Toby Scott

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Toby Scott
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Toby Warren Scott

(1948-10-30) October 30, 1948 (age 73)
Alma mater Santa Barbara City College
OccupationMusic recording engineer, mixer, record producer
EmployerThrill Hill Recording 1982-2017
Organization(s)Cabin 6, Inc., Toby Scott Productions Inc
Honours20 Platinum Records[ citation needed ]

Toby Warren Scott is an American record producer, engineer and sound mixer. In addition to serving as an engineer on 18 Bruce Springsteen albums and numerous live performances, Scott has also recorded artists including Bob Dylan, Natalie Merchant, Steve Perry, Bette Midler, Blue Öyster Cult, Tommy Tutone and Little Steven & The Disciples Of Soul.


Early life and music career

Born in 1948, Scott attended high school in Santa Barbara, California, where he began playing guitar and piano, and he later joined a rock band as bass player on the local garage and party circuit. He became a music major in college while continuing to play in bands, and started managing and producing several local acts, acquiring contracts and recording their music in studios. Scott moved to Los Angeles in 1975, where he was hired at Clover Studios. [1] After two years, he had become the Chief Engineer and Co-Manager of Clover. [2]

Association with Bruce Springsteen

A milestone in Scott's career occurred in Spring 1978, when Chuck Plotkin asked him to remix a song for one of his clients, Bruce Springsteen, for Darkness on the Edge of Town . "After we spent one or two days on it, we sequenced the record and had it mastered", Toby recounted. The song, "Prove It All Night", was also released as the first single. [2] Springsteen returned to Clover Studios with co-producer Plotkin in May 1980, to mix his fifth album, The River . 25 songs were mixed for the album, plus additional tracks designated as "b-sides" for single releases. After the album was released, Springsteen asked Scott to perform the remote recording for 30 shows during the course of his 1980-81 US tour. After mixing Gary U.S. Bonds' On the Line album in March 1982, for which Springsteen wrote seven songs and co-produced them with Steven Van Zandt, Scott was asked to fly to New York to mix Van Zandt's first album, Men Without Women, and to begin recording Springsteen's seventh album. "From noon until six, I was working at the Hit Factory, mixing Steve Van Zandt, and then from seven until one in the morning I was with Bruce at The Power Station, recording basic tracks", Scott explained. Eventually, Steve was so excited by the work Scott was doing with the mixes and the perspective, he wrote four more songs to record and mix, which extended Scott's trip to New York to four months. For the Nebraska album, Scott was tasked with transferring the Nebraska demos from a cassette Springsteen had carried in his pocket for three months, to a higher quality tape for mastering. "The album sounds the way it does because of all those factors, the multiple tapes, the dirty's all part of the overall atmosphere that Bruce liked about the songs", said Toby, after he had completed the task. Scott moved permanently to the Big Apple in the Fall of 1983. [3] Recording sessions for Springsteen's seventh album extended to March 1984, finally released in June with the title, Born in the U.S.A. [4]

Continuing independent projects in New York and Los Angeles, he also recorded many live Springsteen shows on tour during 1984–1985. In late 1986, Scott began putting together Thrill Hill Recording, a studio built inside a garage apartment in New Jersey. That was completed, and recording began on the Tunnel of Love in January 1987. [5] By this time, both men acknowledged Scott's responsibilities were now devoted exclusively to Springsteen. While Springsteen took his band and entourage on the Tunnel of Love Express Tour in 1988, Scott headed to the Los Angeles and Beverly Hills to upgrade the Thrill Hill West facilities. Scott was responsible for selecting materials and electronics, hiring specialists, and jumping back on a plane anytime he was needed. On January 6, 1991, Scott established permanent residence in Whitefish, Montana, then continued commuting to the West or East Coasts to join Springsteen regularly. This association continued with his role evolving to include “Production Supervisor” on albums Springsteen used an alternate engineer. [6] In addition, Scott continued directing the archiving of Springsteen's extensive audio and video catalog and mixing concerts for release as “The Archive Concert Series” for download from the Springsteen website. [7]

Current career

In late 2017, by mutual agreement, Scott parted company with Springsteen. Currently, Scott is a freelance engineer and mixer, working out of his Cabin 6 studio in Whitefish, Montana. He has recently mixed and recorded a number of artists in country, rock, pop, jazz and classical. He is currently involved in a film-scoring project that is soon to be completed at Skywalker Ranch. [8] [9]

Related Research Articles

<i>Born in the U.S.A.</i> 1984 studio album by Bruce Springsteen

Born in the U.S.A. is the seventh studio album by American rock singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released by Columbia Records on June 4, 1984. The album's music was written by Springsteen and recorded with his E Street Band and producers Chuck Plotkin and Jon Landau at The Power Station and The Hit Factory in New York City over the course of several years. The process of recording the album was intertwined with that of his previous album, Nebraska. The cover featured an iconic photograph of Springsteen from behind, taken by photographer Annie Leibovitz.

<i>Nebraska</i> (album) 1982 studio album by Bruce Springsteen

Nebraska is the sixth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released on September 30, 1982, by Columbia Records. Springsteen recorded the songs as demos on a 4-track recorder, intending to rerecord them with the E Street Band, but decided to release them as they were. Nebraska remains one of the most highly regarded albums in his catalogue.

<i>Darkness on the Edge of Town</i> 1978 studio album by Bruce Springsteen

Darkness on the Edge of Town is the fourth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released on June 2, 1978, by Columbia Records. The album marked the end of a three-year gap between albums brought on by contractual obligations and legal battling with former manager Mike Appel.

<i>The River</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 1980 album by Bruce Springsteen

The River is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released on October 17, 1980, by Columbia Records. Springsteen's only double album, The River was produced by Jon Landau, Springsteen, and bandmate Steven Van Zandt. The album was Springsteen's first to go number one on the Billboard Top LPs & Tape chart and spent four weeks at the top of the charts. "The River" was nominated for Best Rock Vocal Performance at the 1982 Grammy Awards.

<i>Devils & Dust</i> 2005 studio album by Bruce Springsteen

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<i>Tracks</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 1998 box set by Bruce Springsteen

Tracks is a four-disc box set by American singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen, released in 1998 containing 66 songs. This box set mostly consists of never-before-released songs recorded during the sessions for his many albums, but also includes a number of single B-sides, as well as demos and alternate versions of already-released material.

<i>Greatest Hits</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 1995 greatest hits album by Bruce Springsteen

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<i>Shot of Love</i> 1981 studio album by Bob Dylan

Shot of Love is the 21st studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on August 12, 1981, by Columbia Records. It is considered to be Dylan's last of a trilogy of Christian albums. Arrangements are rooted more in rock, and less in gospel than Dylan's two previous albums.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">E Street Band</span> Bruce Springsteens backing band

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<i>Hearts of Stone</i> (Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes album) 1978 studio album by Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes

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Charles Richard Plotkin is a recording engineer and producer, best known for his work with Bruce Springsteen and Bob Dylan.

<i>Men Without Women</i> (album) 1982 studio album by Little Steven and the Disciples of Soul

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<i>No Frills</i> (Bette Midler album) 1983 studio album by Bette Midler

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">I'm Goin' Down</span> 1985 single by Bruce Springsteen

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<i>The Promise</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 2010 compilation album by Bruce Springsteen

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  2. 1 2 Graff, Gary (2005). The Ties That Bind: Bruce Springsteen A To E To Z. Detroit: Visible Ink Press. p. 330. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  3. Keller, Daniel. "Bruce Springsteen's "Nebraska" - A PortaStudio, two SM57's, and Inspiration". Tascam. Tascam. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  4. Carlin, Peter (2013). Bruce!. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. pp. 213, 221–224, 242, 262, 275. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  5. Marsh, Dave (2004). BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN TWO HEARTS. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 504–507. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  6. Himes, Geoffrey (2005). Born in the U.S.A 33 1/3. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing Pic. pp. 52–53. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  7. Springsteen, Bruce (2016). Born To Run. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. pp. 228, 258, 284]. ISBN   978-1501141515 . Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  8. Scott, Toby. "Cabin 6, Inc". Cabin 6 Recording Studio. Cabin 6, Inc. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  9. Scott, Toby. "Toby Scott Productions Inc". Toby Scott Audio. Toby Scott Productions Inc. Retrieved 10 February 2020.