Todd McFarlane

Last updated

Todd McFarlane
McFarlane at the 2017 New York Comic Con
Born (1961-03-16) March 16, 1961 (age 62)
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Area(s)Writer, Penciller, Inker, Publisher
Notable works
Wanda Kolomyjec
(m. 1985)
Official website

Todd McFarlane ( /məkˈfɑːrlɪn/ ; born March 16, 1961) is a Canadian comic book creator, best known for his work as the artist on The Amazing Spider-Man and as the creator, writer, and artist on the superhero horror-fantasy series Spawn, as well as being the current President and a co-founder of Image Comics.


In the late 1980s and early 1990s, McFarlane became a comic-book superstar due to his high-selling work on Marvel Comics' Spider-Man franchise, [2] on which he was the artist to draw the first full appearances of the character Venom. In 1992, he helped form Image Comics, pulling the occult anti-hero character Spawn from his high-school portfolio and updating him for the 1990s. The debut issue sold 1.7 million copies, [3] which as of 2007, remains a record for an independent comic book. [2] The character's popularity in the 1990s also encouraged a trend in creator-owned comic-book properties.

After leaving inking duties on Spawn with issue No. 70 (February 1998), McFarlane has illustrated comic books less often, focusing on entrepreneurial efforts, such as McFarlane Toys and Todd McFarlane Entertainment, a film and animation studio. In September 2006, it was announced that McFarlane would be the Art Director of the newly formed 38 Studios, formerly Green Monster Games, founded by major league baseball pitcher Curt Schilling. [4] McFarlane used to be a co-owner of the National Hockey League's Edmonton Oilers before selling his shares to Daryl Katz. [5] He is also a high-profile collector of record-breaking baseballs.

As a filmmaker, he produced the 1997 film adaptation of Spawn starring Michael Jai White. He will make his directorial debut with the reboot film, which will star Jamie Foxx.

Early life

Todd McFarlane was born on March 16, 1961, in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, [6] [7] to Bob and Sherlee McFarlane. [8] He is the second [9] of three sons, [10] which McFarlane says contributed to his competitive streak. [9] Bob worked in the printing business, which led him to take work where he could find it, and as a result, during McFarlane's childhood, the family lived in thirty different places from Alberta to California. [8] [11]

Prototype version of the character Spawn, which McFarlane drew in his teens PrototypeSpawnByMcFarlane.jpg
Prototype version of the character Spawn, which McFarlane drew in his teens

McFarlane began drawing as a hobby at an early age, [12] and developed an interest in comics, acquiring as many as he could, and learning to draw from them. [8] He was a fan of comics creators such as John Byrne, Jack Kirby, Frank Miller and George Pérez, as well as the writing of Alan Moore. [6] (John Parker of ComicsAlliance has also noted the influence of Walt Simonson in McFarlane's work. [13] ) McFarlane created the character Spawn when he was 16, and spent "countless hours" perfecting the appearance of each component of the character's visual design. [12]

One day while in the twelfth grade [8] at Calgary's William Aberhart High School, [6] [14] McFarlane, working as a groundskeeper for the Calgary Cardinals, was standing in the bleachers when a 13-year-old ninth grader sitting near him named Wanda Kolomyjec, who served as the team's bat girl, [8] [15] began flirting with him. The two began dating, over the objections of Wanda's father, who thought she was too young for him, though in time McFarlane won him over. [8]

Right after high school, McFarlane attended baseball tryouts at Gonzaga University. Despite being a good fielder and fast, he was not a good hitter. Moreover, he could not afford Gonzaga, so he attended Spokane Falls Community College for a year, [11] his relationship with Wanda developing into a long-distance one. [8] In 1981 McFarlane began attending Eastern Washington University (EWU) on a baseball scholarship, studying as part of a self-designed program for graphics and art. His practical goal was to join his father in the printing business in Calgary, Alberta, though his dream was always to be a comic book creator. [11] [12] He worked part-time on campus as a janitor in the school's administration building, as his scholarship required an on-campus job, and also worked weekends at a comics shop called the Comic Rack, devoting a couple of hours late at night to practice his comics art. [8] [11] [16]

He sought to play baseball professionally after graduation, but suffered a serious ankle injury in his junior year during a game with arch rivals Washington State University. He subsequently focused on drawing, working at the comic book store to pay for the rest of his education, and living in a trailer park in Cheney, Washington with Wanda, [8] [11] [12] who had moved to the area to be with him and attend EWU as well. [8] In 1984, a year after his injury, McFarlane's final chance to play for the big leagues came when he tried out with the Toronto Blue Jays' farm team in Medicine Hat, Alberta, but he ended up being ranked last on the roster, ending his professional baseball prospects. [8] McFarlane graduated with a bachelor's degree that same year. [11] [12] [17] [18] He stayed in Spokane, Washington while Wanda finished her degree. [11] She also co-plotted and edited the pages on which McFarlane developed his own comics character, Spawn . [15]


Early work, DC, and Marvel

McFarlane's cover for DC's Batman No. 423 (Sept 1988) Batman423.JPG
McFarlane's cover for DC's Batman No. 423 (Sept 1988)

While still in college, McFarlane began sending 30–40 packages of submissions each month to comics editors, totaling over 700 submissions after a year and a half, most of which were in the form of pinups. Half resulted in no response, while the other half resulted in rejection letters, though he received some constructive criticism from a few editors. One of them, DC Comics' Sal Amendola, gave McFarlane a dummy script in order to gauge McFarlane's page-to-page storytelling ability. Amendola's advice that McFarlane's submissions needed to focus page-to-page stories rather than pinups led McFarlane to create a five-page Coyote sample that he initially sent to Uncanny X-Men editor Ann Nocenti at Marvel Comics, who passed it along to Archie Goodwin and Jo Duffy, the editors of the Marvel imprint Epic Comics, which published Coyote. They in turn passed it onto Coyote creator Steve Englehart, who called McFarlane to offer McFarlane his first comic job, [8] [11] [12] a 1984 backup story in Coyote. [19]

McFarlane soon began drawing for both DC and Marvel, with his first major body of work being a two-year run (1985–1987) on DC's Infinity, Inc. In 1987, McFarlane illustrated the last three issues of Detective Comics' four-issue "Batman: Year Two" storyline. [20] From there, he moved to Marvel's Incredible Hulk , which he drew from 1987 to 1988, working with writer Peter David. [21]

The Amazing Spider-Man

In 1988, McFarlane joined writer David Michelinie on Marvel's The Amazing Spider-Man , beginning with issue 298, drawing the preliminary sketch for that cover's image on the back of one of his Incredible Hulk pages. [22] McFarlane garnered notice for the more dynamic poses in which he depicted Spider-Man's aerial web-swinging, his enlarging of the eyes on the character's mask, and greater detail in which he rendered his artwork. In particular was the elaborate detail he gave to Spider-Man's webbing. Whereas it had essentially been rendered as a series of Xs between two lines, McFarlane embellished it by detailing far more individual strands, which came to be dubbed "spaghetti webbing". [2] [23] [24] (McFarlane was possibly influenced by artist Arthur Adams, whose visual conception of Spider-Man with a large-eyed mask, webbing with more detailed strands, and more contorted poses while web-swinging, can be seen in Web of Spider-Man Annual #2, published in June 1986 – approximately 1½ years before McFarlane's first published Spider-Man work.) McFarlane drew the first full appearance of Eddie Brock, the original incarnation of the villain Venom. He has been credited as the character's co-creator, though this has been a topic of dispute within the comic book industry (see Eddie Brock: Creation and conception ). [25] [26] [27]

McFarlane's work on Amazing Spider-Man made him an industry superstar. [24] His cover art for Amazing Spider-Man No. 313, for which he was originally paid $700 in 1989, for example, would later sell for $71,200 in 2010. [28] One critic of McFarlane's detail-heavy style was Comics Journal editor Gary Groth, who said of McFarlane in a 2017 interview, "He doesn't have any authentic virtues as a visual stylist. His work is so overembellished that it disguised the fact that the composition is chaotic and cluttered to the point of being almost unreadable. He never really learned the craft of comics — he just faked it really well." [29]

During his run on The Amazing Spider-Man, McFarlane became increasingly dissatisfied with the lack of control over his own work, as he wanted more say in the direction of storylines. He began to miss deadlines, requiring guest artists to fill-in for him on some issues. [2] In 1990, after a 28-issue run of Amazing Spider-Man, McFarlane told editor Jim Salicrup that he wanted to write his own stories, and would be leaving the book with issue No. 328, which was part of that year's company-wide "Acts of Vengeance" crossover storyline. In July 2012 the original artwork to that issue's cover, which features Spider-Man dispatching the Hulk, sold for a record-breaking $657,250 USD, the highest auction price ever for any piece of American comic book art. [30] [31] McFarlane was succeeded on Amazing Spider-Man by McFarlane's future fellow Image Comics co-founder Erik Larsen. [32]

New Spider-Man title

McFarlane's cover for Marvel's Spider-Man No. 1 (August 1990) Spiderman1cover.jpg
McFarlane's cover for Marvel's Spider-Man No. 1 (August 1990)

Wanting to appease McFarlane, Marvel gave McFarlane a new, adjectiveless Spider-Man title for him to both write and draw. Spider-Man #1 (August 1990) sold 2.5 million copies, [33] [34] largely due to the variant covers with which Marvel, seeking to capitalize on McFarlane's popularity, published the issue in order to encourage collectors into buying more than one edition. This practice was a result of the comics speculator bubble of the 1990s, which would burst later that decade. [2] McFarlane, unbeknownst to his parents at the time, was making about a million dollars a year. [8] McFarlane wrote and illustrated 15 of the series' first 16 issues, many issues of which featured other popular Marvel characters such as Wolverine and Ghost Rider in guest roles. [2]

Despite his acclaim as an artist, according to David Wallace of Comics Bulletin, many found McFarlane's writing to be "clumsy, unsophisticated and pretentious", and questioned the wisdom of allowing him to write a new Spider-Man title in the first place. At the same time, editorial had problems with the dark tone of the stories McFarlane was telling, beginning with the inaugural "Torment" storyline, which depicted a more vicious version of the reptilian villain Lizard under the control of the voodoo priestess Calypso. [2] Subsequent storylines such as "Masques" featured Spider-Man confronting the demonic Hobgoblin, while "Perceptions", which involved Spider-Man dealing with police corruption, child rape, and murder (a hint of the work he would later do on Spawn ), led some stores to refuse to stock the book. This created further tensions between McFarlane and editorial, which viewed Spider-Man as an historically light-hearted character marketed to young readers. Editor Jim Salicrup in particular was required to make a number of compromises for McFarlane's work, including enforcing McFarlane's minor costume changes across the entire line of other Spidey comics, placing limitations on his choice of villains for his stories, and dealing with strong disagreement on the handling of the character Mary Jane Watson. This strained McFarlane's relationship with Salicrup, which was expressed in the remarkable amount of public disagreement that appeared in the book's letters page. Eventually McFarlane's attention to his deadlines again began to waiver, and he missed issue 15 of the title. His final issue on the book, #16 (November 1991), was part of a crossover storyline with X-Force , and led to creative clashes with new editor Danny Fingeroth. [2] According to McFarlane and editor Tom DeFalco in the 2000 documentary The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane, among the examples of the issues that prompted his departure were editorial's censorship of a panel in that issue in which the character Juggernaut was graphically stabbed in the eye with a sword. DeFalco supported the editing of the panel, calling it "inappropriate", while McFarlane called this "lunacy", arguing that such graphic visuals are commonplace in Marvel's books. [8] Fed up with editorial interference, he left the company under something of a cloud. According to Wallace, "McFarlane's fifteen issues of Spider-Man are now (perhaps slightly unfairly) held up alongside the likes of X-Force as the epitome of everything that was wrong in 1990s comics, and their cash-in approach to the then-booming speculator market precipitated the near-collapse of the industry." [2]

Image Comics

McFarlane then teamed with six other popular artists [35] [36] to form Image Comics, an umbrella company under which each owned a publishing house. McFarlane's studio, Todd McFarlane Productions, Inc., published his creation, the occult-themed Spawn, written and drawn by McFarlane. It was Image's second release, following the release of Rob Liefeld's Youngblood the month prior. [3] Upon its release in 1992, Spawn #1 (May 1992) sold 1.7 million copies, which as of 2007, remains a record for an independent comic book. [2] [3]

The cover of Spawn #1 (1992) Spawn.jpg
The cover of Spawn #1 (1992)

Responding to harsh criticism of his abilities as a writer, McFarlane hired acclaimed writers to guest-write issues #8–11, including Alan Moore, Neil Gaiman, Dave Sim, and Frank Miller. [3] Subsequent writers he would hire on the series included Grant Morrison, Andrew Grossberg, and Tom Orzechowski. Greg Capullo penciled several issues as a guest artist, and became the regular penciler with #26, with McFarlane remaining as writer and inker until #70. The series continued to be a hit, and in 1993 Wizard declared Spawn "the best-selling comic on a consistent basis that is currently being published." [37] Spawn is notable for being one of only two Image books that debuted during the company's 1992 launch, along with Erik Larsen's Savage Dragon , that continued to be published into the 2020s. [38] [39]

During Image's early years of operation, the company was subject to much industry criticism over aspects of its business practices, including late-shipped books, [3] and its creators' emphasis of art over writing. One of these critics was McFarlane's former Hulk collaborator, writer Peter David. This came to a head during a public debate they participated in at Philadelphia's Comicfest convention in October 1993, which was moderated by artist George Pérez. McFarlane stated that Image was not being treated fairly by the media, and by David in particular. The three judges, Maggie Thompson, editor of the Comics Buyer's Guide , William Christensen of Wizard Press, and John Danovich of the magazine Hero Illustrated , voted 2–1 in favor of David, with Danovich voting the debate a tie. [40]

In 1994 McFarlane and DC Comics collaborated on an intercompany crossover, each producing a book featuring Batman and Spawn. The first of the two books, Batman-Spawn: War Devil was written by Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant, drawn by Klaus Janson, and published by DC. [41] [42] It was followed by Spawn/Batman , which was written by Frank Miller and drawn by McFarlane. [42] That year marked the point when McFarlane ceased to be the regular writer and artist of Spawn. The first issue that he did not draw was issue 16, which was drawn by Greg Capullo. Aside from the four fill-in writers on issues #8–11, it was the first issue on which McFarlane was not the regular writer, as it was the first of a three-issue storyline written by Grant Morrison. Over the course of the ensuing decades, he would hire other writers such as Brian Holguin and David Hine, and artists such as Whilce Portacio, Angel Medina, and Philip Tan. McFarlane occasionally offered story input and inked covers. He would sporadically return as the interior artist for intermittent issues, and for a few years wrote it under a pseudonym in order to generate interest in the book by fostering the illusion that new talent was being brought into the book's production. [3] [43]

In 2006 McFarlane announced plans for Spawn/Batman with artist Greg Capullo, which McFarlane wrote and inked, and which paid tribute to Jack Kirby. He also began taking an active role in comics publishing again, publishing collections of his Spawn comics in trade paperback form. Spawn Collection Volume 1 collecting issues 1–12 minus issue 9 (due to royalty issues with Neil Gaiman) and 10 (due to a vow he made to Sim) was released in December 2005. The first volume achieved moderate success, ranking 17 in the top one hundred graphic novels, with pre-order sales of 3,227 for that period. [44]

In 2008, McFarlane returned to co-plot the series with returning writer Brian Holguin, with issue 185. The book survived the comics speculator bubble's crash, but its sales have fluctuated, never matching the sales figures of the 1990s. Though it continues publication, its appearance on the Diamond Top 300 chart has been intermittent since the mid-2000s. Nonetheless, Shea Hennum of Paste magazine has observed of the series, "It's a book that, for a time, people continued to buy because of the character instead of the creator. It has become as much of an institution as it is a comic. [3]

Haunt , an ongoing series co-created by McFarlane and Robert Kirkman, was announced in 2007 and launched on October 7, 2009. [45] The comic was initially written by Kirkman, penciled by Ryan Ottley, and inked by McFarlane, with Greg Capullo providing layouts. McFarlane contributed pencils to some issues, and co-wrote issue 28, the series finale, with Joe Casey, who took over writing duties from Kirkman. [46]

In 2019, McFarlane wrote and drew Spawn #301, surpassing Dave Sim's 300-issue series Cerebus as the longest-running creator-owned comics series. [47] The book, released on October 2 of that year, [48] earned McFarlane a place in the Guinness World Records, for which McFarlane was given a certificate on October 5, 2019 at the New York Comic Con, prior to his panel, "The Road to Historic Spawn 300 and 301." [49] [50] At San Diego Comic-Con 2022, it was announced that McFarlane would write a new Batman/Spawn crossover, with Greg Capullo as artist, and a release date of December 2022. [51]

Todd McFarlane Entertainment

McFarlane speaking at the Phoenix Comicon in Phoenix, Arizona Todd McFarlane by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
McFarlane speaking at the Phoenix Comicon in Phoenix, Arizona

Todd McFarlane Productions published multiple Spawn spin-offs and mini-series. [52] He increasingly concentrated his own personal attention to those other ventures, which resulted in more sporadic work as an illustrator. In 1994, McFarlane created a toy company, Todd Toys, initially to merchandise collectible action figures of the Spawn characters. [53] In three months, the company sold more than 2.2 million of the action figures nationwide. After Mattel sent a cease-and-desist order on the basis of a male doll in Mattel's Barbie line named Todd, McFarlane changed the company name to McFarlane Toys. The company's line of figures quickly expanded to those of popular cultural icons, such as members of the band Kiss, characters from the film franchise Texas Chainsaw Massacre , TV series such as The X-Files , and sports figures such as Terrell Owens. [54] [55] In 1999, the company sold over 6 million action figures. [8] As of 2017, the company was fifth-largest action-figure manufacturer in the United States. [29]

Todd McFarlane produced the album art for Iced Earth's 1996 Spawn-based concept album The Dark Saga [56] and Korn's 1998 third studio album Follow the Leader . [57]

That same year, McFarlane founded Todd McFarlane Entertainment, a film and animation studio. In collaboration with New Line Cinema, it produced the 1997 Spawn film and a new Spawn movie, planned in 2008. [58] Spawn, while critically panned, [59] was a modest box office success, earning $54.8 million domestically, and almost $33 million worldwide, against a $40 million budget. [60] Todd McFarlane Entertainment also produced the animated series Todd McFarlane's Spawn , (featuring voice work by actor Keith David) which aired on HBO from 1997 until 1999. Ed Bark of The Dallas Morning News called the series a "very unpleasant viewing experience" and asked "why anyone would want to subject themselves to such a relentlessly grim, gruesome dehumanizing experience." [11] [61] Nonetheless, the animated series won a 1998 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Animation. [62] [63]

The studio produced a number of music videos and other animations, including:

In October 2003 saw the release of the Swollen Members album Heavy , with Canadian and international covers that were both illustrated by McFarlane.[ citation needed ]

On July 21, 2011, at San Diego Comic-Con International, McFarlane and Stan Lee debuted their new comic, Blood Red Dragon . The series is a collaboration with musician Yoshiki and stars a fictionalized version of him. [77]

McFarlane and Boston Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling formed the gaming studio 38 Studios (formerly Green Monster Games), in order to produce role-playing games, with McFarlane overseeing art direction. [78] [79] [80]

In February 2012, the company released its only title, Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning , a single-player action role-playing game that was a moderate success, but by late May 2012, the company had ceased operation, [81] due to financial difficulties [82] [83] for which it had filed for bankruptcy. [84]

McFarlane was one of several artists to illustrate a variant cover for Kirkman's The Walking Dead No. 100, which was released July 11, 2012 at the San Diego Comic-Con. [85]

In July 2017, Blumhouse Productions announced McFarlane would direct a reboot of the 1997 film Spawn. McFarlane had by then written a first-draft script. [86] In May 2018, it was announced that Jamie Foxx would portray the titular character. [87] In July 2018, it was reported that Jeremy Renner would be starring alongside Foxx as Detective Twitch. [88] On October 25, 2018, filming was set to begin in June 2019, [89] but was eventually delayed to a later date. [90] In August 2021, it was reported that Broken City screenwriter Brian Tucker had been hired to rewrite McFarlane's screenplay. [91] In October 2022, The Hollywood Reporter stated that Scott Silver, Malcolm Spellman, and Matthew Mixon had been hired to pen a new draft on the screenplay, and that Renner's continued involvement depended on the new draft's outcome. McFarlane expressed doubts about directing the film himself. [92]

In November 2021, McFarlane launched a dedicated television development and production arm of his McFarlane Films, which has signed a first-look deal with production company wiip. As of November 2021, the company has three shows in development: a Spawn spin-off Sam & Twitch ; the stop-motion, animated event series McFarland; and a live-action adaptation of the Sean Lewis comic Thumbs. [93]


In 1998, McFarlane, an avid baseball fan, paid $2.6 million USD at auction for the baseball that St. Louis Cardinals first baseman Mark McGwire hit for his then record-breaking 70th home run, [10] [94] and $175,000 for Sammy Sosa's 66th home run ball. [94]

In June 2003 McFarlane paid about $517,500 at auction for San Francisco Giants left fielder Barry Bonds' October 2001, record-breaking 73rd home run ball. The auction took place at the ESPN Zone in New York's Times Square and was featured live on SportsCenter . [10] [94] When asked by Time magazine's Michael Grunwald in a 2007 interview if he was interested in Bonds' record 756th career home run ball, McFarlane indicated that he was more interested in Bonds' last home run ball. [10]

McFarlane is a former minority owner of the Edmonton Oilers, and designed the logo used on the team's alternate third jersey, which debuted in 2001 and was worn through 2007. [95] [96] The Oilers returned to the McFarlane design in 2022 as part of the league's Reverse Retro jersey program. [97]

Other media

Video games

Spawn appears as a guest character in the Xbox version of Soulcalibur II. McFarlane also designed the unique character Necrid for the game. [98]

A PlayStation 2 game, McFarlane's Evil Prophecy , was released in 2004 by Konami. In it, players battle creatures based on a line of Todd McFarlane's action figures including classic movie monsters such as Frankenstein's monster and Dracula. [99]

In January 2005, McFarlane announced that he was set to produce a half-hour anthology television series for Fox called Twisted Tales, based on the Bruce Jones' comic book to which McFarlane had purchased the rights. [100]

McFarlane at the Image Comics booth at the 2011 New York Comic Con 10.15.11ToddMcFarlaneByLuigiNovi6.jpg
McFarlane at the Image Comics booth at the 2011 New York Comic Con

For the release of the video game Halo 3 , McFarlane was enlisted to design a series of action figures. [101] [102]

In 2011, McFarlane was hired as an artist for the game Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning , [103] on which his duties included key frame art, storyboards and directing. [104]

Media about McFarlane

Stan Lee interviewed McFarlane in Episode 1 of the 1991 documentary series The Comic Book Greats . [105] [106] In 2000, McFarlane was the subject of a National Film Board of Canada documentary Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane, directed by Kenton Vaughan. [107] The film first aired on CBC-TV's Life and Times biography series on January 9, 2001.[ citation needed ]

In "Spidey Cents", a fourth-season episode of the History reality television series Pawn Stars which aired in May 2011, a man tries to sell McFarlane's original artwork for page 25 of The Amazing Spider-Man No. 316 (June 1989) for $20,000 to the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop in Las Vegas. Because the seller lacked the paper work authenticating the artwork, Gold & Silver manager Corey Harrison would only pay $1,000 for the page, an offer that the seller declined. [28]

McFarlane lost judgments in two lawsuits in the 2000s. The first was a 2002 suit in which McFarlane contested with writer Neil Gaiman over the rights to some supporting Spawn characters created by Gaiman in issue No. 9 of the Spawn series and over payment for later works featuring those characters. In 1997, the two signed a deal in which Gaiman would give his share of characters Angela, Medieval Spawn and Cogliostro to McFarlane in exchange for McFarlane's share of British superhero Marvelman (in reality, what McFarlane actually owned were two trademarks for Miracleman logos, not the character, which would become clear only after the lawsuit concluded). This deal was broken by McFarlane, which motivated Gaiman to start the lawsuit. The jury was unanimous in favor of Gaiman. The two were involved in a lengthy dispute over ownership of Miracleman, but no lawsuit has been filed in that dispute. In 2009, Marvel Comics resolved the matter by purchasing the property. [108] The creators settled their dispute over the Spawn characters in January 2012. The exact terms of the settlement were not disclosed, [109] though Gaiman apparently retained ownership of Angela, as she became a character in the Marvel Universe when Gaiman began doing work for Marvel in 2013. [110] [111] Bleeding Cool later confirmed that Marvel Comics had completely bought the rights to Angela from Gaiman. [112]

Another suit in which McFarlane became embroiled was a December 2004 suit in which hockey player Tony Twist sued McFarlane because he named a mobster character in Spawn after Twist. After a jury initially found McFarlane liable for $24.5 million in damages (reduced to $15 million on appeal), the lawsuit was later settled out of court for $5 million. [113] [114]

In 2012, McFarlane sued his former friend and employee, Al Simmons, from whom the name of Spawn's alter ego was derived. According to a lawsuit lodged in Arizona federal court, the real Al Simmons published a book called The Art of Being Spawn, in which Simmons purportedly suggests that his own life was the inspiration for the Spawn character. McFarlane's position was that Simmons violated the terms of his employment pact and breached his duty of loyalty. [115] [116] The lawsuit was settled in December 2012 when McFarlane came to an agreement with Simmons. The terms of any settlement were not made public. [29] [117] [118]

Awards and recognition

McFarlane's has won numerous awards, including:

Personal life

McFarlane and his wife Wanda [123] [124] married in 1985. They stayed in Spokane, Washington until 1986, when they moved to Vancouver, British Columbia. They later moved to Portland, Oregon, [11] and then to the Ahwatukee Foothills of Phoenix, Arizona, [11] [125] where they continue to live as of 2007. There, they raised their three children: Cyan, Kate, and Jake. Cyan's love of the TV series Lost inspired her father's decision to produce action figures based on that show, while Kate voiced the young Cyan in the animated Spawn TV series. [125] McFarlane's offices are located near Phoenix. [29]

McFarlane stated in a 1992 interview that he was an atheist. [24]


Awesome Comics

Cover art

DC Comics

Cover art


Cover Art

Image Comics


Cover art

  • Badrock (1995) #1A (inks only)
  • Black Flag Preview Edition #1 (1994) (inks only)
  • Cyber Force #8 (1994)
  • Reborn #1H (2016)
  • The Crow #1B (2013)
  • The Darkness #100B (2012)
  • The Infinite #1D, 2E (2011) (inks only)
  • Walking Dead #100D (2003)


  • Sam and Twitch #21-16 (2001-2004)
  • Savior #1–8 (2015)
  • Spawn #1–7, 12–15, 21–150 (1992–2005); 185–current (2008–present)
  • Spawn Kills Everyone #1 (2016)
  • Spawn Kills Everyone Too #1–4 (2018–2019)
  • Gunslinger Spawn #1–current (2021–present)



Cover art


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neil Gaiman</span> English writer (born 1960)

Neil Richard MacKinnon Gaiman is an English author of short fiction, novels, comic books, graphic novels, audio theatre, and screenplays. His works include the comic book series The Sandman and the novels Good Omens, Stardust, Anansi Boys, American Gods, Coraline, and The Graveyard Book. In 2023, he starred as the voice of Gef the talking mongoose in the black comedy film Nandor Fodor and the Talking Mongoose.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spawn (character)</span> Comic book superhero

Albert Francis "Al" Simmons, better known as Spawn, is an antihero appearing in a monthly comic book of the same name published by American company Image Comics, as well as in a number of films, television series, and video game adaptations set in the Image Universe. Created by Todd McFarlane, Spawn first appeared in Spawn #1.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frank Miller</span> American writer, artist, and film director (born 1957)

Frank Miller is an American comic book artist, comic book writer, and screenwriter known for his comic book stories and graphic novels such as his run on Daredevil, for which he created the character Elektra, and subsequent Daredevil: Born Again, The Dark Knight Returns, Batman: Year One, Sin City, and 300.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steve Englehart</span> American comic book writer (born 1947)

Steve Englehart is an American writer of comic books and novels. He is best known for his work at Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s and 1980s. His pseudonyms have included John Harkness and Cliff Garnett.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brian Michael Bendis</span> American comic book writer and artist, born 1967

Brian Michael Bendis is an American comic book writer and artist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alex Ross</span> American comic book artist

Nelson Alexander Ross is an American comic book writer and artist known primarily for his painted interiors, covers, and design work. He first became known with the 1994 miniseries Marvels, on which he collaborated with writer Kurt Busiek for Marvel Comics. He has since done a variety of projects for both Marvel and DC Comics, such as the 1996 miniseries Kingdom Come, which he also cowrote. Since then he has done covers and character designs for Busiek's series Astro City, and various projects for Dynamite Entertainment. His feature film work includes concept and narrative art for Spider-Man (2002) and Spider-Man 2 (2004), and DVD packaging art for the M. Night Shyamalan film Unbreakable (2000). He has done covers for TV Guide, promotional artwork for the Academy Awards, posters and packaging design for video games, and his renditions of superheroes have been merchandised as action figures.

<i>Peter Parker: Spider-Man</i> Multiple comic book series

Peter Parker: Spider-Man is the name of two comic book series published by Marvel Comics, both of which feature the character Spider-Man.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Romita Jr.</span> American comic book artist

John Salvatore Romita is an American comics artist best known for his extensive work for Marvel Comics from the 1970s to the 2010s. He is the son of artist John Romita Sr.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Modern Age of Comic Books</span> Mid-1980s to present era of American superhero comic books

The Modern Age of Comic Books is a period in the history of American superhero comic books which began in the mid-1980s and continues through the present day. During approximately the first 15 years of this period, many comic book characters were redesigned, creators gained prominence in the industry, independent comics flourished, and larger publishing houses became more commercialized.

Chris Bachalo is a Canadian comic book illustrator known for his quirky, cartoon-like style. He became well known for stints on DC Comics' Shade, the Changing Man and Neil Gaiman's two Death series. Chris has also illustrated several of Marvel Comics' X-Men-related series, including Generation X, X-Men, Uncanny X-Men, and Ultimate X-Men. Beginning in April 2000 Chris illustrated his creator-owned series Steampunk.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erik Larsen</span> Comic creator

Erik J. Larsen is an American comic book artist, writer, and publisher. He currently acts as the chief financial officer of Image Comics. He gained attention in the early 1990s with his art on Spider-Man series for Marvel Comics. In 1992 he was one of several artists who stopped working for Marvel to found Image Comics, where he launched his superhero series Savage Dragon – one of the longest running creator-owned superhero comics series – and served for several years as the company's publisher.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whilce Portacio</span> Comic artist

William "Whilce" Portacio is a Filipino American comic book writer and artist noted for his work on such titles as The Punisher, X-Factor, Uncanny X-Men, Iron Man, Wetworks and Spawn. Portacio was also one of the seven co-founders of Image Comics, though he did not become a full-partner in the company, and is therefore not a member of its board of directors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Angela (character)</span> Image Comics and Marvel superhero

Angela is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by Image Comics and Marvel Comics. Created by author Neil Gaiman and artist Todd McFarlane, the character first appeared in Spawn #9, in McFarlane's creator-owned series Spawn, and later starring in her own self-titled miniseries. She is an angel and a bounty hunter, working under the auspices of Heaven to oppose Spawn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cogliostro</span> Comics character

Cogliostro, also simply Cog, is a fictional character in Todd McFarlane's Spawn comic series, set in the Image Universe. Cogliostro was created in 1993 by author Neil Gaiman and artist Todd McFarlane and introduced in Spawn issue #9. Originally depicted as a supporting character, he becomes an antagonist as the series progresses, eventually becoming the supervillain Sinn and the third main antagonist of the series.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ryan Ottley</span> American comic artist

Ryan Ottley is an American comic book artist, best known for work on Image Comics' Invincible and Marvel Comics' Amazing Spider-Man.

The Man of Miracles is a fictional, ageless, mysterious, genderless, super-being, featured in the Spawn comic book series.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greg Capullo</span> American comic book artist and penciller

Gregory Capullo is an American comic book artist and penciller, best known for his work on Quasar (1991–1992), X-Force (1992–1993), Angela (1994), Spawn, Batman (2011–2016), and Reborn (2016–2017). He also drew the DC Comics company-wide crossover storylines Dark Nights: Metal and Dark Nights: Death Metal.

<i>Haunt</i> (comics) Comics character

Haunt is an American comic book published by Image Comics. Created by Todd McFarlane and Robert Kirkman, the series debuted in October 2009 and ended in December 2012 after 28 issues. The comic was originally written by Kirkman with pencils by Ryan Ottley, layouts by Greg Capullo, and inks by McFarlane, to a mixed to positive critical reception. Joe Casey and Nathan Fox took over as the book's creative team as of Haunt #19 to a universally negative reception, abandoning the original storyline and supporting cast and serving as a tie-in to the pair's Spawn series, in which Haunt is featured as a supporting character.

Khary Randolph is an American comic book artist. He has worked on such series as Starborn, Charismagic, Tech Jacket, Mosaic, and Excellence; and for such publishers as Marvel Comics, Epic Comics, DC Comics, Aspen Comics, Image Comics, and Boom! Studios.

The comic book character Marvelman has been the subject of several legal issues, even after being renamed as "Miracleman" in 1985. The character and its derivatives were created by Mick Anglo in 1954 at the request of publisher Len Miller. The copyright has been retained by Anglo ever since, and by Anglo's estate, since his death in 2011.


  1. Inkpot Award
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Wallace, David (February 10, 2007). "Silver Soapbox: The Complete Todd McFarlane Spider-Man". Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hennum, Shea (March 12, 2015). "What Spawn Means to the Future of Image". Paste .
  4. Li C. Kuo (September 8, 2006). "Curt Schilling Founds Green Monster Games". GameSpy. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
  5. "Katz's bid to buy Oilers 100-per-cent successful" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine . The Edmonton Journal , February 6, 2008.
  6. 1 2 3 McFarlane, Todd (w, a). "The Spawning Ground". Spawn #1 (May 1992). Image Comics.
  7. "McFARLANE, Todd (1961–)". The Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Vaughan, Kenton (Director, 2000). The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane. National Film Board of Canada.
  9. 1 2 Piers, Chris (December 24, 2020). "Todd McFarlane Interview: As I've Gotten Older, I Just Like Good Storytelling". Comic Tropes. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022 via YouTube. Why am I competitive? I don't know. And then I think it got sort of..."honed"....very, very good. Because I had a brother a year younger and a brother a year older.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Grunwald, Michael (August 8, 2007). "The Man With the Million Dollar Balls". Time .
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Kershner, Jim (June 3, 1997). "'Spawn' Storm Spokane Artist Todd Mcfarlane Always Wanted To Create His Own Comic Book Series, And When He Finally Did, It Became The Hottest Title Of The Decade". The Spokesman-Review .
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 McFarlane, Todd (November 2012). The Art of Todd McFarlane: The Devil's in the Details. Todd McFarlane Productions/Image Comics.
  13. Parker, John (June 12, 2012). "ComicsAlliance Reviews Todd McFarlane's 'Spawn' Year One, Part 1: Questions" Archived April 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine . ComicsAlliance.
  14. Nowak, Peter (December 24, 2007). "Artist spawns a web of influence". CBC News. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007.
  15. 1 2 McFarlane, Todd (September 8, 2016). "Why This Amateur Piece Has Personal Significance…". McFarlane. Archived from the original on December 3, 2023. Retrieved December 2, 2023.
  16. Booker, Keith M. (October 28, 2014). Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood. p. 1144. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  17. 1 2 "McFarlane Returns". Eastern Washington University. May 21, 2013.
  18. Harris, Craig (June 17, 2003). "Baseball, toys and comics: McFarlane finds success". USA Today .
  19. Sergi, Joe (2015). The Law for Comic Book Creators: Essential Concepts and Applications. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 77. ISBN   978-0-7864-7360-1.
  20. Manning, Matthew K. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 229. ISBN   978-0-7566-6742-9. In 'Year Two', a four-part sequel [to "Batman: Year One"] set in Batman's second year as a crime fighter, writer Mike W. Barr and artists Alan Davis and Todd McFarlane challenged the Caped Crusader with the threat of the Reaper.
  21. Ridlehoover, John (June 18, 2020). "Spawn Creator Todd McFarlane Shares His Early, Unseen Hulk Drawings". Comic Book Resources . Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  22. McFarlane, Todd (April 25, 2017). "LIVE Todd shows cover sketch for my first Marvel Spider-Man issue EVER!". Facebook. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  23. Chapman, Adam (September 11, 2011). "Amazing Spider-Man by David Michelinie & Todd McFarlane Omnibus". Comics and Gaming Magazine.
  24. 1 2 3 Groth, Gary (August 1992). "'That's the Spice of Life, Bud': The Todd McFarlane Interview". The Comics Journal (#152). Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  25. Wizard #21 (May 1993)
  26. Wizard magazine #23, July 1993
  27. Comics Creators on Spider-Man, pg 148, Tom DeFalco. (Titan Books, 2004)
  28. 1 2 "Spidey Cents". Pawn Stars . Season 4. Episode 26. May 2, 2011. History.
  29. 1 2 3 4 Riesman, Abraham (February 2017). "Comic Book Icon Todd McFarlane (Still) Answers to No One". Vulture.
  30. "Todd McFarlane 1990 Spider-Man #328 Cover Art Brings World Record $657,250+ at Heritage Auctions". Heritage Auctions, July 26, 2012.
  31. Buttery, Jarrod (December 2016). "Captain Universe: The Hero Who Could Be You!", Back Issue! , p. 48.
  32. Burgas, Greg (November 23, 2014). "Year of the Artist, Day 327: Erik Larsen, Part 4 – Amazing Spider-Man #335". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  33. Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, eds. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 184. ISBN   978-0756692360. Todd McFarlane was at the top of his game as an artist, and with Marvel's release of this new Spidey series he also got the chance to take on the writing duties. The sales of this series were underwhelming, with approx. 2.5 million copies eventually printing, including special bagged editions and a number of variant covers.
  34. Saffel, Steve (2007). "Mutant Menace". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 173. ISBN   978-1-84576-324-4. Marvel knew a good thing when they saw it, and the adjectiveless Spider-Man received Marvel's most aggressive launch in company history...the initial press run was 2.35 million, and 500,000 additional copies were printed to meet demand.
  35. "FAQ". Image Comics. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  36. "The History of Image Comics (So Much Damage): Part 1: The Founding". SyFy Wire. November 20, 2017. Archived from the original on November 17, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2020 via YouTube.
  37. "Wizard Market Watch". Wizard . No. 22. June 1993. pp. 134–5.
  38. Jennings, Collier (March 24, 2020). "Savage Dragon Creator Erik Larsen Vows Not to Release Digital Before Print". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  39. Spry, Jeff (May 19, 2020). "Image Comics Celebrates Savage Dragon #250 With A 100-Page Super Spectacular". SyFy Wire. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2020.
  40. Gary St. Lawrence (November 19, 1993). "The Peter David-Todd McFarlane Debate: Topic: Has Image Comics/Todd McFarlane been treated fairly by the media?". Comics Buyer's Guide #1044, pp. 92, 98, 102, 108, 113, 116
  41. Batman-Spawn:War Devil at the Grand Comics Database
  42. 1 2 Manning (2010), p. 267: "Fans were also treated to a companion special entitled writers Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant, and artist Klaus Janson."
  43. Terror, Jude (March 3, 2017). "Oh Snap! Todd McFarlane Throws Stones At "Slow" Artists From Roof Of Glass House At Emerald City Comic Con". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  44. "Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual—December 2005". January 16, 2006.
  45. Barton, Steve (August 16, 2012). "New Teaser Trailer Eases on Down Munger Road". Dread Central.
  46. Wigler, Josh (July 25, 2009). "CCI Exclusive: Kirkman and McFarlane on Haunt". Comic Book Resources.
  47. Lovett, Jamie (June 18, 2019). "EXCLUSIVE: Todd McFarlane to Write and Draw in Spawn #301". Archived from the original on June 18, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  48. Quaintance, Zack (September 5, 2019). "Massive SPAWN #300 rushed back to print days after release". Comics Beat. Archived from the original on September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  49. Sheridan, Wade (September 30, 2019). "'Spawn' creator Todd McFarlane earns Guinness World Record". UPI. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  50. Klein, Brennan (April 17, 2022). "Todd McFarlane Gives Optimistic Update on Spawn Movie Reboot". Screen Rant .
  51. Schedeen, Jesse (July 22, 2022). "Batman and Spawn Are Crossing Over Again - Comic-Con 2022". IGN . Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  52. Kendall, G. (February 12, 2017). "Spawn at 25: The Twisted History of Todd McFarlane's Undead Hero". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  53. Overstreet, Robert M. (1996). The Overstreet comic book price guide : books from 1897-present included : catalogue & evaluation guide-- illustrated (26 ed.). New York: Avon Books. pp. A-49. ISBN   0-380-78778-4. OCLC   34703954.
  54. Fields, Sarah K. (May 6, 2016). Game Faces: Sport Celebrity and the Laws of Reputation. University of Illinois Press. p. 122. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  55. Zimbalist, Andrew (October 22, 2010). Circling the Bases: Essays on the Challenges and Prospects of the Sports. Temple University Press, p. 26. Retrieved at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  56. "The Dark Saga". Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  57. "Korn…In Their Words (Close Up With Jonathan)" (Press release). Sony Music. Archived from the original on September 24, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
  58. "Todd McFarlane Begins Work on New 'Spawn' Film". Bloody Disgusting. May 31, 2007. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007.
  59. "Spawn (1997)", Rotten Tomatoes; retrieved April 26, 2017.
  60. "Spawn (1997)". Box Office Mojo; retrieved April 26, 2017.
  61. Bark, Ed (May 16, 1997). "'Spawn' A Trek Through Cartoon Slime". Sun-Sentinel . Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  62. "Spawn: HBO". Emmy Awards. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences; retrieved April 26, 2017.
  63. Booker, Keith M. (May 11, 2010). Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels. Greenwood. p. 402. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  64. "The Greatest Animated Music Videos", Rolling Stone . January 31, 2012.
  65. "Debuts". The TRL Archive. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  66. ""Korn "Freak" Video To Debut On Friday"". MTV. February 4, 1999. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
  67. "Recap – February 1999". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  68. "Hall of Fame". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  69. "Number Ones". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  70. Metal Edge . July 2000
  71. Billboard. March 11, 2000. p. 7.
  72. Billboard. March 11, 2000. p. 79.
  73. Holden, Stephen (June 14, 2002). "FILM REVIEW; Altar Boys Will Be Altar Boys, and They're Drawing Comics, Too". The New York Times .
  74. 1 2 White, Armond (June 25, 2002). "Scooby-Doo; The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys" Archived April 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine . New York Press . Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  75. "The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  76. Harris, Chris (March 10, 2006). "Todd McFarlane To Make Genesis' 'Confusion' Clip Even More Disturbed". MTV. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  77. "Stan Lee & Todd McFarlane Team with Music Icon". IGN . Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  78. Miot, Stephanie (June 8, 2012). "Third Strike for 38 Studios, Curt Schilling Leads to Bankruptcy Filing". PC Magazine . Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  79. Oshry, Dave (March 17, 2012). "McFarlane says 38 Studios' Amalur MMO is coming this year". Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  80. "Todd McFarlane Profile" Archived August 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine . IGN; retrieved August 26, 2012.
  81. Gilbert, Ben (May 24, 2012). "38 Studios and Big Huge Games lay off entire staffs". Joystiq. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012.
  82. "Curt Schilling says he is 'tapped out' financially and lost $50 million". WEEI-FM. June 22, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  83. Spar, Jerry (June 22, 2012). "Curt Schilling on D&C: 'I'm not asking for sympathy' after losing $50M in business collapse". Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  84. Makuch, Eddie (June 7, 2012). "Amalur dev files for bankruptcy, FBI investigating". GameSpot . Archived from the original on June 11, 2012.
  85. Logan, Michael (June 4, 2012). "Exclusive First Look: The Walking Dead Comic Hits 100". TV Guide .
  86. Kit, Borys (July 21, 2017). "New 'Spawn' Movie in the Works From Todd McFarlane, Blumhouse". The Hollywood Reporter . Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  87. Fleming, Mike Jr. (May 29, 2018). "Jamie Foxx Set For 'Spawn,' Creator Todd McFarlane's Dark Blumhouse Adaptation". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  88. Ramée, Jordan (July 9, 2018). "Jeremy Renner Set To Star In Spawn Movie Alongside Jamie Foxx". GameSpot. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  89. Scott, Ryan (October 25, 2018). "Spawn Shoot Has Been Delayed Until Summer 2019". Movie Web. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  90. Scott, Ryan (March 3, 2020). "'Spawn' Reboot Will Shoot This Year Thanks to the Success of 'Joker'". MovieWeb . Retrieved March 7, 2020.
  91. Kit, Borys (August 13, 2021). "'Spawn' Movie Gets 'Broken City' Scribe as New Writer (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter . Archived from the original on August 13, 2021. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  92. Couch, Aaron (October 5, 2022). "'Spawn' Movie Finds New Writers With 'Joker,' 'Captain America 4' Scribes (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter . Archived from the original on October 5, 2022. Retrieved October 6, 2022.
  93. Andreeva, Nellie (November 2, 2021). "Todd McFarlane Launches TV Production Unit, Announces 'McFarland' & 'Thumbs' Series, Talks Taking On Hollywood As Outsider & Plotting 'Spawn' Universe". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  94. 1 2 3 Rovell, Darren (June 25, 2003). "McFarlane wins auction for historic Bonds ball". ESPN. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  95. "Oilers unveil McFarlane-designed third jersey". Archived July 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . October 26, 2001
  96. Cooper, James (October 5, 2011). "Why Todd McFarlane Loves The Edmonton Oilers", CBC Live. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  97. Merola, Lauren (October 20, 2022). "NHL Reverse Retro jerseys for all 32 teams unveiled by adidas". NHL. Archived from the original on January 24, 2023. Retrieved February 14, 2023.
  98. D., Spence (May 14, 2003). "E3 2003: Todd McFarlane Speaks". IGN . Archived from the original on March 22, 2022. Retrieved February 26, 2022.
  99. Kato, Matthew (August 2004). "McFarlane's Evil Prophecy". Game Informer . No. 136. p. 99. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  100. "'Twisted Tales' To Television". Comics 2 Film. January 28, 2005. Archived from the original on August 18, 2006.
  101. "McFarlane To Produce 'Halo 3' Action Figures". June 18, 2007. Archived from the original on January 12, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  102. George, Richard (February 29, 2008). "McFarlane's Halo 3 Series One Review". IGN . Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  103. "Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning Interview With Todd McFarlane". Electronic Arts Inc. August 3, 2011. Archived from the original on May 18, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  104. Langshaw, Mark; Reynolds, Matthew (September 11, 2011). "'Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning' interview with Todd McFarlane". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on June 29, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  105. Lee, Stan (host) (1991). Todd McFarlane. The Comic Book Greats. Stabur Home Video.
  106. Felsenthal, Edward, ed. (October 25, 2021). "A Widening Web". Time Special Edition: The Story of Spider-Man: The Character that Broke All the Rules. Time, Inc. p. 35. ASIN   B09KN9S9RS.
  107. Seibert, Perry (2008). "The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane (2002)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times . Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
  108. Phegley, Kiel (July 24, 2009). "CCI: Cup O Joe". Comic Book Resources . Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  109. Mozzocco, J. Caleb (January 31, 2012). "Neil Gaiman And Todd McFarlane Settle Legal Dispute Over Co-Spawned Characters". ComicsAlliance . Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  110. Sunu, Steve (March 21, 2013). "Gaiman Returns to Marvel, Brings Spawn's Angela". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 20, 2019. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  111. Boucher, Geoff (May 9, 2013). "FIRST LOOK: Neil Gaiman's avenging Angela will make Marvel history". Entertainment Weekly . Archived from the original on November 22, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  112. Johnson, Rich (June 19, 2013). "Marvel Owns Angela – But No, Karen Gillan Won't Be Playing Her In Guardians Of The Galaxy". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  113. "Comic book 'twist': How Blues enforcer scored millions in court". FOX 2. July 6, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2023.
  114. "Appeals court upholds $15M verdict for Twist". St. Louis Business Journa . June 20, 2006. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 12, 2023.
  115. Gallaher, Valerie (October 1, 2012). "Todd McFarlane Sues Al Simmons". MTV. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  116. Gardner, Eriq (October 1, 2012). "Todd McFarlane Sues Ex-Employee Claiming to Be Inspiration of 'Spawn' Character". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  117. "Todd McFarlane Settles With Al Simmons, DC Try To Get Their Costs From Toberoff – Bleeding Cool News And Rumors". December 14, 2012.
  118. Gardner, Eriq; Belloni, Matthew (December 13, 2012). "Hollywood Docket: Faulkner Estate Settles; Sandler Beats 'Just Go With It' Suit; 'Superman' Appeal". The Hollywood Reporter .
  119. "1992 National Cartoonists Society Awards". Hahn Library Comic Awards Almanac; retrieved December 21, 2013.
  120. Hahn, Joel (ed.). "Inkpot Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on November 30, 2009.
  121. "PAST WINNERS SEARCH" Archived June 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine The Grammys, Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  122. "2011 Nominees and Winners". The Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  123. Lamparski, John (October 7, 2019). "ABC And Marvel Honor Stan Lee". Zimbio. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  124. McFarlane, Todd (October 6, 2019). "(Untitled)". Twitter. Archived from the original on October 6, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  125. 1 2 Janovsky, Julie (July 10, 2007). "In McFarlane household, action figures are the family business". East Valley Tribune .
Preceded by Infinity, Inc. artist
Succeeded by
Vince Argondezzi
Preceded by The Incredible Hulk artist
Succeeded by
Jeff Purves
Preceded by The Amazing Spider-Man artist
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Spider-Man writer/artist
Succeeded by
Erik Larsen
Preceded by
Spawn artist
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Spawn writer
1992–2005, 2008–
Succeeded by