeded by Wear OS (smartwatches)
Android (smartphones)
Official website tizen.org

Tizen ( /ˈtzɛn/ ) is a Linux-based mobile operating system backed by the Linux Foundation, developed and used primarily by Samsung Electronics.

Contents

The project was originally conceived as an HTML5-based platform for mobile devices to succeed MeeGo. Samsung merged its previous Linux-based OS effort, Bada, into Tizen and has since used it primarily on platforms such as wearable devices and smart TVs.

Much of Tizen is open source software, although the software development kit contains proprietary components owned by Samsung, and portions of the OS are licensed under the Flora License, a derivative of the Apache License 2.0 that grants a patent license only to "Tizen-certified platforms".

In May 2021, Google announced that Samsung would partner with the company on integrating Tizen features with its Android-derived Wear OS and committed to using it on future wearables, leaving Tizen to be mainly developed for Samsung Smart TVs.

History

Tizen and the mobile software distributions it is related to Mer and mobile operating systems.svg
Tizen and the mobile software distributions it is related to

The project was initiated as mobile Linux and was launched by Intel in July 2007, in April 2009 the operating system had managed to updated to version 2.0 which the core was based on Fedora. However, on the same month, Intel turned Moblin over to the Linux Foundation for future development. Eventually, the operating system was merged with Nokia Maemo, a Debian based Linux distro, into MeeGo which mainly developed by Nokia, Intel and Linux Foundation.

In 2011, after Nokia abandoned the project, Linux Foundation initiated the Tizen project as a successor to MeeGo, another Linux-based mobile operating system, with its main backer Intel joining Samsung Electronics, as well as Access Co., NEC Casio, NTT DoCoMo, Panasonic Mobile, SK Telecom, Telefónica, and Vodafone as commercial partners. Tizen would be designed to use HTML5 apps, and target mobile and embedded platforms such as netbooks, smartphones, tablets, smart TVs, and in-car entertainment systems. [2] U.S. carrier Sprint Corporation (which was a backer of MeeGo) joined the Tizen Association in May 2012. [3] On September 16, 2012, Automotive Grade Linux announced its intent to use Tizen as the basis of its reference distribution. [4]

In January 2013, Samsung announced its intent to release multiple Tizen-based phones that year. In February 2013, Samsung merged its Bada operating system into Tizen. [5] [6]

In October 2013, the first Tizen tablet was shipped by Systena. The tablet was part of a development kit exclusive to Japan. [7] [8] [9]

In 2014, Samsung released the Gear 2 smartwatch that used a Tizen-based operating system as opposed to Android. [10]

On May 14, 2014, it was announced that Tizen would ship with Qt. [11] This project was abandoned in January 2017. [12]

On February 21, 2016, Samsung announced the Samsung Connect Auto, a connected car solution offering diagnostic, Wi-Fi, and other car-connected services. The device plugs directly into the OBD-II port underneath the steering wheel. [13]

On November 16, 2016, Samsung said they would be collaborating with Microsoft to bring .NET Core support to Tizen. [14]

According to Strategy Analytics research, approximately 21% of the smart TVs sold in 2018 run on the Tizen platform making it the most popular smart TV platform. [15]

On May 19, 2021, during Google I/O, Google announced that Samsung had agreed to work on integrating features of Tizen with the next version of Wear OS, and that it had committed to using Wear OS for its future wearable products. [16] [17] [18] Samsung will continue to use Tizen for its smart TVs. [19]

On December 31, 2021, the Tizen app store permanently closed. [20] The last smartphone based on the Tizen operating system is the Samsung Z4 which was released in 2017. The company switched to Google's Wear OS 3 platform on its Galaxy Watch 4 smartwatches. [21] [22]

Releases

Compatible devices

Smartwatch

Samsung Galaxy Watch running Tizen Samsung, IFA 2018, Berlin (P1070293).jpg
Samsung Galaxy Watch running Tizen

Camera

NX300 camera running Tizen NX300 White.jpg
NX300 camera running Tizen

Smartphone

Television

Appliances

LED Wall controllers

Controversies

On April 3, 2017, Vice reported on its "Motherboard" website that Amihai Neiderman, an Israeli security expert, has found more than 40 zero-day vulnerabilities in Tizen's code, allowing hackers to remotely access a wide variety of current Samsung products running Tizen, such as Smart TVs and mobile phones. [56] After the article was published, Samsung, whom Neiderman tried to contact months before, reached out to him to inquire about his allegations. [56]

TizenRT

In December 2016, Samsung created TizenRT [57] , a fork of NuttX, a Real-Time Operating System (RTOS), for smart home appliances and IoT devices.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tizen Association</span>

The Tizen Association, formerly the LiMo Foundation, is a non-profit consortium which develops and maintains the Tizen mobile operating system. Tizen is a Linux-based operating system for smartphones and other mobile devices. The founding members were Motorola, NEC, NTT DoCoMo, Panasonic Mobile Communications, Samsung Electronics, and Vodafone. The consortium's work resulted in the LiMo Platform—which was integrated into mobile phone products from NEC, Panasonic and Samsung—and later became the Tizen platform.

A mobile operating system is an operating system for smartphones, tablets, smartwatches, smartglasses, or other non-laptop personal mobile computing devices. While computers such as typical/mobile laptops are "mobile", the operating systems used on them are generally not considered mobile ones, as they were originally designed for desktop computers that historically did not have or need specific mobile features. This line distinguishing mobile and other forms has become blurred in recent years, due to the fact that newer devices have become smaller and more mobile unlike hardware of the past. Key notabilities blurring this line are the introduction of tablet computers and light-weight laptops and the hybridization of the two in 2-in-1 PCs.

Google I/O, or simply I/O, is an annual developer conference held by Google in Mountain View, California. The name "I/O" is taken from the number googol, with the "I" representing the "1" in googol and the "O" representing the first "0" in the number. The format of the event is similar to Google Developer Day.

oFono is a free software project for mobile telephony (GSM/UMTS) applications. It is built on 3GPP standards and uses a high-level D-Bus API for use by telephony applications. oFono is free software released under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bada</span> Discontinued mobile operating system

Bada is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Samsung Electronics for devices such as mid- to high-end smartphones and tablet computers. The name is derived from "바다 (bada)", meaning "ocean" or "sea" in Korean. All phones running Bada were branded with the name Wave, unlike Samsung's Android devices which are branded as Galaxy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MeeGo</span> Discontinued Linux distribution

MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution hosted by the Linux Foundation, using source code from the operating systems Moblin and Maemo. Primarily targeted at mobile devices and information appliances in the consumer electronics market, MeeGo was designed to act as an operating system for hardware platforms such as netbooks, entry-level desktops, nettops, tablet computers, mobile computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, SmartTV / ConnectedTV, IPTV-boxes, smart phones, and other embedded systems.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Smartwatch</span> Wearable computer in the form of a watch

A smartwatch is a wearable computer in the form of a watch; modern smartwatches provide a local touchscreen interface for daily use, while an associated smartphone app provides management and telemetry, such as long-term biomonitoring. While early models could perform basic tasks such as calculations, digital time telling, translations, and game-playing, smartwatches released since 2015 have more general functionality closer to smartphones, including mobile apps, a mobile operating system, and WiFi/Bluetooth connectivity. Some smartwatches function as portable media players, with FM radio and playback of digital audio and video files via a Bluetooth headset. Some models, called watch phones, have mobile cellular functionality such as making telephone calls.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Firefox OS</span> Mobile operating system by Mozilla

Firefox OS is a discontinued open-source operating system – made for smartphones, tablet computers, smart TVs, and dongles designed by Mozilla and external contributors. It is based on the rendering engine of the Firefox web browser, Gecko, and on the Linux kernel. It was first commercially released in 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mer (software distribution)</span> Free and open-source software distribution

Mer was a free and open-source software distribution, targeted at hardware vendors to serve as a middleware for Linux kernel-based mobile-oriented operating systems. It is a fork of MeeGo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sailfish OS</span> Mobile operating system

Sailfish OS is a Linux-based operating system based on free software, and open source projects such as Mer as well as including a closed source UI. The project is being developed by the Finnish company Jolla.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samsung Galaxy Gear</span> Smartwatch by Samsung

The Samsung Galaxy Gear is a smartwatch produced by Samsung Electronics in the Samsung Gear family of devices. Unveiled during a Samsung Unpacked event in Berlin, Germany on September 4, 2013, the device serves as a companion for all Samsung Galaxy smartphones and tablets which runs on Android 4.3 "Jelly Bean" or newer. It was released on September 25, 2013. Originally released as an Android-based device, Samsung replaced the operating system with Tizen through the May 2014 software update.

Besides the Linux distributions designed for general-purpose use on desktops and servers, distributions may be specialized for different purposes including computer architecture support, embedded systems, stability, security, localization to a specific region or language, targeting of specific user groups, support for real-time applications, or commitment to a given desktop environment. Furthermore, some distributions deliberately include only free software. As of 2015, over four hundred Linux distributions are actively developed, with about a dozen distributions being most popular for general-purpose use.

Linux for mobile devices, sometimes referred to as mobile Linux, is the usage of Linux-based operating systems on portable devices, whose primary or only Human interface device (HID) is a touchscreen. It mainly comprises smartphones and tablet computers, but also some mobile phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) portable media players that come with a touchscreen separately.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samsung Gear 2</span>

The Samsung Gear 2 and Samsung Gear 2 Neo are smartwatches produced by Samsung Electronics. Unveiled on February 22, 2014 at Mobile World Congress, the Gear 2 line is a successor to the Samsung Galaxy Gear.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wear OS</span> Version of Googles Android operating system for wearable devices

Wear OS is a version of Google's Android operating system designed for smartwatches and other wearables. By pairing with mobile phones running Android version 6.0 "Marshmallow" or newer, or iOS version 10.0 or newer with limited support from Google's pairing application, Wear OS integrates Google Assistant technology and mobile notifications into a smartwatch form factor.

The Samsung Galaxy Tab S 10.5 is a 10.5-inch Android-based tablet computer produced and marketed by Samsung Electronics. It belongs to the ultra high-end "S" line of the cross between the Samsung Galaxy Tab and Samsung Galaxy S series, which also includes an 8.4-inch model, the Samsung Galaxy Tab S 8.4. It was announced on 12 June 2014, and was released in July 2014. This is Samsung's first 10.5-inch tablet which is aimed to be a direct competitor against the iPad Air.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samsung Gear S</span>

Samsung Gear S is a smartwatch designed and marketed by Samsung Electronics. It was announced on August 28, 2014, as the successor to the Samsung Gear 2 and was released on November 7, 2014. The smartwatch can be modified to run Android 5.1.1 or Wear OS 6.0.1.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">One UI</span> Software overlay by Samsung Electronics Limited

One UI is a user interface (UI) developed by Samsung Electronics for its Android devices running Android 9 "Pie" and later. Succeeding Samsung Experience and TouchWiz, it is designed to make using larger smartphones easier and be more visually appealing. To provide more clarity, some elements of the UI are tweaked to match colors that are based on the color of the user's phone. It was announced at Samsung Developer Conference in 2018, and was unveiled in Galaxy Unpacked in February 2019 alongside the Galaxy S10 series, Galaxy Buds and the Galaxy Fold.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samsung Galaxy Watch Active 2</span> Fitness Smartwatch

The Samsung Galaxy Watch Active 2 is a smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics, running the Tizen operating system. Announced on 5 August 2019, the Active 2 was scheduled for availability in the United States starting on 23 September 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Samsung Galaxy Watch 4</span> Smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics

The Samsung Galaxy Watch 4 is a smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics. It is the first Samsung watch to run Google's Wear OS since the Samsung Gear Live, and the first watch to run Wear OS 3, co-developed by Samsung and Google. The device largely followed the design language of the preceding Samsung Galaxy Watch Active and Galaxy Watch 3, but including all new software. The watch also included EKG, body compositional analysis, and blood pressure monitoring via the new Samsung BioActive sensor. It was announced on August 11, 2021, at Samsung's Unpacked Event alongside the Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 3, Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 3 and Galaxy Buds 2. The watch was released worldwide on August 27, 2021.

References

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