Tl'azt'en Nation is a First Nations band located along the north shore of Stuart Lake near the outlet of the Tache River, in the northern interior of British Columbia. The main village belonging to Tl'azt'en Nation is Tache (often spelled Tachie in English), 60 km north-west of Fort St. James.The small settlements of Middle River (Dzit'lain'li).on Trembleur Lake and Grand Rapids, along the Tache River between Stuart Lake and Trembleur Lake also belong to Tl'azt'en Nation. The main administrative offices are in Tache, as a school - Eugene Joseph Elementary School, Daycare, Head Start, Health Unit, Education Centre/ Learning Centre for Adults, RCMP/ Justice Office, Public Works building that supplies diesel and gasoline, water treatment plant, a newly built youth recreation center (2012), a Catholic and Christian church, one in Old Tache and one in "sunny side", a volunteer fire department with a fire hall; rec sites include a paintball park, a basketball court and a hockey rink. The village of Portage (in Carrier Yekooche) once belonged to Tla'zt'en Nation but separated in 1994 as Yekooche First Nation. The village of Pinchie once belonged to Tl'azt'en Nation separated on March 12, 2019 and is now the Binche Whut'en First Nation. Prior to 1988 Tl'azt'en Nation was known as the Stuart-Trembleur band. Tl'azt'en Nation belongs to the Carrier Sekani Tribal Council.
The people of Tl'azt'en Nation are called Dakelh (pronounced [tákʰɛɬ] ) in their own language, Carrier in English. Tl'azt'en means "people at the edge of the bay" in the Dakelh language. Approximately 1,700 people are members of Tl'azt'en Nation. Of these, roughly 900 live off reserve.
Tl'azt'en Nation owns a not-for-profit company [[Tanizul Timber Ltd]] which managed the Tree Farm License 42 for the Nation from 1981-2009. In November 2009, the company surrendered this Tree Farm License and entered into a Community Forest Agreement with the Province of British Columbia November 2009. It also manages the John Prince Research Forest jointly with the University of Northern British Columbia under Chuzgun Resources Ltd.
The Dakelh or Carrier are the indigenous people of a large portion of the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada.
Sekani or Tse’khene are a First Nations people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group in the Northern Interior of British Columbia. Their territory includes the Finlay and Parsnip River drainages of the Rocky Mountain Trench. The neighbors of the Sekani are the Babine to the west, Dakelh to the south, Dunneza (Beaver) to the east, and Kaska and Tahltan, to the north, all Athabaskan peoples. In addition, due to the westward spread of the Plains Cree in recent centuries, their neighbors to the east now include Cree communities.
The Tsilhqotʼin or Chilcotin are a North American tribal government of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group that live in what is now known as British Columbia, Canada. They are the most southern of the Athabaskan-speaking Indigenous peoples in British Columbia.
The Dakelh (ᑕᗸᒡ) or Carrier language is a Northern Athabaskan language. It is named after the Dakelh people, a First Nations people of the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada, for whom Carrier has been a common English name derived from French explorers naming of the people. Dakelh people speak two related languages. One, Babine-Witsuwit'en is sometimes referred to as Northern Carrier. The other includes what are sometimes referred to as Central Carrier and Southern Carrier.
In its broader sense, Babine refers to the Athabascan indigenous peoples who speak the Babine dialect of the Babine-Witsuwit'en language in the vicinity of the Babine River, Babine Lake, Trembleur Lake, and Takla Lake in the central interior of British Columbia, Canada.
The Stuart River or Nak'alkoh is one of the largest tributaries of the Nechako River in northeastern British Columbia, Canada. The Nechako is in turn one the more important tributaries of the Fraser River. The Stuart River flows 187 kilometres (116 mi) from Stuart Lake to its junction with the Nechako River. The river drains a portion of the Nechako Plateau—a gently-rolling region characterized by small lakes and tributaries. Low but impressive ridges interact with the river, creating high bluffs and hoodoos.
Edward John is a prominent First Nations political leader in Canada.
Babine–Witsuwitʼen or Nadotʼen-Wetʼsuwetʼen is an Athabaskan language spoken in the Central Interior of British Columbia. Its closest relative is Carrier. Because of this linguistic relationship together with political and cultural ties, Babine–Witsuwitʼen is often referred to as Northern Carrier or Western Carrier. Specialist opinion is, however, that it should be considered a separate, though related, language.
The Carrier Sekani Tribal Council is a tribal council representing six First Nations in the Central Interior of British Columbia. It was originally known as the Lakes District Tribal Council. The CSTC was incorporated in 1981 and is a registered non-profit society.
Yekooche First Nation is based 75 kilometers northwest of Fort St. James, British Columbia at the north end of Stuart Lake on Yekooche reserves. It is known in English as Portage due to its location along the portage route between Babine Lake and Stuart Lake.
The Nadleh Whut'en First Nation is a First Nations government of the Dakelh people, whose territory is located in the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada, around the east end of Fraser Lake. The nation has seven reserves which Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Development Canada refer to as IR#1-9.. Until 1990, it was referred to as the Fraser Lake Indian Band.
The Cheslatta Trail is an ancient land route in British Columbia, Canada, that stretched from the Dakelh villages of Belhk'achek and Sdughachola on Cheslatta Lake to Nadleh Village on Fraser Lake. It was used by the Dakelh people for as a major trade, travel and communication line, until the construction of the Alcan Kenney Dam in 1952 caused flooding of the Cheslatta River and Cheslatta Lake, forcing the Cheslatta people from their lakeside villages.
The Carrier-Chilcotin Tribal Council is a First Nations tribal council located in the Chilcotin District of the Central Interior of the Canadian province of British Columbia, and also on the Fraser River near the city of Quesnel. It consists of three Carrier bands and one Tsilhqot'in band. The other Tsilhqot'in bands belong to the Tsilhqot'in National Government. Most other Carrier bands are either unaffiliated or belong to the Carrier-Sekani Tribal Council. The Tribal Council's offices are in Williams Lake.
The Middle River, or in the Carrier language (Dakelh) Dzitl'ainli Koh, is a river in the Omineca Country of the northwestern Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada, flowing southeast from the outlet of Takla Lake into Trembleur Lake over a distance of approximately 35 kilometres (22 mi). The river is part of the route of the Stuart River-Takla Lake salmon run, which comes up the Fraser River via its tributaries the Nechako and Stuart Rivers and terminates at Takla Lake, and the route of the unfinished Dease Lake Extension of the British Columbia Railway runs along the river's left (north) bank. The community of Middle River, including the Dzitline Lee Indian Reserve 9. O K'Ay Wha Cho 26, another Indian reserve, is located on the west bank of the river between Takla and Trembleur Lakes.
The Cheslatta Carrier Nation or Cheslatta T'En, of the Dakelh or Carrier people (Ta-cullies, meaning "people who go upon water" is a First Nation of the Nechako River at the headwaters of the Fraser River.
Tachie is a Carrier village in British Columbia, located where the Tachie River enters Stuart Lake. It is one of the reserves belonging to Tl'azt'en Nation. Tachie is the English spelling of the Carrier language name Tache.
Pinchie is the English name of the Carrier village of Binche on the northeast shore of Stuart Lake, outside of Fort Saint James in north central British Columbia. Formerly part of Tl'azt'en Nation, it became an independent band in 2019. As of September, 2023 it had 217 members. Its traditional language is Carrier.
Grand Rapids is a Dakelh community northwest of Fort St. James, British Columbia, Canada, located at the confluence of the Tachie and Kuzkwa Rivers near Trembleur Lake. It is on the site of Kuz Che Indian Reserve No. 5, formerly named Grand Rapide IR No. 5. Nearby [is Tsay Cho IR No. 5, formerly named Stevan IR No. 4. These reserves are under the administration of the Tl'azt'en Nation. Kuz Che is an anglicization of the Carrier name, which is K'uz̲che.
The Tachie River is a river in central British Columbia, Canada. It originates at Trembleur Lake and flows southeastward into Stuart Lake, which it enters at Tachie village. In the indigenous Carrier language it is called Duz̲dlikoh, which means "driftwood flows river".
Justa Monk (1942-2018) was a leader of the Dakelh people of the central interior of British Columbia. He was known as a strong advocate for indigenous rights, for protection of the environment, especially fishery, and for the maintenance of his Carrier language. The first part of his life was documented in a full-length biography by Bridget Moran.