Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah

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Tofazzal Hossain Manik Miah
তফাজ্জল হোসেন মানিক মিয়া
توفضل حسین مانک میاں
Bhandaria Thana, Pirojpur, Barishal, British India
Died1 June 1969(1969-06-01) (aged 57–58)
Burial placeAzimpur Graveyard, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Other namesMusafir
OccupationEditor for The Daily Ittefaq
Children Mainul Hosein
Anwar Hossain Manju
Awards Ekushey Padak

Tofazzal Hossain, popularly known as Manik Miah (c.1911 – 1 June 1969), was a Pakistani Bengali journalist and politician. [1] He served as the founding editor of The Daily Ittefaq . [2] He wrote the editorial Rajnoitik Moncho ("The Political Stage"). Most of his journalists were considered leftist, as Miah followed the pattern of Awami League. According to journalist and editor of Shongbad Bozlur Rahman, Awami activists followed his editorial more than any actual decision of a meeting. [3] He was a close associate of the founder of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. [4] [5]


Miah wrote his political columns in Bengali. He was equally prolific in his English renderings. Miah, who was popularly known for his powerful political column in The Daily Ittefaq (founded by Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Yar Mohammad Khan) under the pen-name 'Musafir', dedicated his entire life for the cause of emancipation of the people in the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and establishing the democracy. [6] [7] Yar Mohammad Khan invited Miah, who was working at that time as a journalist, at Calcutta and made him the editor of The Daily Ittefaq.

Early life

Hossain was born in Bhandaria Thana of Pirojpur District, East Bengal, British India, in 1911. [6] He attended Pirojpur High School upon passing his entrance examination and earned his B. A. degree from Barisal Brojomohun College. [3]


Hossain started working under the sub-divisional officer of Pirojpur as an assistant. [3] Subsequently, he became Barisal's district public relation officer. [3] He resigned from government job and took up journalism as a profession on the advice of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. [3] He moved to Kolkata in 1943 and started working in the office of the Bengal Muslim League as a secretary. [3] He joined the Daily Ittehad as secretary to the board of directors in Kolkata, founded by Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. [3] [6]

Hossain moved to Dhaka in 1948 and joined the weekly Ittefaq, published from Dhaka. [3] In 1951, he became the editor of the weekly Ittefaq replacing Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani. [3] [6] In 1952, he visited China to attend the Asia and Pacific Rim Peace Conference along with Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Ataur Rahman Khan, Dr. Syed Yusuf Hasan, and Khandakar Mohammed Illias. [8] Hossain converted the weekly Ittefaq into a daily in 1953. [3] [6] In 1959, he was detained for one year under martial law of President Ayub Khan. [3] He was detained again in 1962. [3]

Hossain served as the elected president of the Pakistan branch of International Press Institute in 1963, secretary of the government-sponsored Pakistan Press Court of Honours and director of Pakistan International Airlines (1956–58). [3] On 16 June 1963, Hossain was detained again and the Daily Ittefaq banned. [3] His press, New Nation Printing Press, was confiscated by the government of Pakistan. [3] His two other newspapers, Dhaka Times and Purbani (Cine Weekly), were also forced close. [3] [6] After the 1963 Hazratbal Shrine theft of Prophet Muhammad's beard hair, in Kashmir, 1964 East Pakistan riots broke out. [3] [9] He helped in preventing the violence from spreading. [3] He worked as the mouthpiece of the Combined Opposition Parties, which were the political parties of Pakistan working against General Ayub Khan and supporting the presidential candidacy of Fatima Jinnah, sister of the founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah. [1]

Hossain played a notable role during the Six point movement of 1966. [3] The movement—spearheaded by Awami League leadership after realizing that the East and West Pakistan were moving along divergent economic paths—tried to establish regional economic autonomy of East Pakistan. [10] The announcement of the six-point movement was supposed to be made by Shah Azizur Rahman as per the decision of Mujib himself. [11] However, Miah felt that it should be Mujib rather than Shah Azizur Rahman who should make the announcement. [11] Mujib's declaration of the program in 1966 elevated his position as the undisputed supreme leader in what would become the movement for independence in 1971. [11] He supported the six point movement, which bought him the pique of the government. [1] Hossain was detained on 16 June 1966 and released on 27 March 1967. [6]

Following the 1969 East Pakistan mass uprising, the ban on Ittefaq was lifted and it started operations again. [3] The Daily Star described 1954 to 1971 as the "golden era" of The Daily Ittefaq under Hossain and uncompilable to any newspaper in Bangladesh. [6] During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the office of Ittfaq was burned down by Pakistan Army on 25 March 1971 at the start of Operation Searchlight. [7]

Death and legacy

Manik Mia foundation Manik Mia foundation.jpg
Manik Mia foundation

Hossain died in 1969 at the age of 58 at Rawalpindi's Intercontinental Hotel, in Pakistan, of cardiac arrest. He was buried at the Azimpur graveyard, in present-day Dhaka, Bangladesh. His closest friend and companion at death was A.K. Rafiqul Hussain (Khair Miah Shahib). Shahib accompanied his dead body to Tejgaon Dhaka Airport. At the airport, many leaders were present to receive Miah's body. After the Independence of Bangladesh in 1971, the present Manik Miah Avenue of Dhaka was named after him. [3] Mahfuz Anam described Hossain as "Manik Miah's clarity of vision, his powerful articulation, and his ability to communicate with his readers and the public beyond has proven to be unmatched in journalism till date". [7]

Hossain's son, Anwar Hossain Manju, served as the editor of the Ittefaq and chairman of the Ittefaq Group of Publications. [7] His older son, Mainul Hosein, was a barrister and publisher of The New Nation. [12] [13] The two brothers divided up the Ittefaq in 2010: Manju received the paper, while Mainul took the office building. [14]


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  8. Ilias, Ahmed (2016-12-23). "Remembering the Frontliner". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  9. "KASHMIR REPORTS FINDING OF RELIC; Nehru 'Relieved' at Return of Sacred Moslem Hair". The New York Times. 1964-01-05. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  10. Manik, M. Waheeduzzaman (2008-06-07). "The historic six-point movement and its impact on the struggle for independence". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  11. 1 2 3 Badrul Ahsan, Syed. "7 June 1966: Revisiting the Six Points". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  12. Nation, The New. "Tributes to Manik Mia". The New Nation. Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  13. Staff Correspondent. "Barrister Mainul Hosein ends up with ordinary prisoners in jail". Retrieved 2023-01-14.
  14. "HC declares Manju Ittefaq editor, publisher". Retrieved 2023-01-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)