Todi

Last updated
Todi
Comune di Todi
Todi panorama.jpg
Panorama of the town
Todi-Stemma.svg
Location of Todi
Todi
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Todi
Location of Todi in Italy
Italy Umbria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Todi
Todi (Umbria)
Coordinates: 42°46′44″N12°24′51″E / 42.77889°N 12.41417°E / 42.77889; 12.41417
Country Italy
Region Umbria
Province Perugia (PG)
Frazioni Asproli, Cacciano, Camerata, Canonica, Casemascie, Cecanibbi, Chioano, Collevalenza, Cordigliano, Duesanti, Ficareto, Fiore, Frontignano, Ilci, Izzalini, Loreto, Lorgnano, Montemolino, Montenero, Monticello, Pantalla, Pesciano, Petroro, Pian di Porto, Pian di San Martino, Pontecuti, Ponterio, Ponterio Stazione, Porchiano, Quadro, Ripaioli, Romazzano, Rosceto, San Damiano, Torrececcona, Torregentile, Vasciano
Government
  MayorAntonino Ruggiano (FI)
Area
[1]
  Total223 km2 (86 sq mi)
Elevation
410 m (1,350 ft)
Population
 (2007) [2]
  Total17,016
  Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Demonym Tuderti or Todini
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
06059
Dialing code 075
Patron saint St. Fortunatus
Saint dayOctober 14
Website Official website

Todi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtɔːdi] ; Tuder in antiquity) is a town and comune (municipality) of the province of Perugia (region of Umbria) in central Italy. It is perched on a tall two-crested hill overlooking the east bank of the river Tiber, commanding distant views in every direction. It was founded in antiquity by the Umbri, at the border with Etruria; the gens Ulpia came from Todi.

Contents

In the 1990s, Richard S. Levine, a professor of Architecture at the University of Kentucky, included Todi in academic design exercises aimed at conceiving hypothetical improvements to the city and presented its results in a conference titled "The Sustainable City of the Past and the Sustainable City of the Future". As a result, the Italian press incorrectly reported on Todi as the world's most livable city. [3]

History

According to the legend, said to have been recorded around 1330 BC by a mythological Quirinus Colonus, Todi was built by Hercules, who here killed Cacus, and gave the city the name of Eclis.

Historical Todi was founded by the ancient Italic people of the Umbri, in the 8th-7th century BC, with the name of Tutere. [4] [5] The name means "border", the city being located on the frontier with the Etruscan dominions. It probably was still under the latter's influence when it was conquered by the Romans in 217 BC. According to Silius Italicus, it had a double line of walls that stopped Hannibal himself after his victory at Lake Trasimeno. In most Latin texts, the name of the town took the form Tuder.

A notable archeologic find from the Etruscan period is an ancient bronze, the Mars of Todi, discovered in 1835 in the nearby Montesanto; and now at the Gregorian Etruscan section of the Vatican Museums, but a copy is kept in the crypt of the Cathedral.

It was the home of Trajan's family, the Ulpi Traiani. Christianity spread to Todi very early, through the efforts of St. Terentianus. Bishop St. Fortunatus became the patron saint of the city for his heroic defence of it during the Gothic siege. In Lombard times, Todi was part of the Duchy of Spoleto.

After the 12th century, the city started to expand again: the government was held first by consuls, and then by podestà and a people's captain, some of whom achieved wide fame. In 1244 the new quarters, housing mainly the new artisan classes, were enclosed in a new circle of walls.

Benedetto Caetani, the latter Pope Boniface VIII, started his career as a Canon in the Cathedral of Todi in 1260. He never forgot his roots in Todi, later describing the city as "the dwelling place of my early youth," the city which "nourished me while still of tender years," and as a place where he "held lasting memories."

In 1290 the city had 40,000 inhabitants. Communal autonomy was lost in 1367 when the city was annexed to the Papal States: the local overlordship shifted among various families (the Tomacelli, the Malatesta, Braccio da Montone, Francesco Sforza and others). Although reduced to half of its former population, Todi lived a brief period of splendour under bishop Angelo Cesi, who rebuilt several edifices or added new ones, like the Cesia Fountain that still bears his name.

In July 1849 Todi received Giuseppe Garibaldi, who was fleeing after the failed democratic attempt of the Republic of Rome.

Todi is the birthplace of the Franciscan poet Jacopone da Todi, who is buried in a special crypt in the church of S. Fortunato.

Monuments and sites of interest

Nicchioni, Roman constructions of uncertain function. Todi Roman.JPG
Nicchioni, Roman constructions of uncertain function.

Almost all Todi's main medieval monuments – the co-cathedral church (Duomo), the Palazzo del Capitano, the Palazzo del Priore and the Palazzo del Popolo – front on the main square (Piazza del Popolo) on the lower breast of the hill: the piazza is often used as a movie set. The whole landscape is sited over some huge ancient Roman cisterns, with more than 500 pits, which remained in use until 1925.

Todi has been over the ages been surrounded by three more or less complete concentric walls: the outermost is medieval, the middle wall is Roman, and the innermost is recognizable as partly Etruscan. Sights include also a colossal Roman niched substructure of uncertain purpose (the Nicchioni), the small remnants of a Roman amphitheatre, about a dozen smaller churches, and a few Renaissance or classical palazzi, among which the most important is one by Vignola. In the country outside of the city has many historical castles, fortresses and ancient churches including the famous Todi Castle.


Religious architecture or sites

The Duomo in the sloping Piazza del Popolo. Todi 4.JPG
The Duomo in the sloping Piazza del Popolo.
The unfinished facade of San Fortunato. Todi 2.JPG
The unfinished façade of San Fortunato.
Santa Maria della Consolazione, early 16th century: the central Greek-cross plan with apsidal transepts recalls Bramante's first plans for St Peter's. Todi SantaMariaDellaConsolazione.jpg
Santa Maria della Consolazione, early 16th century: the central Greek-cross plan with apsidal transepts recalls Bramante's first plans for St Peter's.

Secular and civic architecture or sites

Sports

A.S.D. Todi Calcio

Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Todi Calcio [6] is an Italian association football club, based in the city.

Todi currently plays in Serie D group E.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parma</span> City in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Parma is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna known for its architecture, music, art, prosciutto (ham), cheese and surrounding countryside. With a population of 198,292 inhabitants, Parma is the second most populous city in Emilia-Romagna after Bologna, the region's capital. The city is home to the University of Parma, one of the oldest universities in the world. Parma is divided into two parts by the stream of the same name. The district on the far side of the river is Oltretorrente. Parma's Etruscan name was adapted by Romans to describe the round shield called Parma.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perugia</span> Comune in Umbria, Italy

Perugia is the capital city of Umbria in central Italy, crossed by the River Tiber. The city is located about 164 km (102 mi) north of Rome and 148 km (92 mi) southeast of Florence. It covers a high hilltop and part of the valleys around the area.

Assisi is a town and comune of Italy in the Province of Perugia in the Umbria region, on the western flank of Monte Subasio.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arezzo</span> Comune in Tuscany, Italy

Arezzo is a city and comune in Italy and the capital of the province of the same name located in Tuscany. Arezzo is about 80 kilometres southeast of Florence at an elevation of 296 metres (971 ft) above sea level. As of 2022, the population was about 97,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orvieto</span> City and comune in Umbria, Italy

Orvieto is a city and comune in the Province of Terni, southwestern Umbria, Italy, situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff. The city rises dramatically above the almost-vertical faces of tuff cliffs that are completed by defensive walls built of the same stone.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola</span> Italian architect (1507–1573)

GiacomoBarozzida Vignola, often simply called Vignola, was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism. His two great masterpieces are the Villa Farnese at Caprarola and the Jesuits' Church of the Gesù in Rome. The three architects who spread the Italian Renaissance style throughout Western Europe are Vignola, Serlio and Palladio. He is often considered the most important architect in Rome in the Mannerist era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spello</span> Comune in Umbria, Italy

Spello is an ancient town and comune (township) of Italy, in the province of Perugia in eastern-central Umbria, on the lower southern flank of Mt. Subasio. It is 6 km (4 mi) NNW of Foligno and 10 km (6 mi) SSE of Assisi. It is one of I Borghi più belli d'Italia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Acquasparta</span> Comune in Umbria, Italy

Acquasparta is a town and comune in the province of Terni. It is located on a hill above the Naia Valley and the river of the same name, facing the Monti Martani mountain range. It is one of I Borghi più belli d'Italia. It also sits between two hot springs, the Amerino and the Furapane.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palazzo Farnese, Piacenza</span>

Palazzo Farnese is a palace in Piacenza, northern Italy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ferraù Fenzoni</span> Italian painter

Ferraù Fenzoni was an Italian painter and draughtsman. He was a canvas and fresco painter of biblical and religious subjects who worked in a late Mannerist style. He trained and worked in Rome in his youth and later he worked on important commissions in Todi and his native Faenza. He is also called 'Ferraù da Faenza' and 'Il Faenzone' after his birthplace Faenza.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Architecture of Italy</span> Overview of the architecture in Italy

Italy has a very broad and diverse architectural style, which cannot be simply classified by period or region, due to Italy's division into various small states until 1861. This has created a highly diverse and eclectic range in architectural designs. Italy is known for its considerable architectural achievements, such as the construction of aqueducts, temples and similar structures during ancient Rome, the founding of the Renaissance architectural movement in the late-14th to 16th century, and being the homeland of Palladianism, a style of construction which inspired movements such as that of Neoclassical architecture, and influenced the designs which noblemen built their country houses all over the world, notably in the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States of America during the late-17th to early 20th centuries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perugia Cathedral</span> Catholic cathedral in Perugia, Umbria, Italy

Perugia Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Perugia, Umbria, central Italy, dedicated to Saint Lawrence. Formerly the seat of the bishops and archbishops of Perugia, it has been since 1986 the archiepiscopal seat of the Archdiocese of Perugia-Città della Pieve.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palazzo dei Priori</span> Building in Perugia, Italy

The Palazzo dei Priori or comunale is one of the best examples in Italy of a public palace from the communal era. It is located in the central Piazza IV Novembre in Perugia, Umbria. It extends along Corso Vannucci up to Via Boncambi. It still houses part of the municipality, and, on the third floor, the Galleria Nazionale dell'Umbria. It takes its name from the Priori, the highest political authority governing the city in the medieval era.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cesi, Terni</span>

Cesi is a frazione of the Italian comune of Terni, in the province of Terni, southern Umbria, Italy. The small borgo, which retains its late-medieval aspect, set among olive groves, lies "stretched out lengthwise along a narrow contour on the slopes of M. Torre Maggiore," about 18 km north of Terni at an altitude of 437 m, one of the southernmost peaks of the Monti Martani. As of 2001 there were 682 residents.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orvieto and the popes</span>

Orvieto, Umbria, Italy, was the refuge of five popes during the 13th century: Urban IV (1261–1264), Gregory X (1271–1276), Martin IV (1281–1285), Nicholas IV (1288–1292) and Boniface VIII (1294–1303). During this time, the popes took up residence in the Papal Palace of Orvieto, which was adjacent to the Orvieto Cathedral and expanded onto the bishop's residence. None of these popes died in Orvieto, and thus no papal elections took place in there, nor are there any papal tombs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Giovenale, Orvieto</span>

Chiesa di San Giovenale is a church in Orvieto, Umbria, Italy. Initially constructed in 1004, it contains frescos and artefacts from the 12th and 13th centuries. It belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orvieto-Todi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Todi Cathedral</span> Catholic cathedral in Todi, Umbria, Italy

Todi Cathedral is a mainly Gothic-style Roman Catholic cathedral in Todi, Umbria, Italy, dedicated to the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary. It was formerly the seat of the bishops of Todi, and since 1986 has been a co-cathedral of the diocese of Orvieto-Todi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palazzo del Popolo, Todi</span> Medieval civic palace in Todi, Italy

Palazzo del Popolo, also called Palazzo del Priori or Podesta, is a Gothic architecture civic palace in Todi, region of Umbria, Italy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Fortunato, Todi</span>

San Fortunato is a Gothic- and Renaissance-style, Roman Catholic church located on Piazza Umberto I #6 in the historic center of Todi, province of Perugia, region of Umbria, Italy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nunziatina, Todi</span>

The Nunziatina is a Baroque-style, Roman Catholic oratory or small church at the north end of Via del Seminario, near the Todi Cathedral, in the center of Todi, province of Perugia, region of Umbria, Italy.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  3. “Todi Come una Citta` Sostenibile,” keynote, Inauguration Convocation Academic Year Università della Terza Età, October 1992, Todi, Italy; "Todi Citta del Futuro," and "Come Todi Puo Divenire Citta Ideale e Modello per il Futuro", in Il Sole 24 Ore , Milan, Italy, November 28, 1991
  4. Pliny, Naturalis Historia
  5. J. Poultney, The Bronze Tables of Iguvium, 1959
  6. "ASD TODI CALCIO | Todi Calcio". Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-07-23.