Todd Haynes

Last updated

Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes MFF 2023.jpg
Haynes in 2023
Born (1961-01-02) January 2, 1961 (age 63)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Alma mater Brown University (BA)
Bard College (MFA)
Years active1985–present

Todd Haynes ( /hnz/ ; born January 2, 1961) is an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. His films span four decades with themes examining the personalities of well-known musicians, dysfunctional and dystopian societies, and blurred gender roles.


Haynes first gained public attention with his controversial short film Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story (1987), which chronicles singer Karen Carpenter's life and death using Barbie dolls as actors. [lower-alpha 1] Superstar became a cult classic. [1] [2] His feature directorial debut, Poison (1991), a provocative exploration of AIDS-era queer perceptions and subversions, established him as a figure of a new transgressive cinema. Poison won the Sundance Film Festival's Grand Jury Prize and is regarded as a seminal work of New Queer Cinema.

Haynes received further acclaim for his second feature film, Safe (1995), a symbolic portrait of a housewife who develops multiple chemical sensitivity. Safe was later voted the best film of the 1990s by The Village Voice Film Poll. His next feature, Velvet Goldmine (1998), is a tribute to the 1970s glam rock era. The film received the Special Jury Prize for Best Artistic Contribution at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival.

Haynes gained acclaim and a measure of mainstream success with Far from Heaven (2002), receiving his first Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay. He continued to direct critically lauded films such as I'm Not There (2007), Carol (2015), Wonderstruck (2017), Dark Waters (2019), and May December (2023), as well as the documentary film The Velvet Underground (2021). Haynes also directed and co-wrote the HBO mini-series Mildred Pierce (2011), for which he received three Primetime Emmy Award nominations.

Early life and education

Haynes was born January 2, 1961, in Los Angeles, and grew up in the city's Encino neighborhood. [3] [4] His father, Allen E. Haynes, was a cosmetics importer, and his mother, Sherry Lynne (née Semler), studied acting. Haynes is Jewish on his mother's side. [5] [6] His younger sister is Gwynneth Haynes of the band Sophe Lux. [7]

Haynes developed an interest in film at an early age, and produced a short film, The Suicide (1978), while still in high school. He studied art and semiotics at Brown University, where he directed his first short film Assassins: A Film Concerning Rimbaud (1985), inspired by the French poet Arthur Rimbaud (a personality Haynes would later reference in his film I'm Not There). At Brown, he met Christine Vachon, who would go on to produce all of his feature films. After graduating from Brown, Haynes moved to New York City and became involved in the independent film scene, launching Apparatus Productions, a non-profit organization for the support of independent film. [1]

According to Cinematic/Sexual: An Interview with Todd Haynes, in response to whether his academic background affected his film-making practice, Haynes stated that his high school teacher taught him a valuable lesson: "Reality can't be a criterion for judging the success or failure of a film, or its effect on you. It was a simple, but eye-opening, way of approaching film." [8]


1987–1993: Early work and feature debut

In 1987, while an MFA student at Bard College, Haynes made a short, Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story , which chronicles the life of American pop singer Karen Carpenter, using Barbie dolls as actors. [1] The film presents Carpenter's struggle with anorexia and bulimia, featuring several close-ups of Ipecac (the nonprescription drug Carpenter was reputed to have used to make herself vomit during her illness). Carpenter's chronic weight loss was portrayed by using a "Karen" Barbie doll with the face and body whittled away with a knife, leaving the doll looking skeletonized.

Superstar featured extensive use of Carpenter songs, showcasing Haynes's love of popular music (which would be a recurring feature of later films). Haynes failed to obtain proper licensing to use the music, prompting a lawsuit from Karen's brother Richard for copyright infringement. Carpenter was reportedly also offended by Haynes's unflattering portrayal of him as a narcissistic bully, along with several broadly dropped suggestions that he was gay and in the closet. Carpenter won his lawsuit, and Superstar was removed from public distribution; to date, it may not be viewed publicly. [1] Bootlegged versions of the film are still circulated, and the film is sporadically made available on YouTube. [9] [10]

Haynes's 1991 feature film debut, Poison , garnered him further acclaim and controversy. [1] Drawing on the writings of gay writer Jean Genet, the film is a triptych of queer-themed narratives, each adopting a different cinematic genre: vox-pop documentary ("Hero"), 50s sci-fi horror ("Horror") and gay prisoner romantic drama ("Homo"). The film explores traditional perceptions of homosexuality as an unnatural and deviant force, and presents Genet's vision of sado-masochistic gay relations as a subversion of heterosexual norms, culminating with a marriage ceremony between two gay male convicts. Poison marked Haynes's first collaboration with his longtime producer Christine Vachon.

Poison was partially funded with a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), [1] "at a time when the agency was under attack from conservative groups for using public funds to support sexually explicit works". [11] This, along with the film's sexual themes, was a source of controversy. [11] [1] The film subsequently became the center of a public attack by Reverend Donald Wildmon, head of the American Family Association, who criticized the NEA for funding Poison and other works by gay and lesbian artists and filmmakers. Wildmon, who had not viewed the film before making his comments publicly, [12] condemned the film's "explicit porno scenes of homosexuals involved in anal sex", despite no such scenes appearing in the film. [13] Poison went on to win the 1991 Sundance Film Festival's Grand Jury Prize, establishing Haynes as an emerging talent and the voice of a new transgressive generation. [1] [14] [15] The film writer B. Ruby Rich cited Poison as one of the defining films of the emerging New Queer Cinema movement, with its focus on maverick sexuality as an anti-establishment social force. [16] [17]

Haynes's next short film, Dottie Gets Spanked (1993), explored the experiences of a quiet and gentle six-year-old boy in the early 1960s who has various indirect encounters with spanking, most significantly involving his idol, a TV sitcom star named Dottie. The film was aired on PBS. [1]

1995–1998: Rise to prominence

Haynes's second feature film, Safe (1995), was a critically acclaimed portrait of Carol White, a San Fernando Valley housewife (played by Julianne Moore) who develops violent allergies to her middle-class suburban existence. [1] After a series of extreme allergic reactions and hospitalization, Carol diagnoses herself with acute environmental illness, and moves to a New Age commune in the New Mexico desert run by an HIV positive "guru" who preaches both that the real world is toxic and unsafe for Carol, and that she is responsible for her illness and recovery. The film ends with Carol retreating to her antiseptic, prison-like "safe room", looking at herself in the mirror and whispering "I love you" to her reflection.

The film is notable for its critical (though not entirely unsympathetic) treatment of its main character. Julie Grossman argues in her article "The Trouble With Carol" that Haynes concludes the film as a challenge to traditional Hollywood film narratives of the heroine taking charge of her life, and that Haynes sets Carol up as the victim both of a repressive male-dominated society, and also of an equally debilitating self-help culture that encourages patients to take sole responsibility for their illness and recovery. [18] Carol's illness, although unidentified, has been read as an analogy for the AIDS crisis of the mid-1980s, as a similarly uncomfortable and largely unspoken "threat" in 1980s Reaganist America. [1] [19] Safe was critically acclaimed, giving Moore her first leading role in a feature film, and gave Haynes a measure of mainstream critical recognition. [1] It was voted the best film of the 1990s by the Village Voice's Critic Poll. [20] The film historian David Thomson later described it as "one of the most arresting, original and accomplished films of the 1990s". [21]

Haynes took a radical shift in direction for his next feature, Velvet Goldmine (1998), starring Christian Bale, Ewan McGregor, Jonathan Rhys-Meyers and Toni Collette. The film's title takes its name from David Bowie's song "Velvet Goldmine". [22] Filmed and set mostly in England, the film was an intentionally chaotic tribute to the 1970s glam rock era, drawing heavily on the rock histories and mythologies of glam rockers David Bowie, Iggy Pop and Lou Reed. Starting with Oscar Wilde as the spiritual godfather of glam rock, the film revels in the gender and identity experimentation and fashionable bisexuality of the era, and acknowledges the transformative power of glam rock as an escape and a form of self-expression for gay teenagers.[ citation needed ]

The film follows the character of Arthur (Bale) an English journalist once enraptured by glam rock as a 1970s teenager, who returns a decade later to hunt down his former heroes: Brian Slade (Rhys Meyers), a feather boa-wearing androgyne with an alter ego, "Maxwell Demon", who resembles Bowie in his Ziggy Stardust incarnation, and Curt Wild (McGregor), an Iggy Pop-style rocker. The narrative playfully rewrites glam rock myths which in some cases sail unnervingly close to the truth.[ citation needed ] Slade flirts with bisexuality and decadence before staging his own death in a live performance and disappearing from the scene, echoing Bowie's own disavowal of glam rock in the late 1970s and his subsequent re-creation as an avowedly heterosexual pop star. The film features a love affair between Slade and Wild's characters, recalling rumors about Bowie and Reed's supposed sexual relationship. Curt Wild's character has a flashback to enforced electric shock treatment as a teenager to attempt to cure his homosexuality, echoing Reed's teenage experiences as a victim of the homophobic medical profession.

Haynes was keen to use original music from the glam rock period, and (learning his lesson from Superstar)[ citation needed ] approached David Bowie before making the film for permission to use his music in the soundtrack. Bowie declined, leaving Haynes to use a combination of original songs from other artists and glam-rock inspired music written by contemporary rock bands for the film, including Suede.[ citation needed ]Velvet Goldmine premiered in main competition at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival, winning a special jury award for Best Artistic Contribution. [23] Despite the initial critical praise, the film received mixed reviews from critics.[ citation needed ] Costume designer Sandy Powell received an Academy Award nomination for her costume design and won the Oscar in the same year for her work on Shakespeare In Love . [24]

2002–2014: Career progression and acclaim

Haynes achieved his greatest critical and commercial success to date with Far from Heaven (2002), a 1950s-set drama inspired by the films of Douglas Sirk about a Connecticut housewife Cathy Whittaker (Julianne Moore) who discovers that her husband (Dennis Quaid) is secretly gay, and subsequently falls in love with Raymond, her African-American gardener (Dennis Haysbert). The film works as a mostly reverential and unironic tribute to Sirk's filmmaking, lovingly re-creating the stylized mise-en-scene, colors, costumes, cinematography and lighting of Sirkian melodrama. Cathy and Raymond's relationship resembles Jane Wyman and Rock Hudson's inter-class love affair in All That Heaven Allows, and Cathy's relationship with Sybil, her African-American housekeeper (Viola Davis) recalls Lana Turner and Juanita Moore's friendship in Imitation of Life . While staying within the cinematic language of the period, Haynes updates the sexual and racial politics, showing scenarios (an inter-racial love affair and gay relationships) that would not have been permissible in Sirk's era. Haynes also resists a Sirkian happy ending, allowing the film to finish on a melancholy note closer in tone to the "weepy" melodramas of the 1940s and 1950s cinema such as Mildred Pierce .

Todd Haynes and actors of his 2007 film, I'm Not There, posing at the 64th Venice Film Festival in 2007 Director and actors of I'm not there at the 64th Venice Film Festival-01.jpg
Todd Haynes and actors of his 2007 film, I'm Not There , posing at the 64th Venice Film Festival in 2007

Far from Heaven debuted at the Venice Film Festival to widespread critical acclaim and garnered a slew of film awards, including the Volpi Cup for Moore, and four Academy Award nominations: lead actress for Moore, Haynes's original screenplay, Elmer Bernstein's score, and Edward Lachman's cinematography. Far from Heaven lost in all four categories, but the film's success was hailed as a breakthrough for independent film achieving mainstream recognition and brought Haynes to the attention of a wider mainstream audience. [1]

In another radical shift in direction, Haynes's next film I'm Not There (2007) returned to the mythology of popular music, portraying the life and legend of Bob Dylan through seven fictional characters played by six actors: Richard Gere, Cate Blanchett, Marcus Carl Franklin, Heath Ledger, Ben Whishaw and Christian Bale. Haynes obtained Dylan's approval to proceed with the film, and the rights to use his music in the soundtrack, after presenting a one-page summary of the film's concept to Jeff Rosen, Dylan's long-time manager. [25] I'm Not There premiered at the Venice Film Festival to critical acclaim, where Haynes won the Grand Jury Prize and Blanchett won the Volpi Cup, eventually receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress. [26] [27]

Haynes's next project was Mildred Pierce , a five-hour miniseries for HBO based on the novel by James M. Cain and the 1945 film starring Joan Crawford. The series starred Kate Winslet in the title role and featured Guy Pearce, Evan Rachel Wood, Melissa Leo, James LeGros and Hope Davis. Filming was completed in mid-2010 and the series began airing on HBO on 27 March 2011. It received 21 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, winning five, and Winslet won a Golden Globe Award for her performance. [28] [29]

2015–2019: Established career

Haynes's sixth feature film, Carol , is an adaptation of the 1952 novel The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith. The cast features Cate Blanchett, Rooney Mara, Sarah Paulson and Kyle Chandler. The film premiered in competition at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Queer Palm and a shared Best Actress prize for Mara. [30] [31] Carol received critical acclaim [32] and was nominated for six Academy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, nine BAFTA Awards, and six Independent Spirit Awards. [33] [34] [35] [36] Geoffrey McNab of The Independent praised the film praising Haynes writing "In sly and subversive fashion, Haynes is laying bare the tensions in a society that refuses to acknowledge "difference" of any sort". McNabb added, "They are both helped that in Todd Haynes, they have a director who is sensitive to every last nuance in their performances". [37]

On October 20, 2017, Haynes's Wonderstruck was released, having premiered at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival on May 18, 2017. The film is an adaptation of Brian Selznick's children's book of the same name. Wonderstruck stars Julianne Moore and is produced by Haynes's collaborator Christine Vachon and Amazon Studios, which is also distributing the film. [38] [39] The movie describes two deaf children, one in 1927 and the other in 1977, who embark on separate quests to find themselves. When asked why he'd made a children's movie, in his October 15, 2017, NPR interview, Haynes explained, "I felt like it spoke to something indomitable about the nature of kids and the ability for kids to be confronted with challenges and the unknown and to keep muscling through those challenges." [40] The film received mixed reviews but earned praise for Edward Lachman's black-and-white cinematography.

Haynes directed a film titled Dark Waters for Participant Media. [41] [42] The film is based on Nathaniel Rich's New York Times Magazine article “The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare,” which is about corporate defense attorney Robert Bilott and his environmental lawsuit against the American conglomerate DuPont. [43] Mark Ruffalo and Anne Hathaway star, [44] and principal photography began in January 2019, in Cincinnati. [45] The film was released on November 22, 2019. [46]


Haynes's premiered his first documentary feature, The Velvet Underground , at the Cannes Film Festival on July 7, 2021, and it went on to be released on October 15, 2021, in theaters and on Apple TV+, to critical acclaim. The film rejects documentary biopic tropes, evoking a place and time through extensive use of montage. “What montage can do is always more sophisticated than we give it credit for,” Haynes says. “I wanted the audience to fill in the holes themselves and make their own discoveries and feel like these ideas are alive again, because they’re coming through you, and they’re not just being told to us like in a lecture.” [47]

Haynes's latest film, May December , reunites him with frequent collaborator Julianne Moore and co-stars Natalie Portman. The film revolves around a married couple whose relationship is put through a test after an actress arrives to do research for a film about their past. From a script by Samy Burch, with a story by Burch and Alex Mechanik. [48] [49] The film was shot in Savannah, Georgia, and wrapped filming in December 2022. [50] The film received positive reviews [51] with Peter Debruge of Variety writing, "Todd Haynes unpacks America’s obsession with scandal and the impossibility of ever truly knowing what motivates others in this layered look at the actor’s process." [52]

Upcoming projects

In 2015 he was reported to be developing a TV series based on the 2012 documentary The Source Family for HBO. [38] [53]

Haynes is set to direct a Peggy Lee biopic, titled Fever, based on a screenplay originally drafted by Nora Ephron before her death in 2012, starring Michelle Williams in the title role after Reese Witherspoon backed out of the role to produce instead. Billie Eilish is in early talks to executive produce. The primary screenwriter is now Doug Wright. [54]

Haynes said in September 2023 that he has been working on a sexually explicit film about a "love story between two men set in the 30s", starring Joaquin Phoenix. [55] Haynes is reportedly set to direct the HBO series Trust, based on Hernan Diaz's novel of the same name, with Kate Winslet as the lead after working together on Mildred Pierce. [56]

Style and themes

AllMovie writes that "Haynes is known for making provocative films that subvert narrative structure and resound with transgressive, complex eroticism. ... Although he doesn't characterize himself as a gay filmmaker who makes gay films … Haynes' name has become synonymous with the New Queer Cinema movement and its work to both explore and redefine the contours of queer culture in America and beyond." [57]

Haynes's work is preoccupied with postmodernist ideas of identity and sexuality as socially constructed concepts and personal identity as a fluid and changeable state. His protagonists are invariably social outsiders whose "subversive" identity and sexuality put them at odds with the received norms of their society. In the Haynes universe, sexuality (especially "deviant" or unconventional sexuality) is a subversive and dangerous force that disrupts social norms and is often repressed brutally by dominant power structures. Haynes presents artists as the ultimate subversive force since they must necessarily stand outside of societal norms, with an artist's creative output representing the greatest opportunity for personal and social freedom. Many of his films are unconventional portraits of popular artists and musicians (Karen Carpenter in Superstar, David Bowie in Velvet Goldmine and Bob Dylan in I'm Not There).[ citation needed ]

Haynes's films often feature formal cinematic or narrative devices that challenge received notions of identity and sexuality and remind the audience of the artificiality of film as a medium. Examples include using Barbie dolls instead of actors in Superstar or having multiple actors portray the protagonist in I'm Not There. Stylistically, Haynes favors formalism over naturalism, often appropriating and reinventing cinematic styles, including the documentary form in Poison, Velvet Goldmine and I'm Not There, the reinvention of the Douglas Sirk melodrama in Far from Heaven and extensive referencing of 1960s art cinema in I'm Not There.[ citation needed ]

Personal life

Haynes is openly gay, [58] [59] [60] and identifies as irreligious. [61] After living in New York City for more than a decade, Haynes moved to Portland, Oregon, in 2002. [4] [62] He has been in a relationship with Bryan O'Keefe, an archival producer, since 2002. [63]

An edited book of personal interviews was published in 2014, titled Todd Haynes: Interviews. [64]


Short films

1978The SuicideYesYesNoNo
1985Assassins: A Film Concerning RimbaudYesYesNoYesHimself
1987 Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story YesYesYesYesTodd Donovan, Disc Jockey
1989La DivinaNoNoYesNo
He Was OnceNoNoYesYesRandy

Feature films

1991 Poison YesYesNo
1995 Safe YesYesNo
1998 Velvet Goldmine YesYesNo
2002 Far from Heaven YesYesNo
2007 I'm Not There YesYesNo
2015 Carol YesNoNo
2017 Wonderstruck YesNoNo
2019 Dark Waters YesNoNo
2021 The Velvet Underground YesYesYes
2023 May December YesNoNo

Executive producer


1993Dottie Gets SpankedYesYesNoTV short
2011 Mildred Pierce YesYesYesMiniseries [65]
2013 Enlightened YesNoNoEpisode: "All I Ever Wanted"
Six by Sondheim YesNoNoSegment: "I'm Still Here"


2008"Share the Good" [66] Heineken Premium Light

Awards and nominations

Directed Academy Award performances

Academy Award for Best Actress
2003 Julianne Moore Far from Heaven Nominated
2016 Cate Blanchett Carol Nominated
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
2008 Cate Blanchett I'm Not There Nominated
2016 Rooney Mara CarolNominated

See also


  1. Haynes had not obtained proper licensing to use the Carpenters' music, prompting a lawsuit from Richard Carpenter, whom the film portrayed in an unflattering light, banning the film's distribution.

Related Research Articles

Glam rock is a style of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s and was performed by male musicians who wore flamboyant and feminine clothing, makeup, and hairstyles, particularly platform shoes and glitter, and female musicians who wore masculine clothing. Glam artists drew on diverse sources across music and throwaway pop culture, ranging from bubblegum pop and 1950s rock and roll to cabaret, science fiction, and complex art rock. The flamboyant clothing and visual styles of performers were often camp or androgynous, and have been described as playing with other gender roles. Glitter rock was a more extreme version of glam rock.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Julianne Moore</span> American actress (born 1960)

Julie Anne Smith, known professionally as Julianne Moore, is an American actress. Prolific in film since the early 1990s, she is particularly known for her portrayals of emotionally troubled women in independent films, as well as for her roles in blockbusters. She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, two Golden Globe Awards, and two Emmy Awards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sandy Powell (costume designer)</span> British costume designer

Sandy Powell is a British costume designer. She has created costumes for independent films and blockbusters and became particularly noted for her prolific work in period dramas. She has received numerous accolades throughout her career spanning over three decades, including three Academy Awards, three BAFTA Film Awards, and two Costume Designers Guild Awards. Powell was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2011 New Year Honours for her services to the film industry.

<i>Velvet Goldmine</i> 1998 film directed by Todd Haynes

Velvet Goldmine is a 1998 musical drama film written and directed by Todd Haynes from a story by Haynes and James Lyons. It is set in Britain during the glam rock days of the early 1970s, and tells the story of fictional bisexual pop star Brian Slade, who faked his own death. The film was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival and won the award for the Best Artistic Contribution. Sandy Powell received a BAFTA Award for Best Costume Design and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Costume Design. The film uses non-linear storytelling to achieve exposition while interweaving the vignettes of its various characters.

<i>Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story</i> 1987 film by Todd Haynes

Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story is a 1987 American experimental short biographical film that portrays the last 17 years of singer Karen Carpenter's life, as she struggled with anorexia. Directed by Todd Haynes, the film uses Barbie dolls as actors, as well as documentaries and artistic footage. Superstar was co-written and co-produced by Haynes and Cynthia Schneider, with an unauthorized soundtrack consisting mostly of the hit songs of The Carpenters. It was filmed over a ten-day period at Bard College in the summer of 1985. Barry Ellsworth collaborated on the film and was the cinematographer for the Barbie themed interior segments of the film.

<i>Safe</i> (1995 film) 1995 film

Safe is a 1995 American psychological horror film written and directed by Todd Haynes and starring Julianne Moore. Set in 1987, it follows a suburban housewife in Los Angeles whose monotonous life is abruptly changed when she becomes sick with a mysterious illness caused by the environment around her.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Velvet Goldmine (song)</span> 1975 song by David Bowie

"Velvet Goldmine" is a song by the English singer-songwriter David Bowie. A glam rock number with lyrical references to oral sex, it was originally recorded on 11 November 1971 at Trident Studios in London during the sessions for his 1972 album The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars. It was ultimately left off the album and subsequently released as a B-side of the UK re-release of "Space Oddity" in 1975. Praised by biographers as an undervalued classic, it later appeared on compilation albums, including on Re:Call 1, part of the Five Years (1969–1973) boxed set, in 2015. Its namesake was used for Todd Haynes's 1998 film of the same name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christine Vachon</span> American film producer

Christine Vachon is an American film producer active in the American independent film sector.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wash Westmoreland</span> British film director

Paul Westmoreland, known professionally as Wash Westmoreland and previously known as Wash West, is a British director who has worked in television, documentaries, and independent films. He frequently collaborated with his husband, writer-director Richard Glatzer. Together, they wrote and directed the 2014 film Still Alice, based on Lisa Genova's NYT best-selling book and starred Julianne Moore, Kristen Stewart, and Alec Baldwin. The film won many awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actress for Julianne Moore and Humanitas Prize for feature film for the duo. Their 2006 coming-of-age feature film, Quinceañera, won the Audience Award and the Grand Jury Prize at the 2006 Sundance Film Festival.

<i>Poison</i> (film) 1991 independent science fiction drama horror film directed by Todd Haynes

Poison is a 1991 American science fiction drama horror film written and directed by Todd Haynes, starring Edith Meeks, Larry Maxwell, Susan Gayle Norman, Scott Renderer, and James Lyons.

James Lyons was an American film editor, screenwriter and actor who frequently collaborated with Todd Haynes. He is probably best known for editing The Virgin Suicides and editing and co-writing Velvet Goldmine. He also had a minor role in the 1996 film I Shot Andy Warhol as Billy Name.

<i>Wonderstruck</i> (novel) American young-adult fiction novel

Wonderstruck (2011) is an American young-adult fiction novel written and illustrated by Brian Selznick, who also created The Invention of Hugo Cabret (2007). In Wonderstruck, Selznick continued the narrative approach of his last book, using both words and illustrations — though in this book he separates the illustrations and the writings into their own story and weaves them together at the end.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Killer Films</span> American independent film production company

Killer Films is a New York City-based independent film production company founded in 1995 by film producers Christine Vachon and Pamela Koffler. The company has produced many acclaimed independent films over the past two decades including Far From Heaven, Boys Don't Cry, One Hour Photo, Kids, Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Happiness, Velvet Goldmine, Safe, I Shot Andy Warhol, Swoon, I'm Not There, Kill Your Darlings, Still Alice and Carol. Killer Films also executive produced Todd Haynes' five episode HBO miniseries Mildred Pierce, which went on to win five Emmys, a Golden Globe and a Screen Actors Guild Award.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Julianne Moore filmography</span>

Julianne Moore is an American actress who made her acting debut on television in 1984 in the mystery series The Edge of Night. The following year she made her first appearance in the soap opera As the World Turns, which earned her a Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Ingenue in a Drama Series in 1988. Following roles in television films, Moore had her breakthrough in Robert Altman's drama film Short Cuts (1993). Her performance garnered critical acclaim as well as notoriety for a monologue her character delivers while nude below the waist. She played lead roles in 1995 in Todd Haynes' drama Safe and the romantic comedy Nine Months. In 1997, Moore portrayed a veteran pornographic actress in Paul Thomas Anderson's drama film Boogie Nights, which earned her her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She also appeared in Steven Spielberg's adventure sequel The Lost World: Jurassic Park—Moore's biggest commercial success to that point. Two years later, she played a wartime adulteress in The End of the Affair, for which she received her first Academy Award for Best Actress nomination.

<i>Carol</i> (film) 2015 film by Todd Haynes

Carol is a 2015 romantic historical drama film directed by Todd Haynes. The screenplay by Phyllis Nagy is based on the 1952 romance novel The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith. The film stars Cate Blanchett, Rooney Mara, Sarah Paulson, Jake Lacy, and Kyle Chandler. Set in New York City during the early 1950s, Carol tells the story of a forbidden affair between an aspiring female photographer and an older woman going through a difficult divorce.

<i>Wonderstruck</i> (film) 2017 American film

Wonderstruck is a 2017 American mystery drama film directed by Todd Haynes, based on the 2011 novel Wonderstruck by Brian Selznick, who adapted the novel into the screenplay. The film stars Oakes Fegley, Julianne Moore, Michelle Williams, and Millicent Simmonds.

Affonso Gonçalves is a Brazilian-American film editor. He is best known for editing many critically acclaimed films such as Winter's Bone (2010), Beasts of the Southern Wild (2012), Only Lovers Left Alive (2013), Carol (2015), Paterson (2016), and Wonderstruck (2017).

<i>May December</i> 2023 film by Todd Haynes

May December is a 2023 American drama film directed by Todd Haynes from a screenplay by Samy Burch, based on a story by Burch and Alex Mechanik. Loosely inspired by the Mary Kay Letourneau scandal, it stars Natalie Portman as an actress who travels to meet and study the life of the controversial woman she is set to play in a film—a woman infamous for the 23-year-long relationship with her husband which began when he was 13 years old.

Pamela Koffler is an American film and television producer and founding partner of Killer Films, an independent New York-based production company she co-leads with Christine Vachon.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Rebecca Flint Marx (2016). "Todd Haynes – Biography". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times . Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  2. Davis, Glyn (2008). Superstar: the Karen Carpenter story. Wallflower Press. ISBN   9781905674886.
  3. "UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2019". United Press International . January 2, 2019. Archived from the original on September 2, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019. filmmaker Todd Haynes in 1961 (age 58)
  4. 1 2 Rothkoph, Joshua (August 30, 2023). "Todd Haynes on his new 'May December,' a 'corrupt, twisted kind of fairy tale'" . Los Angeles Times . Retrieved December 27, 2023.
  5. Pfefferman, Naomi (March 6, 2003). "Heavenly Friendship". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles . Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  6. Pfefferman, Naomi (March 29, 2011). ""Mildred Pierce," Todd Haynes and Me". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  7. Scott, Aaron (March 15, 2011). "The Ladies' Man". Portland Monthly . Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  8. Leyda, Julia. "Todd Haynes: Interviews". University Press of Mississippi.
  9. Turner, Kyle (November 24, 2015). "The Films of Todd Haynes: Performance, Desire, and Identity". The Film Stage. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  10. Matheson, Whitney (February 4, 2013). "Today in history: Karen Carpenter died 30 years ago". USA Today . Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  11. 1 2 "Todd Haynes". Encyclopædia Britannica Online . Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. October 23, 2017.
  12. "The Visually Rich Cinema of Todd Haynes | The VICE Guide To Film" via
  13. Gamarekian, Barbara (March 30, 1991). "Frohnmayer Defends Grant for Prize Film". New York Times . Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. Lim, Dennis (November 5, 2010). "When 'Poison' Was a Cinematic Antidote". The New York Times . Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. Brunick, Paul (November 12, 2010). "Todd Haynes's Poison". Slant Magazine . Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  16. Levy, Emanuel (June 27, 2015). "Gay Pride 2015: Celebrating Todd Haynes' Poison". EmmanuelLevy. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  17. Dillard, Clayton (April 3, 2013). "Hearth of Darkness: Rob White's Todd Haynes". Slant Magazine . Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  18. Grossman, Julie (January 2005). "The Trouble with Carol: The Costs of Feeling Good in Todd Haynes's [Safe] and the American Cultural Landscape". Other Voices . University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  19. Dillard, Clayton (December 14, 2014). "Safe". Slant Magazine . Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  20. Tobias, Scott (December 18, 2014). "Todd Haynes on the unsafe world of Safe". The Dissolve . Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  21. Mackenzie, Suzie (February 1, 2003). "The Hidden Star". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  22. Pegg, Nicholas (2016). The Complete David Bowie (Revised and Updated ed.). London: Titan Books. p. 298. ISBN   978-1-78565-365-0.
  23. "Todd Haynes". Film Independent. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  24. "The 71st Academy Awards − 1999". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 23, 2015.
  25. Sullivan, Robert (October 7, 2007). "Bob Dylan - Todd Haynes - Movies - I'm Not There". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  26. "Todd Haynes to Receive Director Tribute at IFP's 25th Annual Gotham Independent Film Awards". Independent Filmmaker Project. August 6, 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  27. "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
  28. "Mildred Pierce Awards & Nominations". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences . Retrieved August 18, 2015.
  29. "Golden Globes 2012: The Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. January 15, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
  30. "Cannes: Cate Blanchett, Rooney Mara Drama 'Carol' Wins Queer Palm Award". TheWrap . May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
  31. "Cannes: 'Dheepan' Wins the Palme d'Or". The Hollywood Reporter. May 24, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  32. "Carol Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  33. "Oscar Nominations: Complete List". Variety. January 14, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  34. "Golden Globe Nominations: The Complete List". The Hollywood Reporter. December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
  35. "BAFTA Awards: 'Carol' and 'Bridge of Spies' Lead Nominations". The Hollywood Reported. January 7, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  36. "'Carol,' 'Spotlight,' 'Beasts of No Nation' Lead Spirit Awards Nominations". Variety. November 24, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  37. "Carol, film review: Cate Blanchett stars in a moving tale of forbidden love". The Independent. Retrieved October 2, 2023.
  38. 1 2 "Todd Haynes is 'Wonderstruck'". Screen International . May 18, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  39. "Amazon Producing And Releasing Todd Haynes' Next Film 'Wonderstruck' Starring Julianne Moore". Indiewire . December 9, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
  40. Montagne, Renee (October 15, 2017). "Todd Haynes on 'Wonderstruck,' And Evolution of Deaf Culture In The U.S". npr. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  41. N'Duka, Amanda (September 21, 2018). "'Carol' Helmer Todd Haynes To Direct 'Dry Run' Drama For Participant Media". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  42. Kroll, Justin (September 21, 2018). "Todd Haynes to Direct Drama 'Dry Run' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety . Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  43. Sharf, Zack (September 21, 2018). "Todd Haynes Sets 'Dry Run' as Next Film, Eyes Mark Ruffalo to Star in Du Pont Family-Inspired Drama". IndieWire . Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  44. Wiseman, Andreas (January 9, 2019). "Anne Hathaway, Tim Robbins, More Join Mark Ruffalo In Todd Haynes-Participant Drama About DuPont Pollution Scandal". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  45. Kieswetter, John (December 27, 2018). "'Lots Of Extras' Needed For Todd Haynes' 'Dry Run' Movie". WVXU . Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  46. D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 26, 2019). "Todd Haynes' 'Dark Waters' Will Start To Bubble In Late Fall". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  47. Reed, Connor. "Todd Haynes's New Velvet Underground Doc Opts for Immersion over Handholding". Portland Monthly. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  48. Lattanzio, Ryan (June 11, 2021). "Todd Haynes to Direct Natalie Portman and Julianne Moore in 'May December,' Set for Cannes Market". IndieWire. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  49. Kroll, Justin (June 11, 2021). "Natalie Portman And Julianne Moore To Star In Todd Haynes' 'May December' – Cannes Market". Deadline. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  50. "Natalie Portman on Instagram: "And we've wrapped May December. I couldn't believe my luck to work with one of my all-time favorite directors, Todd Haynes, one of the greatest actresses and humans ever, @juliannemoore, and the brilliant Charles Melton in dreamy Savannah, Georgia. Can't wait for you all to see it next year! 📷: Charles Melton"".
  51. "May December (2023)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 4, 2023.
  52. "'May December' Review: Natalie Portman and Julianne Moore Play Different Angles on a Tabloid Enigma". Variety. Retrieved October 2, 2023.
  53. Tedder, Michael (November 23, 2015). "Todd Haynes Talks Carol, His Potential New HBO Show and Keeping It Semiotic After All These Years". Paper . Retrieved May 8, 2016.
  54. Kroll, Justin (February 4, 2021). "Michelle Williams To Play Peggy Lee In Todd Haynes Directed Biopic 'Fever'; MGM In Talks To Acquire, Billie Eilish In Early Discussions To Exec Produce". Deadline. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  55. "Todd Haynes Teases 'Sexually Explicit' Project With Joaquin Phoenix, Talks About New Oscar Contender 'May December'". Variety. September 9, 2023. Retrieved September 29, 2023.
  56. O'Connor, Rory (August 31, 2022). "Todd Haynes on the Genius of Douglas Sirk and Collaborating with Kelly Reichardt" . Retrieved April 14, 2023.
  57. "Todd Haynes". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times . Archived from the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  58. "Out100: Todd Haynes". November 9, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  59. Voss, Brandon (July 22, 2017). "Todd Haynes' Time-Hopping New Film Trailer Has Us 'Wonderstruck': The gay director's follow-up to 'Carol' stars Julianne Moore and Michelle Williams". Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  60. Karin Badt. "Todd Haynes at Cannes: New Film 'Carol' Stuns with Elegance". Huffington Post . Retrieved January 11, 2018. I asked Todd why he, a gay male director, so often privileged the disempowered woman as the main character in his films, from his Barbie Doll Karen Carpenter to the paranoid allergic housewife in Safe.
  61. Pierce, Nev. "Calling the Shots: No.1: Todd Haynes". BBC . Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  62. Libby, Brian (November 1, 2002). "Far from New York and loving it". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  63. Lahr, John (November 4, 2019). "Todd Haynes Rewrites the Hollywood Playbook". The New Yorker . ISSN   0028-792X . Retrieved January 29, 2024.
  64. "Todd Haynes Interviews". National Library of Australia. June 24, 2014.
  65. "HBO: Mildred Pierce". HBO. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  66. "Full credits and video on Boards". Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2010.

Further reading