Tlajomulco de Zúñiga
City and municipality
|• Municipality||674 km2 (260 sq mi)|
|• City||8.54 km2 (3.30 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,585 m (5,200 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|• City density||5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)|
Tlajomulco de Zúñiga is the municipal seat and third most populous city in the municipality of the same name, located in the state of Jalisco in central-western Mexico. It forms part of the Guadalajara metropolitan area, lying to the southeast of it. The municipality covers an area of 636.93 km2. As of 2010 [update] it had a population of 416,626, with a total urban population of 378,965.
Its name is interpreted from náhuatl as "Land in the Corner."
As it is part of the Guadalajara metropolitan area, it has an industrial base and is a large commercial area. Guadalajara International Airport is located in the municipality.
The municipality has the distinction of being the only one in Mexico with seven cities (localities) of over 25,000 inhabitants. It is also the only one with 20 localities of over 10,000 inhabitants. (Tijuana Municipality, Baja California and Chalco Municipality, State of Mexico both have nine.) The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2020 Census Population|
|Hacienda Santa Fe||139,174|
|Tlajomulco de Zúñiga||44,103|
|Lomas del Sur||37,146|
|Santa Cruz del Valle||30,849|
|San Sebastián el Grande||28,770|
|Fraccionamiento Villas de la Hacienda||28,276|
|Fraccionamiento La Nueva Esperanza II||23,735|
|Fraccionamiento Real del Valle (El Paraíso)||20,465|
|Colinas del Roble||17,163|
|Lomas de San Agustín||14,616|
|Valle Dorado Inn||13,037|
|Santa Cruz de las Flores||12,233|
The name Tlajomulco comes from the Nahuatl tlalli (land), xomulli (corner) and co (place), which is interpreted as: "Land in the corner".
This article needs additional citations for verification .(January 2021)
The area was conquered in 1530 by Nuño de Guzmán at the same time that the Indians of Tonalá were conquered. During the Viceroyalty of New Spain it was divided into the district of Nueva Galicia and was composed almost completely of the indigenous people who in turn were peasants.
During the following century it changed administrative functions and not until the 27 July 1939 did it get the name Tlajomulco de Zúñiga in honor of General Eugenio Zúñiga (native of Tlajomulco), and was converted into a leading municipality.
Its historical background dates back to the time when the Nahua people were here. The region of Tlajomulco belonged to the lordship of Tonallan and the inhabitants were called Tlajomulcas. In 1266, during the time of the King Tlajomulpilli, the town became powerful, dominating what today is known as Tala, Acatlán and other nearby towns. Tlajomulco was founded with the authority of Lord De Tonalá, in appreciation to Pitláloc, Copaya, Pilili and Totoch, for resisting the invasion of the Purépecha. In the first half of the 16th century, Coyotl being a tyrant, suppressed the people of Cuyutlán, Cuescomatitlán, Cajititlán, Atlixtac (Santa Anita) and Xuchitlán, with fees until in 1530 it was conquered by Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, who upon arriving in Tlajomulco was well received by the tyrant Coyotl, who he helped in the conquest of Tonalá. The tyrant was baptized this same year and supported Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán and was called Pedro de Guzmán.
Seventeen plastic bags with human remains were found in colonia Chulavista in January 2021.
|Term||Municipal president||Political party||Notes|
|1918||Manuel Flores Trigo|
|1919||Luis García Villegas|
|1919||Jesús Sánchez Guerrero|
|1920||José Eleno Gámez|
|1921||Carlos Alcaraz Aguilar|
|1922||Damián G. Sandoval|
|1923||Andrés Gómez Tacalo|
|1925||Blas Fernández Ibarra|
|1926||Pedro González Covarrubias|
|1926||José Zepeda Fonseca|
|1926||Brígido Díaz Ocaranza|
|1927||Brígido Díaz Ocaranza|
|1928||Luis García Villegas|
|1928||Sabino Aguilar Rivera|
|1929||Juan Bugarini Márquez|
|1930||Julio Díaz Ávila||PNR|
|1931||David Tejeda Márquez||PNR|
|1932||Guillermo Díaz Ávila||PNR|
|1932||Isidro B. Trigo||PNR|
|1934||Porfirio Díaz Vidaurri||PNR|
|1935||Inocencio Guzmán Flores||PNR|
|1935||Inocencio Guzmán Flores||PNR|
|1939||Juan Fierros López||PRM|
|1940||Heriberto Rivas Pérez||PRM|
|1941-1942||Francisco S. Miranda||PRM|
|1943-1944||Antonio García Sosa||PRM|
|1945-1946||Porfirio Díaz Vidaurri||PRM |
|1947-1948||Silviano García Ortiz||PRI|
|1949-1951||Jesús Sánchez Magaña||PRI|
|1952||Pedro Rodríguez Rentaría||PRI|
|1953||Francisco Robles Ocampo||PRI|
|1954-1955||Pedro Parra Centeno||PRI|
|1956-1957||Narciso García Totolapa||PRI|
|1959-1961||José Eladio China Guevara||PRI|
|1962-1964||Pedro Parra Centeno||PRI|
|1965-1967||Eliseo Zepeda China||PRI|
|1968-1970||José Refugio China Guevara||PRI|
|1971-1973||Epigmenio Riestra Esquivel||PRI|
|1974-1976||Roberto Villegas Gutiérrez||PRI|
|1977-1979||José Luis Barrera Gómez||PRI|
|1980||Tranquilino Velasco Sánchez||PRI|
|1981-1982||Amparo Ureña Vidal de Villegas||PRI|
|1983-1985||Ernesto Díaz Márquez||PRI|
|1986-1988||Jaime Enrique Michel Velasco||PRI|
|1989||Benjamín Saavedra Martínez||PRI|
|1990-1992||Juan Hernández Rosales||PRI|
|1992-1995||Antonio Sánchez Ramírez||PRI|
|1995-1997||Manuel Guzmán de la Torre||PAN|
|1998-2000||Ernesto Díaz Márquez||PRI|
|2001-2003||Guillermo Sánchez Magaña||PRI|
|01/01/2004-31/12/2006||Andrés Zermeño Barba||PAN|
|01/01/2007-31/12/2009||Antonio Tatengo Ureña||PAN|
|01/01/2010-31/12/2011||Enrique Alfaro Ramírez||PRD||Applied for a temporary leave, to run for the state government|
|01/01/2012-30/09/2012||Alberto Uribe Camacho||PRD||Acting municipal president|
|01/10/2012-27/02/2015||Ismael del Toro Castro|| PT |
|He applied for a temporary leave, to run for the deputation in the local electoral district 7 of Jalisco, which he got|
|28/02/2015-2015||Lucio Miranda Robles||PT |
|Acting municipal president|
|01/10/2015-28/02/2018||Alberto Uribe Camacho||MC |
|He applied for a temporary leave|
|01/03/2018-15/07/2018||Carlos Jaramillo Gómez||MC||Acting municipal president|
|16/07/2018-30/09/2018||Alberto Uribe Camacho||Morena||He moved to Morena political party in February 2018. Resumed|
|01/10/2018-28/02/2021||Salvador Zamora Zamora||MC||Applied for a temporary leave, to run for reelection|
|01/03/2021-2021||César Francisco Padilla Chávez||MC||Acting municipal president|
|2021-2024||Salvador Zamora Zamora||MC||He was reelected on 06/06/2021|
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