Tjaskers in Germany

Last updated

A Fluttermühle (Dutch : tjasker) is a type of small drainage windmill used in the Netherlands and Germany. There are six fluttermühle remaining in Germany, all in Lower Saxony.

Contents

Locations

Bedekaspel

Fluttermuhle Lutjegaste Lutjegaste Fluttermuhle.JPG
Fluttermühle Lütjegaste
Fluttermuhle Moorsee Moorsee Fluttermuhle.jpg
Fluttermühle Moorsee
Fluttermuhle Munkeboe Munkeboe Dorfmuseum Fluttermuhle.JPG
Fluttermühle Münkeboe

53°26′58″N7°18′31″E / 53.449548°N 7.308633°E / 53.449548; 7.308633
The boktjasker of Bedekaspel is located near the drainage smock mill Agnes. The system of ditches do not form a complete circle so the mill can only operate with southerly to westerly winds. In 2011 the mill was in a state of disrepair. [1]

Grotegaste/Lütjegaste

53°10′08″N7°25′22″E / 53.169005°N 7.422895°E / 53.169005; 7.422895
The paaltjasker is located west of Ihrhove near the hamlet Grotegaste and was built in 2000 by millwright Richard Kluin from Ihrhove, [2] together with the fluttermühle of Weenermoor (see below). [3] The mill has four Common sails and is fully functional. [2]

Moorsee

53°23′45″N8°25′39″E / 53.395703°N 8.427576°E / 53.395703; 8.427576
The paaltjasker is located next to the Moorseer Mühle and is part of its museum. [4] The mill has four Common sails.

Münkeboe

53°30′56″N7°22′29″E / 53.515481°N 7.374847°E / 53.515481; 7.374847
The boktjasker is part of the village museum Münkeboe. It is a non functional replica or model. [3]

Riepe

53°23′45″N7°19′51″E / 53.395703°N 7.330756°E / 53.395703; 7.330756
The boktjasker was built in 1986 as a replica [5] of this type of mill that was once common in the region. [6] The tjasker has four symmetrical Common sails that can be covered with wooden slats. The photo in the database of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mühlenkunde und Mühlenerhaltung (DGM) shows it having a complete circular ditch system for winding, [7] however recently dated photos show it in a static position taking water directly from a lake. [8]

Weenermoor

53°12′42″N7°21′19″E / 53.211584°N 7.355336°E / 53.211584; 7.355336
The paaltjasker is located between Weenermoor and Sankt Georgiwold and was built by millwright Richard Kluin from Ihrhove in 2000. The mill was constructed as a nature compensation measure for the construction of the Weenermoor wind farm and is used to raise the water table in a nature reserve. The mill has four Common sails which have a span of 7.10 metres (23 ft 4 in). Winding the mill to face the wind is not possible. The frame has been stiffened by cables to prevent sagging. [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Caston Windmill</span> Tower mill at Caston, Norfolk, England

Caston Tower Windmill is a grade II* listed tower mill at Caston, Norfolk, England which is under restoration. The mill is also a scheduled monument.

Windmills are powered by their sails. Sails are found in different designs, from primitive common sails to the advanced patent sails.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Windmill Hill Mill, Herstmonceux</span> Windmill in East Sussex, England

Windmill Hill Mill is a grade II* listed post mill at Herstmonceux, Sussex, England which has been restored and now operates as a working mill. The mill is open to the public on most Sundays from Easter until October.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aythorpe Roding Windmill</span> Post mill at Aythorpe Roding, Essex, England

Aythorpe Roding Windmill is a Grade II* listed Post mill at Aythorpe Roding, Essex, England which has been restored to working order.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baker Street Mill, Orsett</span> Smock mill in Essex, England

Baker Street Mill is a grade II listed smock mill at Baker Street, Orsett, Essex, England which has been part adapted to residential use on its lower two floors only.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Ockendon Windmill</span>

South Ockendon Windmill was a Smock mill at South Ockendon, Essex, England which collapsed on 2 November 1977.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gibraltar Mill, Great Bardfield</span>

Gibraltar Mill is a grade II listed Tower mill at Great Bardfield, Essex, England which has been converted to residential use.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stansted Mountfitchet Windmill</span> Windmill in Stansted Mountfitchet, England

Stansted Mountfitchet Windmill is a grade II* listed Tower mill at Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex, England which is also a Scheduled Ancient Monument. It has been restored and can turn by wind.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stock Windmill</span>

Stock Windmill is a grade II* listed tower mill at Stock, Essex, which has been restored.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Messing Maypole Mill</span>

Messing Maypole Mill is a grade II listed Tower mill at Tiptree, Essex, England which has been converted to a residence. Prior to boundary changes made when the civil parish of Tiptree was established in 1934, the mill was in the parish of Tolleshunt Knights.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thorpeness Windmill</span> Historic windmill in Suffolk, England

Thorpeness Windmill is a Grade II listed post mill at Thorpeness, Suffolk, England which was built in 1803 at Aldringham and moved to Thorpeness in 1923. Originally built as a corn mill, it was converted to a water pumping mill when it was moved to Thorpeness. It pumped water to the House in the Clouds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tjasker</span>

The tjasker is a small type of windmill used solely for drainage purposes. It is distinctive for its simple construction, featuring only a single inclined shaft that carries the sails on one end and an Archimedes' screw on the other, in this way avoiding the need for any gearing. The tjasker is commonly known as a typical Frisian windmill though it is also found in other Dutch provinces and in north Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lower Saxon Mill Road</span> Holidays street in Lower Saxony

The Lower Saxon Mill Road is a holiday route that guides visitors to watermills and windmills in the north German state of Lower Saxony and thus links the interests of historic monument conservation with those of the tourist industry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balsall Common Mill, Berkswell</span> Building in West Midlands, England

Berkswell windmill is a four bladed tower mill constructed in 1826 on the site of a former post mill, in the village of Balsall Common, in the parish of Berkswell, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, West Midlands. The windmill is built in brick with a wooden boat shaped cap, and is turned into the wind by an endless chain winding mechanism. It was historically used to grind flour and animal feeds, and in 1927 the milling wheels were adapted to run via a diesel engine, not reliant upon the variable nature of the wind. The mill was finally closed in 1948, after the last miller John Hammond died.

A tjasker is a type of small drainage windmill used in the Netherlands. There are thirteen tjaskers remaining in Friesland.

A Tjasker is a type of small drainage windmill used in the Netherlands and Germany. There are 28 tjaskers remaining the Netherlands.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">De Ikkers</span>

De Akkers is a hollow post mill in Wartena, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 1970 and has been restored so that it can turn in the wind. It is listed as a Rijksmonument.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wendhausen Windmill</span>

The Wendhausen Windmill is a tower mill located in Wendhausen, a town within the municipality of Lehre, Lower Saxony, Germany. Built in 1837, it is the only five-sailed windmill in Germany still in operation.

References

  1. "Bedekaspel: Fluttermühle nur noch ein "Wrack" (28.06.2011)" (in German). Ostfriesische Nachrichten. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  2. 1 2 "Fluttermühle Grotegaste" (in German). Niedersächsischen Mühlenstraße. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Historische Wasserpumpmühlen im zeitgemäßen Einsatz" (in German). Jürgen Morian. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  4. "Museum Moorseer Mühle" (in German). Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  5. "Wasserschöpfmühle Ihlow OT Riepe" (in German). Niedersächsischen Mühlenstraße. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  6. "Ostfriesen-Zeitung vom 7. November 1991, "Das Wasser wurde gemahlen", Berend Kruse" (in German). Emder Mühlenverein e.V. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  7. "Fluttermühle in Riepe" (in German). Deutsche Gesellschaft für Mühlenkunde und Mühlenerhaltung. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  8. "Jugendliche verpassten Ihlower Mühlen eine Schönheitskur" (in German). Gemeinde Ihlow. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  9. "Die Fluttermühle (Tjasker)" (in German). Heimatkundlicher Arbeitskreis e. V. Weenermoor - Möhlenwarf - St. Georgiwold - Beschotenweg. Retrieved August 16, 2012.