Tkuma, Israel

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Tkuma
תקומה
Tkooma synagoge.jpg
Village synagogue
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Red pog.svg
Tkuma
Israel location map with stripes.svg
Red pog.svg
Tkuma
Coordinates: 31°26′56″N34°34′39″E / 31.448751°N 34.577422°E / 31.448751; 34.577422
CountryIsrael
District Southern
Council Sdot Negev
Affiliation Hapoel HaMizrachi
Founded5–6 October 1946
Founded by Eastern European Jews
Population
 (2021) [1]
737

Tkuma (Hebrew : תְּקוּמָה, lit. 'Resurrection') is a religious moshav in southern Israel. Located north-west of Netivot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Sdot Negev Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 737. [1]

Contents

History

Tkuma was established as a kibbutz on the night of 5 and 6 October 1946 as one of the 11 points in the Negev at a location around a mile from the present site. The first residents were Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe, who survived the Holocaust, and the village's name reflects the resurrection of Israel.[ citation needed ]

In 1949 the village moved to its present location near the site of the depopulated Arab village of al-Muharraqa. Scholar Benny Morris documents that Tkuma is near the al-Muharraqa site, but writer Walid Khalidi says that Tkuma, although only 2 km west of the al-Muharraqa site, is on land which once belonged to the city of Gaza. [2] [3]

In the 1950s the moshav was joined by more immigrants from Eastern Europe and Tunisia.[ citation needed ]

Located 5 kilometers from Gaza, the moshav has suffered damage from rockets launched by Hamas militants during 2000s and 2010s. The moshav is serviced by the Color Red alert system. [4]

Tkuma morning prayers October 1946 tqvmh - tpylt SHKHryt, lmKHrt yvm h`lyh `l Admt tqvmh-JNF025351.jpeg
Tkuma morning prayers October 1946

Economy

Since the 1990s, fish-farming has been an important economic branch. The sale of fresh fish to banquet halls and restaurants in the northern Negev has provided income for several families. [5]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  2. Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. xxi. ISBN   978-0-521-00967-6.
  3. Khalidi, Walid (1992), All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948, Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, p. 127, ISBN   0-88728-224-5
  4. Kershner, Isabel (December 24, 2008). "Gaza Rocket Fire Intensifies". The New York Times . Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  5. Heruti-Sover, Tali (January 18, 2009). "Gaza War Leads to Creative Marketing and Success". Haaretz . Retrieved April 17, 2019.