Toca (spider)

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Toca
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Ctenidae
Genus: Toca
Polotow & Brescovit, 2009 [1]
Type species
T. bossanova
Polotow & Brescovit, 2009
Species

Toca is a genus of South American wandering spiders first described by D. Polotow & Antônio Brescovit in 2009. [2] As of April 2019 it contains only two species, both found in Brazil: T. bossanova and T. samba. [1]

Related Research Articles

Wandering spider Family of spiders

Wandering spiders (Ctenidae) are a family of spiders that includes the Brazilian wandering spiders. These spiders have a distinctive longitudinal groove on the top-rear of their oval carapace similar to those of the Amaurobiidae. They are highly defensive and venomous nocturnal hunters. Despite their notoriety for being dangerous, only a few members of Phoneutria have venom known to be hazardous to humans, but the venoms of this family are poorly known, so all larger ctenids should be treated with caution.

<i>Cupiennius</i> Genus of spiders

Cupiennius, known by the common name bromeliad spiders or as the often confused name banana spiders, is a genus of araneomorph spiders in the family Trechaleidae, named by Eugène Simon in 1891. They are found from Mexico to northwestern South America, and on some Caribbean islands. Unlike the dangerously venomous Phoneutria, bites from these spiders typically have only minor effects on humans, and have been compared to a bee sting.

Udubidae Family of spiders

Udubidae is a family of araneomorph spiders, most of whose members were formerly placed in the family Zorocratidae, which is no longer accepted.

Celaetycheus is a genus of South American wandering spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1897.

Centroctenus is a genus of South American wandering spiders first described by Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão in 1929.

Gephyroctenus is a genus of South American wandering spiders first described by Cândido Firmino de Mello-Leitão in 1936.

<i>Isoctenus</i> Genus of spiders

Isoctenus is a genus of South American wandering spiders first described by Philipp Bertkau in 1880.

Ohvida is a genus of Caribbean wandering spiders first described by D. Polotow & Antônio Brescovit in 2009.

Parabatinga is a monotypic genus of South American wandering spiders containing the single species, Parabatinga brevipes. It was first described by D. Polotow & Antônio Brescovit in a 2009 revision of Isoctenus, naming Ctenus brevipes as the female holotype and Ctenus taeniatus as the male holotype. They are found in Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay. The name is derived from the Tupian "paraba", meaning "spot", and "tinga", meaning white, referring to the white spots found on the ventral part of the abdomen.

Yabisi is a genus of tree trunk spiders that was first described by C. A. Rheims & A. D. Brescovit in 2004. As of May 2019 it contains only two species: Y. guaba and Y. habanensis.

Amazoromus is a genus of South American ground spiders that was first described by Antônio Brescovit & H. Höfer in 1994.

Itatiaya is a genus of spiders in the family Zoropsidae. It was first described in 1915 by Mello-Leitão. As of 2017, it contains 8 species, all found in Brazil.

Spinoctenus is a genus of wandering spiders first described by N. A. Hazzi, D. Polotow, Antônio Domingos Brescovit, R. González-Obando & M. Simó in 2018.

Chinja is a genus of Tanzanian araneomorph spiders in the family Zoropsidae, first described by D. Polotow & C. Griswold in 2018. As of April 2019 it contains only two species.

Tonton is a genus of South American mygalomorph spiders in the family Microstigmatidae. It was first described by V. Passanha, I. Cizauskas and Antônio Domingos Brescovit in 2019, and it has only been found in Brazil.

Kiekie is a genus of wandering spiders first described by D. Polotow and Antônio Domingos Brescovit in 2018. The type species, Kiekie sinuatipes, was originally described under the name "Ctenus sinuatipes".

Guasuctenus is a small genus of South American wandering spiders first described by D. Polotow and Antônio Domingos Brescovit in 2019. As of November 2021 it contains only two species: G. longipes and G. vittatissimus. The type species was originally described under the name "Ctenus griseus.

Cinetomorpha is a genus of goblin spiders first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1892. It is a senior synonym of Lucetia, and Yumates.

References

  1. 1 2 Gloor, Daniel; Nentwig, Wolfgang; Blick, Theo; Kropf, Christian (2019). "Gen. Toca Polotow & Brescovit, 2009". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. doi:10.24436/2 . Retrieved 2019-05-25.
  2. Polotow, D.; Brescovit, A. D. (2009). "Description of Toca, a new neotropical spider genus (Araneae, Ctenidae, Calocteninae)". Journal of Arachnology. 37 (2): 243–245. doi:10.1636/a08-24.1. S2CID   84233457.

"Toca" at the Encyclopedia of Life