Tkalčićeva Street

Last updated
Tkalciceva Street at night Tkalciceva, Zagreb.JPG
Tkalčićeva Street at night
Tkalčićeva Street
Tkalciceva Street
Coordinates 45°49′02″N15°58′38″E / 45.81722°N 15.97722°E / 45.81722; 15.97722

Tkalčićeva Street (Croatian : Tkalčićeva ulica, formally: Ivan Tkalčić Street, Ulica Ivana Tkalčića) is a street in the Zagreb, Croatia city center. [1] Extending from the vicinity of the central Ban Jelačić Square to its northern end at the Little Street (Croatian : Mala ulica), the street flows between the Gornji Grad in the west and Nova Ves in the east. The street is administratively within the Gornji Grad–Medveščak city district, constituting the former "August Cesarec" commune (abolished in 1994). According to the 2001 Croatian census, the street has 1,591 inhabitants. [2]

Contents

History

Centuries before the today's street emerged, the route of Tkalčićeva Street was covered by the Medveščak creek. [3] Medveščak (at that time also called Crikvenik or Cirkvenik) had been the center of Zagreb industry since the early days of the city, spawning numerous watermills. The watermills caused the development of Zagreb industry, leading in turn to the construction of Zagreb's first cloth, soap, paper and liquor factories and, later, animal skin industry. [3] The watermills were often the subject of feuds between the twin cities, Kaptol and Gradec. [4] A 1392 peace treaty forbade construction of new watermills along the shared city border, between today's southern end of Medvedgradska Street and Ban Jelačić Square, leaving only two mills within the city. Both mills were owned by a Cistercian monastery. [4] However, they were both razed during the 1898 covering of the creek. [5]

Street pianist in the Tkalciceva street. Street piano.jpg
Street pianist in the Tkalčićeva street.

Although both sides of the creek had been inhabited before, the 1898 covering left a full-scale street, which was aptly named Ulica Potok (English: Creek street). [6] Most of the houses were dated to 18th or 19th century and the street was surfaced with gravel from Sava River excavated in Trnje. [3] Around the middle of the 20th century it was modernized and paved with asphalt. The creek-based industry was quickly transformed into small businesses and stores [3] and the skin industry stopped working in 1938.[ citation needed ]

According to several records, the transformation of Medveščak creek valley was orchestrated in 1900 by Milan Lenucci, an architect. In 1908, Viktor Kovačić displayed some of his ideas about Ulica Potok in his studies of Gornji Grad, Kaptol and other city neighborhoods. In 1913, Ulica Potok's name is changed to Tkalčićeva Street in honor of the 19th century Zagreb historian Ivan Tkalčić, who was from nearby Nova Ves. [6]

Red-light district

At the turn of the 20th century, prostitution was legal. In Zagreb it was advertised as a tourist attraction and contributed to the city's economy. Tkalčićeva Street was the main centre for brothels. At one stage, every other building was a bordello. [7] To open a brothel, the owner had to register at the town hall and received a licence. The licence required the brothel to be well run and provide a quality service. The women working in the brothels had to have a twice weekly medical examination. Brothels were not allowed to advertise their presence, but a discrete, uncommonly coloured lantern was allowed to be placed outside. [8]

The best known brothel, and most expensive, was the Kod Zelene Lampe (English: By the Green Lantern). The street's brothels continued to operate until WW2. [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zagreb</span> Capital and largest city of Croatia

Zagreb is the capital and largest city of Croatia. It is in the north of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb stands near the international border between Croatia and Slovenia at an elevation of approximately 158 m (518 ft) above sea level. The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is 1,271,150, between a quarter and a third of the total population of Croatia, while at the 2021 census, the city itself had a population of 878,131.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donji grad, Zagreb</span> District of Zagreb in City of Zagreb, Croatia

Donji grad is one of the 17 city districts of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia. It is located in the central part of the city and has 37,024 inhabitants. The official name of the district is rarely used, for it is dubbed centar (center) by most Zagreb residents even though "centar" encompasses some southern parts of district Gornji Grad-Medveščak.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gornji Grad–Medveščak</span> District of Zagreb, Croatia

Gornji Grad–Medveščak is one of the districts of Zagreb, Croatia; Gornji Grad translates as "Upper Town", referring to its historical location on city's hillside, being above Donji Grad. The district is located in the central part of the city and, according to the 2011 census, it has 30,962 inhabitants spread over 10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kaptol, Zagreb</span>

Kaptol is a part of Zagreb, Croatia in the Upper Town and it is the seat of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Zagreb. Due to its historical associations, in Croatian "Kaptol" is also used as a metonym for the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church in Croatia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ban Jelačić Square</span> Square in Zagreb, Croatia

Ban Jelačić Square is the central square of the city of Zagreb, Croatia, named after Ban Josip Jelačić. The official name is Trg bana Jelačića. The square is colloquially called Jelačić plac.

The Nova Ves is a historic street north of the Kaptol neighborhood in Zagreb, Croatia. It is administratively within the bounds of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district. According to the 2001 census, the street and its surrounding area had 3,456 inhabitants. In 2009, it had a population of 3,575. From the first habitation to date, the street has had a rich history as an important part of Zagreb ever since the beginnings of the modern city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gradec, Zagreb</span>

Gradec, Grič or Gornji Grad is a part of Zagreb, Croatia, and together with Kaptol it is the medieval nucleus of the city. It is situated on the hill of Grič. Today this neighbourhood forms part of the Gornji Grad-Medveščak district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Zagreb</span>

The history of Zagreb, the capital and largest city of Croatia, dates back to the Middle Ages. The Romans had built a settlement, Andautonia, in present-day Ščitarjevo. The name "Zagreb" was first used in 1094 at the founding of the Zagreb diocese in Kaptol, after the Slavs had arrived in the area. Zagreb became a free royal city in 1242. It was made the capital of Croatia in 1845 and elected its first mayor, Janko Kamauf, in 1851. According to the 2011 Croatian census, Zagreb had 792,875 inhabitants and was also Croatia's largest city by area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Šalata</span>

Šalata is an upper-class residential neighborhood in Zagreb, Croatia. It is administratively part of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district in the northern part of Zagreb and it has a population of 1,929.

Prostitution in Croatia is illegal but common. Forcible prostitution, any kind of brothels, or procuring are treated as a felony, while voluntary prostitution is considered to be infraction against public order. Like in many other Southeast European countries, the problem of human trafficking for the purposes of sex is big in Croatia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dolac Market</span>

Dolac is a farmers' market located in Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district of Zagreb, Croatia. Dolac is the most visited and the best known farmer's market in Zagreb, well known for its combination of traditional open market with stalls and a sheltered market below. It is located only a few dozen meters away from the main city square, Ban Jelačić Square, between the oldest parts of Zagreb, Gradec and Kaptol. The Dolac market Zagreb is centrally located right behind the town’s main square.

Medveščak may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Medveščak (stream)</span> River in Croatia

Medveščak is a creek in central Zagreb, Croatia. It flows from Kraljičin zdenac in Podsljeme down along the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain to the Manduševac Fountain, its mouth. The creek was covered in 1898 and today forms part of the Zagreb sewer system. Medveščak has long served as an important geographical feature of historic Zagreb, delineating the border between the often warring twin cities of Gradec and Kaptol between the 11th and the 19th century and causing many violent floods which often decimated houses on its banks. Most of the stream is located in the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district, running underground under Tkalčićeva and Medvedgradska Streets.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ribnjak, Zagreb</span> Neighbourhood of Zagreb, Croatia

Ribnjak is a neighborhood in the Gornji Grad - Medveščak district of Zagreb, Croatia, directly east of the Zagreb Cathedral. According to the 2001 census, the neighborhood had 2,956 inhabitants; as of 2011, the population was 1,324. It is centered mainly around its main north–south thoroughfare, the Ribnjak Street.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Glyptotheque (Zagreb)</span>

Glyptotheque of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts is an art gallery in the center of Zagreb, Croatia. It is located on Medvedgradska Street near Tkalčićeva Street within the Gornji Grad - Medveščak administrative district.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Zagreb, Croatia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kaptol manors in Zagreb</span>

The Kaptol manors form a series of 25 manors along the Kaptol Street in Zagreb, Croatia that were used to house canons and other officials of the Archdiocese of Zagreb. The manors were built at various times between the Middle Ages and the 19th century. Most of those preserved date from the Baroque period, while those in the best condition are mostly from the 19th century. The manors were designed as large town houses surrounded by gardens. Each has its own history and peculiarities. The most important are those which were inhabited by prominent canons.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Districts of Zagreb</span> Place

Zagreb is split into seventeen administrative divisions called city districts. The city district, along with a local committee, is a form of local self-government in the City of Zagreb through which citizens participate in the decision-making process in self-governing areas of the City and local affairs that directly affect their lives. The city district is established for an area that represents urban, economic and social entity, which is linked to the common interests of citizens. The current division was established by the Statute of the City of Zagreb on 14 December 1999. Legally, a city district is a legal person who has its own governing bodies.

Villa Kallina is a historic country house in Zagreb, Croatia built by Vjekoslav Bastl as the family residence for the wealthy industrialist Josip Kallina's son Gustav.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Electoral district I (Croatian Parliament)</span>

Electoral district I is one of twelve electoral districts of the Croatian Parliament.

References

  1. Proceedings of the 5th International Young Geotechnical Engineers' Conference: 5th IYGEC 2013. IOS Press. 2013. p. 548. ISBN   9781614992974.
  2. "Stanovnici Grada Zagreba prema dobnim skupinama i spolu" (PDF). Republic of Croatia Bureau of Statistics (in Croatian). 2001. Retrieved 27 November 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Nikšić, Dragana (11 January 2017). "Tkalčićeva Street". www.total-croatia-news.com. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  4. 1 2 Štefanac, Maja (3 August 2017). "(FOTO) Znate li kako je Tkalča - duša starog Zagreba dobila ime?". Zagrebački List (in Croatian). Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  5. "Tkalčićeva ulica". Monel.hr (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 18 October 2008. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
  6. 1 2 "Tkalčićeva Street". Explore Croatia. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  7. dizajn, Virtus. "TKALČIĆEVA ULICA I KRVAVI MOST". www.najboljeuhrvatskoj.info (in Croatian). Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  8. 1 2 "Prostitution in Croatia: Weird Facts Revealed". Croatia Times. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2018.

Further reading