Last updated

In Greek mythology, Tlepolemus ( /lɪˈpɒlɪməs/ ; Ancient Greek: Τληπόλεμος Tlēpólemos) was the leader of the Rhodian forces in the Trojan War. [1]



Tlepolemus was a son of Heracles and Astyoche, daughter of Phylas, king of Ephyra. [1] [2] Though some sources say that his mother was Astydameia, daughter of Amyntor [3] or Ormenus. [4]


Tlepolemus fled to Rhodes after slaying Licymnius, Heracles' aged maternal uncle. [1] According to the Bibliotheca , this was an accident—Tlepolemus was beating a servant when Licymnius ran between the two, suffering a fatal blow, [5] —but Pindar states that the death was intentional and motivated by anger. [3] Accompanied by his Argive wife Polyxo, [6] [7] Tlepolemus made passage to Rhodes and divided the island into three parts, founding three Rhodian city-states: Cameirus, Ialysus and Lindus. [8] [9]

Hyginus lists Tlepolemus among the suitors of Helen; [10] thus bound by the oath of Tyndareus, he was among the Greek allies in the campaign against Troy, leading a force of nine ships. [1]

He encountered Sarpedon on the first day of fighting recounted in the Iliad and taunted him saying that he lacked courage and could not really be the son of Zeus. [11] Tlepolemus then attacked him, and although he wounded Sarpedon, he was slain by the latter. [12]

According to Pausanias, Polyxo killed Helen to avenge for her husband's death, [6] though Polyaenus says that Menelaus had dressed up a servant in Helen's clothes and that the Rhodians killed her instead as Menelaus and Helen escaped. [13]


  1. 1 2 3 4 Homer, Iliad 2.653–70.
  2. Apollodorus, 2.7.6
  3. 1 2 Pindar, Olympia 7.20–30
  4. Hesiod, Catalogue of Women fr. 232 M–W = schol. Pind. Ol. 7.42b: "Homer says that she was Astyoche, not Astydameia ... Hesiod also says that she was Astydameia, Pherecydes says Astygeneia. She was a daughter of Phylas. ... Herein Pindar says that she was daughter of Amyntor, but Hesiod and Simonides say Ormenus." (Ὅμηρος ταύτην Ἀστυόχην φησὶν, οὐκ Ἀστυδάμειαν ... καὶ Ἡσίοδος δὲ Ἀστυδάμειαν αὐτήν φησι, Φερεκύδης δὲ Ἀστυγένειαν. ἦν δὲ Φύλαντος θυγάτηρ ... ἐνταῦθα δὲ Ἀμύντορος αὐτήν φησιν ὁ Πίνδαρος, Ἡσίοδος δὲ καὶ Σιμωνίδης Ὀρμένου.)
  5. Apollodorus, 2.8.2
  6. 1 2 Pausanias 3.19.10
  7. Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 911 calls her "Philozoe" (Φιλοζώη)
  8. Diodorus Siculus 4.58.8
  9. Cf. Iliad 2.655–6, where Tlepolemus leads "those who dwell Rhodes, ordered in three parts: Lindos, Ialysus and shining Cameirus" (οἳ Ῥόδον ἀμφενέμοντο διὰ τρίχα κοσμηθέντες | Λίνδον Ἰηλυσόν τε καὶ ἀργινόεντα Κάμειρον).
  10. Hyginus, Fabulae 81
  11. Homer, Iliad 5.633–46
  12. Homer, Iliad 5.657–9
  13. Polyaenus, Strategemata 1.13

Related Research Articles

In Greek mythology, Augeas, whose name means "bright", was king of Elis and father of Epicaste. Some say that Augeas was one of the Argonauts. He is best known for his stables, which housed the single greatest number of cattle in the country and had never been cleaned, until the time of the great hero Heracles.

In Greek mythology, Cretheus may refer to the following characters:

In Greek mythology, Glauce, Latin Glauca, refers to different people:

In Greek mythology, Astydamea or Astydamia is a name attributed to several individuals:

In Greek mythology, the name Laodamia referred to:

The name Astyoche or Astyocheia was attributed to the following individuals in Greek mythology:

In Greek mythology, Laothoe can refer to the following women:

In Greek mythology, Panopea or Panope (Πανόπη) may refer to various characters. The names mean 'panorama' or means 'of the beautiful husband'.

In Greek mythology, Bias may refer to the following characters:

In Greek mythology, Licymnius was a good friend of Heracles' and an illegitimate son of Electryon, King of Tiryns and Mycenae in the Argolid. His mother is given as Mideia, a Phrygian woman. One source mentions Alco (Ἀλκώ) as his sister.

There are several figures named Pelagon in Greek mythology.

Protogeneia, in Greek mythology, may refer to:

Clytius, also spelled Klythios, Klytios, Clytios, and Klytius, is the name of multiple people in Greek mythology:

Dia, in ancient Greek religion and folklore, may refer to:

Actor is a very common name in Greek mythology. Here is a selection of characters that share this name :

Antimachus may refer to these persons in Greek mythology:

In Greek mythology, the name Phylas may refer to:

In Greek mythology, Aeolus or Aiolos was the son of Hellen, the ruler of Aeolia, and the eponym of the Aeolians, one of the four main tribes of the Greeks. According to the mythographer Apollodorus, Aeolus was the father of seven sons: Cretheus, Sisyphus, Athamas, Salmoneus, Deion, Magnes, Perieres, and five daughters: Canace, Alcyone, Pisidice, Calyce, and Perimede. He was said to have killed his daughter Canace because she had committed incest with her brother Macareus. This Aeolus was sometimes confused with the Aeolus who was the ruler of the winds.

In Greek mythology, Hippocorystes was a Spartan prince as one of the 20 Hippocoöntids, children of King Hippocoön, son of Oebalus and the naiad Bateia.