Toby Warren Scott
October 30, 1948
|Alma mater||Santa Barbara City College|
|Occupation||Music recording engineer, mixer, record producer|
|Employer||Thrill Hill Recording 1982-2017|
|Organization(s)||Cabin 6, Inc., Toby Scott Productions Inc|
|Honours||20 Platinum Records[ citation needed ]|
Toby Warren Scott is an American record producer, engineer and sound mixer. In addition to serving as an engineer on 18 Bruce Springsteen albums and numerous live performances, Scott has also recorded artists including Bob Dylan, Natalie Merchant, Steve Perry, Bette Midler, Blue Öyster Cult, Tommy Tutone and Little Steven & The Disciples Of Soul.
Born in 1948, Scott attended high school in Santa Barbara, California, where he began playing guitar and piano, and he later joined a rock band as bass player on the local garage and party circuit. He became a music major in college while continuing to play in bands, and started managing and producing several local acts, acquiring contracts and recording their music in studios. Scott moved to Los Angeles in 1975, where he was hired at Clover Studios.After two years, he had become the Chief Engineer and Co-Manager of Clover.
A milestone in Scott's career occurred in Spring 1978, when Chuck Plotkin asked him to remix a song for one of his clients, Bruce Springsteen, for Darkness on the Edge of Town . "After we spent one or two days on it, we sequenced the record and had it mastered", Toby recounted. The song, "Prove It All Night", was also released as the first single.Springsteen returned to Clover Studios with co-producer Plotkin in May 1980, to mix his fifth album, The River . 25 songs were mixed for the album, plus additional tracks designated as "b-sides" for single releases. After the album was released, Springsteen asked Scott to perform the remote recording for 30 shows during the course of his 1980-81 US tour. After mixing Gary U.S. Bonds' On the Line album in March 1982, for which Springsteen wrote seven songs and co-produced them with Steven Van Zandt, Scott was asked to fly to New York to mix Van Zandt's first album, Men Without Women, and to begin recording Springsteen's seventh album. "From noon until six, I was working at the Hit Factory, mixing Steve Van Zandt, and then from seven until one in the morning I was with Bruce at The Power Station, recording basic tracks", Scott explained. Eventually, Steve was so excited by the work Scott was doing with the mixes and the perspective, he wrote four more songs to record and mix, which extended Scott's trip to New York to four months. For the Nebraska album, Scott was tasked with transferring the Nebraska demos from a cassette Springsteen had carried in his pocket for three months, to a higher quality tape for mastering. "The album sounds the way it does because of all those factors, the multiple tapes, the dirty heads...it's all part of the overall atmosphere that Bruce liked about the songs", said Toby, after he had completed the task. Scott moved permanently to the Big Apple in the Fall of 1983. Recording sessions for Springsteen's seventh album extended to March 1984, finally released in June with the title, Born in the U.S.A.
Continuing independent projects in New York and Los Angeles, he also recorded many live Springsteen shows on tour during 1984–1985. In late 1986, Scott began putting together Thrill Hill Recording, a studio built inside a garage apartment in New Jersey. That was completed, and recording began on the Tunnel of Love in January 1987.By this time, both men acknowledged Scott's responsibilities were now devoted exclusively to Springsteen. While Springsteen took his band and entourage on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour in 1988, Scott headed to the Los Angeles and Beverly Hills to upgrade the Thrill Hill West facilities. Scott was responsible for selecting materials and electronics, hiring specialists, and jumping back on a plane anytime he was needed. On January 6, 1991, Scott established permanent residence in Whitefish, Montana, then continued commuting to the West or East Coasts to join Springsteen regularly. This association continued with his role evolving to include “Production Supervisor” on albums Springsteen used an alternate engineer. In addition, Scott continued directing the archiving of Springsteen's extensive audio and video catalog and mixing concerts for release as “The Archive Concert Series” for download from the Springsteen website.
In late 2017, by mutual agreement, Scott parted company with Springsteen. Currently, Scott is a freelance engineer and mixer, working out of his Cabin 6 studio in Whitefish, Montana. He has recently mixed and recorded a number of artists in country, rock, pop, jazz and classical. He is currently involved in a film-scoring project that is soon to be completed at Skywalker Ranch.
Born in the U.S.A. is the seventh studio album by American rock singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released by Columbia Records on June 4, 1984. The album's music was written by Springsteen and recorded with his E Street Band and producers Chuck Plotkin and Jon Landau at The Power Station and The Hit Factory in New York City over the course of several years. The process of recording the album was intertwined with that of his previous album, Nebraska. The cover featured an iconic photograph of Springsteen from behind, taken by photographer Annie Leibovitz.
Nebraska is the sixth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released on September 30, 1982, by Columbia Records. Springsteen recorded the songs as demos on a 4-track recorder, intending to rerecord them with the E Street Band, but decided to release them as they were. Nebraska remains one of the most highly regarded albums in his catalogue.
Darkness on the Edge of Town is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released on June 2, 1978, by Columbia Records. The album marked the end of a three-year gap between albums brought on by contractual obligations and legal battling with former manager Mike Appel.
The River is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released on October 17, 1980, by Columbia Records. Springsteen's only double album, The River was produced by Jon Landau, Springsteen, and bandmate Steven Van Zandt. The album was Springsteen's first to go number one on the Billboard Top LPs & Tape chart and spent four weeks at the top of the charts. "The River" was nominated for Best Rock Vocal Performance at the 1982 Grammy Awards.
Devils & Dust is the thirteenth studio album by American recording artist Bruce Springsteen, and his third acoustic album. It was released on April 25, 2005, in Europe and on April 26, 2005, in the United States. It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 album chart.
Tracks is a four-disc box set by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released in 1998 containing 66 songs. This box set mostly consists of never-before-released songs recorded during the sessions for his many albums, but also includes a number of single B-sides, as well as demos and alternate versions of already-released material.
Greatest Hits is the first compilation album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released February 27, 1995, on Columbia Records. It is a collection of some of Springsteen's hit singles and popular album tracks through the years along with four new songs at the end, mostly recorded with the E Street Band in 1995. The latter constituted Springsteen's first release with his backing band since the late 1980s. Some of the songs are shorter versions of the original album releases.
Shot of Love is the 21st studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on August 12, 1981, by Columbia Records. It is considered to be Dylan's last of a trilogy of Christian albums. Arrangements are rooted more in rock, and less in gospel than Dylan's two previous albums.
The E Street Band is an American rock band, and has been musician Bruce Springsteen's primary backing band since 1972. The band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2014. For the bulk of Springsteen's recording and performing career, the band consisted of: guitarists Steven Van Zandt, Nils Lofgren, and Patti Scialfa, keyboardists Danny Federici and Roy Bittan, bassist Garry Tallent, drummer Max Weinberg, and saxophonist Clarence Clemons.
Hearts of Stone is the third album by New Jersey rock band Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, released in October 1978. The album peaked at number 112 on the Billboard 200 chart during the week of January 13, 1979. All of the album's songs were written by Southside Johnny, Bruce Springsteen, and E Street Band guitarist Steven Van Zandt. Van Zandt, the band's manager, also produced, arranged and played guitar.
Charles Richard Plotkin is a recording engineer and producer, best known for his work with Bruce Springsteen and Bob Dylan.
Men Without Women is the debut solo studio album by American musician Steven Van Zandt, credited as Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul. It was released on October 1, 1982 by EMI America. The title track was inspired by the Ernest Hemingway collection of short stories of the same name.
No Frills is the sixth studio album by American singer Bette Midler, released on Atlantic Records in 1983. No Frills was Midler's first studio album in four years, following the movies The Rose, Divine Madness! and Jinxed!. The rock and new wave influenced album was produced by Chuck Plotkin, best known for his work with Bob Dylan and Bruce Springsteen, and included three single releases; the ballad "All I Need to Know", a cover of Marshall Crenshaw's "You're My Favorite Waste of Time" and Midler's take on the Rolling Stones song "Beast of Burden".
"I'm Goin' Down" is a rock song written and performed by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released on August 27, 1985 by Columbia Records as the sixth single from his 1984 album Born in the U.S.A. The song was recorded with the E Street Band in May 1982 at the Power Station music studio, and co-produced by Springsteen, Jon Landau, Chuck Plotkin, and Steve Van Zandt. Although Springsteen had changing ideas about the songs to put on the album, "I'm Goin' Down" was ultimately selected for inclusion.
On the Line is an album released by Gary U.S. Bonds in 1982, the second of two on which he collaborated with Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band, the first being Dedication, released the previous year, 1981.
This Time It's for Real was the second album by New Jersey Rock / R&B band Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, featuring three compositions by Bruce Springsteen and Steve Van Zandt, as well as an additional five by the latter. Like their first album, I Don't Want To Go Home, there are a number of guest artists and duets, a trend that would be dropped for their next album, Hearts of Stone. "Check Mr. Popeye" features Kenny "Popeye" Pentifallo on vocals with The Coasters on background vocals. The track "First Night" features The Satins on background vocals and Steven Van Zandt on duet vocals. "Little Girl So Fine" features background vocals by The Drifters. Another highlight is a cover of Aretha Franklin's "Without Love".
The Promise is a studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released November 16, 2010 on Columbia Records. The album is a collection of previously unreleased songs which were recorded during the Darkness on the Edge of Town sessions in 1977–1978, with some vocals and additional instrumentation overdubs recorded in 2010. It was released in 2CD and 3LP formats. The album is also available as part of the box set The Promise: The Darkness on the Edge of Town Story. The two-CD version of the release entered the UK Albums Chart at number 7. It had been in production for many years and was originally scheduled to be released for the 30th anniversary in 2008. The Promise debuted at #16 on the Billboard 200, while the box set, The Promise: The Darkness on the Edge of Town Story, debuted at #27.
The Born in the U.S.A. 12" Single Collection is a box set of 12" singles from the album Born in the U.S.A. by rock artist Bruce Springsteen. It was released in the UK in 1985 courtesy of CBS Records to help promote the Born in the U.S.A. album. It originally came with a poster of Springsteen and a bonus 7" single previously unreleased in the UK. It contains all the singles from Born in the U.S.A. except for "My Hometown" and "Born in the U.S.A." All songs written by Springsteen and mixed by Bob Clearmountain except where noted.
High Hopes is the eighteenth studio album by American recording artist Bruce Springsteen, released January 14, 2014, on Columbia Records. The album was Springsteen's 11th #1 album in the United States, placing him third all-time for most No. 1 albums only behind The Beatles and Jay-Z. It was his tenth No. 1 in the UK putting him on par with The Rolling Stones and U2. Rolling Stone named it the second-best album of 2014 on their year-end list.
Chapter and Verse is a compilation album by Bruce Springsteen that was released on September 23, 2016. The album is a companion piece to Springsteen's 500-plus-page autobiography, Born to Run, which was released four days later. The career-spanning album features eighteen songs handpicked by Springsteen, five of which have never been released. The album contains Springsteen's earliest recording from 1966 and late '60s/early '70s songs from his tenure in The Castiles, Steel Mill and The Bruce Springsteen Band along with his first 1972 demos for Columbia Records and songs from his studio albums from 1973 until 2012.