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The Tocheichah or Tochacha, meaning admonition or reproof, is the section in chapter 26 of Leviticus which highlights the consequence of a failure by the people of Israel to follow God's laws and keep his commandments. [1] It forms part of the parashah Bechukotai, the final portion of Leviticus. It is distinguished from the preceding section, [2] which relates to God's blessings which will be bestowed if the people of Israel do walk in God's ways and keep his commandments.

Book of Leviticus third book of the Bible

The Book of Leviticus is the third book of the Torah and of the Old Testament. Most of its chapters consist of God's speeches to Moses, which God commands Moses to repeat to the Israelites. This takes place within the story of the Israelites' Exodus after they escaped Egypt and reached Mt. Sinai. The Book of Exodus narrates how Moses led the Israelites in building the Tabernacle with God's instructions. Then in Leviticus, God tells the Israelites and their priests how to make offerings in the Tabernacle and how to conduct themselves while camped around the holy tent sanctuary. Leviticus takes place during the month or month-and-a-half between the completion of the Tabernacle and the Israelites' departure from Sinai.

Israel country in the Middle East

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.


The term parashah formally means a section of a biblical book in the Masoretic Text of the Tanakh. In the Masoretic Text, parashah sections are designated by various types of spacing between them, as found in Torah scrolls, scrolls of the books of Nevi'im or Ketuvim, masoretic codices from the Middle Ages and printed editions of the masoretic text.

Deuteronomy 28:15-68 has a similar series of curses proclaimed by Moses as the consequence of a failure by his people to follow God's laws and keep his commandments.

Moses person, mentioned in the Torah (Pentateuch) and in the Quran, who led the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt to Canaan

Moses was a prophet according to the teachings of the Abrahamic religions. Unlike other religious figures such as Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad, whose historical existences are well documented; scholarly consensus sees Moses as a legendary figure and not a historical person.

Because of the distressing nature of the admonitions - terror, disease, warfare, famine and desolation - this section is traditionally read in a low voice in synagogue readings (but loud enough to be audible to the congregation) [3] The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rabbi Shlomo Ganzfried prescribed that the Tocheichah must always be read without a break, and that three verses before the admonitions and three verses after the admonitions, read in a normal, fully audible voice, must always be included in the reading. [4] Thus the admonitions would always be accompanied by the message that God would remember his covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Synagogue Jewish or Samaritan house of prayer

A synagogue, is a Jewish or Samaritan house of worship.

<i>Shulchan Aruch</i> book of Jewish law by Rabbi Joseph Karo

The Shulchan Aruch, sometimes dubbed in English as the Code of Jewish Law, is the most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism. It was authored in Safed by Joseph Karo in 1563 and published in Venice two years later. Together with its commentaries, it is the most widely accepted compilation of Jewish law ever written.

Shlomo Ganzfried Hungarian rabbi

Shlomo Ganzfried was an Orthodox rabbi and posek best known as the author of the work of Halakha, the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch, by which title he is also known.

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Halakha is the collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah. Halakha is based on biblical laws or "commandments" (mitzvot), subsequent Talmudic and rabbinic law, and the customs and traditions compiled in the many books, one of the most famous of which is the 16th-century Shulchan Aruch.

<i>Mishnah Berurah</i> Book written by the Rabbi Israel Meir Kegan

The Mishnah Berurah is a work of halakha by Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan, also colloquially known by the name of another of his books, Chofetz Chaim "Desirer of Life".


Lulav is a closed frond of the date palm tree. It is one of the Four Species used during the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. The other Species are the hadass (myrtle), aravah (willow), and etrog (citron). When bound together, the lulav, hadass, and aravah are commonly referred to as "the lulav".

Kiddush, literally, "sanctification," is a blessing recited over wine or grape juice to sanctify the Shabbat and Jewish holidays. Additionally, the word refers to a small repast held on Shabbat or festival mornings after the prayer services and before the meal.

Rabbi Avraham Danzig was a Posek ("decisor") and codifier, best known as the author of the works of Jewish law called "Chayei Adam" and "Chochmat Adam." He is sometimes referred to as "the Chayei Adam".

Aruch HaShulchan is a chapter-to-chapter restatement of the Shulchan Aruch. Compiled and written by Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829–1908), the work attempts to be a clear, organized summary of the sources for each chapter of the Shulchan Aruch and its commentaries, with special emphasis on the positions of the Jerusalem Talmud and Maimonides.

Four species

The four species are four plants mentioned in the Torah as being relevant to the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. Rabbinic Jews tie together three types of branches and one type of fruit and wave them in a special ceremony each day of the Sukkot holiday, excluding Shabbat. The waving of the four plants is a mitzvah prescribed by the Torah, and contains symbolic allusions to a Jew's service of God. In Karaite Judaism, the sukkah is constructed with branches from the four specified plants.


Vayetze, Vayeitzei, or Vayetzei is the seventh weekly Torah portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. It constitutes Genesis 28:10–32:3. The parashah tells of Jacob's travels to, life in, and return from Haran. The parashah recounts Jacob's dream of a ladder to heaven, Jacob's meeting of Rachel at the well, Jacob's time working for Laban and living with Rachel and Leah, the birth of Jacob's children, and the departure of Jacob's family from Laban.

Yhoshua Leib Gould, also known as the Lehitakfo Chalushin, was an educator who identified himself as a Satmar Hasid, was affiliated with the Edah HaChareidis. He was the rabbi of Neturei Karta in Beit Shemesh Jerusalem, and Beis Midrash Tamar Avraham.

Nafka minnah is a Talmudic phrase used in analytical debates. It is often used in the phrase Mai nafka minnah?, which asks, "What is the practical difference?"

Shnayim mikra ve-echad targum, is the Jewish practice of reading the weekly Torah portion in a prescribed manner. In addition to hearing the Torah portion read in the synagogue, a person should read it himself twice during that week, together with a translation usually by Targum Onkelos and/or Rashi's commentary, and it is customary to also read the portion from the Prophets.

Honour thy father and thy mother part of the Ten Commandments (Exod. 20:12)

"Honour thy father and thy mother" is one of the Ten Commandments in the Hebrew Bible. The commandment is generally regarded in Protestant and Jewish sources as the fifth in both the list in Exodus 20:1–21, and in Deuteronomy (Dvarim) 5:1–23. Catholics count this as the fourth.

Forbidden relationships in Judaism are those intimate relationships which are forbidden by prohibitions in the Torah and also by rabbinical injunctions. Some of these prohibitions—those listed in Leviticus 18, known as arayot —are considered such a serious transgression of Jewish law that one must give up one's life rather than transgress one of them. This is as opposed to most other prohibitions, in which one is generally required to transgress the commandment when a life is on the line.

The commandment to sanctify the progeny of Ahron is a commandment based in the Hebrew Bible, and developed in rabbinical teaching that requires believers in Judaism to sanctify their priests (kohanim) in various ways. These include assisting him to abstain from any prohibitions in the Law that apply to him, and by affording him first rights in areas relating to holiness and the service of God. In the enumeration of Maimonides this is the 32nd positive commandment of the Law.

The prohibition of extracting semen in vain is a rabbinic prohibition found in the midrash and Talmud. The prohibition forbids a male from intentional wasteful spilling of his semen.

The prohibition against slaughtering an animal and its offspring on the same day is a negative commandment in Judaism which forbids the slaughter of a kosher four-legged animal and its offspring on the same day.

Anger in Judaism

Anger in Judaism is treated as a negative trait to be avoided whenever possible. The subject of anger is treated in a range of Jewish sources, from the Bible and Talmud, to Halacha, Kabbalah, Hasidism and contemporary Jewish sources.


  1. Lev. 26:14-29
  2. Lev. 26:1-13
  3. Rabbi Simcha L. Weinberg, The Shelah Hakodesh: Bechukosai - The Tochacha, accessed 22 April 2017
  4. Ganzfried, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 78:4 -