Toamasina Province

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Toamasina
Madagascar Toamasina Province.svg
Map of Madagascar with Toamasina highlighted
Coordinates(Capital): 17°45′S48°45′E / 17.750°S 48.750°E / -17.750; 48.750
CountryFlag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar
Capital Toamasina
Area
  Total71,911 km2 (27,765 sq mi)
Population
 (2004)
  Total2,855,600
  Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3

The Toamasina Province is a former province of Madagascar with an area of 71,911 km2. It had a population of 2,855,600 (2004). Its capital was Toamasina, the most important seaport of the country. The province was also known as Tamatave Province. [1]

Contents

Except for Toliara, Toamasina Province bordered all of the country's other provinces; Antsiranana in the north, Mahajanga in the northwest, Antananarivo in the southwest and Fianarantsoa in the south. Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy and Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy languages were widely spoken. [2]

Despite the production of exportable crops the people inhabiting the rural regions of the province were mostly poor. In terms of rural poverty the province was only better than the Toliara province. In urban areas the condition was comparatively better and the percentage of people living below the poverty line was the least in the whole of Madagascar. The country's largest harbour–Toamasina Harbour was located in the province. [3] Vanilla farming was also an important activity. [4]

In 2002 a state of emergency was declared by the then president Didier Ratsiraka after his rival Marc Ravalomanana announced that he had won the majority in the presidential elections held in December 2001. Major politicians of the provinces favouring Ratsiraka as the president met in Toamasina where they announced the creation of a new republic that would have excluded the landlocked Antananarivo Province. Toamasina favoured Ratsiraka as the president. Political tension prompted ethnic clashes and in the coastal provinces the Merina people were subject to attacks. Murders of people belonging to the Merina community were also reported. Peace was restored only when Ravalomanana was installed the country's president and Ratsiraka left the country. [5]

Lake Rasoabe and Ranomainty were located in the province. [6] The coastal areas of the province were covered with dense rain forests and the province had a rich variety of flora and fauna. [7] [8] Lemurs were also found. [9]

Abolition

The provinces were abolished following the results of Malagasy constitutional referendum, 2007 which led to the formation of 22 smaller areas (faritra or regions) to facilitate regional development. [10]

Administrative divisions

Toamasina div.png

Toliara Province was divided into three regions of Madagascar - Alaotra-Mangoro, Analanjirofo and Atsinanana. These three regions became the first-level administrative divisions when the provinces were abolished in 2009. They are sub-divided into 18 districts:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Provinces of Madagascar</span> Historical administrative divisions of Madagascar

Madagascar was once divided into six autonomous provinces :

  1. Antananarivo Province
  2. Antsiranana Province
  3. Fianarantsoa Province
  4. Mahajanga Province
  5. Toamasina Province
  6. Toliara Province
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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fianarantsoa Province</span> Province in Madagascar

Fianarantsoa Province is a former province of Madagascar. It has an area of 103,272 km2 and population of 3,366,291. Its capital was Fianarantsoa. The province along with the 5 other was abolished in 2007 in favour of creation of smaller regions to facilitate administration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Didier Ratsiraka</span> President of Madagascar from 1975 to 1993 and 1997 to 2002

Didier Ignace Ratsiraka was a Malagasy politician and naval officer who was the third President of Madagascar from 1975 to 1993 and the fifth from 1997 to 2002. At the time of his death, he was the longest-serving President of Madagascar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nosy Boraha</span> Island in Madagascar

Nosy Boraha, also known as Sainte-Marie, main town Ambodifotatra, is an island off the east coast of Madagascar. The island forms an administrative district within Analanjirofo Region, and covers an area of 222 km2. It has a population estimated at 30,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maroantsetra</span> Commune and town in Analanjirofo, Madagascar

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Analanjirofo</span> Region in Madagascar

Analanjirofo is a region in northeastern Madagascar. Until 2009 it was a part of Toamasina Province. It borders Sava Region to the north, Sofia Region to the west, Alaotra-Mangoro Region to the southwest and Atsinanana Region to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alaotra-Mangoro</span> Region in Madagascar

Alaotra-Mangoro is a region in eastern Madagascar. It borders Sofia Region in north, Analanjirofo in northeast, Atsinanana in east, Vakinankaratra in southwest, Analamanga in west and Betsiboka in northwest. The capital of the region is Ambatondrazaka, and the population was 1,255,514 in 2018. The area of the region is 31,948 km2 (12,335 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mandritsara (district)</span> District in Sofia, Madagascar

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Atsinanana</span> Region in Madagascar

Atsinanana is a coastal region in eastern Madagascar. It borders Analanjirofo region in the north, Alaotra-Mangoro in the west, Vakinankaratra and Amoron'i Mania in the southwest, and Vatovavy in the south. The region contains over 285km of coastline, which includes many beaches and cultural heritage sites.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Route nationale 5 (Madagascar)</span>

Route nationale 5 (RN5) is a primary highway in Madagascar of 402 km. The route runs from Toamasina to Maroantsetra, a city on the eastern coast of the Madagascar.

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References

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  2. Frawley, William (2003). International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. p. 205. ISBN   978-0-19-513977-8.
  3. International Monetary Fund (1997). Madagascar - Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues. International Monetary Fund. p. 47. ISBN   978-1-4519-9201-4.
  4. Cadot, Olivier; Dutoit, Laure; Melo, Jaime De (2006). The Elimination of Madagascar's Vanilla Marketing Board, Ten Years on. World Bank Publications. p. 9. GGKEY:A6SDJTFR381.
  5. Nielssen, Hilde (2011). Ritual Imagination: A Study of Tromba Possession Among the Betsimisaraka in Eastern Madagascar. BRILL. p. 260. ISBN   90-04-21524-7.
  6. Campbell, Gwyn (2012). David Griffiths and the Missionary "History of Madagascar". BRILL. p. 486. ISBN   978-90-04-19518-9.
  7. Bruce, Nile (2008). Advances in the Taxonomy and Biogeography of Crustacea in the Southern Hemisphere. PenSoft Publishers LTD. p. 81. ISBN   978-954-642-505-8.
  8. Wickens, Gerald E.; Lowe, Pat (2008). The Baobabs: Pachycauls of Africa, Madagascar and Australia: The Pachycauls of Africa, Madagascar and Australia. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 271. ISBN   978-1-4020-6431-9.
  9. Gould, Lisa; Sauther, M.L. (2006). Lemurs: Ecology and Adaptation. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 181. ISBN   978-0-387-34586-4.
  10. "Initial result shows "Yes" to revision of constitution in Madagascar". People's Daily Online. 7 April 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2014.