Togolok Moldo (Kyrgyz : Тоголок Молдо; real name: Байымбет Абдырахманов, Bayymbet Abdyrakhmanov; 10 June 1860 – 4 January 1942) was a Kyrgyz poet, Manaschi and folk song writer. Born in the village Kurtka in what is now the Ak-Talaa District, Naryn Region, Kyrgyzstan. Togolok Moldo by his audiences – "togolok" means round-faced, "moldo" means an educated person. He is buried near the village of about 3,000 persons named for him in Ak-Talaa district.
A 'Semetey', totalling around 2050 lines, was collected from him by Kayum Miftakov in 1922.His later self-transcribed version of Manas was published in 2013. A manuscript of a sanjira (genealogy) was edited and published in 2009.
The Epic of Manas, is a traditional epic poem dating to the 18th century but claimed by Kyrgyz tradition to be much older. Manas is said to be based on Bars Bek who was the first khagan of the Kyrgyz Khaganate. The plot of Manas revolves around a series of events that coincide with the history of the region in the 9th century, primarily the interaction of the Kyrgyz people with other Turkic and Chinese people.
Chinghiz Torekulovich Aitmatov was a Kyrgyz author who wrote mainly in Russian, but also in Kyrgyz. He is one of the best known figures in Kyrgyzstan's literature.
Chong-Karakol is a village in Osh Region of Kyrgyzstan. It is part of the Alay District. Its population was 1,812 in 2021.
Baetov is a village and a center of Ak-Talaa District in Naryn Region of Kyrgyzstan. Its population was 10,682 in 2021. It lies on the Naryn valley road about half-way from Naryn to Kazarman. At this point, a road branches south to Baetov on an outwash plain in the mountains. A jeep road goes south over a 3,268m pass to the At-Bashy valley and A365 to the Torugart Pass.
Batken is a district of Batken Region in south-western Kyrgyzstan. Its area is 5,948 square kilometres (2,297 sq mi), and its resident population was 91,983 in 2021. The administrative seat lies at the city Batken, itself not part of the district.
Kadamjay District is a district in Batken Region, in south-western Kyrgyzstan. The administrative seat lies at Kadamjay. The district area is 6,146 square kilometres (2,373 sq mi), and its resident population was 201,457 in 2021. The largest town of the district, Kadamjay, is located between the cities of Aydarken (Khaidarkan) and Kyzyl-Kyya.
Tong is a district of Issyk-Kul Region in north-eastern Kyrgyzstan. The seat lies at Bökönbaev. Its area is 7,230 square kilometres (2,790 sq mi), and its resident population was 53,401 in 2021. Tong District borders Issyk-Kul District to the north-west, Jeti-Ögüz District to the south and south-east, Kochkor District to the south-west, Naryn District to the south, Kemin District to the north-west, and Issyk Kul - to the north.
Ala-Buka is a district of Jalal-Abad Region in western Kyrgyzstan. The seat lies at Ala-Buka. Its area is 2,976 square kilometres (1,149 sq mi), and its resident population was 108,647 in 2021.
Bazar-Korgon is a district of Jalal-Abad Region in western Kyrgyzstan. The seat lies at the town Bazar-Korgon. Its area is 1,965 square kilometres (759 sq mi), and its resident population was 183,908 in 2021.
Suzak is a district of Jalal-Abad Region in western Kyrgyzstan. The administrative seat lies at Suzak. Its area is 3,019 square kilometres (1,166 sq mi), and its resident population was 308,243 in 2021.
Ak-Talaa is a district of Naryn Region in Kyrgyzstan. The administrative seat lies at Baetov. Its area is 7,266 square kilometres (2,805 sq mi), and its resident population was 33,007 in 2021.
At-Bashy is a district of Naryn Region in Kyrgyzstan established in its present borders in 1930. The administrative center is at At-Bashy. Its area is 15,354 square kilometres (5,928 sq mi), and its resident population was 55,771 in 2021. The mountain lake Chatyr-Kul lies in the southwestern part of the district.
Kochkor is a district of Naryn Region in northern-central Kyrgyzstan. The administrative seat lies at Kochkor. Its area is 5,868 km2 (2,266 sq mi), and its resident population was 67,363 in 2021.
Naryn District is a district of Naryn Region in central-southern Kyrgyzstan. The administrative seat lies at the city Naryn, which is not part of the district. Naryn District was established in its borders in 1930. It borders with At-Bashy District to the south, Ak-Talaa District to the west, Kochkor District to the north, Tong District to the north-east, Jeti-Ögüz District to the east, and Lake Song Köl to the north-west. Its area is 10,502 km2 (4,055 sq mi), and its resident population was 49,955 in 2021.
Alay is a district of Osh Region in south-western Kyrgyzstan. The capital lies at Gülchö. The Alay District borders with China in the east, Tajikistan in the south, Chong-Alay District in the west, Nookat District in the north-west, Kara-Suu District and Özgön District in the north, and Kara-Kulja District in the north-east. Its area is 6,821 square kilometres (2,634 sq mi), and its resident population was 87,398 in 2021.
Kara-Kulja is a district of Osh Region in south-western Kyrgyzstan. Its area is 5,813 square kilometres (2,244 sq mi), and its resident population was 100,320 in 2021. The administrative seat lies at Kara-Kulja.
Kara-Suu is a district of Osh Region in south-western Kyrgyzstan. Its area is 3,616 square kilometres (1,396 sq mi), and its resident population was 448,608 in 2021. The administrative seat lies at the city Kara-Suu.
Manas is a district of Talas Region in north-western Kyrgyzstan. Its area is 1,198 square kilometres (463 sq mi), and its resident population was 37,505 in 2021. The administrative seat lies at Pokrovka.
Tyntchtykbek Kadyrmambetovich Tchoroev (Chorotegin) (Kyrgyz: Тынчтыкбек Чороев, is a Kyrgyz historian, publicist and journalist. President of the Kyrgyz History Society, Doctor of History, Professor of the Kyrgyz State National University named after Jusup Balasagyn. Tchoroev is well known as an independent history researcher, Turkologist and journalist. Until September 2011, he worked as a broadcaster at Radio Azattyk, i.e. Kyrgyz Service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. He was chairman of the Board of the Muras Foundation under the Office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Ormon Khan was the first and only khan of the Kara-Kyrgyz Khanate, ruling from 1842 until his death in 1854. A member of the powerful Sarybagysh tribe, Ormon's reign saw a centralization of the Kyrgyz tribes, with the establishment of legal and judicial systems. Ormon was a close ally of the Russian Empire in the region, winning a series of wars against the Khanate of Kokand and defeating a Kazakh army led by Kenesary Khan, who had been rebelling against the Russians. In 1854, during a conflict with a rival Kyrgyz tribe, Ormon was captured in battle and executed. Ormon's khanate collapsed following his death, with the region falling under Russian control by 1868.