Todor Kavaldzhiev

Last updated
Todor Kavaldzhiev
Тодор Кавалджиев
3rd Vice President of Bulgaria
In office
22 January 1997 22 January 2002
Preceded by Blaga Dimitrova
Succeeded by Angel Marin
Personal details
Born(1934-01-26)26 January 1934
Glavan, Tsardom of Bulgaria
Died6 February 2019(2019-02-06) (aged 85)
Sofia, Republic of Bulgaria
Political party Union of Democratic Forces (1996-2019)
SpouseFilareta Kavaldzhieva

Todor Kolev Kavaldzhiev (Bulgarian : Тодор Колев Кавалджиев; 26 January 1934 – 6 February 2019) [1] was Vice President of Bulgaria from 1997 until 2002. [2] He was a partner to Petar Stoyanov, the 2nd President of Bulgaria. He was proven to be an anti-communist, due to being repressed during the communist era in Bulgaria. He was also an activist into restoring the BZNS Nikola Petkov.


Early life

Todor Kavaldzhiev was born in Glavan, Tsardom of Bulgaria in 26 January 1934. He was a pro-BZNS activist during his teens, as he vowed to restore the Agrarian Youth Wing, which failed due to his arrest and imprisonment in 1952. He was first sent to the prison in Haskovo, then he spent 11 years in Pazardzhik and Stara Zagora. He was sent to Belene labour camp twice, where harsh labour was implemented. From 1952 to 1963, he was sued and then imprisoned. Todor was amnestied, then released out of prison. He worked as a builder for Sofstroi, a construction company located in Sofia from 1965 to 1966 for just one year.

During the period of 1966-1970, he followed and graduated economics in Svishtov. 3 years later, he graduated with a major in "Accounting and mechanization and automation of management work". During 1970-1973 and 1982-1983 he became a organizer-designer in the factory Сърп и чук, which translates to Sickle and hammer. in Stara Zagora. After that, to 1975, he worked in the forestry in his home village, Glavan.

From the periods of 1975 to 1982 he worked as chief accountant in the factory Lenin in Nikolaevo. During 1983-1990, he worked as an economist in the plant ОПОСО in Stara Zagora.


In 1989, Kavaldzhiev addressed to the prime minister Georgi Atanasov via radio Svobodna Evropa to remove the law of the dispersal of the BZNS Nikola Petkov and amnesty to the sued BZNS members. He would be elected as the People's Representative of the VII Great National Assembly. To 1992, he was a member of the permanent presence of BZNS Nikola Petkov. From 1992, he assumed the duties of the secretary in the party. Kavaldzhiev was one of the first people to publicly address the mismanagement of the Union of Democratic Forces. He became a candidate for vice president of the UDF. Together with Petar Stoyanov, they won the 1996 elections in a runoff.

Vice President

After becoming vice president, he began assisting Petar Stoyanov in his duties. He first warned about corrupt practices and that ex-communists most actively take control of enterprises and facilities in the process of privatization, often simply draining and destroying them.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Bulgaria</span> Political system of Bulgaria

The politics of Bulgaria take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Petar Stoyanov</span>

Petar Stefanov Stojanov is a Bulgarian politician who was President of Bulgaria from 1997 to 2002. He was elected as a candidate of the Union of Democratic Forces (UDF). He did not succeed in the next presidential elections and after leaving office refrained from politics for a while, but, later became an MP in 2005 and was Chairman of UDF from 1 October 2005 to 22 May 2007.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Union of Democratic Forces (Bulgaria)</span> Bulgarian political party

The Union of Democratic Forces is a political party in Bulgaria, founded in 1989 as a union of several political organizations in opposition to the communist government. The Union was transformed into a single unified party with the same name. The SDS is a member of the European People's Party (EPP). In the 1990s the party had the largest membership in the country, with one million members, but has since splintered into a number of small parties totaling no more than 40,000 members. The SDS proper had 12,000 members in 2016.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Karlovo</span> Town in Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Karlovo is a historically important town in central Bulgaria located in a fertile valley along the river Stryama at the southern foot of the Balkan Mountains. It is administratively part of Plovdiv Province and has a population of about 30,340, the mayor being Dr. Emil Kabaivanov.

The history of Bulgaria from 1990 to the present is the period of Bulgarian history that begins after the fall of Communism and the transition to a market economy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bulgarian Agrarian National Union</span> Agrarian political party in Bulgaria

The Bulgarian Agrarian National Union also translated to English as Bulgarian Agrarian People's Union is a political party devoted to representing the causes of the Bulgarian peasantry. It was an agrarian movement and was most powerful between 1900 and 1923. Unlike the socialist movements of the early 20th century, it was devoted to questions concerning agriculture and farmers, rather than industry and factory workers. The BZNS, one of the first and most powerful of the agrarian parties in Eastern Europe, dominated Bulgarian politics during the beginning of the 20th century. It is also the only agrarian party in Europe that ever came to power with a majority government, rather than merely as part of a coalition. It is a founding member of the former International Agrarian Bureau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrey Lyapchev</span> Bulgarian politician

Andrey Tasev Lyapchev (Tarpov) was a Bulgarian Prime Minister in three consecutive governments.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zahari Stoyanov</span>

Zahariy Stoyanov, born Dzhendo Stoyanov Dzhedev, was a Bulgarian revolutionary, writer, and historian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Petar Hubchev</span> Bulgarian footballer and manager

Petar Kanchev Hubchev is a Bulgarian football manager and former player who played for Hamburger SV and Eintracht Frankfurt in the German Bundesliga. Considered one of the greatest defenders in the Bulgarian football history, he was an integral part of the Bulgarian squad that reached the semi-finals of the 1994 World Cup and also played at the Euro 1996.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikola Obretenov</span>

Nikola Tihov Obretenov was a Bulgarian revolutionary, one of the combatants for the liberation of Bulgaria, and a participant in the Stara Zagora Uprising and the April Uprising. His book "Memories About Bulgarian Uprisings" was published posthumously and is a primary source of historical information about those events.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikola Petkov</span> Bulgarian politician (1893–1947)

Nikola Dimitrov Petkov was a Bulgarian politician, one of the leaders of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union. He entered politics in the early 1930s. Like many other peasant party leaders in Poland, Hungary, and Bulgaria in 1945–1947, Petkov was tried and executed soon after postwar Soviet control was established in his country. State Department emissary, Mark Ethridge, sent to Bulgaria in 1945 to report on conditions to President Truman, called him "the bravest man I've ever known." He was a son of the politician Dimitar Petkov. His brother Petko Petkov was shot dead by an unknown assassin in 1924. Nikola Petkov was among the founders of the Fatherland Front (FF) in 1943 and participated in the establishment of the new government before becoming its target.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stoyan Zaimov</span>

Stoyan Stoyanov Zaimov was a Bulgarian educator, writer and revolutionary; closely associated with the April Uprising.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mihail Savov</span>

Mihail Georgiev Savov was a Bulgarian general, twice Minister of Defence, second in command of the Bulgarian army during the Balkan Wars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goryani</span>

The Goryani movement or Goryanstvo was an active guerrilla resistance against the Bulgarian communist regime. It began immediately after the Ninth of September coup d'état in 1944 which opened the way to communist rule in Bulgaria, reached its peak between 1947 and 1954, subsided by the late 1950s and ended by the early 1960s. The movement covered the entire country, including urban areas and is known to have been the first organised anti-Soviet armed resistance in eastern Europe as well as the longest lasting.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Veselin Stoyanov</span> Bulgarian composer

Veselin Anastasov Stoyanov was a Bulgarian composer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nikola Stoyanov</span>

Nikola Stoyanov Mitov was a Bulgarian scientist, economist and financier. He was in charge of the Bulgarian Government Debt Directorate for much of the interwar period and as such, he led the prolonged negotiations over the country's foreign debt. The agreements helped stabilise the country's national currency and contributed to the economic growth Bulgaria experienced prior to World War II. Between 1929 and 1944, Stoyanov was editor-in-chief of the authoritative journal of the Bulgarian Economic Society. He was also a prominent member of various organisations of Macedonian immigrants to Bulgaria and one of the founders of the Macedonian Scientific Institute, as well as its chairman between 1938 and 1945. Stoyanov was the first Bulgarian author whose scientific work on astronomy was published abroad.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Steven Petkov</span> Bulgarian footballer

Steven Petkov is a Bulgarian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Portuguese club Moreirense.

Nikolay Nankov Nenchev, is a Bulgarian politician, Chairman of the Bulgarian Agricultural People's Union (BAPU), Minister of Defence of Bulgaria as part of the Second Borisov Government from 2014 to 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lev Glavinchev</span> Bulgarian officer and communist politician

Lev Nikolov Glavinchev was a Bulgarian communist, officer (colonel) and politician. Glavinchev was a member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, and one of the most controversial personalities in the Macedonian freedom movement. An active participant in the communist partisan movement during the Second World War, he was also a commander of the First Sofian Revolutionary Operative Zone of the National Freedom Revolutionary Army (NOVA). As commendant of the People's Militsiya after the 1944 coup d'état, he personally, willingly and methodically killed officers, intellectuals and public figures.


  1. "Todor Kavaldzhiev, former vice president of Bulgaria, dead at 85". The Sofia Globe. 6 February 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  2. Velchev, Boris. "HISTORY AND POWERS". Bulgaria Government. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by Vice President of Bulgaria
22 January 1997 22 January 2002
Succeeded by