Toddlers' Truce

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The Toddlers' Truce was an early British television scheduling policy that required transmissions to terminate for an hour each weekday between 6.00pm and 7.00pm – after the end of children's broadcasting and the start of the evening programmes – so that young children could be put to bed. [1] The policy lasted throughout the post-war period until 16 February 1957. [1] It was named after toddlers, children aged between 12 and 36 months.

Contents

Background

The Toddlers' Truce policy may have originated when the BBC resumed television after the end of World War II on 7 June 1946. The policy remained fairly uncontroversial until ITV began broadcasting on 22 September 1955: [1] at that time, the Truce was accepted as policy by the Postmaster General, the Earl De La Warr, in the interests of smoothing relations between ITV and the fledgling Independent Television Authority.

The problem became apparent in 1956, when the franchise holders under the ITA's jurisdiction were struggling to stay in business. As the BBC was (and is) funded by a television licence fee, its budget was not related to the number of hours of transmission. Indeed, the Truce saved them money. ITV on the other hand, was funded entirely by advertising, and the Truce caused a loss of revenue in the hour's closedown. Supporters of ITV, which had faced strong political opposition, argued that the Truce had little to do with social responsibility, and was simply a way to give the BBC an unfair advantage. [2]

Abolition

The ITA had encouraged the four major companies (Granada, ABC, ATV and Associated-Rediffusion) to seek abolition of the Truce. Action was taken finally in July 1956, probably the result of a lack of effective cooperation between the companies, rather than political objection.[ original research? ] The Postmaster General, Charles Hill disliked the policy as an example of the BBC's paternalism toward its audience: [3]

This restriction seemed to me absurd and I said so. It was the responsibility of parents, not the state, to put their children to bed at the right time... I invited the BBC and the ITA to agree to its abolition...

The BBC could not be persuaded to accept the abolition, or even to a compromise of reducing the period to 30 minutes. Hill tired of the disagreement, and asked Parliament for the abolition which was agreed on 31 October 1956. However, the BBC and ITA could not even agree a date for the abolition to take place, while Hill decided on Saturday 16 February 1957.

Later use of the timeslot

The BBC filled the hour from the first Saturday with a music programme called Six-Five Special , and from Monday to Friday with the Tonight news magazine. [4] It continued to cease broadcasts between 6.15pm and 7.00pm on Sundays at the time of evening church services, until Songs of Praise was launched on 1 October 1961. [5] Until 1992, this time on Sundays was used for various religious programmes on BBC1 and ITV.

The slot between 6.00pm and 7.00pm has since then devoted to national and international news (especially the regional ones) in the weekday schedules of both BBC1 and ITV, although Crossroads was also shown in this period used for most ITV regions. [6]

See also

Sources

Further reading

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "16 February 1957: The "Toddlers' Truce" comes to an end". MoneyWeek. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  2. "The Toddlers' Truce: Why You Couldn't Watch British TV at 6pm Until 1957". www.mentalfloss.com. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  3. "Days like these: 16 February 1957" . The Independent. 15 February 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2022. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  4. "BFI Screenonline: Six-Five Special (1957-58)". www.screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  5. "The Toddlers' Truce: Why You Couldn't Watch British TV at 6pm Until 1957". www.mentalfloss.com. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  6. The Screen Education reader : cinema, television, culture. Manuel Alvarado, Edward Buscombe, Richard Collins. Basingstoke. 1993. ISBN   978-1-349-22426-5. OCLC   1004565428.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)