Toba Tek Singh
ٹوبھا ٹیک سنگھ
|District||Toba Tek Singh|
|• Metro||3,252 km2 (1,256 sq mi)|
|Elevation||149 m (489 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Union councils||32|
Toba Tek Singh (Punjabi : ٹوبھا ٹیک سنگھ, Urdu : ٹوبہ ٹیک سنگھ) is a city and capital of Toba Tek Singh District in the Pakistani province of Punjab. It is surrounded by cities of Gojra, Kamalia, Rajana, Pir Mahal and Shorkot.
The city and district is named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Mr. Singh, a kind hearted man, served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travelers passing by a small pond ("toba" in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name.
Toba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 19th Century when a canal system was built.People from all over the Punjab (currently Indian and Pakistani Punjab) moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur District. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:
Tehsil of the new Lyallpur District, Punjab, lying between 30°50' and 31°23' N. and 72° 20' and 72°54' E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (population,1,874), the headquarters, and GOJRA (2,589), an important grain market on the Wazirabad -Khanewal branch of the North-Western Railway. The land revenue and ceases in 1905-6 amounted to 4.7 lakhs. The tahsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tahsil, becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tahsil were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District of Lyallpur"
During the 1970s, when many Pakistani cities were renamed to change names given after British Rulers to their original or native names or more acceptable names to local population - for example, Montgomery returned to its original name Sahiwal - Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain its original name mainly because of reputation of Tek Singh. In 1982 Toba Tek Singh, formerly a subdivision, was separated from Faisalabad District and became a separate district.
In Toba Tek Singh, the Left parties held a farmers' conference on March 23-25, 1970, which was led by Maulana Bhashani. The farmers' conference made Toba Tek Singh famous in the country. Toba Tek Singh was chosen to host the farmers' conference because it was not only an important agricultural area but also had left-wing ideological leaders present before the partition of India.
On the evening of October 23, 1999, SNGPL employees were repairing a 26-inch diameter pipe at the wall assembly station on Jhang Maghiana Road of SNGPL's main pipeline passing through Toba Tek Singh city. An explosion set fire to the assembly station and surrounding houses, burning 13 people, including 11 employees, to death and injuring dozens.[ citation needed ]
Toba Tek Singh is located in central Punjab and occupies 3,252 square kilometers and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood frequently during the rainy season; the floods originate from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders. The pre-partition Toba Tek Singh had a sizable Sikh population, much of which migrated to Punjab in modern India in 1947.
Toba Tek Singh is one of the best producers of oranges, locally known as kenno. It contributes towards export standard quality of oranges. The majority of people living in this district work in agriculture and the region produces several kinds of agricultural and dairy products, including meat, eggs, cotton, maize, several pulses, peaches, guava, tomato, melon, water melon, mangoes, tobacco, onion.
Saadat Hasan Manto, an Urdu language novelist, wrote a short story entitled "Toba Tek Singh" which is a satire on the partition of Punjab; in the story, an inmate in an asylum frets over the question of whether his home town Toba Tek Singh is now in India or Pakistan.It was adapted into a short movie of the same name directed by Pakistani filmmaker Afia Nathaniel in 2005. In 2006, Sarmad Sehbai dramatized "Toba Tek Singh" for Pakistan Television which was aired on Pakistan Television on December 3, 2006 and it was adapted into a film, Partition , by Ken McMullen and Tariq Ali for the British Channel 4 in 1987.
It has also been made into an Indian short film by Ketan Mehta. Rapper Riz Ahmed released a track titled the same name in his 2020 album, "The Long Goodbye".
Toba Tek Singh District is a district of Faisalabad Division in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located between 30°33' to 31°2' Degree north latitudes and 72°08' to 72°48' Degree longitudes. It became a separate district in 1982.
Gojra, is the administrative capital of Gojra Tehsil and a city in the Toba Tek Singh District in Punjab province of Pakistan.
Kamalia is a city in the Toba Tek Singh District of Punjab, Pakistan. It is the administrative center of Kamalia Tehsil. It is the 42nd largest city of Pakistan by population and has a lot more population compared to nearby cities like Rajana, Chichawatni and Pir Mahal.
Toba Tek Singh is a subdivision (tehsil) of Toba Tek Singh District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is administratively subdivided into 32 Union Councils, three of which form the tehsil capital Toba Tek Singh.
Gojra is a tehsil in Toba Tek Singh District, Punjab, Pakistan. The tehsil covers an area of 1,115 km2, and is administratively subdivided into 24 Union Councils, six of which form the tehsil capital Gojra.
Nawan Lahore or New Lahore, , is a town located in the Toba Tek Singh District in Punjab, Pakistan.
NA-105 Toba Tek Singh-I is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan.
NA-106 Toba Tek Singh-II is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan. All political parties operate in this City. This city is located in Central Punjab and is considered one of the most educated and talented cities of Pakistan due to literacy rate and its geography.
NA-107 Toba Tek Singh-III is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan.
Toba Tek Singh Railway Station is located in Toba Tek Singh city, Toba Tek Singh district of Punjab province, Pakistan.
PP-118 Toba Tek Singh-I is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
PP-121 Toba Tek Singh-IV is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
PP-123 Toba Tek Singh-VI is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
PP-122 Toba Tek Singh-V is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
PP-119 Toba Tek Singh-II is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
PP-120 Toba Tek Singh-III is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.
Muhammad Hamza was a Pakistani politician who was a member of Senate of Pakistan from March 2012 to March 2018 and member of the National Assembly of Pakistan between 1985 and 1999. He was an elected member of the West Pakistan Legislative Assembly from 1962 to 1969. Hamza served twice as the chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of the National Assembly of Pakistan. He is known in Pakistani politics for his neutral views and fierce opposition. Hamza was considered as one of the closest aides to Fatima Jinnah, the sister of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, founding father of the nation.
Lt. Col. (R) Sardar Muhammad Ayub Khan Gadhi is a Pakistani politician and a retired military officer who was a member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from August 2018 till January 2023. Previously, he was a Member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from 2008 to May 2018. He has also remained Minister for Counter Terrorism Punjab.
Saeed Ahmad Saeedi is a Pakistani politician who had been a member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab from August 2018 till January 2023. He was born in Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. He is the son of Chaudhry Shafi Ahmed and he belongs to Arain family.