Todos Santos, Baja California Sur

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Todos Santos
Mexico States blank map.svg
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Todos Santos
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 23°26′55″N110°13′24″W / 23.44861°N 110.22333°W / 23.44861; -110.22333 Coordinates: 23°26′55″N110°13′24″W / 23.44861°N 110.22333°W / 23.44861; -110.22333
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Baja California Sur
Municipality La Paz
Elevation
130 ft (40 m)
Population
(2015)
  Total6,485 [1]

Todos Santos (Spanish Loudspeaker.svg [ˌtoðos 'santos]  ) is a small coastal town in the foothills of the Sierra de la Laguna Mountains, on the Pacific coast side of the Baja California Peninsula, about an hour's drive north of Cabo San Lucas on Highway 19 and an hour's drive southwest from La Paz. Todos Santos is located very near the Tropic of Cancer in the municipality of La Paz. The population was 6,485 at the census of 2015. [1] It is the second-largest town in the municipality.

Sierra de la Laguna mountain in Mexico

The Sierra de la Laguna is a mountain range at the southern end of the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico, and is the southernmost range of the Peninsular Ranges System.

Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Contents

History

The mission at what is now Todos Santos, Misión Santa Rosa de las Palmas was founded by father Jaime Bravo in 1723. In 1724 it was renamed Nuestra Señora del Pilar de La Paz. Located across the street to the southwest from the small town plaza, this mission contains the statue of the Virgin of Pilar, which is the focus of Todos Santos's main festival in November.

Misión Santa Rosa de las Palmas

Misión Santa Rosa de las Palmas, also known as Todos Santos Mission, was founded by the Roman Catholic Jesuits in 1733. After 1748, the mission was known as Nuestra Señora del Pilar de la Paz. The mission was the first European settlement at the site of what is now the city of Todos Santos, Baja California Sur. The Santa Rosa Mission was located in one of the few areas of Baja California suitable for agriculture. The residents of the Mission were primarily Guaycura Native Americans whom the Jesuits and their successors, the Franciscans and Dominicans, attempted to convert to Christianity and to make into sedentary farm workers. Recurrent epidemics of introduced European diseases reduced the Indian population to only a handful by the 19th century and in 1825 the mission was closed.

During the Mexican American War the Skirmish of Todos Santos, the last battle of the war, was fought near the town on March 30, 1848. [2]

Skirmish of Todos Santos, was the last clash of the Mexican–American War and ended eighteen months of hostilities in Baja California.

During the 19th century following the secularization of the missions, Todos Santos thrived as the Baja sugarcane capital, supporting eight sugar mills at the end of the 19th Century. Only one existed by the time the town’s freshwater spring dried up in 1950 and that last mill closed in 1965.

Secularization transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious values

Secularization is the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious values and secular institutions. The secularization thesis refers to the belief that as societies progress, particularly through modernization and rationalization, religion loses its authority in all aspects of social life and governance. The term secularization is also used in the context of the lifting of the monastic restrictions from a member of the clergy.

Todos Santos faced a bleak future until the spring came back to life in 1981 and the Mexican Government paved Highway 19 in the mid-1980s. The highway brought tourists and the rich farmlands have been revived. The town now prospers from farming vegetables, chilies, avocados, papayas and mangoes; as well as from fishing and ranching. [3] [4]

Federal Highway 19 is a free part of the federal highways corridors and runs along the Pacific coast of Baja California Peninsula from Cabo San Lucas up to Todos Santos where it turns inland and eventually joins Fed. 1 a few miles south of San Pedro, Baja California Sur.

Contemporary Todos Santos

More recently, there has been a gradual increase in tourist activity and a boom in real estate development. Handicraft shops, owner-operated art galleries featuring landscape paintings of local scenes (some artists from Guadalajara and other parts of Mexico also exhibit works in Todos Santos,) upscale restaurants, boutique hotels and restored colonial buildings have contributed to the gentrification and redevelopment of the town. There a few annual festivals including the Festival de Cine and the Todos Santos Music Festival.

The Hotel California is a favorite stop because of the name association with the song made famous by the Eagles, even though the song does not specifically reference this particular hotel, nor any other existing hotel. On May 1, 2017, the band The Eagles, filed a lawsuit against the Hotel California in United States District Court for the District of Central California alleging Trademark Infringement in Violation of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1125 and Common Law Unfair Competition and Trademark Infringement. The Eagles were seeking relief and damages. [5] [6] The lawsuit was settled in 2018: the hotel continues to use the name, abandoned efforts to apply for a trademark in the United States, [7] and now expressly denies any connection with the song or the Eagles. [8]

Hotel California 1976 single by the Eagles

"Hotel California" is the title track from the Eagles' album of the same name and was released as a single in February 1977. Writing credits for the song are shared by Don Felder (music), Don Henley, and Glenn Frey (lyrics). The Eagles' original recording of the song features Henley singing the lead vocals and concludes with an extended section of electric guitar interplay between Felder and Joe Walsh.

Eagles (band) American country rock band

The Eagles are an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1971. The founding members were Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon and Randy Meisner. With five number-one singles, six Grammy Awards, five American Music Awards, and six number-one albums, the Eagles were one of the most successful musical acts of the 1970s. At the end of the 20th century, two of their albums, Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and Hotel California, were ranked among the 20 best-selling albums in the United States according to the Recording Industry Association of America. By 2006, both albums were among the top three best-selling albums in the United States. Hotel California is ranked 37th in Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" and the band was ranked number 75 on the magazine's 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

There are many beautiful beaches within a 15-minute drive of Todos Santos. However, some of the area’s beaches, with rip tides, undertows, and fairly steep drop offs close to shore, are not considered safe for swimming. Playa Las Palmas and Playa Los Cerritos are great beaches for swimming and shell collecting. San Pedrito Point, Los Cerritos and other local surf breaks attract surfers from around the world. There are many accommodations both at San Pedrito and at Cerritos beach.

Todos Santos, Baja California Sur, was named a "Pueblo Mágico" in 2006. [9]

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

Baja California Sur State of Mexico

Baja California Sur, officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur, is the second-smallest Mexican state by population and the 31st admitted state of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, make up the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

La Paz, Baja California Sur City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

La Paz is the capital city of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. The city had a 2015 census population of 244,219 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the state. Its metropolitan population is somewhat larger because of the surrounding towns, such as El Centenario, Chametla and San Pedro. It is in La Paz Municipality, which is the fourth-largest municipality in Mexico in geographical size and reported a population of 290,286 inhabitants on a land area of 20,275 km2 (7,828 sq mi).

Cabo San Lucas City in Baja California Sur, Mexico

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Ensenada, Baja California City in Baja California, Mexico

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Rosarito Beach City in Baja California, Mexico

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El Pescadero is a small village in the municipality of La Paz in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. It is located at km 64 on Federal Highway 19 on the Pacific Ocean about 8 kilometers South of Todos Santos which is about a one-hour drive north of Cabo San Lucas. The Mexican census of 2015 reported a population of 3,151 inhabitants.

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Guaycura

The Guaycura were a native people of Baja California Sur, Mexico, occupying an area extending south from near Loreto to Todos Santos They contested the area around La Paz with the Pericú. The Guaycura were nomadic hunter-gatherers. They are distinguished by a language unrelated to any other Native American language, indicating in the opinion of some linguists that their ancestry in Baja California dates back thousands of years.

Misión Nuestra Señora de los Dolores del Sur Chillá Baja California Sur, often shortened to "Dolores"

The Jesuit missionary Clemente Guillén founded Mission Dolores in 1721 and sponsored by the Marqués de Villapuente de la Peña, on the Gulf coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico, about midway between Loreto and La Paz in Baja California Sur, Mexico.

Tecolote Beach is an isolated beach community located in the municipality of La Paz in the state of Baja California Sur, it is 25 km from the city of La Paz, past Puerto Balandra, on State Highway 11.

Pedrito, meaning "little Pedro" or "little Peter" in many Romance languages, may refer to:

Pacific Coast campaign (Mexican–American War) United States naval operations against targets along Mexicos Pacific Coast during the Mexican-American War

The Pacific Coast Campaign refers to United States naval operations against targets along Mexico's Pacific Coast during the Mexican–American War. It excludes engagements of the California Campaign in areas of The Californias north of the Baja California Peninsula. The objective of the campaign was to secure the Baja Peninsula of Mexico, and to blockade/capture west-coast ports of Mexico--especially Mazatlan, a major port-of-entry for imported supplies. The resistance of Mexican forces to the north in the Los Angeles area and the lack of ships, soldiers and logistical support prevented an early occupation of the peninsula and the west-coast Mexican seaports. The U.S. Navy attempted blockades of the ports three times before being able to successfully blockade and/or occupy them.

Ángel César Mendoza Arámburo was a Mexican politician, the first elected governor in the state of Baja California Sur for the period 1975 to 1981. A lawyer for the National Autonomous University of Mexico, he held various positions within the Institutional Revolutionary Party. He was federal deputy in the legislature XLVII Congress and was Secretary for Tax Inspectorate of Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (1982). Acting as governor, founded in 1976, the Autonomous University of Baja California Sur. He was married to Luz Garayzar with whom he had three children: Guadalupe, Carlos and Cesar Angel.

Félix Agramont Cota was Mexican politician, agricultural engineer, and member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Agramont oversaw the creation of Baja California Sur (BCS) as the 31st Mexican state in October 1974. Agramont served as the last Governor of the South Territory of Baja California from 1970 until the creation of the new state on October 8, 1974. He was then appointed as the first Governor of Baja California Sur, serving from October 8, 1974, until April 6, 1975.

This is a list of events in Mexico that took place in 2013.

Los Barriles, Baja California Sur human settlement in Mexico

Los Barriles is a town in La Paz Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico. It is situated along Highway 1, 40 miles (64 km) north of San José del Cabo and 65 miles (105 km) south of La Paz. Punta Pescadero Airstrip is 9 miles (14 km) to the north; Rancho Leonero, a vacation resort, is to the south. Adjacent to Buena Vista, the rural towns straddle the head of Bahía las Palmas on the Gulf of California, where winter westerlies average 20–25 knots. Los Barriles is within the transition area of the Baja California peninsula's Sierra de la Laguna where the hills become sandy flats.

Lorenzo Carranco Spanish missionary

Lorenzo José Carranco was a Jesuit missionary.

References

  1. 1 2 "Statistics" (PDF). www.saludbcs.gob.mx.
  2. "Richard W. Amero, The Mexican-American War in Baja California, The Journal of San Diego History, SAN DIEGO HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY, Winter 1984, Volume 30, Number 1".
  3. "Todos Santos History, from www.mexinsider.com accessed 4/05/2013".
  4. "TODOS SANTOS History - Baja California Sur, Mexico". www.mexonline.com.
  5. Blistein, Jon (3 May 2017). "Eagles Sue 'Hotel California' in Mexico for Trademark Infringement".
  6. "Eagles v Hotel California - Complaint - Trademark". Scribd.
  7. Jonathan Stempel (19 January 2018). "Mexican hotel keeping Hotel California name after Eagles settlement". Reuters. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  8. "Hotel California History".
  9. "Postcards from Todos Santos, Pueblo Magico - Coldwell Banker Riveras -". 19 November 2012.
  10. "Fallece Félix Agramont Cota, ex gobernador del Territorio de BCS". Octavo día . 2013-05-10. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  11. "Peter Buck in Todos Santos" - YouTube, April 24, 2015

Sources