Last updated
Tkibuli city centre
Georgia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Tkibuli in Georgia
Georgia Imereti location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tkibuli (Imereti)
Coordinates: 42°21′01″N42°59′54″E / 42.35028°N 42.99833°E / 42.35028; 42.99833
Country Georgia
Region (Mkhare) Imereti
Municipality Tkibuli Municipality
 (January 1, 2023)
Time zone UTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Area code (+995)
Climate Cfa

Tkibuli or Tqibuli (Georgian :ტყიბული) is a town in west-central Georgia of 8,562 residents (January 2023) [1] . located in the Imereti region at the foot of the Racha Range and the Nakerala limestone cliff, which marks the boundary of the historic region Racha. Tkibuli gained city status in 1939, [2] and has been a coal mining centre since mining started in 1846. The city is also known for the tea that is grown in the region and sold throughout the country. It is located between two man-made reservoirs used for hydropower generation with an elevation difference of more than 600 metres (2,000 ft).

At the height of mining in the Soviet-era Tkibuli had more than 20,000 residents, [3] but the economic disarray of the 1990s caused an exodus from the city and the mines practically halted production. Since production has resumed in 2008 by a Georgian company, the mines are a mainstay of local economy providing 2,000 people and their families the only source of income. However, the mines have become notorious for fatal accidents due to outdated equipment and inappropriate safety standards. [4] After a series of fatal accidents, claiming 16 lives in total in 2018, [5] mining was put on hold in late 2018 but resumed again in 2019. [6]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Imereti</span> Region (mkhare) of Georgia

Imereti is a region of Georgia situated in the central-western part of the republic along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni River. Imereti is the most populous region in Georgia. It consists of 11 municipalities and the city of Kutaisi, which is the capital of the region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kemerovo Oblast</span> First-level administrative division of Russia

Kemerovo Oblast — Kuzbass, also known simply as Kemerovo Oblast or Kuzbass (Кузба́сс), after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia. Kemerovo is the administrative center and largest city of the oblast. Kemerovo Oblast is one of Russia's most urbanized regions, with over 70% of the population living in its nine principal cities. Its ethnic composition is predominantly Russian, but Shors, Ukrainians, Tatars, and Chuvash also live in the oblast. The population recorded during the 2010 Census was 2,763,135.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ravensdale, Washington</span> Census-designated place in Washington, United States

Ravensdale is a census-designated place (CDP) in King County, Washington, United States. The population was 555 at the 2020 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fernie, British Columbia</span> City in British Columbia, Canada

Fernie is a city in the Elk Valley area of the East Kootenay region of southeastern British Columbia, Canada, located on BC Highway 3 on the western approaches to the Crowsnest Pass through the Rocky Mountains. Founded in 1898 and incorporated as the City of Fernie in July 1904, the municipality has a population of over 5,000 with an additional 2,000 outside city limits in communities under the jurisdiction of the Regional District of East Kootenay. A substantial seasonal population swells the city during the winter months.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karaganda</span> City in Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan

Karaganda or Qaraghandy is the capital of Karaganda Region in the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is the fifth most populous city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty (Alma-Ata), Astana and Shymkent. Population: 497,777 ; 459,778 ; 436,864. Karaganda is approximately 230 km (140 mi) south-east of Kazakhstan's capital Astana.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donetsk</span> City and administrative center of Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Donetsk, formerly known as Aleksandrovka, Yuzivka, Stalin and Stalino, is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine located on the Kalmius River in Donetsk Oblast. The population was estimated at 901,645 in the city core, with over 2 million in the metropolitan area (2011). According to the 2001 census, Donetsk was the fifth-largest city in Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yenakiieve</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Yenakiieve is a city in the Donetsk Oblast (province) of eastern Ukraine. It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. The city stands on the Krynka River about 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the oblast's administrative center, Donetsk. Its population is approximately 76,673 .

Tumbler Ridge is a district municipality in the foothills of the B.C. Rockies in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, and a member municipality of the Peace River Regional District. With a population of 2,399 (2021) living in a townsite, the municipality encompasses an area of 1,558 km2 (602 sq mi) of mostly Crown land. The townsite is located near the confluence of the Murray River and Flatbed Creek and the intersection of Highway 52 and Highway 29 and includes the site of the Tumbler Ridge Secondary School and Tumbler Ridge Airport. It is part of the Peace River South provincial electoral district and the Prince George—Peace River—Northern Rockies federal riding.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti</span> Region (mkhare) of Georgia

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti is a region (Mkhare) in northwestern Georgia with a population of 28,500 (2021), making it the most sparsely populated region in the country. It has a nominal area of 4,954 km2 (1,913 sq mi), of which 4,600 km2 (1,800 sq mi) is de facto controlled by Georgia. The remainder is effectively under South Ossetian control. The region has Ambrolauri as its administrative center and Parmen Margvelidze is governor of the region since June 2021. Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti includes the historical provinces of Racha, Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mining in Australia</span> Overview of mining in Australia

Mining in Australia has long been a significant primary sector industry and contributor to the Australian economy by providing export income, royalty payments and employment. Historically, mining booms have also encouraged population growth via immigration to Australia, particularly the gold rushes of the 1850s. Many different ores, gems and minerals have been mined in the past and a wide variety are still mined throughout the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Batu Arang</span> Town in Selangor, Malaysia

Batu Arang is a town in Gombak District, Selangor, Malaysia, that is located about 50 km (31 mi) from the capital Kuala Lumpur. Coal was first discovered in the region in 1908, when British authorities found large deposits of coal reserves that could be commercially viable and fuel a railway system. The town was established when the British started mining operations. In 1915, a railway system linking Batu Arang and Kuang was built to transport coal to the rest of the country. As coal output and demand increased, rail services to and from Kuala Lumpur expanded. The demand for coal from Batu Arang skyrocketed due to the First World War, which led to a reduction of coal imports. The local coal was frequently sold to the railway companies, power stations, tin mines, dredges, and end customers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aleksinački Rudnik</span> Town in Nišava District, Serbia

Aleksinački Rudnik is a mining town in Serbia located in the municipality of Aleksinac, in the Nišava District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tkvarcheli</span> Town in Abkhazia, Georgia

Tkvarcheli is a town in Abkhazia. It is situated on the river Ghalidzga (Aaldzga) and a railway connects it with Ochamchire. Akarmara, an area within the town, is a ghost town with abandoned apartments and factories which became uninhabited in the early 1990s due to the War in Abkhazia (1992-93), and is home to just 35 residents today.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arktikugol</span> Russian state-owned coal mining corporation in Svalbard

Arktikugol is a Russian coal mining unitary enterprise which operates on the island of Spitsbergen in Svalbard, Norway. Owned by the government of Russia, Arktikugol currently performs limited mining in Barentsburg. It has carried out mining operations in the towns of Pyramiden and Grumant, which it still owns, and once operated a port at Colesbukta. The company is headquartered in Moscow and is the official agency through which Russia, and previously the Soviet Union, exercised its Svalbard policy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coal in China</span> Coal production and consumption in China

China is the largest producer and consumer of coal and the largest user of coal-generated electricity in the world. The share of coal in the Chinese energy mix declined to 55% in 2021 according to the US Energy Information Agency.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FC Meshakhte Tkibuli</span> Georgian football club

FC Meshakhte is a Georgian association football club based in Tkibuli. Since the 2018 season the club has been a member of Liga 3, the third tier of Georgian football system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ambrolauri Municipality</span> Place in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia

The Ambrolauri Municipality is a self-governing subdivision in western Georgia. Its governing bodies are based in the city of Ambrolauri. Together with the neighboring municipalities Lentekhi, Oni, and Tsageri, the Ambrolauri Municipality forms the region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti. The municipality has an area of is 1142 km2, and population of 10,405 (2021).

Mining in the United States has been active since the beginning of colonial times, but became a major industry in the 19th century with a number of new mineral discoveries causing a series of mining rushes. In 2015, the value of coal, metals, and industrial minerals mined in the United States was US $109.6 billion. 158,000 workers were directly employed by the mining industry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fatality statistics in the Western Australian mining industry</span>

Fatality statistics in the Western Australian mining industry captures the number of people killed in the industry in the Australian state of Western Australia. During the period 2000-2012 (inclusive), a total of 52 fatalities occurred. In 2006, the Chamber of Minerals and Energy of Western Australia commissioned a taxonomic study to analyse the 306 mining fatalities which occurred between 1970 and 2006. The Department of Mines and Petroleum, later renamed the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety, the governing authority for the industry in the state, has published statistics for fatalities in mining dating back to 1943 and intends to publish statistics dating back to 1886, though early records are not expected to be exhaustive.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kharistvala</span> Townlet in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia

Kharistvala is a so called daba in Georgia’s northern Ambrolauri Municipality, at an elevation of 1,150 metres (3,770 ft) above sea level on the western shore of Shaori Reservoir. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the municipal center Ambrolauri, and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of the 1,217 metres (3,993 ft) high Nakerala Pass. Remarkably, the settlement has no permanent population (2021), while still registered as a daba. Kharistvala is administratively part of the Nikortsminda community which also consists of villages Kachaeti and Nikortsminda, known for the Nikortsminda Cathedral. It acquired the daba status in 1956.


  1. "Population - National Statistics Office of Georgia". Retrieved 2023-06-28.
  2. "Definition of "Tkibuli"". Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd edition 1969–1978 (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-08-26.
  3. "Population cities & towns of Georgia". Population Statistics Eastern Europe and former USSR. Retrieved 2022-08-26.
  4. "Georgian coal town longs for Chinese rescue | Eurasianet".
  5. "Georgia 2018: Top 10 events of the year". JamNews. 2018-12-28. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
  6. "Coal Mining to Resume in Tkibuli". Civil Georgia. 2019-07-27. Retrieved 2022-08-26.