Tohir Malik

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Tohir Malik
BornTohir Malik
(1946-12-27)27 December 1946
Tashkent, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union
Died16 May 2019(2019-05-16) (aged 72)
GenreDetective, scientific fiction
Notable works Shaytanat series

Tohir Malik (27 December 1946 – 16 May 2019) was an Uzbek novelist and story writer. He was awarded Uzbek National Writer in 2000.[ citation needed ] Multiple films were made based on his novels and fictions, such as Last bullet (Uzbek language|Uzbek: So’nggi o’q) in 1994.


Early life

Tohir Malik was born on December 27, 1946 in Tashkent, in a family of military workers. Malik faced difficulties in his childhood in the aftermath of World War II. These difficulties kept Malik from attending secondary school. He instead learned from his older brothers and sisters. Uzbek writer and interpreter Mirzakalon Ismoiliy was his uncle, who was killed by the government in 1949. [1]

Tohir's first story was written and published in 1960, Gulxan magazine. In 1963 he entered Tashkent State University and studied journalism. Malik practiced writing short tales, and started writing in fantasy genre, which was new to Uzbekistan. As a student he wrote "Hikmat afandining o'limi", the first ever fantasy fiction story in the history of Uzbekistan. His novels and stories were translated into Russian and other languages. So'nggi o'q led to a 7 part film, while Shaytanata generated a 20 episode series.

After graduation Tohir taught in many schools, and became the department director of "Lenin uchquni". He then worked in Republican tele-radio union, for publisher Gulistan and for the Uzbek writers union. [2]


Tohir's work became famous in Uzbekistan. His novel Shaytanat is read in former Soviet Union countries. He helped develop the detective genre in Uzbekistan, penning Falak, [3] Somon yo’li elchilari, Tiriklik suvi, [4] Zaharli g’ubor (rereleased as “Vasvasa”), Chorrahada qolgan odamlar [5] (rereleased as Devona), Charxpalak, Qaldirg’och (rereleased as Savohil), Bir ko’cha bir kecha, [6] So’nggi o’q, [7] Shaytanat, Ov, [8] Murdalar gapirmaydi, [9] Iblis devori, [10] Talvasa, Mehmon tuyg'ular, [11] Jinoyatning uzun yo'li, [12] Odamiylik mulki, Eng kichik jinoyat [13] and Tilla kalamush [14] [15]


Tohir was awarded "Uzbekistan's national writer" in 2000 by the edict of President Islam Karimov. [16] [17]

See also

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  1. Article about Tohir malik checked 25 March 2016
  2. Article about Tohir Malik checked 25 March 2016
  3. In English it could be translated as "Sky"
  4. In English it could be translated as "Water of life"
  5. In English it could be translated as "People left if cross-road"
  6. In English it could be translated as "One night one road"
  7. In English it could be translated as "Last bullet"
  8. In English it could be translated as "Hunting"
  9. In English it could be translated as "Dead do not speak"
  10. In English it could be translated as "Wall of evil"
  11. In English it could be translated as "Guest feelings"
  12. In English it could be translated as "Road of criminal"
  13. In English it could be translated as "The smallest crime"
  14. In English it could be translated as "Golden rat"
  15. Article about Tohir Malik checked 25 March 2016
  16. Official web-site of Tohir Malik
  17. National Encyclopedia of Uzbekistan checked 25 March 2016