Tohamsan

Last updated
Tohamsan
Encykorea-tohamsan.jpg
The mountain in 2007
Highest point
Elevation 745 m (2,444 ft)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Geography
South Korea physical map2.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Tohamsan
Korean name
Hangul
토함산
Hanja
Revised Romanization Tohamsan
McCune–Reischauer T'ohamsan

Tohamsan (Korean : 토함산;lit. Toham Mountain) is a mountain with a height of 745 m (2,444 ft) in Gyeongju City in southeastern South Korea. It is part of the minor Dongdae Mountains range. The mountain lies within Gyeongju National Park and is the site of a large number of historic relics. The Silla-era Buddhist shrines of Bulguksa and Seokguram are on its slopes. The mountain stands at the intersection of three subdivisions of Gyeongju: Bulguk-dong, Bodeok-dong, and Yangbuk-myeon. The Sea of Japan can be seen from the peak, as can Gyeongju Basin, which includes the city center. [1]

Contents

During the Silla period, Toham mountain was referred to as Dongak (東嶽), literally meaning "East Big Mountain", and considered a guardian mountain of the country, so that major rituals were held. [1]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bulguksa</span> Buddhist temple in Gyeongju, South Korea

Bulguksa (Korean: 불국사) is a Buddhist temple on Tohamsan, in Jinhyeon-dong, Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gyeongju</span> Municipal City in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea

Gyeongju, historically known as Seorabeol, is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. It is the second largest city by area in the province after Andong, covering 1,324 km2 (511 sq mi) with a population of 264,091 people as of December 2012. Gyeongju is 370 km (230 mi) southeast of Seoul, and 55 km (34 mi) east of Daegu. The city borders Cheongdo and Yeongcheon to the west, Ulsan to the south and Pohang to the north, while to the east lies the coast of the Sea of Japan. Numerous low mountains—outliers of the Taebaek range—are scattered around the city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Seokguram</span> Cave and Buddhist hermitage in South Korea

The Seokguram Grotto (Korean: 석굴암) is a hermitage and part of the Bulguksa temple complex in Gyeongju, South Korea. It and Bulguksa are both on the mountain Tohamsan, although the two are separated by distance of around 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). The grotto overlooks the Sea of Japan and rests 750 meters above sea level. In 1962, it was designated the 24th National Treasure of South Korea. In 1995, Seokguram was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List together with the Bulguksa Temple. It exemplifies some of the best Buddhist sculptures in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sangju</span> Municipal City in Yeongnam, South Korea

Sangju is a city in North Gyeongsang Province, central South Korea. Although Sangju is rather rural, it is very old and was once a key city. Along with Gyeongju, it gives rise to half of the name of the Gyeongsang provinces. Sangju is nicknamed Sam Baek, or "Three Whites", referring to three prominent agricultural products rice, silkworm cocoons, and dried persimmons from the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gyeongju National Park</span> Park in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea

Gyeongju National Park is located in the province of Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea, and is the country's only historical national park. It was first designated a national park in 1968. The park covers many of the principal Silla historical sites in Gyeongju City. It is divided into several non-contiguous sections: Gumisan and Danseoksan sections to the west of the city center; Hwarang, Seo-ak, Sogeumgang, and Namsan sections in the heart of Gyeongju; Tohamsan section to the east, and Daebon section on the coast of the Sea of Japan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dongdae Mountains</span> Mountain range in South Korea

The Dongdae Mountains (Korean: 동대산맥) are a small outlying range of the Taebaek Mountains. They run along the east coast of South Korea through the cities of Pohang, Gyeongju, and Ulsan. Notable peaks include Toham Mountain in Gyeongju National Park, as well as Dongdae Mountain itself in Ulsan. The Dongdae Mountains separate the Hyeongsan River basin from the belt of small streams flowing directly into the Sea of Japan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Haeundae District</span> District of Busan, South Korea

Haeundae District is a district (gu) of Busan, South Korea.

The primary subdivisions of Gyeongju in South Korea consist of 4 eup, 8 myeon, and 11 dong. These units are the same into which all of the cities and counties of South Korea are divided. The dong units occupy the area of the city center, which was formerly occupied by Gyeongju-eup. Eup refers to a substantial village, whereas the myeon are more rural. The current divisions are as follows, using the numbers given on the map:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hwangnyongsa</span> Former Buddhist temple in Gyeongju, South Korea

Hwangnyongsa (Korean: 황룡사), alternatively Hwangnyong Temple or Hwangryongsa, was a Buddhist temple in the city of Gyeongju, South Korea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gyerim</span>

The Gyerim is a small woodland in Gyeongju National Park, Gyeongju, South Korea. The name literally means "rooster forest." The grove lies near the old site of the Silla kingdom palace in central Gyeongju. Nearby landmarks include the Banwolseong fortress, Cheomseongdae, the Gyeongju National Museum, and the Royal Tombs Complex.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Namsan (Gyeongju)</span> Mountain in Gyeongju National Park

Namsan is a 494-meter peak in the heart of Gyeongju National Park, just south of Gyeongju, South Korea. The mountain is within easy reach from the city and attracts a large number of domestic tourists. Namsan covers an area of about 8 km (north-south) by 12 km (east-west). Some 180 peaks are counted, of which Geumobong and Gouibong are the best-known. There are about 40 valleys.

Tourism in Gyeongju is a major industry and defining feature of Gyeongju, South Korea. Gyeongju is a major cultural site and tourist destination for South Koreans and foreigners with about 8 to 9 million visitors annually. A great deal of this is due to the city's status as a center of Silla heritage, derived from its former role as the capital of that ancient kingdom.

Gamsansa refers to a Korean Buddhist temple established during the country's Unified Silla dynasty. Save for a partially reconstructed pagoda, none of the original temple structures survive. Gamsansa was located approximately 20 kilometers south of the city of Gyeongju, at the time the capital of Silla, not far from the more famous Silla temple of Bulguksa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Banwolseong</span> Former palace in Gyeongju, South Korea

Wolseong Palace Site, Gyeongju, also commonly known as Wolseong Palace, was the royal palace compound of the Korean Silla monarchy at their capital in Gyeongju during the Silla and Unified Silla periods. It takes its name from the approximate outline of the palace walls which were shaped like a crescent moon. Banwolseong has been also known as Sinwolseong or Jaeseong, which means where the king resides.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bodeok-dong</span> Place in Gyeongju, South Korea

Bodeok-dong is an administrative dong or a neighbourhood in the administrative subdivisions of the Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang province, South Korea. It consists of seven legal dong including Cheongun-dong, Sinpyeong-dong, Bukgun-dong, Sogok-dong, Deok-dong, Hwangnyeong-dong and Amgok-dong

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bulguk-dong</span> Place in Gyeongju, South Korea

Bulguk-dong is an administrative dong or a neighbourhood in the administrative subdivisions of the Gyeongju City, North Gyeongsang province, South Korea. It consists of seven legal dong including Gujeong-dong, Sirae-dong, Si-dong, Joyang-dong, Jinhyeon-dong, Ma-dong and Ha-dong.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bomun Lake Resort</span> Tourist complex in Gyeongju, South Korea

The Bomun Lake Resort or Bomun Tourist Complex (Korean: 보문관광단지) is a large tourist complex around Bomun Lake in the city of Gyeongju, South Korea. The resort covers the districts of Bomun-dong, Sinpyeong-dong, Amgok-dong and Cheongun-dong. It is situated under the ruin of the old fortress on Myeonghwal mountain, 6.5 km east of the central Gyeongju and faces Toham mountain. It provides lodging, eatery, recreation and sports facilities in the city. Although the resort was originally established to attract foreign visitors, as the domestic income and desire for tourism were increased since the late 1980s, it gained a tremendous popularity from domestic visitors. As a result, from onward, various facilities have been built for domestic visitors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Silla Arts and Science Museum</span>

Silla Arts and Science Museum is a private history and science museum located in the district of Gyeongju Folk Craft Village, Ha-dong, Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang, South Korea. It was established on 15, October, 1988 by Seok U-il (昔宇一) to provide an opportunity that children and youths visiting Gyeongju could know the root of Korean science. The museum in housed in a two-story building with a basement and consists of six exhibition halls according to theme. The first exhibition room located on the first floor presents a total of seven subjects while the second exhibition room located on the basement displays models of Seokguram grotto, one of representative tangible cultural properties of Gyeongju. The third exhibition room on the west part of the second floor exhibits a model of the bronze bell at Sangwonsa temple in the real size and presents information of bell-making process.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Borisa Sitting Buddha</span> Statue in Gyeongju, South Korea

The Borisa Sitting Buddha is located at the east slope of Namsan Mountain in Gyeongju, South Korea. This site is supposed to be the place where Borisa temple had stood during the Silla period. The stone sculpture is 4.36m high, and the seated Buddha image itself is as high as 2.44m. Among the existing Buddhist images on Mt. Namsan, this image is best preserved. The Buddha sitting on the octagonal lotus pedestal is the image of Sakyamuni, who smiles at the world with the half-closed eyes and a merciful facial expression. Small Buddhist images and floral medallion designs are carved on the halo. On the back of the pear-shaped halo, the Bhaisajyaguru Buddhaup-holding a medicine bowl in his left hand is carved in relief.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tomb of Munmu of Silla</span>

Tomb of Munmu the great is an underwater tomb, the 30th king of Silla, in Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. This is Historic Site No. 158, also known as Daewang-am.

References

35°45′24″N129°22′25″E / 35.75667°N 129.37361°E / 35.75667; 129.37361