|3rd Governor-General of Tuvalu
1 October 1990 –1 December 1993
|1st Prime Minister of Tuvalu
1 October 1978 –8 September 1981
|Fiatau Penitala Teo
|1st Chief Minister of Tuvalu
2 October 1975 –1 October 1978
|28 November 1928
Gulf Province,Territory of Papua (now Papua New Guinea
|25 May 2014 85) (aged
Funafuti,Tuvalu[ citation needed ]
Sir Toaripi Lauti(28 November 1928 –25 May 2014) was a Tuvaluan politician who served as chief minister of the Colony of Tuvalu (1975–78),as the first prime minister following Tuvalu's independence (1978–1981) and governor-general of Tuvalu (1990–1993). He was married to Sualua Tui.
Lauti was born in Toaripi village of the Territory of Papua. His father was Pastor Lauti Kae of Funafuti. He studied at Elisefou (New Ellice) primary school in Vaitupu for 6 years from 1938 to 1944. In 1945,he was sent to study in Fiji at the Londoni Provincial School,and in 1946 at the Queen Victoria School,before moving in 1947 to Wesley College in Auckland,New Zealand. From 1948 to 1951,he finished his schooling at St Andrews College in Christchurch in 1948. He attended the Teachers' Training College in Christchurch in 1952 and 1953,at the same time he was a House Master at St Andrew's College.
Toaripi Lauti was a teacher at King George V Secondary School in Tarawa from 1954 to 1962. : 153–177From 1962 to 1974 he was an industrial relations officer with the British Phosphate Commissioners in Nauru. In 1974,he entered politics and became a member of the House of Assembly for the constituency of Funafuti of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands,as leader of the Opposition.
He was the first chief minister of the Colony of Tuvalu,the former Ellice Islands,from 2 October 1975 to 1 October 1978.
When Tuvalu became independent in 1978,he was appointed as its first prime minister. He was also the minister of finance from 1977 to 1981. : 175–176 He was appointed as a member of the Privy Council in 1979.
The first elections after independence were not held until 8 September 1981. At that election,Tomasi Puapua was elected as prime minister with a 7:5 majority over the group of members of parliament headed by Lauti.The administration of Toaripi Lauti had become involved in controversy,as a result of his decision to invest nearly all of the government's money with an American real estate salesman who promised 15 percent returns from the purchase of land in Texas. The investment turned out to be a fraud. While the funds were recovered by US agencies, the controversy resulted in a loss of confidence in his judgment and was an important factor in the election of Puapua.
Lauti also served as the President of the Funafuti Town Council and as a member of the Tuvalu Language Board.
His reputation was redeemed from the circumstances that ended his time as prime minister,he was the Governor-General of Tuvalu,representing Elizabeth II,Queen of Tuvalu as head of state,from 1 October 1990 through 1 December 1993.In 1990,he was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG).
Tuvalu,formerly known as the Ellice Islands,is an island country in the Polynesian subregion of Oceania in the Pacific Ocean,about midway between Hawaii and Australia. It lies east-northeast of the Santa Cruz Islands,northeast of Vanuatu,southeast of Nauru,south of Kiribati,west of Tokelau,northwest of Samoa and Wallis and Futuna,and north of Fiji.
The first inhabitants of Tuvalu were Polynesians,so the origins of the people of Tuvalu can be traced to the spread of humans out of Southeast Asia,from Taiwan,via Melanesia and across the Pacific islands of Polynesia.
Vaitupu is the largest atoll of the nation of Tuvalu. It is located at 7.48 degrees south and 178.83 degrees east. There are 1,061 people living on 5.6 square kilometres with the main village being Asau.
The Gilbert and Ellice Islands in the Pacific Ocean were part of the British Empire from 1892 to 1976. They were a protectorate from 1892 to 12 January 1916,and then a colony until 1 January 1976. The history of the colony was mainly characterized by phosphate mining on Ocean Island. In October 1975,these islands were divided by force of law into two separate colonies,and they became independent nations shortly thereafter:the Ellice Islands became Tuvalu in 1978,and the Gilbert Islands became part of Kiribati in 1979.
Sir Tomasi Puapua is a political figure who represented Vaitupu in the Parliament of Tuvalu. He attended the Fiji School of Medicine and the Otago University Medical School. He married Riana Puapua.
Tuvalu elects a legislature on a national level. The Parliament of Tuvalu has 16 members,elected for a four-year term in 8 double-seat constituencies. Tuvalu is a de facto non-partisan democracy since it does not have political parties.
Sir Fiatau Penitala Teo was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Teo was appointed Chief in the House of Chiefs of Niutao in 1945 and was reappointed as a Chief on 29 June 1997 after his service as the first Governor General of Tuvalu.
Sir Tomu Malaefone Sione,,was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. He worked as a journalist from 1962 to 1968,and held the post of radio announcer in the Broadcasting and Information Department of the administration of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony (GEIC). He was the head of the southern Niutao clan. He was married to Segali.
The Parliament of Tuvalu is the unicameral national legislature of Tuvalu. The place at which the parliament sits is called the Vaiaku maneapa. The maneapa on each island is an open meeting place where the chiefs and elders deliberate and make decisions.
The Congregational Christian Church of Tuvalu,commonly the Church of Tuvalu,is a Christian Church which is the state church of Tuvalu,although this status merely entitles it to "the privilege of performing special services on major national events";its adherents comprise about 86% of the 11,600 inhabitants of the archipelago.
Sir Tupua Leupena was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Leupena was the Speaker of the Parliament during 1978 in the prime ministership of Toaripi Lauti.
Funafuti is the capital of the island nation of Tuvalu. It has a population of 6,320 people,and so it has more people than the rest of Tuvalu combined,with approximately 60% of the population. It consists of a narrow sweep of land between 20 and 400 metres wide,encircling a large lagoon 18 km long and 14 km wide. The average depth of the Funafuti lagoon is about 20 fathoms. With a surface area of 275 square kilometres (106.2 sq mi),it is by far the largest lagoon in Tuvalu. The land area of the 33 islets around the atoll of Funafuti totals 2.4 square kilometres (0.9 sq mi);taken together,they constitute less than one percent of the total area of the atoll. Cargo ships can enter Funafuti's lagoon and dock at the port facilities on Fongafale.
The Cabinet of Tuvalu is the executive branch of the government of Tuvalu.
General elections were held in Tuvalu on 27 August 1977. As there were no political parties,all candidates ran as independents,with Toaripi Lauti remaining Chief Minister. Voter turnout was 78.8%.
General elections were held in Tuvalu on 8 September 1981.
General elections were held in Tuvalu on 26 March 1998. As there were no political parties,all candidates for the 12 seats ran as independents,with seven of the incumbents retaining their seats. Following the election,Bikenibeu Paeniu was re-elected Prime Minister.
General elections were held in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands on 4 April 1974. All candidates ran as independents.
Henry Faati Naisali,CMG,AO,OBE was a Tuvaluan politician who served as Deputy Prime Minister of Tuvalu (1985-1989),Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum (1988-1992) and Pro-Chancellor of The University of the South Pacific (1985-1990). He is notable for co-founding the Tuvalu Trust Fund which lead Tuvalu to achieve greater financial autonomy.
Donald Gilbert Kennedy was a teacher,then an administrator in the British colonial service in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony and the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. For his services as a Coastwatcher during the Pacific War,he was awarded the DSO,and the Navy Cross (U.S.). He published journal articles and books on the material culture of Vaitupu atoll,land tenure and the language of the Ellice Islands.
Elia Tavita was a Tuvaluan politician who served as Speaker of Parliament from 1978 to 1981.