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Tlillan-Tlapallan [ˈt͡ɬilːan t͡ɬaˈpalːan] 'Place of the black and red colour' is a legendary place or region on the Gulf Coast of Mexico where king Quetzalcoatl went on his flight from Tollan in order to burn himself and change into the Morning Star. [1]

The tale can be found in an important 16th-century manuscript (the Codex Chimalpopoca) containing the Annals of Quauhtitlan. Written in Nahua, the text basically translates a pre-Spanish book. The tale also occurs in Bernardino de Sahagún's General History of the Things of New Spain. The name "Tlillan-Tlapallan" has been interpreted as referring to writing and books.

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  1. Declercq, Stan (January–June 2016). "Tlillan o el "Lugar de la negrura", un espacio sagrado del paisaje ritual mesoamericano" [Tlillan or the “Place of blackness”, a sacred space of the Mesoamerican ritual landscape]. Estudios de Cultura Náhuatl (in Spanish) (51): 67–110. Retrieved 20 August 2023 via .