Toblach

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Toblach
Gemeinde Toblach
Comune di Dobbiaco
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Toblach
CoA civ ITA Toblach-Dobbiaco.svg
Location of Toblach
Toblach
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Toblach
Location of Toblach in Italy
Italy Trentino-South Tyrol location map.svg
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Toblach
Toblach (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)
Coordinates: 46°44′N12°13′E / 46.733°N 12.217°E / 46.733; 12.217
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province South Tyrol (BZ)
Frazioni Aufkirchen, Wahlen
Government
  MayorGuido Bocher
Area
[1]
  Total126.6 km2 (48.9 sq mi)
Elevation
1,241 m (4,072 ft)
Population
 (Nov. 2010) [2]
  Total3,283
  Density26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Demonym(s) German: Toblacher or Toblinger
Italian: dobbiacensi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
39034
Dialing code 0474
Saint dayMay 28
Website Official website
The krampus in Toblach Krampus2.jpg
The krampus in Toblach

Toblach (German: [ˈtoːblax] ; Italian : Dobbiaco [dobˈbjaːko] ) is a comune /Gemeinde (municipality) in South Tyrol in Northern Italy, located in the Puster Valley about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of the city of Bolzano, on the border with Austria.

Contents

Geography

As of November 30, 2010, it had a population of 3,283 and an area of 126.6 square kilometres (48.9 sq mi). [3]

Toblach borders the following municipalities: Gsies, Innichen, Niederdorf, Prags, Auronzo di Cadore, Cortina d'Ampezzo and Innervillgraten (Austria).

The prominent mountain peaks the Tre Cime di Lavaredo (the Drei Zinnen in German) are located nearby. The Drava/Drau also flows from the nearby mountains; other rivers in the comune include the Rienz, which flows from the nearby Toblacher See.

Frazioni

The municipality of Toblach contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Aufkirchen/Santa Maria and Wahlen/San Silvestro and the settlement of Schluderbach.

History

The locality is first being mentioned as in vico Duplago in a document issued by the bishopric of Freising as of 827. [4]

Coat-of-arms

The escutcheon is divided vertically into two parts with a central circle, the colors are red and white alternating. It was the arms of the Lords of Herbstenburg who bought the castle in 1509 and ruled the village. The emblem was granted in 1967. [5]

Artists

Here, in a tiny wood cabin in the pine forests close to Toblach, in the summers of 190810 Gustav Mahler composed his ninth symphony, the last he completed, and Das Lied von der Erde, and also began work on his tenth symphony.

Society

Linguistic distribution

In the 2011 census, 84.10% of the population declared that they belonged to the German-speaking community, 15.58% to the Italian and 0.32% to the Ladin. [6]

Demographic evolution

Toblach

Climate

Climate data for Toblach (1971–2000, extremes 1946–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.4
(59.7)
14.6
(58.3)
18.1
(64.6)
23.6
(74.5)
28.6
(83.5)
32.0
(89.6)
32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
28.8
(83.8)
24.4
(75.9)
17.6
(63.7)
12.1
(53.8)
32.4
(90.3)
Average high °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
2.8
(37.0)
6.6
(43.9)
10.3
(50.5)
15.4
(59.7)
18.9
(66.0)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
17.4
(63.3)
11.6
(52.9)
4.8
(40.6)
0.4
(32.7)
10.9
(51.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.2
(24.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.6
(34.9)
5.1
(41.2)
9.8
(49.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.6
(60.1)
15.2
(59.4)
11.7
(53.1)
6.8
(44.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.8
(42.4)
Average low °C (°F)−8.5
(16.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.2
(39.6)
7.4
(45.3)
9.5
(49.1)
9.2
(48.6)
6.0
(42.8)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
0.7
(33.3)
Record low °C (°F)−30.0
(−22.0)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.0
(10.4)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−30.0
(−22.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)22.2
(0.87)
28.8
(1.13)
33.9
(1.33)
43.8
(1.72)
78.6
(3.09)
103.9
(4.09)
120.5
(4.74)
97.9
(3.85)
75.8
(2.98)
72.1
(2.84)
44.4
(1.75)
29.6
(1.17)
751.5
(29.59)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)4.23.75.07.310.613.012.711.77.97.16.15.294.5
Average relative humidity (%)71676464656260636669727466
Source: Servizio Meteorologico (humidity 1961–1990) [7] [8] [9]

Airport

Approximately 1 km to the South of Toblach lies Toblach Airport Italy's northernmost airport. The small military airfield has a 700 m long and 50 m wide grass runway and is managed by the Italian Air Force's Airport Detachment Toblach. From May to October the airport is open for civilian traffic on weekends and holidays.

Sports

Toblach is a regular host of FIS Cross-Country World Cup events and has hosted several stages of the Tour de Ski, a cross-country skiing stage event.

See also

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References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. Martin Bitschnau; Hannes Obermair (2009). Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Abteilung: Die Urkunden zur Geschichte des Inn-, Eisack- und Pustertals. Vol. 1: Bis zum Jahr 1140. Innsbruck: Universitätsverlag Wagner. pp. 61–4, no. 87. ISBN   978-3-7030-0469-8.
  5. Heraldry of the World: Toblach
  6. "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  7. "Dobbiaco (BZ)" (PDF). Atlante climatico. Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  8. "STAZIONE 033 Dobbiaco: medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  9. "Dobbiaco: Record mensili dal 1946" (in Italian). Servizio Meteorologico dell’Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved 19 May 2015.

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