Tobias El Khazen

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  • Tobias El Khazen
  • طوبيا الخازن
Patriarch of Antioch
Patriarch Toubiah el Khazen.jpg
Church Maronite Church
See Patriarch of Antioch
ElectedFebruary 28, 1756
Term endedMay 19, 1766
Predecessor Simon Awad
Successor Joseph Estephan
Personal details
DiedMay 19, 1766
Ghosta, Lebanon
Ordination history
History
Episcopal consecration
Consecrated by Jacob Awad Bishop
DateFebruary 12, 1733
Episcopal succession
Bishops consecrated by Tobias El Khazen as principal consecrator
Choukri Aroutin 1762
Michael Fadel 1762
Grégoire Sciukrallah Jaroue 1762

Tobias El Khazen (or Tubiya al-Khazin, [1] Arabic : طوبيا الخازن, Latin : Tobias Alchasen, died 1766) was a former Eparch of the Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Cyprus, Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Tripoli and the 62nd Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1756 to his death in 1766.

Contents

Life

Tobias El Khazen was a member of the Abu Nawfal branch of the Khazen family, which ruled the Keserwan District, and he was a nephew of Patriarch Joseph Dergham El Khazen. He entered in the Lebanese Maronite Order. In 1733, when his uncle became patriarch, Tobias was appointed administrator of the Patriarchal residence of Qannubin Monastery, in the Kadisha Valley, [2] :115 and appointed titular bishop of Naplouse. [3] On February 12, 1733, El Khazen was ordained bishop by Maronite Patriarch of Antioch Jacob Awad. In 1736 he was appointed bishop of the Maronite Catholic Archeparchy of Cyprus, [4] and with this title he participated in the 1736 Maronite Synod of Mount-Lebanon.

In 1743 at the death of his uncle Patriarch Joseph Dergham Khazen, after the initial refusal of Simon Awad, Tobias in competition with Elias Mohasseb tried to be elected patriarch, but the case came to the Pope who chose Simon Awad in place of the two pretenders. [5] [6] In 1750 Tobias was appointed bishop of Tyre and Vice-Patriarch. [2] In 1755 he was appointed Eparch of Tripoli and at the death of Simon Awad, Tobias succeeded at being elected patriarch on February 28, 1756. He was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIV on March 28, 1757. [7] [8]

The new patriarch placed his residence in Kisrawan, particularly in the monastery of Mar Rouhana.

As patriarch, Tobias had three main issues to manage: the implementation of the 1736 Maronite Synod, the Hindiyya case and the problems in the Lebanese Maronite Order. To implement the 1736 Synod he summoned a new synod on August 25, 1756, without great results, and again another synod in 1762 which reduced the dioceses only to fifteen, not eight as requested in 1736. About Hindiyya he took a neutral position, which allowed Hindiyya to grow her influence during his patriarchate. The dispute over the Lebanese Maronite Order could be solved only under his successor, Joseph Estephan, when in 1770 it was divided into two branches, giving rise to OMM. Tobias El Khazen died on May 19, 1766. [7]

See also

Citations

  1. [The addition of the name Peter (in Arabic : Boutros) your first name is customary for newly elected Maronite patriarchs; about El Khazen, acts Consistory of 1757 call Tobias Petrus , and likewise the patriarch signature Tobias Petrus Gazenius patriarcha Antiochenus in the letter with a request to the pope the confirmation of his election.]
  2. 1 2 Leeuwen, Richard (1994). Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: the Khazin Sheiks and the Maronite Church. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN   90-04-09978-6.
  3. [With this title is mentioned in brief cancellation of his election; see. next note.]
  4. K. Rizk (2003). "Khazen Thobie". Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques . Vol. 28. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. pp. 1425–1426.
  5. de Clercq, Charles (1949). Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, Tome XI Conciles des Orientaux Catholiques. Vol. 1. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. p. 274.
  6. [Papal brief Quod not humana of 13 March 1743 on https://archive.org/stream/iurispontificii02martgoog#page/n111/mode/2up, vol. III, pp. 96-98.]
  7. 1 2 Dib, Pierre (2001). Histoire des Maronites: L'église maronite du XVIe siècle à nos jours, Volume 3. Librairie Orientale. pp. 194–196. ISBN   978-9953-17-005-3.
  8. vol. II, pp. 203-211.

Sources

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