Togolese Party of Progress

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Togolese Party of Progress
Parti togolais du progrès
AbbreviationPTP
Founder Nicolas Grunitzky
Pedro Olympio
Dermane Ayéva
Founded1946
Dissolved1959
Merged into Democratic Union of the Togolese People

The Togolese Party of Progress (French : Parti togolais du progrès, PTP) was a political party in Togo.

History

The party was established by Nicolas Grunitzky, Pedro Olympio and Dermane Ayéva in 1946, becoming the second party in Togo. [1] Its formation was encouraged by the French authorities, who were concerned about the anti-French attitude of the Committee of Togolese Unity (CUT). [1]

Grunitzky stood as the PTP candidate for the November 1946 French National Assembly elections, but was defeated by Martin Aku of the CUT. In the Representative Assembly elections in December the party won just one of the 24 African seats. [2]

By the early 1950s the party had increased in popularity; in the 1951 Representative Assembly elections it won 11 of the 24 seats, [2] whilst in the 1951 French elections Grunitzky defeated Aku. He was subsequently re-elected unopposed in the 1956 elections.

The PTP won six of the 30 seats in the 1952 Territorial Assembly elections with 25% of the vote. In 1954 a split in the party led to the formation of the Togolese People's Movement. In the 1955 elections the party's vote share increased to 45%, as it won 15 seats, with its ally, the Union of Chiefs and Peoples of the North (UCPN), winning the other 15. However, it was reduced to three seats in the 1958 elections. [3]

In October 1959 the party merged with the UCPN to form the Democratic Union of the Togolese People. [4]

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References

  1. 1 2 Renate Helm (2004) Politische Herrschaft in Togo: das Problem der Demokratisierung, LIT Verlag Münster, p62
  2. 1 2 Démocratie coloniale et mascarades électorales au Togo Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine Centre d’Etude d’Afrique Noire - Institut d’études politiques de Bordeaux
  3. Elections in Togo African Elections Database
  4. Helm, p63