Toba betta

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Toba betta
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anabantiformes
Family: Osphronemidae
Genus: Betta
Species:
B. rubra
Binomial name
Betta rubra
Perugia, 1893

The Toba betta (Betta rubra) is a species of gourami endemic to Sumatra, Indonesia where it is an inhabitant of peat swamps. The species grows to a length of 5 centimetres (2.0 in) TL, and it can also be found in the aquarium trade. [2]

Parental care

Unlike Betta splendens which is a bubble nest builder, the Toba betta is a mouthbrooding fish. [3]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Penang betta</span> Species of fish

The Penang betta is a species of gourami native to Southeast Asia and common in swiftly flowing forest streams of the Malay Peninsula, Thailand, Sumatra, and the Riau Islands. In addition to its native range, the species has been introduced to Guam. It can be found amongst the vegetation growing along the banks. This species can reach a length of 6.7 centimetres (2.6 in) SL. It is one of the mouthbrooding Betta species. This species, as a natural predator of mosquito larvae, has found use in mosquito control efforts. Prior to its being eclipsed in Western public recognition by the mass-imported B. splendens, B. pugnax was well known as a fighting fish, as denoted by the specific epithet of pugnax, attracting the interest of scientists studying animal behaviour at least as long ago as the 1880s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siamese fighting fish</span> Gourami native to Thailand

The Siamese fighting fish, commonly known as the betta, is a freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia, namely Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is one of 73 species of the genus Betta, but the only one eponymously called "betta", owing to its global popularity as a pet; Betta splendens are among the most popular aquarium fish in the world, due to their diverse and colorful morphology and relatively low maintenance.

The spotted betta or Java fighting fish is a species of gourami endemic to Indonesia where it inhabits relatively cool, 22‒25 °C (72‒75 °F), highland streams of Java. In 1967, D. S. Johnson reported the species to be common in blackwaters of southern Malaya.

<i>Betta persephone</i> Species of fish

Betta persephone is a species of labyrinth fish endemic to Malaysia where it is only known from Johor. This betta's specific epithet derives from the Greek goddess Persephone, queen of the Underworld, a reference to the largely blackish colouration of this fish.

<i>Betta burdigala</i> Species of fish

Betta burdigala is a species of gourami endemic to Bangka Island in Indonesia. It is an inhabitant of peat swamps. This species grows to a length of 2.5 cm (0.98 in).

Betta chini is a species of gourami endemic to the island Borneo where it is only known from the Malaysian state of Sabah. It inhabits very shallow waters of peat swamps. Males of this species can reach a length of 5.1 centimetres (2.0 in) SL while females can reach a length of 5.6 centimetres (2.2 in).

Betta chloropharynx is a species of gourami endemic to Bangka Island, Indonesia. It inhabits the leaf litter in a pool in a secondary forest. This species grows to a length of 5.9 cm (2.3 in).

Betta livida is a species of gourami endemic to Malaysia, where it is only known from the state of Selangor. It is an inhabitant of peat swamps; it grows to a length of 3.6 cm (1.4 in).

The spotfin betta or Brunei beauty is a species of labyrinth fish endemic to the island of Borneo. It generally inhabits pools of very slow-moving water along rivers and streams in very shallow waters of 30 cm (12 in) or less. This species grows to a length of 6.7 cm (2.6 in) in the wild, and is occasionally found in the aquarium trade; in captivity this species regularly reaches 4 inches in length.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peaceful betta</span> Species of fish

The peaceful betta or crescent betta is a species of gourami native to Southeast Asia.

<i>Betta</i> Genus of fish

Betta is a large genus of small, active, often colorful, freshwater ray-finned fishes, in the gourami family (Osphronemidae). The best known Betta species is B. splendens, commonly known as the Siamese fighting fish and often kept as an aquarium pet.

<i>Betta albimarginata</i> Species of fish

Betta albimarginata is a species of betta fish, endemic to the island of Borneo where it is only found in the Indonesian province of Kalimantan Timur. It inhabits the shallows of forest streams amongst vegetation and debris along the shores. This species grows to a length of 2.8 cm (1.1 in). It is a mouthbrooding species.

Betta mandor is a species of gourami endemic to the island of Borneo where it is only known from the Indonesian province of Kalimantan Barat where it is found in the Kapuas basin. It is an inhabitant of streams and pools in forested swamps, usually found in quite shallow waters. It feeds on insects and other small invertebrate prey. This species can reach a length of 5.7 centimetres (2.2 in) TL. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade.

Betta unimaculata, the Howong betta, is a species of labyrinth fish endemic to the island of Borneo where it is only known from the eastern portion of the island. This species grows to a length of 12.6 centimetres (5.0 in) TL, one of the largest known species of Betta. This species is also found in the aquarium trade.

<i>Betta coccina</i> Species of fish

Betta coccina is a species of betta native to Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra, Indonesia. It grows to a length of 5.6 cm (2.2 in). It can be found in the aquarium trade.

Betta bellica. the slim betta or slender betta, is a species of betta native to eastern Sumatra in Indonesia and Peninsular Malaysia. It is an inhabitant of swamp forests and peat swamps. This species grows to a length of 10 cm (3.9 in). It can also be found in the aquarium trade.

<i>Betta simorum</i> Species of fish

Betta simorum is a species of gourami endemic to Indonesia. This species grows to a length of 6.4 centimetres (2.5 in) SL. This species can also be found in the aquarium trade. The species was named simorum and uses the Latin genitive plural "of the Sims", named so in honour of Thomas G. K. Sim and his wife Farrah, of Sindo Aquarium in Jambi, Sumatra.

Betta pinguis is a species of gourami endemic to Indonesia. It is an inhabitant of forest streams. This species grows to a length of 7.9 centimetres (3.1 in) SL. This fish is used by local peoples as bait.

<i>Betta edithae</i> Species of fish

Betta edithae is a species of gourami endemic to Indonesia where it occurs in Kalimantan, Sumatra and the Riau Archipelago. This species grows to a length of 8.2 cm (3.2 in), and can be found in the aquarium trade. The specific name honours the German aquarist Edith Korthaus (1923-1987), who co-discovered this species with her husband Walter Foersch. Walter is honoured in the specific name of another species they discovered, Betta foerschi.

Betta foerschi is a species of gourami endemic to the island of Borneo, where it is only known from the southern portion. It inhabits creeks in the rain forest. This species grows to a length of 7 cm (2.8 in). It can be found in the aquarium trade. The specific name of this fish honours the German physician and aquarist Walter Foersch (1932-1993), who collected the type with his wife Edith Korthaus. Edith is honoured in the specific name of another species they discovered, Betta edithae.

References

  1. Low, B.W. (2019). Betta rubra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-2.RLTS.T91310582A91310586.en
  2. Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2014). "Betta rubra" in FishBase . February 2014 version.
  3. Wiegert, Joshua (August 2015) The Bold and Beautiful Betta rubra. Tropical Fish Magazine