Tochinishiki Kiyotaka

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Tochinishiki Kiyotaka
栃錦 清隆
Tochinishiki 1954 Scan10060.JPG
Tochinishiki holding the Emperor's Cup after winning the September 1954 tournament
Personal information
BornŌtsuka Kiyoshi
(1925-02-20)February 20, 1925
Tokyo, Japan
DiedJanuary 10, 1990(1990-01-10) (aged 64)
Height1.77 m (5 ft 9+12 in)
Weight132 kg (291 lb)
Career
Stable Kasugano
Record576–244–32–1 draw
DebutJanuary, 1939
Highest rankYokozuna (October 1954)
RetiredMay, 1960
Elder name Kasugano
Championships 10 (Makuuchi)
Special Prizes Outstanding Performance (1)
Technique (9)
Gold Stars 1 (Azumafuji)
* Up to date as of June 2020.

Tochinishiki Kiyotaka (Japanese: 栃錦 清隆, February 20, 1925 – January 10, 1990) was a Japanese professional sumo wrestler from Tokyo. He was the sport's 44th yokozuna . He won ten top division yūshō or tournament championships and was a rival of fellow yokozuna Wakanohana I. He became the head coach of Kasugano stable in 1959 and was head of the Japan Sumo Association from 1974 until 1988.

Contents

Early career

Born Ōtsuka Kiyoshi (大塚 清), he later changed his name to Nakata Kiyoshi (中田 清). One of few yokozuna to hail from the city rather than the country, [1] he was born in what is now Koiwa, Edogawa. [2] He was a fine all round athlete in elementary school, and although he had no family connections to sumo, he was introduced by a shop owner to Kasugano Oyakata, the former yokozuna Tochigiyama. [2] He made his professional debut in January 1939. He was of such small size that he had to drink copious amounts of water to meet the weight requirement at his physical exam. [2] However, his stablemaster, to whom Tochinishiki served as an attendant or tsukebito and was a great influence on him in his early days, expected him to become strong. [2] He began using the Tochinishiki shikona or ring name in May 1944.

Top division career and yokozuna career

Tochinishiki performing his yokozuna dohyo-iri, September 1954 Tochinishiki 1954 Sep Dohyo-iri from Mainichi Shinbun.jpg
Tochinishiki performing his yokozuna dohyō-iri , September 1954

Tochinishiki reached the top makuuchi division in June 1947. He made up for his lack of size by showing superb technique. He won no fewer than nine special prizes for Technique, and it was even suggested that the prize had been created especially for him. [2] Tochinishiki was known as the Mamushi (Viper) due to his tenacity once he grabbed hold of his opponent's mawashi. [3]

In January 1951, he lost 7 consecutive bouts, but bounced back to win eight in a row and clinched his majority of wins or kachi-koshi on the final day, despite the bout being interrupted by a drunken spectator. [2] After this performance, Tochinishiki began to raise his rank on the banzuke rapidly, taking his first top division championship in September 1952 and earning promotion to ōzeki . He finally reached yokozuna in October 1954 after winning two successive championships. There had been four yokozuna in the September 1954 tournament, Kagamisato, Chiyonoyama, Yoshibayama and Azumafuji, but Azumafuji announced his retirement so as not to hinder Tochinishiki's promotion. [4]

Tochinishiki (right) defeating his rival Wakanohana I, summer 1954 Tochinishiki VS Wakanohana I 1954-5b-12 Scan10006.JPG
Tochinishiki (right) defeating his rival Wakanohana I, summer 1954

When Tochinishiki was promoted to yokozuna, he expected that his stablemaster Tochigiyama would commend him. [5] However, his stablemaster told him, "From this day on, you should spend every day of your yokozuna life by thinking about the day you retire." [2] At first, he struggled somewhat against heavier wrestlers, but he raised his weight to around 130 kg and became a wrestler able to use more orthodox methods. Between March 1959 and March 1960, he won 95 bouts and lost only 10.

Tochinishiki had a great rivalry with yokozuna Wakanohana Kanji I, who reached the top rank in January 1958. They were of a similar build, and each won ten top division tournament championships in their careers, with Tochinishiki coming out slightly ahead in their personal meetings with 19 wins out of 35 bouts. In July 1959 he defeated Wakanohana on the final day and won the championship with a perfect 15–0 score despite the fact that his father had been fatally hit by a truck the previous day. [1] In October 1959 his stablemaster died suddenly and Tochinishiki became head coach of Kasugano stable whilst still an active wrestler (a practice no longer permitted). [1] After losing to Wakanohana in a championship-deciding match on the final day of the March 1960 tournament, he decided to retire from active competition two days into the following tournament.

Later life

In addition to his position as stable boss, Tochinishiki was also the chairman (rijichō) of the Japan Sumo Association from 1974 to 1988, making him the longest serving chairman to date. [1] Under his direction the new Ryōgoku Kokugikan was built in 1985. [4] Suffering from diabetes, he stood down voluntarily, allowing his old rival Wakanohana to ascend to the position. [4] During his tenure as head of the Association, in 1985, Tochinishiki performed his kanreki dohyō-iri or '60th year ring entrance ceremony' to commemorate his years as yokozuna. He died in January 1990, following a stroke. [4] He had been due to retire from the Sumo Association the following month when he would have turned 65 years old.

Pre-Modern Top division record

Tochinishiki's handprint displayed on a monument in Ryogoku, Tokyo Tochinishiki handprint.JPG
Tochinishiki's handprint displayed on a monument in Ryōgoku, Tokyo
Tochinishiki Kiyotaka [6]
-Spring
Haru basho, Tokyo
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1947Not heldWestMaegashira#18
46
 
WestMaegashira#16
92
 
1948Not heldWestMaegashira#8
551draw
 
WestMaegashira#7
74
 
1949WestMaegashira#3
76
T
WestMaegashira#3
411
 
WestMaegashira#7
123
T
1950WestKomusubi#2
87
T
EastKomusubi#1
510
 
EastMaegashira#3
87
T
1951EastMaegashira#2
87
 
EastKomusubi#1
96
T
WestSekiwake#1
96
T
1952EastSekiwake#2
105
TO
EastSekiwake#1
105
T
WestSekiwake#1
141
T
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi; P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: Makuuchi Jūryō Makushita Sandanme Jonidan Jonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks:  Yokozuna Ōzeki Sekiwake Komusubi Maegashira
-New Year
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
Spring
Haru basho, Osaka
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1953EastŌzeki#2
114
 
EastŌzeki#1
141
 
EastŌzeki#1
132
 
WestŌzeki#1
87
 
1954WestŌzeki#1
96
 
WestŌzeki#1
96
 
WestŌzeki#1
141
 
EastŌzeki#1
141
 
1955WestYokozuna#1
105
 
WestYokozuna#1
123
 
WestYokozuna#1
141
 
EastYokozuna#1
438
 
1956WestYokozuna#2
96
 
EastYokozuna#2
96
 
WestYokozuna#1
555
 
WestYokozuna#2
114
 
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi; P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: Makuuchi Jūryō Makushita Sandanme Jonidan Jonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks:  Yokozuna Ōzeki Sekiwake Komusubi Maegashira

Modern top division record

Year in sumo January
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
March
Haru basho, Osaka
May
Natsu basho, Tokyo
July
Nagoya basho, Nagoya
September
Aki basho, Tokyo
November
Kyūshū basho, Fukuoka
1957EastYokozuna#2
114
 
WestYokozuna#1
114
 
EastYokozuna#1
123
 
Not heldEastYokozuna#1
132
 
EastYokozuna#1
123
 
1958EastYokozuna#1
114
 
WestYokozuna#1
114
 
EastYokozuna#2
141
 
EastYokozuna#1
123
 
WestYokozuna#1
654
 
WestYokozuna#1
Sat out due to injury
0015
1959WestYokozuna#1
105
 
WestYokozuna#1
141
 
EastYokozuna#1
141P
 
EastYokozuna#1
150
 
EastYokozuna#1
123
 
WestYokozuna#1
123
 
1960EastYokozuna#1
141
 
EastYokozuna#1
141
 
WestYokozuna#1
Retired
03
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi; P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: Makuuchi Jūryō Makushita Sandanme Jonidan Jonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks:  Yokozuna Ōzeki Sekiwake Komusubi Maegashira

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN   0-8348-0283-X.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Kuroda, Joe (August 2007). "Tochinishiki Kiyotaka (1925–1990) the 44th Yokozuna". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  3. Lewin, Brian (August 2005). "What will become of the dynasty?". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Kuroda, Joe (October 2007). "Tochinishiki Kiyotaka (1925–1990) the 44th Yokozuna Part 2". Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  5. 「横綱は散り際が肝心!」(元横綱・栃木山) (in Japanese). Nihon Sumo Kyokai. Retrieved 2008-06-06.
  6. "Tochinishiki Kiyotaka Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
Preceded by 44th Yokozuna
1954–1960
Succeeded by
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can hold the title at once
Sporting positions
Preceded by Chairman of the Japan Sumo Association
1974–1988
Succeeded by