|Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan|
March 5, 1998 –October 26, 1999
|Preceded by||Hasan Hasanov|
|Succeeded by||Vilayat Guliyev|
Tofig Nadir oglu Zulfugarov (Azerbaijani :Tofiq Nadir oğlu Zülfüqarov) (born in 1959) also spelled as Tofiq Zulfuqarov,is a politician from Azerbaijan. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan under Heydar Aliyev from March 1998 until October 1999 when he was replaced by Vilayat Guliyev.
Zulfugarov was born on November 1,1959 in a Russian town of Rostov. His family moved to Baku,Azerbaijan in 1961. He studied at Baku school No. 93 in 1966-1976. Zulfugarov was admitted to in 1976 and graduated from Azerbaijan State University with a degree in Oriental studies (Eastern studies) in 1981. In 1981-1984,he served in Soviet Navy. From 1984 through 1985,Zulfugarov worked at the Komsomol committee. From 1985 on,he worked at the Department of Arabic studies at the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. In 1988,Zulfugarov started working on resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. In 1991,he worked at the Political Science department of Institute of History of National Academy of Sciences.
In 1992,Zulfugarov started working at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. During his career at the ministry,he served as head of department,office director,deputy minister and eventually,from March 5,1998 as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Republic.In October 1999,Zulfugarov resigned along with Vafa Guluzade and Eldar Namazov as a sign of protest for unacceptable plan for resolution of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict which included a territorial swap between Azerbaijan and Armenia with Azerbaijan recognizing de facto rule of Armenia of Nagorno-Karabakh and Armenia ceding Meghri corridor allowing the physical link between Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhichevan with Azerbaijan proper. Zulfugarov has been a proponent of granting Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh the highest degree of self-rule and autonomy within Azerbaijan claiming it would be "less than independence but more than autonomy". During his term as Minister of Foreign Affairs,Zulfugarov signed a number of important state documents including the Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) Counter Proliferation Agreement with the United States,as a result of which the US Department of Defense in partnership with US Customs Service trained and equipped the Azerbaijani counterparts in techniques preventing,deterring and investigating incidents related to proliferation of WMDs (nuclear,chemical and biological weapons).
In 2005,he was appointed Ambassador of Azerbaijan Republic to Latvia. Under the same mandate,Zulfugarov is also the Ambassador to Estonia.Zulfugarov is often credited for his extensive work on Karabakh problem,peacemaking initiatives and restoration of territorial integrity of Azerbaijan Republic.
Tofig Zulfugarov is fluent in Russian,Arabic and English.
Articles related to the Azerbaijan Republic include:
Vilayat Mukhtar oglu Guliyev is an Azerbaijani politician who was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan from 1999 to 2004. He was elected to the Azeri parliament in 1996 as a supporter of President Heydar Aliyev. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under Aliyev,and for short term under his son,Ilham,from October 1999 until April 2004,when he was replaced by Elmar Mammadyarov.
Artsakh,officially the Republic of Artsakh or the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic,is a breakaway state in the South Caucasus whose territory is internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan. Artsakh controls a part of the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast,including the capital of Stepanakert. It is an enclave within Azerbaijan. Its only overland access route to Armenia is via the 5 km (3.1 mi) wide Lachin corridor which is under the control of Russian peacekeepers.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is an ethnic and territorial conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh,inhabited mostly by ethnic Armenians,and seven surrounding districts,inhabited mostly by Azerbaijanis until their expulsion during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War. Some of these territories are de facto controlled,and some are claimed by the breakaway Republic of Artsakh although they have been internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan. The conflict has its origins in the early 20th century,but the present conflict began in 1988,when the Karabakh Armenians demanded transferring Karabakh from Soviet Azerbaijan to Soviet Armenia. The conflict escalated into a full-scale war in the early 1990s which later transformed into a low-intensity conflict until four-day escalation in April 2016 and then into another full-scale war in 2020.
Relations have always been strong between Azerbaijan and Turkey,and are often described as "one nation,two states" by the ex-president of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev due to both being Turkic countries.
Official diplomatic relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Islamic Republic of Iran were established following the dissolution of the Soviet Union (1991). Iran and Azerbaijan share,to a large extent,the same history,religion,ethnicity,and culture. The territory of what is now called the Republic of Azerbaijan was only separated from Iran in the first half of the 19th century,through the Russo-Persian Wars. In the area to the North of the river Aras,the territory of the contemporary Republic of Azerbaijan was Iranian territory until it was occupied by Russia. Iran and Azerbaijan are furthermore the only majority Shia Muslim nations in the world. They have respectively the highest and second highest Shia population percentage in the world,as well as the history of Shi'ism which is rooted in both nations from exactly the same moment in history,whereas the majority of the population of both their neighboring nations are either predominantly Christians or Sunni Muslims. However,there are some tensions between the two countries as its political alignment may vary by degree. The Republic of Azerbaijan has a pro-Western aligned government that is allied with Israel,Turkey and the United States while the Islamic Republic of Iran has firmly pro-Russian and pro-Chinese support due to its hostility with the U.S. and has been targeted with sanctions.
This is a list of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan,from the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan to the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The 2008 Mardakert clashes began on March 4 after the 2008 Armenian election protests. It involved the heaviest fighting between ethnic Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh since the 1994 ceasefire after the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Stepanakert Airport,referred to as the Khojaly Airport in Azerbaijan,is an airport in the town of Ivanyan (Khojaly),10 kilometers north-east of Stepanakert,the regional capital of the de facto Republic of Artsakh,de jure part of Azerbaijan. The airport,in the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region,has been under the control of the republic since 1992. Flights ceased with the escalation of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1990.
Eldar Namazov Sagif oglu is a politician from Azerbaijan. He served as the head of the Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan Republic and the Presidential aide to Heydar Aliyev.
Tofig Gasym oghlu Kocharli was a Soviet and Azerbaijani historian,former deputy to Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan SSR,member of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences,most prominently for his work on the histories of Azerbaijani regions of Karabakh and Nakhchivan.
Tofik Ismailov was born in Baku,Azerbaijan and served as the first Secretary of State of Azerbaijan.
Major Tofig Huseynov was an Azerbaijani soldier and National Hero of Azerbaijan,He commanded the Khojaly Self-Defence Battalion.
Clashes on the Armenian–Azerbaijan border (Tavush–Qazakh) and the line of contact between the Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan started on 27 July 2014. Reported casualties of the clashes were some of the highest since the 1994 ceasefire agreement that ended the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Nofal Guliyev was the National Hero of Azerbaijan,and the warrior of the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Tahir Tofiq oglu Hasanov was an Azerbaijani soldier who was posthumously awarded the title National Hero of Azerbaijan for his service during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Matlab Kamran oglu Guliyev was the National Hero of Azerbaijan and warrior during the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Tural Babashah oglu Ganjaliyev is an Azerbaijani politician who is a Member of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan.
Karim Tofig oglu Valiyev is an Azerbaijani military officer,serving as the colonel general in the Azerbaijani Armed Forces. He is the Chief of the General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces and the First Deputy Minister of Defence of Azerbaijan. He had served as the head of the Main Department for Personnel of the Ministry of Defence of Azerbaijan on 23 July 2021. Valiyev had taken part in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war.